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ISIS Cumulative Bibliography

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ISIS Cumulative Bibliography A Bibliography of the History of Science
formed from ISIS Critical Bibliographies 1–90


Volume 4
Prehistory to Middle Ages

Mansell Publishing Limited
in conjunction with the History of Science Society

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ISBN for set of two volumes 0 7201 0549 8

ISBN for volume 4 0 7201 1642 2

ISBN for volume 5 0 7201 1643 0

Mansell Publishing Limited, 6 All Saints Street, London N1 9RL

First published 1982

Distributed in the United States and Canada by The H. W. Wilson Company,
950 University Avenue, Bronx, New York 10452

© 1982 History of Science Society and Mansell Publishing Limited

All rights reserved. NO part of this publication may be reproduced or transmitted
in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopy,
recording, or any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in
writing from the publishers.

British Library Cataloguing in Publication Data

Isis cumulative bibliography.

1. Science—History—Bibliography

I. Whitrow, Magda II. History of Science Society



ISBN 0-7201-0549-8

ISBN 0-7201-1642-2 (v.4)

ISBN 0-7201-1643-0 (v.5)

The preparation of this volume was made possible by a grant from the Program for
Research Tools and Reference Works of the National Endowment for the
Humanities, an independent Federal Agency, and financial assistance by the
American Council of Learned Societies, the Royal Society of London, the British
Academy, the British Library, the Wellcome Trust, and Imperial Chemical
Industries Limited.

Printed in the United States

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1 Prehistory and primitive societies, general and European (except Mediterranean) 3
15 Ancient Near East 17
16 Ancient Egypt 34
17 Sumer; Babylonia; Assyria 56
18 Hittite civilization; Ancient Anatolia 71
19 Ancient Palestine, Syria and Phoenicia 72
2 Ancient Israel; Judaea 74
23 Preclassical antiquity 84
24 Etruscan and Iberian civilizations 85
25 Classical antiquity (Greece and Rome combined) 87
26 Greece (including Graeco-Roman civilization and Roman Egypt) 97
28 Rome 145
29 Early Christian civilizations 163
3 Asia: prehistory, primitive societies and indigenous civilizations (except Ancient Near East) 169
32 Western Asia 173
34 Iran (general, ancient and pre-Islamic) 176
35 Central and Northern Asia 179
37 India 184
39 Far East 213
4 China 215
41 Korea 247
42 Japan 248
43 South East Asia (including Burma) 256
44 Malay peninsula and archipelago 258
45 Australia and New Zealand; Oceania: prehistory, primitive societies and indigenous civilizations 260
46 Africa (except Ancient and classical Egypt, Carthage and Islam): prehistory, primitive societies and indigenous civilizations 264
47 America, in general, and North America: prehistory, primitive societies 268
48 Latin America: prehistory, primitive societies and pre-Columbian civilizations (Mayas, Aztecs, Incas) 276
49 Ancient and mediaeval periods combined 285
5 Middle Ages, in general, from c. A.D. 500 to c. 1400; Latin Europe 293
5A Science 293
5 N Medicine 331
5 SA Agriculture 358
5 T Technology 360
5 Y Ancillary disciplines 367
52 Byzantium 372
53 Armenia 381
54 Islam 383
55 Hebrew 435
58 Middle Ages and Renaissance combined 443
Classification Schedules 447
Civilizations and Periods 449
Scientific Subject Fields 450
Form and Aspect Subdivisions 455
For Subject Index see end of Volume 5

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Volumes 4 and 5 of the Isis Cumulative Bibliography, like their predecessors, comprise references that were published in the Critical Bibliographies nos. 1–90. printed in Isis during the period 1913–65. They contain all those entries that deal with the history of science or of individual sciences during a particular period or civilization. As explained in the Introduction to Volumes 1 and 2, the Isis Cumulative Bibliography is basically a cumulation of the Isis Critical Bibliographies rather than a fully comprehensive guide to the literature of the history of science; nevertheless, it should provide more extensive and detailed coverage of the subject than is elsewhere available. Although incomplete references have been amplified and verified, no attempt has been made to add significantly t the number of entries. On the other hand, not all titles originally listed in the Critical Bibliographies have been included. The range of subjects covered during those years changed so greatly that the aim has been to exclude entries that would no longer be included in the present annual bibliographies, unless they were followed by a lengthy and significant annotation in the original Isis issue.

Much that is written on the history of sicence deals with particular personalities and these two volumes would have been quite unrepresentative if they had not included reference to them. All the entries dealing with a particular personality were, of course, included in Volumes 1 and 2 in an alphabetical sequence. In Volumes 4 and 5 reference has been made to them under their respective periods and subjects and where the subject of the entry was very specific it has been repeated under the relevant section.

Classified arrangement

The arrangement of the civilizations and periods and of the subjects follows fairly closely that used in the current Isis Critical Bibliographies. The main difference is that, although the headings are similar, the arrangement under these is not in alphabetical order of authors, but in the order of the much more detailed classification needed to locate specific information through the subject index. There is no need for the user to understand the classification scheme unless he wishes to do so. A Guide to Users is on page xi; an explanatory note on the subject and aspect classification may be found on page 621 in Volume 3, and the full schedules are on page 447 in this volume. Here it is only necessary to say a word on the order of civilizations and periods. The arrangement of subjects and aspects is the same under each period section and follows that used in volume 3 (Subjects). In the earlier periods and oriental civilizations a brief general section notated by the digits indicating them followed by the aspect subdivisions precedes the arrangement by subject.

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Civilizations and periods

The table of contents list the order of civilizations and periods adopted. Although based on the present chronological classification in the Isis Critical Bibliographies, it makes the division into Western and Near Eastern civilizations on the one hand and Eastern and early American civilizations on the other more explicit. The notation for the civilization/period facet is numeral, consisting of one or two digits. To determine the order, which is not hierarchical, a decimal point must be imagined after the first digit.

The schedule begins with prehistory in general (1), including the prehistory and early civilizations in Europe, followed by the prehistory and ancient civilizations in the Near East and Mediterranean (15). The next main section covers the prehistory and indigenous civilizations of Asia (except the Near East) (3), subdivided into large geographical areas representing the different cultures, followed by those of Africa (excluding North Africa) (46) and America (47). When these have become fused with Western cultures they are treated like the rest of modern knowledge, a term from the w section of the aspect schedules (national histories) being added. The only anomalies concern the countries of Western Asia. Their ancient history is included among the ancient civilizations in the Near East and in mediaeval times most of them are classed under Islam (54), but when treated generally over all periods they are classed under Western Asia (32).

A departure has been made from the arrangement inthe Isis Critical Bibliographies by having only a general prehistory section and classing the prehistory of each area under that area; for example, the prehistory of China is classed under China and that of Egypt under Ancient Egypt. Also, unlike the Isis arrangement where the history of the Ancient World is divided into two sections (the ‘Near East’ and ‘Classical Antiquity’, the latter including also material on the ancient world in general), the main section 15 is a general one dealing with the prehistory and ancient history of the Near East and the Mediterranean area, subdivided into several sections followed by one on classical antiquity (25). There are no separate sections on ancient China and India, material on these being classed under Asia in 4 and 37, respectively. Section 15 concludes with a subdivision (29) on Christian civilizations that are too early to include in the Middle Ages.

A general section (49) has been introduced between the non-Western civilizations (3) and the main section on the Middle Ages (5), in which are classed titles that deal with the Ancient World and the Middle Ages combined. In the Isis Critical Bibliographies these titles are at present classed unde the general section; but as this cumulation is based on the principle that the general sections (that is, the sections to which the civilization/period facet is not applicable) include only general material that brings the history of the subject into the modern period, it seems more appropriate that such titles should be classed in 49.

All material on mediaeval Latin Europe is included in the section on the Middle Ages (5), Subdivisione are: Byzantium (52), Armenia (53), Islam (54) and Jewish Mediaeval culture in the Islamic world (55). In section 58 is classed material that refers to both the Middle Ages and the Renaissance. The Renaissance (6) not only covers the period 1450–1600 (as in the Isis Critical Bibliographies) but has been extended to include the fifteenth century generally. After 1600 the division is by

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century. Although this is a somewhat artificial subdivision, it has been retained as so much modern history is still treated by century. Title referring to two centuries are classed according to the later century.

Addenda and Corrigenda

Some users may be surprised by the extensive Addenda to Volumes 1 and 2. These are mainly due to the fact that, for the purpose of classifying entries in Volumes 4 and 5, it was often necessary to consult the original material and this often led to the discovery that the article or paper in questioin emphasized the part played by a particular personality or institution, although this was not clear from the title alone.


In my introduction to Volumes 1 and 2 and Volume 3 respectively I acknowledged my indebtedness to all those who made the production of those volumes possible. Here I want to confine myself to mention those who supported the project financially in the production of Volumes 4 and 5, or from whose assistance I specially benefited in the work on these Volumes, although I am also greatly indebated to all those whose help I acknowledged in the introductions to Volumes I and 2 and Volume 3, since without their assistance the project could never have been realized. I am grateful to the History of Science Society, the sponsors of the project, particularly Professor John C. Greene, Dr Arthur Norberg and Professor John Neu, Chairman of the Editorical Committee, for their support. I am greatly indebated to the Societies and Foundations who have given generous financial assistance: the National Endowment for the Humanities, the American Council of Learned Societies, the Royal Society of London, the British Academy, the british Library, the wellcome Trust and Imperial Chemical Industries Limited. I owe a great debt of gratitude to the Librarian of Imperial College, Mr Adrian Whitworth, for housing the project during the last five years and for the kindness shown to me and my helpers by him and his staff.

My thanks are due to my assistants, Mrs Felicity Secretan, Mr Frank James and Mrs Gunnel Ingham, the last in particular for her help in the preparation of the Index. I am most grateful to them for the devotion with which they carried outtheir duties. My thanks are also due to the many libraries and their staff who have allowed us to use their resources, in particular the Science Museum Library, the Library of the Wellcome Institution and the Library of the School of Oriental and African Studies.

I should like to record my gratitude to all those scholars who have given freely advice on the particular civilizations and periods which are their speciality: Miss P. Bateman, Dr A. C. Crombie, Dr R. C. Gupta, Professor A. R. Hall and Dr Marie Boas Hall, Dr A. Z. Iskander, Dr A. G. Keller, Mr J. C. H. King, Dr J. B. Mack, Mr R. Miller, Dr J. Mitchener, Dr A. G. Molland, Dr J. Needham and his staff Miss A. Logan Smith, Mrs.D Starzecka, Mr C. B. F. Walker and Professor M. Watanabe. Last but not least I want to thank once again my husband, Professor G. J. Whitrow, not only for his help with the sections on mathematics, astronomy

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and physics throughout the periods and civilizations, but for his patience and ready response to constant pleas for expert advice.


Lyon Playfair Library
Imperial College
London SW7 2AZ

May 1981

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Guide to Users

Although the Bibliography has been arranged in a systematic sequence, it is not necessary for the user to try to understand the way in which the classification scheme has been constructed. The table of contents which lists the order of the civilizations and periods should be a sufficient guide to those who wish to browse. They will also be helped by the running headings on the inner corners of each page which indicates the main period and subject. The arrangement of subjects is the same under each period section and folows that used in Volume 3 (Subjects); a list of main subject headings used in this volume, together with a list of form and aspect subdivisions follows. The full schedules may be found at the end of Volume 4. To avoid fragmentation in presentation, the subheadings have been omitted unless the number of entries renders them desirable. Classmarks are given to enable those who require information on a particular topic to go direct from the subject index (at the end of Volume 5), to the relevant entries. If the topic is very specific, there may be no entry under it in the index because there is no special section on the topic in the Bibliography. In that case, reference should be made to a more general heading. For example, although the word ‘copper’ does not appear in the index there may be information on its history in the sections on ‘metals’ or ‘metallurgy’. Having found the code or classmark (a sequence of numbers and letters) in the index, the user should turn to the body of the Bibliography. The code in the left-hand upper corner of each page is the classmark of the first item on the page, whereas that in the right-hand upper corner refers to the last item. Some classmarks may seem lengthy (necessitated by the number of concepts represented), but to find the required entry very often it will only be necessary to remember or note down the digits and the first two letters.


The codes in this volume are composed of numbers (never more than two), and capital and lower case letters. The numbers represent the civilizations and periods, the capital letters A-Y the main subject divisions, and the lower case letters a-x the form and aspect subdivisions; y is used to form compound subjects, z for extending the subject alphabetically. It must be emphasized that, although the codes form a shorthand analysis of the contents of the entry, the nottion does not reflect he hierarchy of the classification; it is ordinal. Frequently, the number represents a main period division or on capital letter a main subject, but this is not always the case. Thus 15 stands for the Ancient Near East, yet the subsection Israel is denoted by 2. Similarly, although earth sciences has a two letter code FZ, meteorology is represented by G.

The codes are arranged first in the order of the numerals (on the decimal principle), then in alphabetical order of capital letters and thirdly in alphabetical order of the lower case letters. A stop must be imagined after the first digit and after the

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capital letters so that 15 (1.5) files before 2 and Bce (B.ce) files before BAce (BA.ce). The hyphen, which is used to separate two sets of codes, is considered life a stop in filing. Usually, the numerals are followed by capital letters, succeeded where necessary by lower case letters, but in the earlier periods and most of the oriental civilizations where there is a small amount of general material preceding the subject section the numerals are followed by lower case letters and these codes file before those in which the numerals are followed by capitals.

Full explanatory notes on the subject and aspects classification are in Volume 3, pages 621–31. A note on the order of civilizations and periods may be found on page viii of Volume 4.


1: 2: and 3 For references to Volumes 1, 2 and 3 of the ISIS CUMULATIVE BIBLIOGRAPHY the form 1: 2: or 3 followed by the page number is used.
: The colon,:, after a number indicates the volume in references to articles in periodicals.
[CB 81/256] This signifies that the original entry in Isis was followed by an annotation or a review which can be found in Isis Critical Bibliography no. 81, p. 256.
* Readers are advised tha the entry in the Cumulative Bibliography may be in a different form from that in the Isis Critical Bibliography. It was, of course, essential to make the cataloguing consistent and we have followed the Anglo-American Cataloguing Rules (North American Text).
A table correlating the numbers of the Critical Bibliographies with the volume numbers of Isis is on page xviii.

Abbreviations used for periodicals will be found on pages xv–xci of Volume 3. A short list of Addenda is on p. xvi of Volume 4. Standard bibliographical abbreviations are used in the entires. The form of entry is explained in detail below.

Form of Entry

The form of entry adopted is the same as in Volumes 1, 2 and 3. It follows that used in the Isis Critical Bibliographies during the last few years. It is:

(a) in the case of books

Author. Title. Edition where applicable. Collation (number of pages, etc.) (Series) Imprint (Place of publication: publisher, year). [CB / ] if entry is annotated.



DUNN, Leslie Clarence, ed. Genetics in the 20th century: essays in the progress of genetics during its first 50 years. xi, 634 p., portr. New York: Macmillan, 1951. [CB 79/178]

Reviewed by Conway Zirkle, Arch.Int.Hist.Sci., 1952, 31: 150–1; by Bentley Glass, Bull.Hist.Med., 1953. 27: 294–6.

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(b) in the case of periodical articles.

Author. Title. Title of periodical (usually abbreviated), year, volume: (part), pages. [CB / ] if entry is annotated.


LEVY-VALENSI, J. Chaire d'histoire de la medicine. Leçon inaugurale. Semp. Hôp. Paris, 1946, 22: 1709–19. [CB 71/310]

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Main Subject Headings in Volume 4

Axm Metrology
AC Natural magic; Mythology
AD History of ideas
AF Philosophy
AK Logic
B Mathematics
BZ Physical sciences
C Physics
D Chemistry
DY Alchemy
E Music
F Astronomy
FV Astronomical chronology
FY Astrology
FZ Earth sciences
G Meteorology
GG Geology
GV Geomorphology
H Geography; Travel
HU Palaeontology
HY Natural history; Biology
K Botany
L Zoology
M Sciences of man
MA Anthropology
MG Psychology
MP Social sciences
NA Public health and social medicine
O Anatomy and physiology
OH Systems of the body; Specialties of medicine
Q Pathology and clinical medicine
R Therapeutics
RB Surgery
RE Dental surgery
RF Therapeutic arts and practice
RM Pharmacy; Materia medica
S Veterinary medicine
SO Forestry
SP Animal husbandry
SV Food technology
TC Civil engineering
TN Transport
UB Machines and mechanisms
V Materials and processes
WJ Town planning; Building
WQ Special mechanical technologies
WW Special crafts
X Communications
XC Bookmaking and printing
XR Military technology
XS Arms and armour
YA Historical sciences
YJ Linguistics
YR Education
YS Bibliography

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Synopsis of Form and Aspect

a geographical subdivisions (for location only)
b common form subdivisions
bu sources of information; documentation
bz prehistory
c general history
cb libraries and archives
cc historical sources
ce literature
cp non-bibliographic sources
d biography
da collective biography
f the history of the subject as a study
g teaching the history of the subject
h history of the subject: historiography; chronology; evolutionary aspects; influences
j psychological aspects
k philosophy and methodology
m fundamental concepts
mz relation with other scientific subject fields
n communication
o the study and teaching of the subject
p organization of the subject
q societies and institutions
r the profession: the person in the subject
s the subject in relation to society as a whole
t the subject in relation to culture and the humanities
u popular aspects of the subject
v ethnic and linguistic subdivisions
w national subdivisions
x techniques and instruments
xw museology
y symbol used to form a compound subject
z symbol used to indicate nonsystematic extension of the subject

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Addenda to Abbreviations
of Periodicals and Serials Cited

Ann.Congr.Int.Americanistas Annaes do Congresso Internacional de Americanistas

Abhandl.Sächs.Akad.Wiss.Math.Natur.Kl. Abhandlungen der Sächsischen Akademie der Wissenschaften, Mathematischnaturwissenschaftliche Klasse

Acta Tropica Zeitschrift für Tropenwissenschaften und Tropenmedizin

Africa Journal of the International Institure of African Languages and Culture

Anal.Centro Cult.Valenciana Anales del Centro de Cultura Valenciana

Anal.Orient. Analecta Orientalia

Anglican Theol.Rev. Anglican Theological Review

Ann.Bhandakar Inst. Annals of the Bhandakar (Oriental Research) Institute Poona

Ann.Japan Ass.Phil.Sci. Annals of the Japan Association for Philosophy of Science

Ann.Univ.Mariae Curie-Skłodowska. Annals Universitatis Mariae Curie-Skłodowska.

Annu.Rep.Bur.Amer.Ethnol. Annual Report of the Bureau of American Ethnology

Arch.Ophthalmol. (Leipzig) Albrecht v. Graefes Archiv für Ophthalmologie

Arq.Escol.Med.Cir.Nova Goa Arquivos da Escola médico cirúrgica de Nova Goa

Asoc.Espan.Progr.Cienc. Asociación Española para el Progreso de las Ciencias

Atti Congr.Geogr.Ital. Atti di Congresso Geografico Italiano

Boor Spade Boor en Spade

Bull.Soc.Conserv.Monuments Hist.Alsace Bulletin de la Sociêté pour la conservation des Monuments historiques d'Alsace

Bull.Soc.Lettres de Bar le Duc Bulletin de la Société des lettres sciences et arts de Bar le Duc

Bull.Univ.New Mexico. Biol.Ser. Bulletin of the University of New Mexico. Biological Series

Congr.Brasil.Hist.Med. Congresso Brasileia de História de Medicina

Deut.Z.Nervenheilkunde Deutsche Zeitschrift für Nervenheilkunde

Etud.Traditionnelles Etudes Traditionnelles

Euclides (Madrid) Euclides. Revista mensuel de ciencias exactas, fisicas, quimicas, naturales y aplicaciones tecnicas

Free Univ.Quart. Free University Quarterly. Amsterdam

Front Nauk.Tekh. Front nauki i tekhniki

Gaz.Eaux Gazette des Eaux

Graefes Arch.Ophthalmol. Albrecht v. Graefes Archiv für Ophthalmologie

J.Amer.Inst.Crim.Law Criminol. Journal of the American Institute of Criminal Law and Criminology

Materia Med.Nordmark Materia medica Nordmark, Hamburg

Mauritania. Mauritania. Revista mensual ilustrada de los misioneros franciscanos de Marruecos

Mem.Ist.Veneto Sci. Memorie del R. Istituto Veneto di Scienze

Mitt.Deut.Schutzgebieten Mitteilungen aus den deutschen Schutzgebieten

Mitteldeut.Volkheit Mitteldeutsche Volkheit

Monumenti Antichi Monumenti Antichi. R. Accademia dei Lincei

Music Lett. Music and letters

Nachr.Akad.Wiss.Göttingen Philol.Hist.Kl. Nachrichten der Akademie der Wissenschaften zu Göttingen. Philologischhistorische Klasse

Navorscher Navorscher. Amsterdam

Num.Chron. Numismatic Chronicle and Journal of the Royal Numismatic Society

Oriente Português Revista da Comissão arqueologica da India Portuguesa

Pop.Astron.Tidskr. Populär astronomisk tidskrift

Postgrad.Med.J. Postgraduate Medical Journal

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Proc.Cl.Ass.Scotland Proceedings of the Classical Association of Scotland

Proc.Conv.Inter-Amer.Bibliogr.Libr.Assoc. Proceedings of the Convention of the Inter-American Bibliographical and Library Association

Proc.Suffolk Inst.Archaeol.Natur.Hist. Proceedings fo the Suffolk Institute for Archaeology and Natural History

Publ.Field Mus.Natur.Hist.Bot.Ser. Publications of the Field Museum of Natural History, Botanical Series

Quadrivium Quadrivium. Rivista di Filologia e Musicologia Medievale

Quart.Dep.Antiquities Palestine Quarterly of the Department of Antiquities in Palestine

Rev.Archéol.Est Revue archéologique de l'est et du centreest

Rev.Philanthropique Revue philanthropique

Riv.Cultura Rivista di Cultura

Riv.Geogr.Didattica Rivista di Geografia didattica, Florence

Riv.Stor.Ital. Rivista Storica Italiana

Sci.Veterum (Pisa) Scientia Veterum (Bollettino del Corso di Storia della Medicina dell'Università de Pisa)

Sources: Hist.Reference Bull. Sources: History Reference Bulletin

Sternfreund Mitteilungsblatt des Bundes der Sternfreunde

Surg.Clin. (Chicago) Surgical Clinics of Chicago

Tandlaegebladet Tandlaegebladet. Dansk Tandlaegeforenings Medlemsblad [Journal of the Danish Dental Society]

Therap.Gegenwart Therapie der Gegenwart

Tōkyō Sūgaku-buturigakkawi Kizi Proceedings of the Tokyo Mathematico-Physical Society

Trans.Inst.Min.Met. Transactions of the Institution of Mining and Metallurgy

Univ.Calif.Publ.Cl.Archeol. University of California Publications in Classical Archeology

Univ.Wash.Publ.Lang.Lit. University of Washington Publications in Language and Literature

Universo (Méx.) Universo. Sociedad Astronomica de México

Vjesnik Arheol.Hist.Dalmatinsku Vjesnik za arheologiju i historiju dalmatinsku (Bullettino di Archeologia e Storia Dalmata)

Z.Ver.Rhein.Volksk. Zeitschrift des Vereins für rheinische und westfälische Volkskunde

Zentralbl.Gesamte Zahn-Mund-Kieferheilk. Zentralblatt für die gesamte Zahn- Mund- und Kieferheilkunde

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Critical Bibliographies in
ISIS Volumes

Critical Bibliographies ISIS Volume
CB 1–4 1
CB 5–6 2
CB 7–9 3
CB 10–12 4
CB 13–14 5 CB 15 6
CB 16–17 7
CB 18–19 8
CB 20–1 9
CB 22 10
CB 23–4 11
CB 25 12
CB 26–7 13
CB 28 14
CB 29–30 15
CB 31 16
CB 32 17
CB 33–4 18
CB 35–7 19
CB 38 20
CB 39 21
CB 40–1 22
CB 42 23
CB 43–4 24
CB 45–6 25
CB 47–8 26
CB 49–50 27
CB 51–2 28
CB 53–4 29
CB 55–6 30
CB 57–8 31
CB 59 32
CB 60–1 33
CB 62–4 34
CB 65–7 35
CB 68–9 36
CB 70 37
CB 71–2 38
CB 73–4 40
CB 75–6 41
CB 77 42
CB 78 43
CB 79 44
CB 80 46
CB 81 47
CB 82 48
CB 83 49
CB 84 50
CB 85 51
CB 86 52
CB 87 53
CB 88 54
CB 89 55
CB 90 56

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[Start of page xx]

[Start of page xxi]

[Start of page xxii]

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The Bibliography

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1 Prehistory and primitive societies


For the prehistory of the Mediterranean see 23; of other continents see Index

1 bz general

[book]BASTIAN, Hartmut. And then came man. 354 p., ill. New York: Viking Press, 1964.
[book]BRAIDWOOD, Robert J. Prehistoric man. 117 p., ill. Chicago, Ill: Chicago Natural History Museum, 1948.
[book]BUXTON, Leonard Halford Dudley, ed. Custom is king: essays presented to R.R. Marett on his seventieth birthday, 13 June, 1936. xiii, 325 p., 4 pl., bibliogr. London: Hutchinson, 1936.
Reviewed in Nature, 1936, 137: 1014.
Essays on prehistory and primitive civilizations.
[journalArticle]CARMICHAEL, R.D. On the character of primitive human progress. Sci.Mon., 1921, 12: 53–61.
[book]CLARK, J. Grahame D. Archaeology and society. Reconstructing the prehistoric past. 272 p., front., 52 ill, map. Cambridge, Mass: Harvard University Press, 1957. [CB 83/214]
First published 1939.
[book]CLARK, J. Grahame D. From savagery to civilization, ix, 116 p., 24 fig. New York: Henry Schuman, 1953.
[book]DANIEL, Glyn. The idea of prehistory. 220 p., pl. Cleveland: World Publishing Co., 1963; Baltimore, Md: Penguin Books, 1964.
[bookChapter]EVANS, Arthur John. New archaeological lights on the origins of civilization in Europe. British Association for the Advancement of Science, Newcastle meeting 1916. Presidential address. Annu.Rep.Smithsonian Inst.for 1916, p. 425–45. Washington, D.C: 1917. [CB 7/148]
[book]EXSTEENS, Maurice. La préhistoire à la portée de tous. 213 p., ill. Bruxelles: Exsteens, 1913.
[review]Reviewed by J. Engerrand, Isis, 1913, 1: 744.
[book]HAWKES, Jacquetta; WOOLLEY, Leonard. Prehistory and the beginnings of civilization. Ed. under the auspices of UNESCO, xlvii, 873 p., pl., fig. (History of Mankind, 1) London: G. Allen; New York/Evanston: Harper & Row, 1963.
[review]Reviewed by Ch. Picard, Rev.Hist., 1964, 232: 212–14.
[journalArticle]HOERNES, Moritz. Kultur der Urzeit. 3 vol., 35 fig. (Göschen Sammlung, 564–566) Leipzig: 1912.
[review]Reviewed by J. Engerrand, Isis, 1914, 2: 232–3.
[book]KAISER, Emil. Aus der Vorzeit. Blicke in die Entwicklung und Urgeschichte der Menschheit. 208 p., 73 fig. Leipzig: Voigtlaender, 1912.
[review]Reviewed by J. Engerrand, Isis, 1914, 2: 233–4.
[book]PEAKE, Harold J. E. Early steps in human progress, xii. 256 p., 74 pl. Philadelphia: Lippincott, 1933. [CB 40/410]
[journalArticle]PEAKE, Harold J. E.; FLEURE, Herbert John. The corridors of time. 9 vol. 1. Apes and men; 2. Hunters and artists; 3. Peasants and potters; 4 Priests and kings; 5. The steppe and the sown; 6. The way of the sea; 7. Merchant venturers in bronze; 8. The horse and the sword; 9. The laws and the prophets. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1927–36.
Vol. 3 and 4 reviewed in Nature, 1928, 121: 375–6; vol. 5 and 6, ibid., 1930, 125: 375.
[journalArticle]RIESMAN, David. Man before the dawn of history. Sci.Mon., 1933, 37: 553–62.
[book]SMITH, G. Elliot; et al. Early man: his origin, development and culture. Lectures delivered for the Royal Anthropological Institute, xii, 176 p., 12 pl. London: Benn, 1931.
Reviewed in Nature, 1931, 128: 951.

1 cq

[journalArticle]HILDEBRAND, Bengt. Une lettre (1827) de Champollion sur les pétroglyphes du Nord. [In Swedish, with French summary] Lychnos, 1937, 2: 369–72. [CB 51/210]

1 f study of prehistory

[journalArticle]AUFRÉRE, L. Le mouvement scientifique à Abbéville dans la première moitié du XIXe siècle et les origines de la préhistoire (1795–1840). Sciences, 1936, 64: 175–95, 6 fig.
[book]BREUIL, Henri. The discovery of the antiquity of man. Some of the evidence. (Huxley Memorial Lecture for 1941) 11 p. London: Royal Anthropological Institute of Great Britain and Ireland, 1946. [CB 70/266]
[book]CLARK, L.K. Pioneers of prehistory in England. 112 p. (Newman History and Philosophy of Science Series) London: Sheed & Ward, 1961.
[review]Reviewed by Mary B. Hesse, Hist.Sci., 1962, 1: 115–17.
[journalArticle]HOERNES, Moritz. Die Forschungsmethode der prähistorischen Archäologie. Geisteswissensohaften, 1913, 1: 66–7.
[journalArticle]NELSON, N.C. Prehistoric archeology, past, present and future. Science, 1937, 85: 81–9.
Address of the vice-president and chairman of the section on anthropology, American Association for the Advancement of Science, Atlantic City, December 1936.
[book]PIPER, O. Bedenken zur Vorgeschichtsforschung. vii, 152 p. München: Piper, 1913.
[journalArticle]SHORR, Philip. The genesis of prehistorical research. Isis, 1935, 23: 425–43, 2 pl.
[journalArticle]TALLGREN, A. M. The method of prehistoric archaeology. Antiquity, 1937, 11: 152–61.
First published in French in Eurasia Septentrionalis Antiqua, 1936, vol. 10.

[Start of page 4]

[book]VAYSON DE PRADENNE, A. Les fraudes en archéologie préhistorique, avec quelques exemples de comparaison en archéologie générale et sciences naturelles. 676 p., 46 pl., 40 fig. Paris: Nourry, 1932. [CB 37/604]
1 fd FOR students of European prehistory and archaeology see
Volume 1 under:- Boucher de Crèvecoeur; Frere; Harrison, B. (b. 1838); Holuby; Jouanne
Volume 2 under:- Keller, F.; Lhwyd; Loydreau; Montelius; Schmerling; Stukeley; Thorschmidt

1 fqx

[journalArticle]INTERNATIONAL CONGRESS OF PREHISTORIC AND PROTOHISTORIC SCIENCES. [Proceedings and accounts of congresses.]
1st (London, 1932) London: 1934
Reviewed in Nature, 1934, 134: 613.
2nd (Oslo, 1936)
3rd (Zurich, 1950) Zurich: 1953
4th (Madrid, 1954) Zaragoza: 1956
5th (Hamburg, 1958) Berlin: 1961
6th (Rome, 1962) Firenze: 1967

1 hh

[bookChapter]LOWIE, Robert H. Hugo Obermaier's reconstruction of sequences among prehistoric cultures in the old world. In: Rice, Stuart Arthur, ed. Methods in social science, p. 266–74. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1931.
[journalArticle]PEAKE, Harold J.E. The term “Mesolithic”. Nature, 1934, 133: 104.

1 v ethnic groups

[journalArticle]BECKMAN, Harry. Kalevala. The account of a very early people. Med.Life, 1931, 38: 599–646.
[book]COLLINDER, Björn. The Lapps, xii, 252 p., front., 25 pl. Princeton, N.J: Princeton University Press, for the American Scandinavian Foundation, 1949.
[review]Reviewed by G. Sarton, Isis, 1950, 41: 246.
[book]GIMBUTAS, Marija. The Balts. 286 p., ill. (Ancient Peoples and Places) New York: Frederick A. Praeger, 1963.
[book]KENDRICK, T. D. The druids: a study in Keltic prehistory, xiv, 227 p. London: Methuen, 1927.
[book]LETHBRIDGE, T. C. The painted men. 208 p., front., ill., 5 maps. New York: Philosophical Library, 1954.
The “painted men” are the Picts.
[journalArticle]VERNEAU, René. L'ethnographie et la préhistoire. Rev.Gén.Sci., 1922, 33: 261–7.

1 wd Europe

[book]CHILDE, V. Gordon. The dawn of European civilization. 6th rev. ed. xii, 368 p. London: Routledge, 1957; New York: Knopf, 1958. [CB 83/214]
First published 1925.
[review]4th edition, 1948, reviewed by C.F.C. Hawkes, Nature, 1949, 163: 785.
[book]CLARK, J. Grahame D. Prehistoric Europe, xvi, 349 p. London: Methuen; New York: Philosophical Library, 1952. [CB 79/185]
An ecological study of man in prehistoric Europe from the Upper Palaeolithic to the Iron Age.
[book]EYRE, Edward, ed. European civilization. Its origin and development. By various contributors. Vol. 1. Prehistoric man and earliest known societies, vi, 844 p., 19 maps. New York: Oxford University Press, 1935.
[review]Reviewed by M.F. Ashley Montagu, Isis, 1936, 26: 232–4.
[book]HAWKES, C.F.C. The prehistoric foundations of Europe to the Mycenean Age. xiv, 414 p., 12 pl. London: Methuen, 1940.
[review]Reviewed by Daryll Forde, Nature, 1940, 146: 213–14.

1 Wf

[book]MORLET, A. Glozel. 299 p., 437 fig. Paris: Desgranachamps, 1929.
[journalArticle]RIESMAN, David. Glozel, a mystery. Science, 1930, 72: 127–31.
[book]VOLTER, Daniel. Die Inschriften von Glozel. Eine Auseinandersetzung mit Dr. A. Morlet in Vichy, vi, 54 p., fig., pl. Strassburg: Heitz, 1930.
[review]Reviewed by David Riesman, Jew.Quart.Rev., 1933, 24: 155–6.
[journalArticle]FOR references to Glozel see also 1 wf-vj, 1 FDwf, 1 Nwf and 1 YH 1 Wt-V
[journalArticle]TOUTAIN, J. Essai de mise au point des données de l'archéologie préhistorique sur l'ethnographie de la Gaule. Ethnographie, 15 April 1932, no. 25, 9–18. 1 wt-vj
[book]VOLTER, Daniel. Glozel und die Einwanderung von Semiten im heutigen französischen Department Allier um 700 vor Chr. viii, 221 p., 110 fig., pi. Strassburg: Heitz, 1929.
[review]Reviewed by David Riesman, Jew.Quart.Rev., 1933, 24: 155–6.
1 wg-f
[book]STEMMERMANN, Paul Hans. Die Anfänge der deutschen Vorgeschichtsforschung. Deutsche Bodenaltertümer in der Anschauung des 16. und 17. Jahrhunderts. vii, 155 p., 32 fig. Leipzig: Kabitzsch, 1934.
[review]Reviewed by Graf Carl v. Klinckowstroem, Mitt.Gesch.Med., 1937, 36: 259.


1 Abz

[journalArticle]MILHAUD, Gaston. Note sur les origines de la science. Isis, 1913, 1: 53–61.

1 Axm metrology

[journalArticle]FETTWEIS, Ewald. Ueber die Enstehung der Messkunst. Isis, 1930, 13: 334–9. [CB 29/310]
[book]MANN, Ludovic MacLellan. Craftsmen's measures in prehistoric times, ii, 25 p., 10 pl. Glasgow: Mann, 1930.
[journalArticle]WIMMER, Friedrich. Der erste Fund von Hohlmassen in der Urgeschichte. Forsch.Fortschr., 1933, 9: 74–5, 1 fig.

1 Axm-we

[journalArticle]LINDEMANN, F. Über einige Gewichte aus der Bronzezeit Englands. Sitzungsber.Bayer.Akad.Wiss.Math.Natuxviss.Abt., 1935, 444–9,27 fig.
[review]Reviewed by R. Zaunick, Mitt.Gesch.Med., 1941–42, 40: 110.

1 Axr

[book]NILSSON, Martin P. Primitive time reckoning, xiii, 384 p. (Acta Societatis Humaniorum Litterarum Lundensis, 1) Lund: Gleerup, 1920. [CB 11/442]
[journalArticle]FOR time measurement see also 1 WR


for folklore and superstitions see 1 MR popular aspects of the sciences see INDEX

[journalArticle]COLLUM, Vera Christina C. The tressé iron-age megalithic monument (Sir Robert Mond's excavation). Its quadruple sculptured breasts and their relation to the Mothergoddess cosmic cult, xi, 123 p., 35 pl., 14 fig. Oxford University Press, 1935.
[book]DACQUÉ, Edgar. Urwelt, Sage und Menschheit. Eine naturhistorisch-metaphysische Studie. 259 p., ill. München: Oldenbourg, 1924.
[review]Reviewed by C. von Klinckowstroem, Isis, 1925, 7: 165–7.

[Start of page 5]

[book]JAMES, E.O. Prehistoric religion, a study in prehistoric archeology. 300 p., maps, charts, notes, bibliogr. New York: Barnes & Noble, 1957.
[book]JASTROW, Joseph. Wish and wisdom: episodes in the vagaries of belief. 394 p. New York: Appleton-Century, 1935.
[review]Reviewed by H.M. Kallen, Science, 1936, 83: 186–7.
[book]JENSEN, Adolf E. Myth and cult among primitive peoples. Transl. by Marianna Tax Choldin and Wolfgang Weissleder. x, 349 p. Chicago/London: University of Chicago Press, 1963.
A translation of “Mythos und Kult bei Naturvölkern (Wiesbaden: Franz Steiner Verlag, 1951).
[book]KASTEN, Rafael. The origins of religion vii, 328 p. London: Kegan Paul, 1935.
[review]Reviewed by M.F. Ashley-Montagu, Isis, 1936, 26: 239–43.
[book]LEVY, Gertrude Rachel. The gate of horn. A study of the religious conceptions of the Stone Age, and their influence upon European thought, xxi, 349 p., 32 pl. London: Faber and Faber, 1948.
[book]LÊVY-BRUHL, Lucien. Primitives and the supernatural. Authorized transl. by Lilian A. Clare. 405 p. New York: Dutton, 1935; London: Allen and Unwin, 1936.
[review]Reviewed by C.A. Kofoid, Isis, 1937, 27: 104–5.
[book]LÊVY-BRUHL, Lucien. Le surnaturel et la nature dans la mentalité primitive, xl, 526 p. (Bibliothèque de Philosophie Contemporaine) Paris: Alcan, 1931.
[review]Reviewed by Hélène Metzger, Isis, 1932, 17: 450–5;
[review]by Jules Bloch, J.Asiatique, 1932, 221: 179–80;
[review]by Charles Blondel, Rev.Métaphys.Morale, 1932, 39: 539–67.
[book]LOWIE, Robert H. Primitive religion, xix, 346 p. London: Routledge, 1926.
First published New York: Boni and Liveright, 1924.
[book]MÖRNER, Birger. Tinara, die Vorstellungen der Naturvölker vom Jenseits. Berechtige Uebersetzung aus dem Schwedischen, eingeleitet und herausgegeben von Paul Hambruch. 195 p. Jena: Eugen Diederichs, 1924.
[book]PREUSS, Konrad Theodor. Tod und Unsterblichkeit im Glauben der Naturvölker. 36 p. Tübingen: Mohr, 1930.
[book]RADIN, Paul. Primitive religion. Its nature and origin. 2nd ed. x, 322 p. London: Hamilton, 1937.
First published 1927.
[book]RADIN, Paul. Die religiöse Erfahrung der Naturvölker. 128 p. (Albae Vigiliae, new ser., no. 11) Zürich: Rhein Verlag, 1951. [CB 78/197]


[book]GRAEBNER, Fritz. Das Weltbild der Primitiven. Eine Untersuchung der Urformen weltanschaulichen Denkens bei Naturvölkern. 173 p. München: Reinhardt, 1924.
[book]HUTTON, J.H. A primitive philosophy of life. (Frazer Lecture, 1938) 24 p. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1938.
Reviewed in Nature, 1938, 142: 1085–6.
[book]RADIN, Paul. Primitive man as philosopher, xviii, 402 p. London: Appleton, 1928.

1 AJ

[book]MALINOWSKI, Bronislaw. The foundations of faith and morals. An anthropological analysis of primitive beliefs and conduct with special reference to the fundamental problems of religion and ethics, xi, 62 p. (University of Durham, Riddell Memorial Lectures, 7th Series, 1934–35) Oxford University Press, 1936.
[review]Reviewed by Konrad T. Preuss, Deut.Lit.Zeitung, 1937, 58: 201–3.


[journalArticle]FETTWEIS, Ewald. Die Mathematik des Megalithkulturkreises und ihre Entwicklung. Scientia, 1956, 91: 1–14.
[journalArticle]FETTWEIS, Ewald. Parallelerscheinungen auf mathematischem Gebiet bei jetzt lebenden Naturvölkern und bei Kulturvölkern vergangener Zeiten. Scientia, 1931, 39: 423–36. French translation, Suppl. 186–98.
[journalArticle]FETTWEIS, Ewald. Über das Verhältnis des mathematischen Denkens zum mystischen Denken auf niederen Kulturstufen. Archeion, 1932, 14: 207–20. [CB 38/593]
[book]STAPLETON, H. Ernest. The hand (with its 5 fingers) as the primitive basis of geometry, arithmetic and algebra. Act.VIIIe Congr.Int.Hist.Sci. (Florence, 1956), p. 1103. Paris: Hermann, 1958.
[journalArticle]STRUIK, Dirk J. Stone age mathematics. The earliest comprehension of number and geometry appears to go back farther than the time of the Egyptians and Babylonians. Sci.Amer., 1948, 179: no. 6, 44–9, fig.

1 BA

[journalArticle]STAMM, Edward. Die Arithmetik des primitiven Menschen. Archeion, 1935, 17: 149–70.

1 BB

[journalArticle]WERTHEIMER, M. Ueber das Denken der Naturvölker. 1. Zahlen und Zahlgebilde. Z.Psychol., 1912, 60: 321–78.

1 BC

[book]FETTWEIS, Ewald. Das Rechnen der Naturvölker. iv, 96 p. map. Leipzig: B.G. Teubner, 1927. [CB 23/258]
[journalArticle]RÖCK, Fritz. Neunmalneun und Siebenmalsieben. Mitt.Anthropol.Ges.Wien, 1930, 60: 320–30.
[journalArticle]SEIDENBERG, A. The ritual origin of counting. Arch.Hist.Exact Sci., 1962, 2: 1–40.

1 BCwh

[journalArticle]SARTON, George. Prehistoric arithmetic in Vestonice. Isis, 1938, 28: 462.

1 BO

[journalArticle]LIETZMANN, W. Geometrie und Prähistorie. Isis, 1934, 20. 436–9, 2 pi. [CB 40/409]
[journalArticle]LIETZMANN, W. Mathematik und Urgeschichte. Z.Math.Naturwiss, Unterricht, 1934, 65: 313–19.
[journalArticle]SEIDENBERG, A. The ritual origin of geometry. Arch.Hist.Exact Sci., 1962, 1: 488–527.

1 BOme-j

[journalArticle]FETTWEIS, Ewald. Ueber die Entwicklung des räumlichen Vorstellungsvermögens bei Völkern nichteuropider Rasse und in der europäischen Vorzeit. Scientia, 1937, 62: 13–21.

1 BP

[journalArticle]FETTWEIS, Ewald. Gerade Linie, Richtung, Parallelen und Kreis auf niederen Kulturstufen. Archeion, 1929, 11: 366–74. [CB 29/309]
Comparison of Greek definitions of the straight line, parallels and circle with those of contemporary primitives.
[journalArticle]FETTWEIS, Ewald. Über die erste Entstehung der einfachen geometrischen Formen. Arch.Gesch.Math.Naturwiss.Tech., 1929, 12: 113–21.
[journalArticle]GANDZ, Solomon. The origin of angle-geometry. Isis, 1929, 12: 452–81. [CB 29/291]
[journalArticle]GÜNTERT, Hermann. Weiteres zum Begriff “Winkel” im ursprünglichen Denken. Wörter Sachen, 1928, 11: 124–42, 9 fig.
[journalArticle]MERINGER, Rudolf. Spitze, Winkel, Knie im ursprünglichen Denken. (Nachtrag zum Knie) Wörter Sachen, 1928, 11: 114­23, ill.


[journalArticle]FETTWEIS, Ewald. Sternkundliche Kenntnisse in der Lebensführung bei heutigen Naturvölkern. Scientia, 1959, 94: 279–86.

[Start of page 6]

1 FD

[book]BAUDOUIN, Marcel. La préhistoire par les étoiles: un chronomètre préhistorique, l'orientation stello-solaire des monuments préhistoriques. (Découverte de ses lois et des rites du culte correspondant) xl, 329 p. Paris: Norbert Maloine, 1926.

1 FDwe

[journalArticle]ATKINSON, R.J.C. Stonehenge in the light of recent research. Nature, 1953, 172: 474–5.
[journalArticle]CHILDE, V. Gordon. Dates of Stonehenge. Sci.Mon., 1955, 80: 281–5.
[journalArticle]HAWKINS, Gerald S. Stonehenge: a neolithic computer. Nature, 1964, 202: 1258–61.
[journalArticle]HILL, Patrick Arthur. Sarsen stones of Stonehenge. Science, 1961, 113: 1216–22.
[journalArticle]LAGRANGE, E. Les mégalithes de la Grande-Bretagne et leurs alignements astronomiques. Ciel Terre, 1912, 33: 359–61.
[journalArticle]MARTEL, E.A.; FORBIN, V. Stonehenge. La Nature, 1913, 41: 38–42, 8 fig.
[journalArticle]NEWALL, R.S. Stonehenge: a review. Antiquity, 1956, 30: 137–41, 1 map.
[journalArticle]SOMERVILLE, Boyle. Instances of orientation in prehistoric monuments of the British Isles. Archaeologia, 1923, 73: 193–224, 16 fig. [CB 28/558]
[bookChapter]STEVENS, Frank. Stonehenge: today and yesterday. With plans and illustrations by Heyvood Summer. Annu.Rep.Smithsonian Inst.for 1940, p. 447–78, 1 pl., 8 fig. Washington, D.C: 1941.
Reprinted from booklet published London: H.M. Stationery Office.
[journalArticle]STONE, E. Herbert. The orientation of Stonehenge. Nature, 1925, 115: 800–1. [CB 17/635]
[book]STONE, E. Herbert. The stones of Stonehenge. A full description of the structure and of its outworks, xv, 150 p., ill. London: Robert Scott, 1924.

1 FDwf

[book]REINACH, S. Ephémérides de Glozel. 288 p., map, 16 pl. Paris: Kra, 1928.

1 FDwg

[journalArticle]MULLER, Rolf. Die astronomische Bedeutung des Mecklenburgischen “Steintanzes” bei Bützow. Praehist.Z. 1931, 22: 197–202.

1 FDwh

[journalArticle]DOBRZYCKI, Jerzy. Astronomiczna interpretacja prehistorycznych zabytków na terenie polski. [On the astronomical interpretation of prehistoric monuments in Poland. (In Polish)] Kwart.Hist.Nauk.Tech., 1963, 8: 23–7.

1 FE

[book]RÜHLE, Oskar. Sonne und Mond im primitiven Mythus. 48 p. (Philosophic und Geschichte, 8) Tübingen: Mohr, 1925.

1 FU

[book]SCHLIEPER, Herbert. Die kosmogonischen Mythen der Urvölker. (Diss., Bonn) 69 p. Bonn: Scheur, 1931.
[review]Reviewed by Walter Anderson, Orient.Lit.Zeitung, 1933, 36: 503–5.

1 FW

[journalArticle]HIRSCHBERG, Walter. Der Mondkalender in der Mutterrechtskultur. Anthropos, 1931, 26: 461–7.
[book]PHELPS, John. The prehistoric calendar. Preface by Paul­Emile Dumont. xv, 92 p., facs., portr. Baltimore, Md: J. H. Furst (for the author), 1955.


1 GVs

[journalArticle]ZBYSZEWSKI, G. A impörtancia das grutas em préhistória. Bol.Soc.Geogr.Lisboa, 1963, 8l: 31–50.

1 HJ

[book]HEAPE, Walter. Emigration, migration, and nomadism. Ed. with a preface by F.H.A. Marshall, xii, 369 p. Cambridge: Heffer, 1931.

1 HJcp

[book]JACKSON, J. Wilfrid. Shells as evidence of the migrations of early culture, xxviii, 216 p., ill. Manchester: Manchester University Press, 1917.


1 J

[journalArticle]COONEN, L.P. The prehistoric roots of biology. Sci.Mon., 1951, 73: 154–65.

1 JF

[journalArticle]MAY, Walther. Biogenetische Mythen der Naturvölker. Arch.Gesch.Naturwiss.Tech., 1916, 7: 67–77.

1 JJco

[journalArticle]DEONNA, W. Quelques observations sur la forme humaine ou animale employée comme conduit ou récipient. Homme Préhist., 1913, 305–17. [CB 4/787]


for cultivated plants see 1 SE

[bookChapter]BELIN-MILLERON, J. L'ethnobotanique et l'origine biocosmologique des idées de personne et de droit. Act.VIIe Congr.Int.Hist.Sci. (Jerusalem, 1953), p. 202–5. Paris: Hermann, [1954]
[journalArticle]JONES, Volney H. The nature and status of ethnobotany. Chron.Bot., 1941, 6: 219–21.
[bookChapter]REYMOND, Arnold. La mentalité primitive: technique des armes de guerre et de la vie végétale. Act.VIIIe Congr.Int.Hist.Sci. (Florence, 1956), p. 1133–42. Paris: Hermann, 1958.


for animal husbandry see 1 SP

[journalArticle]KILGOUR, Frederick G. The prehistory of science. Knowledge of animals in the paleolithic age. Arch.Int.Hist.Sci., 1961, 14: 103–15.

1 LQ

[journalArticle]MOODIE, Roy L. General considerations of the evidences of pathological conditions found among fossil animals. (Studies in Paleopathology, 1) Ann.Med.Hist., 1917, 1: 374–93, ill.
[journalArticle]MOODIE, Roy L. Pleistocene examples of traumatic osteomyelitis. (Studies in Paleopathology, 19) Ann.Med.Hist., 1926, 8: 413–18.
[journalArticle]MOODIE, Roy L. Vertebral lesions in the sabretooth, pleistocene of California, resembling the so-called myositis ossificans progressiva, compared with certain ossifications in the dinosaurs. (Studies in Paleopathology, 20) Ann.Med.Hist., 1927, 9: 91–102, 11 fig.
[journalArticle]TASNÁDI-KUBACSKA, András. Pathologie der vorzeitlichen Tiere. Aus dem Ungarischen übersetzt v. S. Országh. 269. p., ill., bibliogr. (Paläopathologie, 1) Jena: Gustav Fischer Verlag, 1962.
[review]Reviewed by Liselotte Buchheim, Sudhoffs Arch., 1963, 47: 86–7.

[Start of page 7]


[journalArticle]MOODIE, Roy L. Excess callus following fracture of the fore foot in a cretaceous dinosaur. Spondylitis deformans in a crocodile from the pleistocene of Cuba. (Studies in Paleopathology, 15–16) Ann.Med.Hist., 1926, 8: 73–82.

1 LYwn-cm

[book]MARR, Nikolai Yakovlevich; SMIRNOV, J.I. Les vichaps. 107 p., 24 pl., 11 fig. (Mémoires de l'Académie de l'Histoire de la Culture Matérielle, 1) Leningrad: Imprimerie Iv. Isiz. Federov, 1931.
[review]Reviewed by E.H. Minns, Antiquity, 1937, 11: 122.
Fishes in stone.


[journalArticle]MOODIE, Roy L. An alveolar abscess in the mandible of an extinct mammal. (Studies in Paleopathology, 17) Ann.Med.Hist., 1926, 8: 280–3.
[journalArticle]MOODIE, Roy L. Pyorrhea in a Pleistocene wolf. (Studies in Paleopathology, 22) Ann.Med.Hist., 1928, 10: 199–201, 2 fig.


for human biology see 1 0

1 ME cm

[book]SACCASYN-DELLA SANTA, E. Les figures humaines du paléolithique superieur eurasiatique. xviii, 208 p., 265 fig. Anvers: De Sikkel, 1947.

1 MEwi

[journalArticle]CASTALDI, Luigi. Osservazioni di un morfologo costituzionalista sui bronzi nuragici del museo archeologico di Cagliari. Il soma dei protosardi. Riv.Stor.Sci., 1930, 21: 69–92.


see also 1 MW and 1 OM

[book]ALDRICH, C.R. The primitive mind and modern civilization, xvii, 249 p. London: Kegan Paul, 1931.
[book]ALLIER, Raoul. The mind of the savage. Transl. by Fred Roth-well. xiv, 301 p. London: Bell, 1929.
[book]BOAS, Franz. The mind of primitive man. xi, 285 p. New York: Macmillan, 1938.
[review]Reviewed by M.F. Ashley-Montagu, Isis, 1939, 30: 553.
[journalArticle]BRUNSCHVICG, Léon. Nouvelles études sur l'âme primitive. Rev.Deux Mondes, juillet 1932, 172–202.
Apropos of the work of L. Lévy-Bruhl.
[journalArticle]COOMARASWAMY, Ananda K. De la “mentalité primitive". Etud.Traditiormelles, 1939, 44: 277–300, ill.
[journalArticle]LENOIR, Raymond. L'âme primitive. Rev.Syn.Hist., 1927, 44: 25–34.
[book]LÊVY-BRUHL, Lucien. La mentalité primitive. Herbert Spencer lecture. 27 p. Oxford University Press, 1931.
[review]Reviewed by Hélène Metzger, Isis, 1932, 17: 450–3.
[book]LÊVY-BRUHL, Lucien. Primitive mentality. Transl. by Lilian A. Clare. 458 p. London: Allen and Unwin, 1923.
[review]French original (Paris: Alcan, 1922) reviewed by R. Lenoir, Isis, 1923, 5: 467–8.
[review]German translation (München: Bruckmann, 1927) reviewed by R. Thurnwald, Deut.Lit.Zeitung, 1928, 486–94.
[book]LÉVY-BRUHL, Lucien. The “soul” of the primitive. Authorized transl. by Lilian A. Clare. 351 p. London: Allen and Unwin, 1928.
[review]French original (Paris: Alcan, 1927) reviewed by Hélène Metzger, Isis, 1927, 9: 482–6.
German translation Wien: Braumüller, 1930.
[book]SCHMIDT, Robert Rudolf. The dawn of the human mind: a study of palaeolithic man. Transl. by R.A.S. Macalister. xxix, 256 p., 50 pl. London: Sidgwick and Jackson, 1936.
Reviewed in Nature, 1937, 139: 454.
[review]Translation of “Geist der Vorzeit” (Berlin: 1934) reviewed by R.A.S. Macalister, Antiquity, 1935, 9: 505–7.

1 MI

[book]PORTEOUS, S.D. Primitive intelligence and environment, ix, 325 p. New York: Macmillan, 1937. [CB 51/285]

1 MJmf

[book]CUILLANDRE, I.J. La droite et la gauche dans les poémes homériques, en concordance avec la doctrine pythagoricienne, et avec la tradition celtique. xvi, 501 p. Rennes: Imprimeries Réunies, 1943.

1 ML

[book]ALLIER, Raoul. La psychologie de la conversion chez les peuples non-civilisés. 2 vol. 1. Les prodromes de la crise - la crise. 595 p. 2. Les conséquences de la crise. 509 p. Paris: Payot, 1925.
[review]Reviewed by George Sarton, Isis, 1939, 30: 306–10.

1 MM

[book]LEROY, Olivier. La raison primitive. Essai de réfutation du prélogisme. 316 p., 8 fig., 15 pl. Paris: Geuthner, 1927. [CB 23/259]
[review]Reviewed by Hélène Metzger, Isis, 1929, 12: 343–7.
[book]LÉVY-BRUHL, Lucien. How natives think. Authorised transl. by Lilian S. Clare. 392 p. London: George Allen, 1926.
Reviewed in Nature, 1927, 119: 700–1.
[review]Original French text “Les fonctions mentales dans les sociétés inférieures” (Paris: Alcan, 1929) reviewed by Hélène Metzger, Isis, 1929, 12: 343–7.
[book]WINTHUIS, Josef. Einführung in die Vorstellungswelt primitiver Völker. Neue Wege der Ethnologie. 364 p., 4 pl. Leipzig: Hirschfeld, 1931.
[review]Reviewed by Buschan, Mitt.Gesch.Med., 1931, 30: 293.

1 MMkq

[journalArticle]ROYCE, Josiah. Primitive ways of thinking, with special reference to negation and classification. Open Court, 1913, 27: 577–98.

1 MMnq

[journalArticle]GORDIS, Robert. Some effects of primitive thought on language. Amer.J.Semitic Lang., 1938, 55: 270–84. [CB 64/455]

1 MNzd

[book]LINCOLN, Jackson Steward. The dream in primitive cultures, xiii, 359 p. London: Cresset Press, 1935.
Reviewed in Nature, 1935, 136: 969–70.


[book]DESCAMPS, Paul. État social des peuples sauvages. 288, 23 p. Paris: Payot, 1930.
[review]Reviewed by M. Dufour, Rev.Gén.Sci., 1930, 41: 655.
[book]FORDE, C. Daryll. Habitat, economy and society, xv, 500 p. London: Methuen, 1934; New York: Harcourt, Brace, 1937. [CB 54/552]
[book]HAMBLY, Wilfrid D. Origins of education among primitive peoples; a comparative study in racial development. With a preface by Charles Hose. xx, 432 p., 79 pl. London: Macmillan, 1926.
[book]HARTLAND, Edwin Sidney. Primitive society. The beginnings of the family and the reckoning of descent. 180 p. London: Methuen, 1921.
[book]HOCART, Arthur Maurice. Kings and councillors: an essay in the comparative anatomy of human society. 306 p. (Egyptian University, Collection of Works Published by the Faculty of Arts, 12) Cairo: P. Barbey, 1936.
[review]Reviewed by R.R. M., Nature, 1937, 139: 653.

[Start of page 8]

[book]HOBHOUSE, L.T.; WHEELER, G.C.; GINSBERG, M. The material culture and social institutions of the simpler peoples. An essay in correlation, v, 299 p. London: Chapman and Hall, 1915. Reprinted photographically, 1930.
Extensive application of the statistical method to ethnographical problems.
[journalArticle]IVANITZKY, N. Sur des formes systématisées d'instruction de la jeunesse chez les primitifs. Bull.Inst.Sociol.Solvay, 1913, 25: 300–5.
[book]KRZYWICKI, Ludwik. Primitive society and its vital statistics, xiii, 589 p. London: Macmillan, 1934.
[book]LOWIE, Robert H. Primitive society, viii, 463 p. New York: Boni and Liveright, 1920.
[book]MARETT, R.R. Sacraments of simple folk. 230 p. New York: Oxford University Press, 1933.
[review]Reviewed by Robert H. Lowie, Isis, 1934, 21: 336.
[book]MEAD, Margaret. Cooperation and competition among primitive peoples, xii, 531 p. London: McGraw-Hill, 1937.
[book]RADIN, Paul. The world of primitive man. 370 p. New York: Henry Schuman, 1953.
[review]Reviewed by Clyde Kluckhohn, Isis, 1954, 45: 107–9.
[book]RIVERS, W.H.R. Kinship and social organisation, vii, 96 p (Studies in Economic and Political Science, 36) London: Constable, 1914.
[book]RIVERS, W.H.R. Social organizations. Ed. by W.J. Perry, xi, 226 p. (History of Civilization Series: Prehistory and Antiquity) London: Kegan Paul; New York: Knopf, 1924.
[book]THURNWALD, Richard. Repräsentative Lebensbilder von Naturvölkern. xxiii, 311 p., 12 pl., 12 fig. (Die Menschliche Gesellschaft in ihren Ethnosoziologischen Grundlagen, 1) Berlin: de Gruyter, 1931.
[review]Reviewed by S.R. Steinmetz, Deut.Lit.Zeitung, 1932, 3: 1329–34.
[book]WESTERMARCK, Edward. Early beliefs and their social influence, vi, 182 p. London: Macmillan, 1932.
[review]Reviewed by R.R. Marett, Nature, 1932, 130: 718–19.

1 MQst

[book]HOEBEL, E. Adamson. The law of primitive man. A study in comparative legal dynamics. 357 p. Cambridge, Mass: Harvard University Press, 1954.
[review]Reviewed by M.F. Ashley Montagu, Isis, 1955, 46: 373.
[journalArticle]MALINOWSKI, Bronislaw. Primitive law and order. Nature, 1926, 117: 117: Suppl., 9–16.

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[journalArticle]DEONNA, W. Quelques réflexions sur la théorie des origines de l'art dans ses relations avec les tendances actuelles. Isis, 1914, 2: 100–5.

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[journalArticle]MONTAGU, M.F. Ashley. Cannibalism and primitive man. Science, 1937, 86: 56–7.

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[journalArticle]ACKERKNECHT, Erwin H. Scalp and head trophies. Origin and distribution of skull cults. Head trophies and skull cults in the Old World. Head trophies in America. Ciba Symp. (Summit, N.J.), 1944, 5: 1654–75, ill.
[book]ALLAIX, Henri. Les mutilations sexuelles. 78 p. Paris: Lefrançois, 1935.
[journalArticle]CHIPPAUX, C. Mutilations et déformations ethniques dans les races humaines. Hist.Méd., 1961, 2: 3–47.
[book]HAMBLY, Wilfrid D. The history of tattooing and its significance: with some account of other forms of corporal marking 346 p. London: Witherby, 1925.
[journalArticle]MONTAGU, M.F. Ashley. Ritual mutilation among primitive peoples. Ciba Symp. (Summit, N.J.), 1946–47, 8: 421–36, ill.
[journalArticle]FOR trepanation see 1 RCD; circumcision see 1 RCS


[book]CRAWLEY, Alfred Ernest. The mystic rose: a study of primitive marriage and of primitive thought in its bearing on marriage. New rev. ed. by Theodore Besterman. 2 vol. London: Methuen, 1927.
[review]Reviewed by B. Malinowski, Nature, 1928, 121: 128–31.
[book]FEHLINGER, H. Sexual life of primitive people. Transl. by S. Herbert and his wife. 133 p. London: Black, 1921.
[book]MALINOWSKI, Bronislaw. Sex and repression in savage society, xv, 285 p. (International Library of Psychology, Philosophy and Scientific Method) London: Kegan Paul, 1927.
[book]MEAD, Margaret. Sex and temperament in three primitive societies. xxii, 335 p. London: Routledge, 1935.
[bookChapter]NIEUWENHUIS, A.W. Meinungen der primitiven Volker über das Geschlechtsleben der Menschen. Act.VIe Congr.Int.Hist.Méd. (Leyden/Amsterdam, 1927), p. 24–31. Anvers: 1929.

1 MQzt

[book]FRAZER, James George. Totemica. xii, 518 p. New York: Macmillan, 1937. [CB 54/553]

1 MR

[book]FRAZER, James George. The devil's advocate: a plea for superstition. 2nd rev. ed. of “Psyche's task”, to which is added “The scope of social anthropology”, xi, 186 p. London: Macmillan, 1928.
[journalArticle]FRAZER, James George. The fear of the dead in primitive religion. 3 vol. London: Macmillan, 1933–36.
[book]READ, Carveth. The origin of man and of his superstitions, xii, 350 p. Cambridge University Press, 1920.
[journalArticle]SAINTYVES, P. (Nourry, Émile). Corpus du folklore préhistorique en France et dans les colonies françaises. 3 vol. Paris: Nourry, 1934–36.
[review]Reviewed by L.V. Grinsell, Antiquity, 1937, 11: 117–19; vol. 1 reviewed by M. Fosseyeux, Bull.Soc.Franç.Hist.Méd., 1934, 28: 314.

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[book]MILLER, Nathan. The child in primitive society, v, 307 p. (Library of Educational Psychology) London: Kegan Paul, 1928.
[book]SIMMONS, Leo W. The role of the aged in primitive society, viii, 317 p. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1945. [CB 70/267]

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[journalArticle]PLOSS, Hermann Heinrich; BARTELS, Max; BARTELS, Paul. Das Weib in der Natur- und Völkerkunde, Anthropologische Studien, neu bearbeitet und herausgegeben von Ferd. v. Reitzenstein. Mit ausführlichem Sach- und Namenregister von H. Schweinfurth. 11th rev. ed. 3 vol., ill. Berlin: Neufeld und Genius, 1927.
[book]REITZENTEIN, Ferdinand. Das Weib bei den Naturvölkern. xi 483 p., ill. Berlin: Neufeld und Genius, 1923.
[book]RONHAAR, J.H. Woman in primitive motherright societies. 541 p. The Hague: Walters, 1931.

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[book]BARTLETT, F.C. Psychology and primitive culture, ix, 294 p. Cambridge University Press, 1923.
[journalArticle]IVANITZKY, N. Comment les attitudes des primitifs à l'égard des choses inconnues sont conditionnées par les adaptations au milieu. Bull.Inst.Sociol.Solvay, 1913, 26: 663–72.
[book]MALINOWSKI, Bronislaw. The father in primitive psychology. 93 p. London: Kegan Paul, 1927.

[Start of page 9]

[book]WEULE, Karl. The culture of the barbarians: a glimpse in tne beginnings of the human mind. 80 p. (Cosmos Library) London: Simpkin Marshall, 1926.

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[book]MALINOWSKI, Bronislav. Crime and custom in savage society, xii, 132 p., 6 pl. (International Library of Psychology, Philosophy and Scientific Method) New York: Harcourt, Brace, 1926.

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[journalArticle]NOUGIER, L.R. Géographie humaine préhistorique. Bull.Soc.Belg.Geogr., 1960, 140–1.


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[journalArticle]ACKERKNECHT, Erwin H. Primitive medicine and culture pattern. Bull.Hist.Med., 1942, 12: 545–74.
[journalArticle]ACKERKNECHT, Erwin H. Problems of primitive medicine. Bull.Hist.Med. 1942, 11: 503–21.
[book]CHAUVET, Stéphen. La médecine chez les peuples primitifs (préhistoriques et contemporains). 140 p. Paris: Maloine, 1936.
[review]Reviewed by M.A. van Andel, Bijdr.Gesch.Geneesk., 1937, 17: 35–6.
[journalArticle]HOFSCHLAEGER, Reinhard. Zum Aufbau der Heilkunst in der Zeit der Menschwerdung. Proteus, 1937, 2: 123–34.
[journalArticle]MONTAGU, M.F. Ashley. Primitive medicine. New Engl.J.Med., 1946, 235: 43–9.
[journalArticle]NIEUWENHUIS, A.W. Die Anfänge der Medizin unter den niedrigst entwickelten Völkern und ihre psychologische Bedeutung. Janus, 1924, 28: 42–60, 92–109, 174–91; 1925, 29: 33–51, 98–111, 198–209, 290–301; 1926, 30: 30–46. [CB 20/204]
[book]PAUDLER, Fritz. Scheitelnarbensitte, Anschwellungsglaube und Kulturkreislehre. viii, 314 p. (Schriften der Philosophischen Fakultät der Deutschen Universität Prag., 10) Brünn: Rohrer, 1932.
[review]Reviewed by W. Haberling, Mitt.Gesch.Med., 1932, 31: 292.
[journalArticle]SKUTIL, J. Quelques contributions moraves à la connaissance de la médecine préhistorique et protohistorique. Osiris, 1952, 10: 358–67, 6 fig.
[book]SIGERIST, Henry E. A history of medicine. Vol. 1. Primitive and archaic medicine. 564 p. New York: Oxford University Press, 1951.
[review]Reviewed by José M. Lépez Piñero, Arch.Iberoamer.Hist.Med., 1959, 11: 85–6.
[journalArticle]WRIGHT, Jonathan. The medicine of primitive man. Med.Life, 1924, 31: 483–9; 1925, 32: 137–44, 181–6, 237–46, 316–22; 1926 , 33 : 274–81; 1927, 34: 41–6, 87–96, 358–408 (Primitive Medicine Number), 514–18; 1928, 35: 366–72, 590–5; 1930, 37: 337–42; 1931, 38: 400–50, 495–505; 1932, 39: 229–40, 243–94, 331–62, 383–422, 440–72, 616–28; 1933, 40: 305–52; 1934, 41: 32–41; 1935, 42: 99–108; 1936, 43: 75–120, 144–52.

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[book]WELLCOME HISTORICAL MEDICAL MUSEUM. Catalogue of an exhibition illustrating prehistoric man in health and sickness. 56 p. London: Oxford University Press, 1951.
[review]Reviewed by Peter H. Buck, J.Hist.Med., 1952, 7: 310–12.
[book]WELLCOME HISTORICAL MEDICAL MUSEUM. Catalogue of an exhibition illustrating the medicine of the aboriginal peoples in the British Commonwealth, xviii, 58 p., ill. London: Oxford University Press, 1952.
[review]Reviewed by George Rosen, J.Hist.Med., 1953, 8: 354–5.

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[journalArticle]MARETT, R.R. The primitive medicine man. Proc.Roy.Soc.Med., 1918, 11: 11: Hist. Sect., 47. [CB 9/552]

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[book]BALK, Norman. Die Medizin der Lappen. 64 p., 1 map. (Ar-beiten der deutsch-nordischen Gesellschaft für Geschichte der Medizin, Zahnheilkunde und Naturwissenschaften, 11) Bamberg: Greifswald, 1934.
[journalArticle]MEAD, Kate C.H. Lappic medicine. Isis, 1937, 26: 415–22.
Apropos of J. Qvigstad, see below.
[book]QVIGSTAD, J. Lappische Heilkunde. 270 p. (Instituttet for Sammenlignende Kulturforskning, Serie B, 20) Oslo: Aschehoug; Cambridge, Mass: Harvard University Press, 1932.
[review]Reviewed by M.A. van Andel, Bijdr.Gesch.Geneesk., 1933, 13: 236;
[review]by Norman Balk, Deut.Lit.Zeitung, 1933, 4: 1769–70.

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[book]HÖFLER, M. Die Druiden in ihrer Beziehung zur gallokeltischen Volksmedizin. 23 p. Kiel: Vollbehr & Riepen, 1912.
[book]WILKE, Georg. Die Heilkunde in der europäischen Vorzeit. v, 418 p., 32 pl. Leipzig: Kabitzsch, 1936.
[review]Reviewed by E. Louis Backman, Lychnos, 1937, 2: 564–6.

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[journalArticle]BAUDOUIN, Marcel; BOISMOREAU, E. Un sanctuaire médical païen en Vendée. Le Bois sacré, à sculpture de pied humain (Pas de saint Roch) de Menomblet. Bull.Soc.Franç.Hist.Méd., 1913, 12: 53–80, 2 fig.
[book]MOREL, Charles. La médecine et la chirurgie osseuses aux tenqps préhistoriques dans la région des Grands Causses. xvii, 128 p. Paris: La Nef de Paris, 1957.
[review]Reviewed by Suzanne Colnort-Bodet, Arch.Int.Hist.Sci., 1960, 13: 176.
[journalArticle]TRICOT-ROYER, J.J.G. Considérations d'ordre médical en faveur du gisement de Glozel. Bruxelles-Méd., 1928, 50: 4 pl.

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[journalArticle]LE TESSIER, -. Un médecin de la Vallée de l'Ain à l'époque aurignacienne. Bull.Soc.Franç.Hist.Méd., 1934, 28: 70–4.

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[book]JONSSON, F. Laegekunsten i den nordiske Oldtid. [Medical science in nordic prehistory, (In Danish)] 61 p., ill. (Medicinsk-Historiske Smaaskrifter, 1) Copenhagen: V. Tryde, 1912.
[journalArticle]REICHBORN-KJENNERUD, I. Altnorwegische Heilkunde. Janus, 1936, 40: 113–31.

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[journalArticle]BOLOGA, V.L.; LENGHAL, Alex. [Fragments pour la reconstitution de la médecine et de l'hygène populaire en Dacie préromane. (In Rumanian with French and German summaries)] Clujul Med., 1930, 11: 354–6l.

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[journalArticle]WERNERT, Paul. Le role du feu dans les rites funéraires des hommes fossiles. Rev.Gén.Sci., 1937, 48: 211–17.

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[journalArticle]ARTELT, Walter. Keltische Leichenzerstückelung nach neuen Funden. Med.Welt, 1931, 5: 33–5.

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[bookChapter]STICKER, Georg. Vorgeschichtliche Versuche der Seuchenabwehr und Seuchenausrottung. Essays on the history of medicine, presented to Karl Sudhoff, p. 3–62. London: Oxford University Press; Zurich: 1924.

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[journalArticle]COLANI, M. Trousses de toilette hallstattienne et actuelle. Bull.École Franç.Extrême-Orient, 1934, 33: 988–92, 2 fig.

[Start of page 10]

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[journalArticle]BUSCHAN, Georg. Das Schwimmen bei den Natur- und Frühgeschichtlichen Völkern. Arch.Gesch.Naturwiss.Tech., 1913, 6: 27–38.

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[journalArticle]DUCCESCHI, Virgilio. L'alimentazione umana nelle età preistoriche. 89 p., 61 fig. Mem.Ist.Veneto Sci., 1936, 30: 3–89.
[review]Reviewed by A. Castiglioni, Riv.Stor.Sci., 1936 , 27: 327–8.
[journalArticle]GRAUBARD, Mark. Food habits of primitive man. 1. Food and the culture pattern. 2. Food - biology or belief. Sci.Mon., 1942, 55: 342–9, 453–60.
[journalArticle]STEFANSSON, Vilhjalmur. Food of the ancient and modern Stone Age mem. J.Amer.Diet.Ass., 1937, 13: 102–19.

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[book]KOTY, John. Die Behandlung der Alten und Kranken bei den Naturvölkern. 374 p. Stuttgart: Hirschfeld, 1934.
[review]Reviewed by J. Filliozat, J.Asiatique, 1936, 228: 172.

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[book]PASSEMARD, Luce. Les statuettes féminines paléolithiques dites Vénus stéatopyges. 151 p., 16 pl. Nïmes: Teissier, 1938.

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[journalArticle]JANSSENS, Paul A. Medical views on prehistoric representations, of human hands. Med, Hist., 1957, 1: 318–22.

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[journalArticle]BAUDOUIN, Marcel. Les affections osseuses découvertes dans l'ossuaire néolithique de Bazoges-en-Pareds (Vendée). Arch.Prov.Chir., 1914, 23: 23–39.
[journalArticle]BAUDOUIN, Marcel. L'ostéo-arthrite deformante chronique à l'âge de la pierre polie, dans l'ossuaire de Bazoges-en-Pareds (Vendée). Bull.Soc.Franç.Hist.Méd., 1914, 13: 96–102. [CB 24/473]

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[journalArticle]EDINGER, Tilly. Die Paläoneurologie am Beginn einer neuen Phase. Experientia, 1950, 6: 250–8, 4 fig.

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[journalArticle]BISCHLER, W. Histoire de l'épilepsie. L'épilepsie chez les primitifs et les peuples sauvages. L'épilepsie chez les anciens. Scientia, 1955, 49: 295–301.

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[journalArticle]ACKERKNECHT, Erwin H. Psychopathology, primitive medicine and primitive culture. Bull.Hist.Med., 1943, 14: 30–67.
[journalArticle]DEVEREUX, George. Primitive psychiatry. Bull.Hist.Med., 1940, 8: 1194–213.

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[book]OESTERREICH, Traugott Konstantin. Possession, demoniacal and other, among primitive racess in antiquity, the Middle Ages and modern times. Transl. by D. Ibberson. xi, 400 p. London: Kegan Paul, 1930.

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[journalArticle]MONTAGU, M.F. Ashley. Infertility of the unmarried in primitive societies. Oceania, 1937, 8: 15–26.

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[book]ARNOLD, Dorothea. Frauenheilkunde bei den primitiven Völkern der Jetztzeit. (Diss., Freiburg) 21 p. Freiburg: 1927.

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[journalArticle]BAUDOUIN, Marcel. La topographie des organes sexuels ex-térieurs féminins. Presse Méd., 21 nov. 1936, 1907–8. [CB 51/281]

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[book]BÜGGE, Gustav. Die rationell-empirischen Elemente der Geburtshilfe bei den Naturvölkern. 75 p. Freiburgs 1927.
[book]DAWSON, Warren R. The custom of couvade. ix, 188 p. (Publications of the University of Manchester, 194: Ethnological Series, 4) Manchesters: Manchester University Press, 1929.
[journalArticle]SPENCER, Robert F. Introduction to primitive obstetrics; pregnancy among primitive people; childbirth among primitive peoples; primitive obstetrics and surgery. Ciba Symp. (Summit, N.J.), 1950, 11: 1158–88, ill.
[journalArticle]WIESCHOFF, H.A. Artificial stimulation of lactation in primitive cultures. Bull.Hist.Med., 1940, 8: 1403–15.

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[journalArticle]HÖFLER, M. Ein alter Heilritus. Arch.Gesch.Med., 1914, 7: 390. [CB 8/366]
On a talisman for use in some birth or fertility rite.

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[journalArticle]MONTAGU, M.F. Ashley. Embryological beliefs of primitive peoples. Ciba Symp. (Summit, N.J.), 1949, 10: 994–1008, ill.

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[journalArticle]ACKERKNECHT, Erwin H. Incubator and taboo. J.Hist.Med., 1946. 1: 144–8.


[journalArticle]LACAILLE, A.D. Infant feeding-bottles in prehistoric times Proc.Roy.Soc.Med., 1950, 43: 43: Hist. Sect., 565–8, ill.


[journalArticle]BRUNN, Walter von. Krankheitsbeobachtungen an Schädeln aus der Jüngeren Steinzeit. Mitteldeut.Volkheit, 1937, 4: 22–3.
[journalArticle]BUGYI, Balázs. Über die Systematisierung der paläopatho-logischen Knochenbefunde. NTM Z.Gesch.Natuiwiss.Tech.Med., [1964], 1: no. 4, 85–90.
[journalArticle]GANDOLPHE, Michel. Os pathologiques préhistoriques. Bull.Soc.Chir.Lyon, 1912, 15: 154–5.
[journalArticle]KLEBS, Arnold C. Palaeopathology. Bull.Johns Hopkins Hosp., 1917, 28: 261–6.
[journalArticle]KROGMAN, Wilton Marion. The pathologies of pre- and protohistoric man. The medical and surgical practices of pre- and protohistoric man. Ciba Symp. (Summit, N.J.), 1940, 2: 432–52.
[journalArticle]MOODIE, Roy L. New observations in paleopathology. Ann.Med.Hist., 1919, 2: 241–7.
[journalArticle]MOODIE, Roy L. Palaeontological evidences of the antiquity of disease. Sci.Mon., 1918, 265–81, 21. fig.
[journalArticle]MOODIE, Roy L. Paleopathology. An introduction to the study of ancient evidences of disease. 567 p., 49 fig., 118 pl. Urbana, Ill.,: Illinois University Press, 1923.
[review]Reviewed by George Sarton, Isis, 1924, 6: 107–12.
[journalArticle]MOODIE, Roy L. Recent advances in paleopathology. Ann.Med.Hist., 1926, 8: 327–30.
[journalArticle]RAYMOND, Paul. Les maladies de nos ancêtres à l'âge de la pierre. Aesculape, June 1912, 2: 121–3, 6 fig.
[book]WELLS, Calvin. Bones, bodies and disease. Evidence of disease and abnormality in early man. 288 p., pl., fig. London s Thames & Hudson; New York: Praeger, 1964.
[review]Reviewed by Antony Duggan, Antiquity, 1964, 38 s 311–12;
[review]by A.T. Sandison, Med.Hist., 1964, 8: 387–8.

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[journalArticle]WILLIAMS, Herbert Upham. Human paleopathology, with some original observations on symmetrical osteoporosis of the skull. Arch.Pathol., 1929, 7: 839–902.
[review]Reviewed by K. Sudhoff, Mitt.Gesch.Med., 1930, 29: 39.

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[journalArticle]MOODIE, Roy L. The study of paleopathology in France. Ann.Med.Hist., 1928. 10: 86–9.

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[journalArticle]CLEMENTS, Forrest Edward. Primitive concepts of disease. (University of California Publications in American Archaeology and Ethnology, 32: no. 2) Berkeley, Calif.: University of California Press, 1932
[journalArticle]ROGERS, Spencer L. Primitive theories of disease. Ciba Syrnp. (Summit, N. J.) 1940, 4: 1190–1201, ill.

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[journalArticle]ACKERKNECHT, Erwin H. Primitive autopsies and the history of. anatomy. Bull.Hist.Med., 1943, 13: 334–9.

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[journalArticle]BAUDOUIN, Marcel. Les ossements humains travalliés post mortem de l'ossuaire néolithique de Vendrest (Seine-et­Marne). Arch.Prov.Chir., 1912, 21: 658–83, 5 fig.

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[journalArticle]BROTHWELL, D.R. Evidence of leprosy in British archaeological material. Med.Hist., 1958, 2: 287–91, fig. 1 QPzsy-yOJ
[journalArticle]GANDOLPHE, Michel. Syphilis osseuse préhistorique. Lyon Méd., 1912, 119: 189–200.

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[journalArticle]STEWART, T.D.; SPOEHR, Alexander. Evidence on the paleopathology of yaws. Bull.Hist.Med., 1952, 26: 538–53, 7 pl


[journalArticle]ACKERKNECHT, Erwin H. Natural diseases and rational treatment in primitive medicine. Bull.Hist.Med., 1946, 19: 467–97.
[bookChapter]ANDEL, M.A. van. Adeps hominis, a relic of prehistoric therapy. Proc.3rd Congr.Hist.Med. (London, 1922), p. 190–3. Antwerp: 1923.

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[book]KEMP, P. Healing ritual: studies in the technique and tradition of the Southern Slavs, xvi, 335 p., 24 pl. (School of Slavonic and East European Studies, University of London) London: Faber and Faber, 1935.
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[journalArticle]LAIGNEL-LAVASTINE, Maxime. Iconographie du plus ancien blessé de France. Mém.Soc.Franç.Hist.Méd., 1947, 3: 137–8.
In the Lascaux caves.


[journalArticle]ACKERKNECHT, Erwin H. Contradictions in primitive surgery. Bull.Hist.Med., 1946, 20: 184–7.
[journalArticle]ACKERKNECHT, Erwin H. Primitive surgery. Amer.Anthropol., 1947, 49: 25–45.
[journalArticle]HABERLING, Wilhelm. Prhistorische Chirurgie. Vortrag. Mitt.Gesch.Med., 1912, 11: 542.
[journalArticle]MALCOM, L.W.G. Prehistoric and primitive surgery. Vicary Lecture to Royal College of Surgeons, December 1933. Summary in Nature, 1934, 133: 200–1.
[journalArticle]MOODIE, Roy L. Disease and injury among fossil men and the beginnings of surgery. Sci.Mon., 1922, 14: 391–4.
[journalArticle]RIED, H.A. Zur prahistorischen Chirurgie. Arch.Anthropol., 1913, 12: 225–7.


[journalArticle]BREITINGER, E. Gutgeheilter Unterkieferbruch aus der Frühbronzezeit. Sudhoffs Arch., 1939, 32: 103–10, 4 fig.


[journalArticle]BRUNN, Walter von. Die Trepanation des Schädels. Mitteldeut.Volkheit, 1935, 2: no. 4, 88–90
[book]DINGWALL, E.J. Artificial cranial deformation: a contribution to the study of ethnic mutilations, xvi, 313 p., 54 pl. London: Bale, Sons and Danielsson, 1931.
[review]Reviewed by Elliot Smith, Nature, 1932, 130: 185–6.
[book]GUIARD, Émile. La trépanation cranienne chez les néolithiques et chez les primitifs modernes. 126 p., 13 pl. Paris: Masson, 1930.
[review]Reviewed by T. Wilson Parry, Antiquity, 1934, 8: 249–51.
[book]GUIARD, Émile. La trépanation cranienne chez les néolithiques et chez les primitifs modernes. 126 p., 13 pl. Paris: Masson, 1930.
[review]Reviewed by T. Wilson Parry, Antiquity, 1934, 8: 249–51.
[journalArticle]HRDLIČKA, Aleš. Trepanation among prehistoric people, especially in America. Ciba Symp. (Summit, N.J.), 1939, 1: 170–7.
[book]LUCAS-CHAMPIONNIEIRE, J. Les origines de la trépanation décompressive. Trépanation néolithique, trépanation précolombienne, trépanation des Kabyles, trépanation traditionnelle. 131 p., 32 fig. Paris: G. Steinheil, 1912.
[journalArticle]LUCAS-CHAMPIONNIÉRE, J. Trépanation néolithique. Sem.Méd., 1913, 33: 174–6.
[journalArticle]McKENZIE, Dan. Surgical perforation in a mediaeval skull with reference to Neolithic holing. Proc.Roy.Soc.Med., 1935–36, 29: 895–902.
[journalArticle]MUSKENS, L.J.J. Praehistorische trepanatie. [Prehistoric trepanation. (In Dutch)] Bijdr.Gesch.Geneesk., 1929, 9: 237–44, 9 fig.
[journalArticle]PIGGOTT, Stuart. A trepanned skull of the Beaker Period from Dorset and the practice of trepanning in prehistoric Europe. Proc.Prehist.Soc., 1940, 6: 112–32.
[bookChapter]STEWART, T.D. Stone age skull surgery: a general review, with emphasis on the New World. 10 pl. Annu.Rep.Smithsonian Inst.for 1957, p. 469–91. Washington, D.C.I 1958. [CB 84/330]
[journalArticle]WILSER, Ludwig. Die Schädelöffnung in alter und neuer Zeit. Arch.Gesch.Naturuiss.Tech., 1913, 6: 427–32.

1 RCDwe

[bookChapter]PARRY, T. Wilson. The collective evidence of trephination of the human skull in Great Britain during prehistoric times. Proc.3rd Int.Congr.Hist.Med. (London, 1922), p. 135–51, 6 fig. Antwerp: De Vlijt, 1923.

1 RCDwg

[journalArticle]BRUNN, Walter von. Üer Trepanationen im sächsisch-thüringischen Kulturkreis. Sudhoffs Arch., 1936, 29: 203–15, 13 fig.

1 RCDwj

[journalArticle]MARTINEZ DE SANTAOLALLA, Julio. La trepanación prehistórica en España y Portugal. Arch.Iberoamer.Hist.Med., 1957, 9: 345–6.

1 RCDxk-wo

[journalArticle]BOLOGA, Valeriu L. Sägeartiges Instrument aus einem kelt-ischen Brandgrab, gefunden bei Galatii Bistritei (Nord-Rumänien), wahrscheinlich Trepanationssäge. Arch.Iberoamer.Hist.Med., 1957, 9: 65–70.

[Start of page 12]


[journalArticle]SARTON, George. Primitive tonsillotomy. (Query no. 40) Isis, 1934, 21: 209.


[journalArticle]BAUDOUIN, Marcel. Les opérations chirurgicales cultuelles: l'origine préhistorique de la circoncision. Arch.Prov.Chir 1914, 23: 42–9, 3 fig.
[book]JENSEN, A. E. Beschneidung und Reifezeremonien bei Natur-völkern. viii, 188 p., 11 maps. (Studien zur Kulturkunde, 1; Veröffentlichung des Forschungsinstitute für Kultur-morphologie) Stuttgart: Strecker & Schröder, 1933.
[review]Reviewed by Otto Dempwolff, Orient.Lit.Zeitung, 1934, 37: 728.


[journalArticle]LEJEUNE, Fritz. Die Zahnheilkunde bei den Urkulturvölkern. Fortschr.Zahnheilk., 1930, 6: 1087–98.
[journalArticle]SIFFRE, Achille Ferdinand. Odontologie préhistorlque. Rev.Odontol., 1912, 8: 245–54.

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[journalArticle]ARTELT, Walter. Vorgeschichtlicher Zahnersatz auf deutschem Boden? Zahnärztl.Mitt., 1937, 28: 704.

1 REyNMu

[journalArticle]BAUDOUIN, Marcel. L'usure des dents des hommes de la pierrt polie, expliquée par le géophagisme néolithique. Bull.Soc.Anthropol., 1912, 3: 209–18, 2 fig.


[journalArticle]LILLICO, Joan. The use of enemata by primitive peoples. Ann Med.Hist., 1941, 3: 55–9, 3 fig.

1 RFzb

[journalArticle]LILLICO, Joan. Primitive blood-letting. Ann.Med.Hist., 1940, 3rd ser., 2: 133–9, 3 fig.


1 RPu

[journalArticle]CASTIGLIONI, Arturo. Magic plants in primitive medicine. Ciba Symp., 1943, 5: 1522–35, ill.


[journalArticle]DE LASZLO, Henry; HENSHAW, Paul S. Plant materials used by primitive peoples to affect fertility. Sciences, 1954, 119: 626–30, bibliogr.
A tabular list of plants and their supposed effects on fertility.

1 RV

[journalArticle]HÖFLER, M. Organotherapie bei Gallokelten und Germanen. Janus, 1912, 17: 3–19, 76–92, 190–216.


1 SAbz

[journalArticle]BURKITT, M.C. The beginnings of civilisation. Scientia, 1960, 95: 327–9.
The discovery of agriculture and the domestication of animals led to community living.
[bookChapter]COOK, O.F. Milpa agriculture, a primitive tropical system. Annu.Rep.Smithsonian Inst.for 1919, p. 307–26., 15 pl. Washington, D.C: 1921. [CB 12/629]

1 SAwe

[journalArticle]CURWEN, E. Cecil. Prehistoric agriculture in Britain. Trans.Newcomen Soc., 1928–29, 9: 36–42.

1 SAwk

[journalArticle]LEPLAE, Edmund. Les agriculteurs de Hesbaye vers l'an 8000 avant Jésus-Christ. Rev.Quest.Sci., 1938, 114: 15–28, 7 fig.

1 SAwm

[journalArticle]BECKER, C.J. The introduction of farming into Northern Europe. Cah.Hist.Mond., 1955, 2: 749–66.

1 SCwe

[book]CURWEN, E. Cecil. Plough and pasture. 122 p., ill. London: Cobbett Press, 1946. [CB 73/174]
The greater part of the book is concerned with the earliest agricultural practices in the British Isles.

1 SCwh

[journalArticle]TEMPIR, Z. Beiträge zur ältesten Geschichte des Pflanzenbaus in Ungarn. Acta Archaeol.Acad.Sci.Hung., 1964, 16: 65–98.

1 SCxb

[journalArticle]HUNTINGFORD, G.W.B. Ancient agriculture. Antiquity, 1932, 6: 327–37.
On early ploughs.
[journalArticle]MÖTEFINDT, Hugo. Zur Genese der primitiven Pflugtypen. Geschichtsbl.Tech.Ind., 1921, 8: 35–41.

1 SE

[journalArticle]FLACHSBERGER, K. Nakhodhi kul’turnikh rastennii doistoricheskovo perioda. [Plants cultivated in the prehistoric period. (In Russian)]: Arkh.Ist.Nauk.Tekh. 1934, 2: 165–78, 4 fig.

1 SEwm

[book]HJELMQUIST, H. Die älteste Geschichte der Kultuarpflanzen in Schweden. (The oldest history of cultivated plants in Sweden) 186 p., ill. (Opera Botanica, 1, no. 3) Stockholm: Almqvist & Wiksell, 1955.

1 SFwe

[book]JESSEN, Knud; HELBAEK, Hans. Cereals in Great Britain and Ireland in prehistoric and early historic times. 68 p., 26 fig. (Biol.Medd. Danske Vidensk.Selsk., 3: no. 2) Copenhagen: Munksgaard, 1944.
[review]Reviewed by E. Cecil Curwen, Antiquity, 1946, 20: 55–6.

1 SFxb

[journalArticle]HOCK, Georg. [On hand corn milling.] See 1 UL

1 SM

[journalArticle]CHEVALIER, Auguste. La dispersion de certains arbres fruitiers sauvages par l'homme avant l'invention de l'agriculture. Rev.Geogr.Hum.Ethnol., 1948, 1: 75–7.


[journalArticle]ISAAC, Erich. On the domestication of cattle. Zoology and cultural history both illuminate the view that the original motive was religious, not economic. Science, 1962, 137: 195–204.
[journalArticle]ZEUNER, F.E. The domestication of animals. Scientia, 1956, 91: 23–8.

1 SPvh

[journalArticle]LEWICKI, Tadeusz. [Medieval Arab and Persian sources on the keeping of domestic animals among the early Slavs. (In Polish with English Summary)] Kwart.Hist.Kult.Mater., 1954, 2: 444–469.

1 SPwd

[journalArticle]CLARK, J. Grahame D. Sheep and swine in the husbandry of prehistoric Europe. Antiquity, 1947, 21: 122–36.

[Start of page 13]


[book]HANČAR, Franz. Das Pferd in prähistorischer und früher historischer Zeit. xvi, 650 p., ill. (Institut für Völkerkunde der Universität Wien) Wien: Herold, 1956.
[review]Reviewed by Ole Klindt-Jensen, Antiquity, 1958, 32: 63–4.

1 SPVwd

[journalArticle]CLARK, J. Grahame D. Fowling in prehistoric Europe. Antiquity 1948, 22: 116–30.

1 STwd

[journalArticle]CLARK, J. Grahame D. Whales as an economic factor in prehistoric Europe. Antiquity, 1947, 21: 84–104, 2 pl., 10 fig. [CB 71/126]

1 SU

[book]SOERGEL, W. Die Jagd der Vorzeit. 149 p., 28 fig., 1 table. Jena: Fischer, 1922.
[review]Reviewed by O. Abel, Naturwissenschaften, 1922, 10: 301.
[book]SOLLAS, William Johnson. Ancient hunters and their modern representatives. 3rd ed. xxxvi, 697 p. London: Macmillan, 1924.
First published 1911.

1 SUvs

[journalArticle]LOWIE, Robert H. The buffalo drive and an old-world hunting practice. A cultural parallel between the Lapps and the North American Indians. Natur.Hist., 1923, 23: 280–2.

1 SUxk

[book]LIPS, Julius. Fallensysteme der Naturvölker. 167 p., fig. Leipzig: Wiegandt, 1927.
[review]Reviewed by R. Thurnwald, Deut.Lit.Zeitung, 1929, 6: 1306–8.

1 SUxk-wg

[journalArticle]SCHULTZE-FAHRENWALDE, Martin. Frühneolitische Jagd-und Fischereigeräte der Provinz Posen in Zusammenhang mit anderen norddeutschen Funden. Arch.Fischereigesch., 1914, 2: 109–32.


1 SXzs

[journalArticle]RIEHM, K. Prehistoric salt-boiling. Antiquity, 1961, 35: no. 139, 181–91.

1 SY

[journalArticle]LIPPMANN, Edmund O. von. Ueber vorgeschichtliche Zuckerfunde. Deut.Zuckerind., 1938, no. 19, 511–12.
Reprinted in E.O. von Lippmann. Beiträge zur Geschichte der Naturwissenschaften und der Technik, vol. 2, p. 227–30. Weinheim/Bergstrasse: Verlag Chemie, 1953.


1 Tbz

[book]BOGAYEVSKI, B.L. Istoriya tekhniki. 1, 1. Tekhnika pervobitno kommunisticheskovo obshchestva. [History of technology. 1, 1. The technology of the primitive communistic society. (In Russian)] xii, 635 p., 361 fig., 10 maps. (Tr.Inst.Ist.Nauk.Tekh.Seriya 4: 1) Moscow: Akad. Nauk SSSR, 1936.
[review]Reviewed by A.P., Isis, 1937, 26: 486–7.
[journalArticle]CAZENEUVE, Jean. Technical methods in the prehistoric age. Diogenes, 1959, no. 27, 102–24.
[book]CHOLLOT-LEGOUX, Marthe. Arts et techniques de la préhistoire. 33 p., 80 pl. Paris: Albert Masance, 1962.
[journalArticle]HERIG, F. Steinzeitliche Technik. Beitr.Gesch.Tech.Ind., 1929, 19: 92–8, ill.
[book]HODGES, Henry. Artifacts. An introduction to primitive technology. 248 p., bibliogr. New York/London: Praeger, 1964. Also published as Artifacts. An introduction to early materials and technology. 248 p., fig. London: John Baker, 1964.
[journalArticle]HORWITZ, Hugo Theodor. Beiträge zur aussereuropäischen und vorgeschichtlichen Technik. Beitr.Gesch.Tech.Ind., 1917, 7: 169–89, 34 fig.
[journalArticle]KLINCKOWSTROEM, Carl von. Das Erwachen des technischen Denkens. Von den Werkzeugen und Urerfindungen des vorgeschichtlichen Menschen. Tech.Kul., 1931, 22: 175–9.
[book]PFEIFFER, L. Die steinzeitliche Technik und ihre Beziehungen zur Gegenwart. 340 p. Jena: Fischer, 1912.
[book]SEMENOV, S.A. Prehistoric technology. An experimental study of the oldest tools and artifacts from traces of manufacture and wear. English transl. from Russian by M.W. Thompson. 211 p., diagr., ill. London: Cory, Adams & Mackay, 1964.
[book]THEUERMEISTER, Robert. Vom Steinbeil und Urne. Geschichten aus der Urzeit. 3rd ed. 108 p. Leipzig: Wunderlich, 1919
History of early inventions explained simply.
[review]Reviewed by H. Mötefindt, Geschichtsbl.Tech.Ind., 1920, 7: 52.

1 Thh

[journalArticle]HEIZER, Robert F. The background of Thomsen's three-age system. Technol.Cult., 1962, 3: 259–66.
[bookChapter]SEGER, Hans. Die Anfänge des Dreiperioden-Systems. Festschrift. Zum 70. Geburtstag Karl Schumachers, p. 3–7. Mainz: 1930. [CB 46/596]
Christian Jörgensen Thomsen is considered the originator of the system.

1 Tpw

[journalArticle]CRAWFORD, O.G.S. Prehistoric trade between England and France. Anthropologie, 1913, 24: 641–9.

1 Ts

[book]RENARD, Georges François. Life and work in prehistoric times. Transl. by R.T. Clark. viii, 228 p., 9 pl. (History of Civilization) London: Kegan Paul, 1929.
[review]Original French edition (Paris: Alcan, 1927) reviewed by Capitan, J.Savants, 1929, 325–6.
[book]WEULE, Karl. Cultural element in mankind: commencements and primitive forms of material culture. 88 p. (Cosmos Library) London: Simpkin Marshall, 1926.

1 Tsg

[book]HERSKOVITS, M.F. The economic life of primitive peoples. xii, 492, xxviii p. New York: Knopf, 1940.
[review]Reviewed by M.F. Ashley Montagu, Isis, 1941, 33: 304–5.
[book]LEROY, Olivier. Essai d'introduction critique à l'étude de l'économie primitive. Les théories de K. Buecher et l'ethnologie moderne. xiii, 138 p., 14 ill. Paris: Geuthner, 1925. [CB 19/637]

1 Ttq

[book]DENNERT, Eberhard. Das geistige Erwachen des Urmenschen. Eine vergleichendexperimentelle Untersuchung über die Entstehung von Technik und Kunst. 488 p., 629 fig. Weimar: Verlag für Urgeschichte und Menschforschung, 1929.
[review]Reviewed by W. Haberling, Mitt.Gesch.Med., 1929, 28: 61.
[bookChapter]HEYMANN, Rudolf E. An approach to early art from technical drawing. Proc.10th Int.Congr.Hist.Sci. (Ithaca, 1962), (1) p. 373–5. Paris: Hermann, 1964.

1 Twg-sg

[book]SPROCKHOFF, Ernst. Zur Handelsgeschichte der germanischen Bronzezeit. xii, 161 p., 45 pl. (Vorgeschtliche Forschungen, 7) Berlin: de Gruyter, 1930.
[review]Reviewed by K.H. Jacob-Friesen, Deut.Lit.Zeitung, 1931, 2: 1130–3.

[Start of page 14]

1 TEwe

[journalArticle]SCOTT, Lindsay. The problem of the brochs. Proc.Prehist.Soc., 1947, 13: 1–36, 10 fig.

1 TK

[book]HABERLANDT, Arthur. Die Trinkwasserversorgung der primitiven Völker. Mit besonderer Berücksichtigung der Trockengebiete der Erde. vii, 57 p. (Petermanns Geogr.Mitt.Ergänzungsheft, 174) Gotha: J. Perthes, 1912.

1 TL

[book]PUGSLEY, Alfred J. Dewponds in fable and fact. A collection and criticism of existing knowledge on these curiosities. x, 62 p., 10 ill. London: Country Life, 1939. [CB 60/158]
[review]Reviewed by E.G.B., Nature, 1939, 144: 135.

1 TPwe

[journalArticle]HORNELL, James. British coracles and Irish curraghs, with a note on the quffah of Iraq. Mariner's Mirror, 1936, 22: 5–41, 261–304; 1937, 23: 74–83, 148–75; 1938, 24: 5–39, 153–9, 46 ill. Reprinted London: Quaritch (for the Society for Nautical Research), 1938 (with an introduction).
[journalArticle]WRIGHT, E.V.; WRIGHT, C.W. Prehistoric boats from North Ferriby, East Yorkshire. Proc.Prehist.Soc., 1947, 13: 114–38, 18 fig.

1 TT

[journalArticle]PARISH, William F. Origin of textiles and the wheel. Rayon Textile Mon., 1936, 17: 17: no. 9–10, 19 p., ill.

1 TTwmM

[book]BERG, Gösta. Sledges and wheeled vehicles: ethnological studies from the view-point of Sweden. 189 p., 32 pl., 38 ill., 13 maps. (Nordiska Museets Handlingar, 4) Uppsala: Almqvist & Wiksell, 1935.
[review]Reviewed by R.H. Lane, Antiquity, 1935, 9: 497.


[journalArticle]COGHLAN, H.H. The prehistory of the hammer. Trans.Newcomen Soc., 1945–46 and 1946–47, 25: 181–98, 10 fig.
[journalArticle]ENGERRAND, Jorge. L'état actuel de la question des éolithes. Rev.Gén.Sci., 1912, 23: 541–8.
[book]KNOWLES, Francis H.S. The manufacture of a flint arrow-head by a quartzite hammerstone. 36 p., 6 pl., 3 fig. (Occasional Papers on Technololgy, 1) Oxford: Pitt Rivers Museum, University of Oxford, 1944.
Refers to the tool-making techniques of Stone Age peoples.
[review]Reviewed by E. Cecil Curwen, Antiquity, 1945, 19: 56.
[bookChapter]LACAILLE, A.D. The evolution of the knife in the Old Stone Age. Science, Medicine and History. Essays in honour of Charles Singer, (1), p. 16–34, fig. London: Oxford University Press, 1953.
[journalArticle]MacCURDY, George Grant. What is an eolith? Natur.Hist., 1924, 24: 656–8.
[journalArticle]MARPLES, E.A. The copper axe. Ancient Egypt, 1929, 97–100. [CB 32/598]
[journalArticle]MÖTEFINDT, Hugo. Steinzeitliche Messer aus Kieselschiefer. Geschichtsbl.Tech.Ind., 1927, 11: 262–8.
[book]OAKLEY, Kenneth. Man the toolmaker. 98 p., 45 ill., pl. London: British Museum, 1950.
[journalArticle]OAKLEY, Kenneth. Tools makyth man. Antiquity, 1957, 31: 199–209.
[journalArticle]PETRIE, W.M. Flinders. History in tools. Sci.Progr., 1917, 12: 71–82.
[journalArticle]WASHBURN, Sherwood L. Tools and human evolution. Sci.Amer., 1960, 203: no. 3, 63–75.
[book]WRIGHT, W.B. Tools and the man. xvi, 236 p. London: Bell, 1939. [CB 57/261]

1 UCwe

[journalArticle]CAPITAN, Louis. Les silex tertiaires d'Ipswich. Rev.Sci., 1922, 60: 233. [CB 13/301]
A discovery of flint tools. See also CB 14/562 for note on J. Reid Moir's discoveries.
[book]MOIR, J. Reid. The great flint implements of Cromer, Norfolk Ill. by E.T. Lingwood. 39 p. Ispwich, Suffolk: Harrison, 1923.

1 UCwf

[book]CAPITAN, Louis; BOUYSSONIE, J. Un atelier préhistorique: Limeuil son gisement à gravures sur pierres de l'âge du renne. 41 p., 49 pl., 1 map. (Publicaitons de l'Institute International d'Anthropologie, 1) Paris: Nourry, 1924. [CB 16/329]

1 UD

[book]MARYON, Herbert. Soldering and welding in the Bronze and early Iron Ages. 36 p. Cambridge, Mass: Fogg Art Museum, 1936.

1 UL

[bookChapter]HOCK, Georg. Ein Beitrag zur vorgerschichtlichen Technik. Festschrift zum 70. Geburtstag Karl Schumachers, p. 80–3. Mainz: Römisch-Germanisches Zentral-Museum, 1930.
About hand corn milling.


1 VB

[journalArticle]FREISE, F. Bergbau vor 5000 Jahren. Tech.Monatsh. 1914, 31–3.

1 VBwf

[journalArticle]QUIRING, Heinrich. Der älteste Bergwerkschacht. Forsch.Fortschr., 1932, 8: 389–90, 1 fig.
[review]Reviewed by Carl von Klinckowstroem, Mitt.Gesch.Med., 1933, 32: 103.
[journalArticle]SAGUI, Cornelio L. Les mines anciennes du Limousin (région de Saint-Yrieix). Bull.Soc.Archéol.Hist.Limousin, 1939–40, 78: 250–77. [CB 60/157]

1 VBwh

[journalArticle]ẒUROWSKI, Tadeusz. Nowe badania nad historia najstarszego gornictwa w Polsce. [A study of the most ancient mining industry in Poland. (In Polish with summaries in Russian and English)] Kwart.Hist.Nauk.Tech., 1961, 6: 25–44.

1 VBwk

[journalArticle]RAHIR, E. Mines néolitiques de Spiennes (Belgique). La Nature, 1913–14, 42: 132–5, 5 fig.

1 VBwm

[book]MAEDGE, Carl Max. Ursprung der ersten Metalle, der See- und, Sumpferzverhüttung, der Bergwerkindustrie und ihrer ältesten Organisation in Schweden. Eine prähistorisch- und historisch­ökonomische Abhandlung. xiii, 166 p. Jena: Fischer, 1916.

1 VC

[journalArticle]HOUGH, Walter. Man and metals. Proc.Nat.Acad.Sci., 1916, 2: 123–9. [CB 11/442]
[journalArticle]MARÉCHAL, Jean R. The development of metallurgy in prehistoric times. Rev.Mét., 1964, 61: no. 4, 327–32.
[book]MARÉCHAL, Jean. R. Reflections upon prehistoric metallurgy: a research based upon scientific methods. 141 p. Lammersdorf: Otto Junker, 1963.
[review]Translation of “Zur Frühgeschichte der Metallurgie” (Lammersdorf: 1962) reviewed by Adrienne R. Weill, Rev.Hist.Sci., 1963, 16: 396–7.
[journalArticle]OLDEBERG, Andreas. Metallteknik under förhistorisk tid. [Metallurgy in prehistoric times. (In Swedish)] 2 vol. (Royl Academy of Literature, History and Antiquities in Stockholm) Lund: 1942–43.

[Start of page 15]

[journalArticle]RICHARD, T.A. The early use of the metals. J.Inst.Metals, 1930, 43: 297–339 (discussion, ibid., 339–65).
[review]Reviewed by Carl von Klinckowstroem, Mitt.Gesch.Med., 1932, 31: 135.
[journalArticle]WERTIME, Theodore A. Man's first encounters with metallurgy. Man's discovery of ores and metals helped to shape his sense of science, technology, and history. Science, 1964, 146: 1257–67.

1 VCwe

[journalArticle]MARYON, Herbert. The technical methods of the Irish smiths in the Bronze and early Iron Ages. Proc.Roy.Irish Acad., 1938, 44: 44: Sect. C, no. 7, 181–228. [CB 60/162]
[book]TYLECOTE, R.F. Metallurgy in archaeology. A prehistory of metallurgy in the British Isles. xvi, 368 p., 74 fig., 28 pl. London: Edward Arnold; New York: St Martin's Press, 1962.
[review]Reviewed by H.H. Coghlan, Isis, 1964, 55: 235–6;
[review]by R.J. Forbes, Technol.Cult., 1964, 5: 254–5.

1 VCwo

[journalArticle]GAUL, James H. Prehistoric metallurgy in the East Balkan peninsula. Amer.J.Archaeol., 1942, 46: 400–9, map.

1 VD

[journalArticle]RICHARDSON, Holden Chester. Iron, prehistoric and ancient. Amer.J.Archaeol, 1934, 38: 555–83.
[review]Reviewed by Thomas T. Read, Geogr.Rev., 1935, 25: 510.
[journalArticle]RICKARD, T.A. Drift iron. A fortuitous factor in primitive culture. Geogr.Rev., 1934, 24: 525–43. [CB 42/600]
[journalArticle]WAINWRIGHT, G.A. The coming of iron. Antiquity, 1936, 10: 5–24, 3 pl. [CB 47/287]
[journalArticle]ZIMMER, George Frederick. The antiquity of iron. Cassiers Eng.Mon., 1915, 47: 14–22, 88–95. 1 VDwg/wh
[journalArticle]MARÉCHAL, Jean R. La sidérurgie ancienne en Bohême, en Moravie et en Autriche. Rev.Archéol.Est., 1960, 11: no 2, 159–63.
[book]WEIERSHAUSEN, P. Vorgeschichtliche Eisenhütten Deutschlands. x, 235 p., 70 fig. (Mannus-Bücherei, 65) Leipzig: Kabitzsch, 1939.
[review]Reviewed by R. Zaunick, Mitt.Gesch.Med., 1939, 38: 322–3.

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[journalArticle]HULME, E. Wyndham. Prehistoric and primitive iron smelting. 1. From meteoric iron to 1000 B.C. 2. The crucible processes of the East. Trans.Newcomen Soc., 1937–38, 18: 181–92; 1940–41, 21: 23–30, ill. Abridged version in Engineering, 1938, 145: 637–8.
[journalArticle]READ, Thomas T. The early casting of iron. A stage in Iron Age civilisation. Geogr.Rev., 1934, 24: 544–54. Russian transl. in Arkh.Ist.Nauk.Tekh., 1935, 5: 273–85, 7 fig.
[journalArticle]RICKARD, T.A. The primitive smelting of iron. Amer.J.Archaeol., 1939, 43: 85–101, 7 fig.

1 VE

[book]COGHLAN, H.H. Notes on the prehistoric metallurgy of copper and bronze in the old world. 131 p., 16 pl. (Occasional Papers on Technology, 4) Oxford: Pitt Rivers Museum, 1951.
[review]Reviewed by M.C. Burkitt, Nature, 1951, 168: 531;
[review]by R.J. Forbes, Arch.Int.Hist.Sci., 1952, 31: 184–5.
[journalArticle]COGHLAN, H.H. Prehistoric copper and some experiments in smelting. Trans.Newcomen Soc., 1941, 20: 49–65, ill.
[journalArticle]DESCH, Cecil H. The origin of bronze. Trans.Newcomen Soc., 1933–34, 14: 95–102. [CB 45/293]
[journalArticle]FORBES, R.J. New evidence on late Bronze Age metallurgy. Sibrium, 1956–57, 3: 113–27, 1 pl., 1 map.
[journalArticle]ORTH, Friedrich. Die präihistorische Kupfergewinnung und ihre Darstellung im “Deutschen Museum”. Beitr.Gesch.Tech.Ind., 1921, 11: 216–28, 18 fig.
[journalArticle]VIOLLIER, D. Moules de fondeurs de l'âge du bronze au musée de Genève. Genava, 1926, 4: 83–90, 2 fig.

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[book]JUNGHANS, S.; SANGMEISTER, E.; SCHRODER, M. Metallanalysen kupferzeitlicher und frühbronzezeitlicher Bodenfunde aus Europa. 217 p. Berlin: G. Mann, 1960.
[review]Reviewed by E.H. Schulz, Sudhoffs Arch., 1961, 45: 376–7.

1 VG

[book]POND, Alonzo William. Primitive methods of working stone, based on experiments of Halvor L. Skavlem. 143 p., 64 ill., bibliogr. Beloit, Wis: Logan Museum, Beloit College, 1930.
[review]Reviewed by G.W. Willis, Antiquity, 1931, 5: 390.

1 VGwe

[journalArticle]CLARK, J. Grahame D.; PIGGOTT, Stuart. The age of the British flint mines. Antiquity, 1933, 7: 166–83, 10 fig., 1 pl.
Including a distribution map of European flint mines.
[book]PULL, J.H. The flint miners of Blackpatch. 152 p., 23 pl. London: Williams and Norgate, 1932. [CB 49/186]

1 VI

[journalArticle]EISELEY, Loren C. Man the fire-maker. In cooking, extending grasslands, baking pottery, and making tools, early man found in fire a means to change and control his environment. Sci.Amer., 1954, 191: 52–7, 6 fig.
[journalArticle]OAKLEY, Kenneth. The earliest fire-makers. Antiquity, 1956, 30: 102–7, 1 fig.

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[journalArticle]BAUDOUIN, Marcel. La pyrite de fer dans les mégalithes de Vendée et le culte du feu néolithique. Homme Préhist., 1913, 11: 81–8.

1 VIwg

[journalArticle]HAEDICKE, Hermann. Ueber einen vorgeschichtlichen Schlackenfund. Mitt.Gesch.Med., 1913, 12: 271–2.
In Germany.

1 VP

[journalArticle]PIETSCH, E. Zur Urgeschichte der chemischen Technologie und deren Bedeutung für die prähistorische Kultur. Mitt.Gesch.Med., 1940, 39: 355–6.
[book]WEULE, Karl. Chemische Technologie der Naturvölker. 85 p. (Anfänge der Naturbeherrschung, 2) Stuttgart: Franckh, 1922.

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[journalArticle]PIETSCH, E. Altamira und die Urgeschichte der chemischen Technologie. Abhandl.Ber.Deut.Mus., 1963, 31: no. 1, 1–68.
[review]Reviewed by R. Niederhuemer, Bl.Technikgesch., 1964, 26: 148–9.

1 VT

[journalArticle]MODDERMAN, P.J.R. Iets over de techniek van praehistorisch en middeleeuws aardewerk. [Some notes on the technology of prehistoric and mediaeval earthenware, (In Dutch with English summary)] Boor Spade, 1949, 3: 214–31.
[book]SCHNEIDER, Max. Die Urkeramiker. Entstehung eines mesolithischen Volkes und seiner Kultur. x, 360 p., 101 fig. Leipzig: Kabitzsch, 1932.
[review]Reviewed by Wilhelm A. von Jenny, Deut.Lit.Zeitung, 1933, 4: 851–3.

1 VY

[journalArticle]BÜHLER, Alfred. Dyeing among primitive peoples. Ciba Rev., 1948, 68: 2478–512, ill.
[journalArticle]BÜHLER, Alfred. Färberei der Naturvölker. Ciba Rundsch., 1948, 75: 2764–94, ill.
[journalArticle]BÜHLER, Alfred. Plangi — tie and dye work. Ciba Rev., 1954, no. 104, 3726–48.

1 WDxb

[journalArticle]PARISH, William F. Origin of textiles and the wheel. Rayon Textile Mon., 1936, 17: 17: no. 9–10, 19 p., ill.

[Start of page 16]

1 WDxd

[journalArticle]BÜHLER, Kristin. The harmony of work and medium in the handicrafts of primitive peoples. Classification of basic textile techniques. Plaiting with stretched thread, a first step towards weaving. Ciba Rev., 1948, 63: 2290–314, ill.

1 WDxd-wg

[journalArticle]MÖTEFINDT, Hugo. Ein buntes Gewebe aus dem prähistorischen Salzbergwerk auf dem Dürrnberg bei Hallein. Geschichtsbl.Tech.Ind., 1927, 11: 191–3.
[book]STOKAR, Walter von. Spinnen und Weben bei den Germanen. Eine vorgeschichtlich-naturwissenschaftliche Untersuchung. vi, 142 p., 144 fig. (Mannus-Bücherei, 59) Leipzig: Kabitzsch. 1938.


[journalArticle]HALLIDAY, W.R. The first description of a lake-village. Discovery, 1920, 1: 235–8. [CB 10/127]
This description is found in Herodotus (vol. 16). A general account of lake-villages with bibliography.
[journalArticle]WHEELER, Mortimer. The first towns? Antiquity, 1956, 30: 132–6.

1 WJwg

[book]VOUGA, Paul. Classification de néolithique lacustre suisse. 31 p., 8 pl., 11 fig. (L'Indicateur des Antiquités Suisses, no. 2, 3) Zurich: 1929.
[book]VOUGA, Paul. Le néolithique lacustre ancien. 74 p., 24 pl. (Recueil de travaux publiés par la Faculté des Lettres, fasc 17) Paris: Geuthner, 1934. [CB 29/294]
[journalArticle]VOUGA, Paul. Les stations lacustres du lac de Neuchâtel. Anthropologie, 1923, 33: 49–63. [CB 15/240]

1 WLtq

[journalArticle]DAVIES, H.W. Early representations of the remains of prehistoric pile-dwellings. (Answer to Query no. 65) (Isis, 1937, 26: 449–51, 1 Pl.) Isis, 1947, 32: 116.
[journalArticle]SARTON, George. The earliest representations of the remains of prehistoric pile-dwellings, apropos of Conrad Witz's painting of 1444. Query no. 65. Isis, 1936, 26: 449–51, 1 pl.

1 WLwf

[book]BLANCHET, Adrien. Les souterrains-refuges de la France. Contribution à l'histoire de l'habitation humaine. viii, 344 p. Paris: Picard, 1923.

1 WLwg

[book]ISCHER, Theophil. Die Pfahlbauten des Bielersees. 242 p., 185 fig. Biel: Heimatkunde-Kommission Seeland, 1928.
[review]Reviewed by Camille Jullian, J.Savants, 1929, 323.

1 WLwm

[book]GRIEG, Sigurd. Jernaldershus pa Lista. [Iron age house on Lista. (In Norwegian, with German summary)] viii, 142 p., ill. Cambridge, Mass: Harvard University Press, 1934.

1 WLwo

[journalArticle]BUTTLER, Werner. Pits and pit-dwellings in Southeast Europe. Antiquity, 1936, 10: 25–36, 1 pl., 10 fig.
Original version in Bonner Jahrb., 1934, 139: 134–44.


1 WR

[journalArticle]HULME, E. Wyndham. Currency bars and water-clocks: the verdict of archaeology reviewed. Antiquity, 1933, 7: 61–72, 3 pl., 3 fig.
Discussing the ‘iron currency bar’ theory explained by Reginald A. Smith in British Museum. Guide to early Iron Age antiquities. 2nd ed. London: 1925.
For replies by Smith and Hulme see below.
[journalArticle]SMITH, Reginald A.; HULME, E. Wyndham. Currency bars and water-clocks. A reply and a rejoinder [to Hulme, E. Wyndham, above]. Antiquity, 1933, 7: 210–15.

1 WV

[book]SCHAEFFNER, André. Origine des instruments de musique: introduction ethnologique à l'histoire de la musique instrumentale. 406 p., 32 pl. (Bibliothèque Musicale) Paris: Payot, 1936.
[review]Reviewed by A.C. Haddon, Nature, 1937, 139: 905.

1 WW

[journalArticle]BÜNGE, Peter. Eine kippsichere Flasche aus der Hallstatt-Zeit. Arch.Gesch.Math.Naturwiss.Tech., 1928, 11: 223–4, 3 ill.
[journalArticle]MÖTEFINDT, Hugo. Reparatur in vorgeschichtlicher Zeit. Ge-schichtsbl.Tech.Ind., 1914, 1: 144–52.
[book]SAYCE, R.U. Primitive arts and crafts: an introduction to the study of material culture. xiii, 291 p. Cambridge University Press, 1933.
[review]Reviewed by George Grant MacCurdy, Amer.Hist.Rev., 1933, 39: 355; in Nature, 1933, 132: 588.

1 WXvq

[bookChapter]JACOBI, Heinrich. Der keltische Schlüssel und der Schlüssel der Penelope, ein Beitrag zur Geschichte des antiken Verschlusses. Festschrift zum 70. Geburtstag Karl Schumachers, p. 213–32, 4 fig. Mainz: 1930.

1 WXwh

[journalArticle]PIASKOWSKI, Jerzy. Tekhnologiya izgotovleniya zhelezniikh izdelii na territorii pol’shi v gal’shtatskoe vremya (viii–iv vv. do n.e.). [The technology of the manufacture of iron objects in the territory of Poland between the 9th and 5th centuries B.C. (In Russian)] Vop.Ist.Est.Tekh., 1959, 8: 137–44.
[journalArticle]PIASKOWSKI, Jerzy. Dalsze badania technologii wyrobōw zelaznych na ziemiach polskich w okresie halsztackim i wczesnolateńskim. [Further investigations on the technology of iron products on Polish territory in the Halstatt and early La-Tene period. (In Polish)] Kuart.Hist.Kult.Mat., 1963, 11: 3–28.

1 WXwj

[journalArticle]CARDOZO, Mário. Jóias áureas proto-históricas da citânia de. Briteiros. Petrus Nonius, 1937, 1: 254–60, 3 fig.

1 WZ

[bookChapter]HASSE, F. L'outillage de la chaussure préhistorique. XVIe Congr.Int.Anthropol. Bruxelles, 1935), p. 287–91. Brussels: Imprimerie Médicale et Scientifique, 1936.


1 XS

[bookChapter]REYMOND, Arnold. La mentalité primitive: technique des armes de guerre et de la vie végétale. Act.VIIIᵉ Congr.Int.Hist.Sci. (Florence, 1956), p. 1133–42. Paris: Hermann, 1958.



[journalArticle]DESFORGES, A. L'alphabet préhistorique de Glozel. Merc.France, 1st May 1926, 759–60. [CB 20/207]
[journalArticle]MORLET, A. Invention et diffusion de l'alphabet néolithique. Merc.France, 1st April 1926, 35–50. [CB 20/208]

[Start of page 17]

15 Ancient Near East

including the history of the ancient world in general

  • 16 Ancient Egypt
  • 17 Sumer; Babylonia; Assyria
  • 18 Hittite civilization; Ancient Anatolia
  • 19 Ancient Palestine, Syria and Phoenicia
  • 2 Ancient Israel; Judaea

15 bz prehistory

[journalArticle]MORGAN, Jacques de. La préhistoire orientale. 3 vol. 1. Generalités. xxxvi, 334 p., 55 fig. 2. L'Égypte et l'Afrique du Nord. vi, 438 p., 5 pl., 455 fig. 3. L'Asie antérieure. vi, 460 p., 380 fig., 3 pl. Paris: Geuthner, 1925–27. [CB 22/217 and CB 26/220]
[review]Vol. 1 reviewed by Leon Guinet, Isis, 1926, 8: 519–21.

15 c general history

[book]BREASTED, James Henry. Ancient times; a history of the early world: an introduction to the study of ancient history and the career of early man. 2nd ed. xiii, 823 p. Boston: Ginn, 1935.
First published 1916.
For note on Arabic translation (2nd rev. ed.), Beirut: American Press, 1930, see CB 33/376.
[book]BURN, Andrew Robert. Minoans, Philistines, and Greeks, 1400–900 B.C. xvi, 274 p., 16 pl., 2 maps. (History of Civilization Series) London: Kegan Paul, 1930.
[review]Reviewed by A.J.B. Wace, Antiquity, 1931, 5: 381.
[book]CHILDE, V. Gordon. Man makes himself. xii, 275 p. London: Watts, 1936.
Popular account of the origin and development of human progress and civilization.
[review]Reviewed by M.F. Ashley-Montagu, Isis, 1937, 27: 534–6.
[book]CHILDE, V. Gordon. The most ancient east: the oriental prelude to European prehistory. xiv, 258 p., 24 pl. London: Kegan Paul, 1928.
[book]CHILDE, V. Gordon. New light on the most ancient East. The Oriental prelude to European prehistory. xviii, 327 p., 32 pl. London: Kegan Paul, 1934.
[review]Reviewed by George Sarton, Isis, 1935, 23: 269–71.
[book]CHILDE, V. Gordon. What happened in history. 256 p. Harmondsworth, Middlesex: Penguin Books, 1942.
[review]Reviewed by O.G.S. Crawford, Antiquity, 1943, 17: 101–3.
[journalArticle]CONTENAU, G. Manuel d'archéologie orientale depuis les origines jusqu'à l'époque d'Alexandre. 4 vol. Paris: Picard, 1927–47.
[review]Vol. 1–3 reviewed by George Sarton, Isis, 1934, 20: 474–8; for vol. 4 see CB 73/153.
[book]DAWSON, Christopher. The age of the gods. A study of the origins of culture in prehistoric Europe and the ancient East. 446 p., 4 pl., 10 maps. London: Murray, 1928.
[review]Reviewed by W.L., R.W.H., J.Hellen.Stud., 1929, 49: 123.
[book]DE BURGH, William George. The legacy of the Ancient World. xvi, 462 p. London: Macdonald and Evans, 1924.
[review]Reviewed by La Rue Van Hook, Amer.Hist.Rev., 1924, 30: 120–2.
[bookChapter]EVANS, Arthur. New archaeological lights on the origins of civilization in Europe. Presidential address to the British Association for the Advancement of Science, Newcastle meeting 1916. Rep.Brit.Ass.Advance.Sci., 1916, 3–25; reprinted in Annu.Rep.Smithsonian Inst.for 1916, p. 425–45. Washington, D.C: 1917. [CB 7/148]
[book]FRANKFORT, Henri. The birth of civilization in the Near East. 116 p. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1951.
[review]Reviewed by James B. Pritchard, Amer.Hist.Rev., 1952, 57: 653–5.
[journalArticle]KRAMER, Samuel Noah. New light on the early history of the ancient Near East. Amer.J.Archaeol., 1948, 52: 156–64.
[book]MYRES, John L. Mediterranean culture. 52 p. New York: Macmillan; Cambridge University Press, 1944. [CB 66/269]
[book]PIGGOTT, Stuart, ed. The dawn of civilization; the first world survey of human cultures in early times. Texts by Grahame Clark and others. 403 p., ill. London: Thames and Hudson, 1961.
[book]ROBINSON, Charles Alexander, Jr. Ancient history. xxiii, 738 p. New York: Macmillan, 1951. [CB 77/346]
Deals with the history of man from his earliest beginnings to the death of Justinian in 565 A.D.
[journalArticle]ROSTOVTSEV, M.I. A history of the ancient world. Transl. by J.D. Duff. 2nd ed. 2 vol. 1. The Orient and Greece. 418 p., ill. 2. Rome. 387 p., ill. Oxford University Press, 1930, 1933.
[review]First published 1926–27 and reviewed by Franz Cumont, J.Savants, 1928, 305–14. For other reviews see CB 23/214 and CB 34/479.
[book]TAYLOR, Henry Osborn. Ancient ideals. A study of intellectual and spiritual growth from early times to the establishment of Christianity. 2nd ed. 2 vol. New York: Macmillan, 1913. 15 c-be
[book]WOODCOCK, P.G. Concise dictionary of ancient history. 465 p. New York: Philosophical Library, 1955. [CB 81/289]

15 ce

[journalArticle]CHADWICK, H. Munro; CHADWICK, N. Kershaw. The growth of literature. 3 vol. Cambridge University Press, 1932–40.
[review]Vol. 1 and 2 reviewed by M.F. Ashley-Montagu, Isis, 1938, 29: 196–7.
[book]PEET, T. Eric. A comparative study of the literatures of Egypt, Palestine, and Mesopotamia. Egypt's contribution to the literature of the ancient world. viii, 136 p. (Schweich Lectures of the British Academy, 1929) London: Milford, 1931.
[review]Reviewed by George Sarton, Isis, 1934, 21: 305–16;
[review]by Hans Bonnet, Deut.lit.Zeitung, 1932, 634–5.

[Start of page 18]

[book]PRITCHARD, James B., ed. Ancient Near Eastern texts relating to the Old Testament. xxi, 526 p. Princeton, N.J: Princeton University Press, 1950.
[review]Reviewed by George Sarton, Isis, 1951, 42: 75.

15 cp

[book]FRANKFORT, Henri. Cylinder seals: a documentary essay on the art and religion of the ancient Near East. xlviii, 328 p., 48 pl. London: Macmillan, 1939.
[review]Reviewed by M.F. Ashley Montagu, Isis, 1947, 32: 174–5;
[review]by R.D.B., Geogr.J., 1940, 95: 62–3.

15 f

[journalArticle]ALBRIGHT, W.F. How well can we know the ancient Near East? J.Amer.Orient.Soc., 1936, 56: 121–44.
Includes a history of research accomplished during the last century.
[journalArticle]CAMERON, George G. The Babylonian scientist and his Hebrew colleague. Biblical Archaeol., 1944, 7: 21–9, 32–40, ill.
[book]DENTAN, Robert C., ed. The idea of history in the ancient Near East. ix, 376 p. (Lectures of the Department of Near Eastern languages and Literatures at Yale University) New Haven: Yale University Press; London: Oxford University Press, 1955. [CB 81/257]
[review]Reviewed by O.G.S. Crawford, Antiquity, 1958, 32: 5–7.
[journalArticle]SPEISER, Ephraim A. The ancient Near East and modern philosophies of history. Proc.Amer.Phil.Soc., 1951, 95: 583–8.

15 hh

[book]KUBITSCHEK, Wilhelm. Grundriss der antiken Zeitrechnung. viii, 241 p. (Handbuch der Altertumswissenschaft) München: C.H. Beck, 1928.
[review]Reviewed by H.G. Bévenot, Isis, 1929, 13: 121–2;
[review]by R. Laqueur, Deut.Lit.Zeitung, 1928, 1122–4;
[review]by S. de Ricci, J.Savants, 1928, 293.
[journalArticle]LANGDON, Stephen H. The early chronology of Sumer and Egypt and the similarities in their culture. J.Egypt.Archeol., 1921. 7: 133–53. [CB 13/263]
[journalArticle]MARTIN, Richard A. Comparative chronology. Isis, 1942, 34: 164–5, 1 table.
Table comparing chronology of Babylonia, Egypt, Aegean, and Switzerland.
[book]MEER, Petrus Emmanuel van der. The ancient chronology of Western Asia and Egypt. 71 p. (Documenta et Monumenta Orientis Antiqui, 2) Leiden: Brill, 1947.
[review]Reviewed by O. Neugebauer, J.Cuneiform Stud., 1948, 2: 229–30.
[book]MEYER, Eduard. Die ältere Chronologie Babyloniens, Assyriens und Ägyptens. Nachtrag zum 1. Bande der Geschichte des Altertums. 2nd enl. ed. by H.E. Stier. vii, 74 p. Stuttgart: Cotta, 1931.
First published 1925.
[review]Reviewed by A. Scharff, Deut.Lit.Zeitung, 1932, 3: 2459–62;
[review]by Max Pieper, Orient.Lit.Zeitung, 1934, 37: 149–50.
[book]SCHULTZ, Wolfgang. Zeitrechnung und Weltordnung in ihren übereinstimmenden Grundlagen bei den Indern, Iraniern, Hellenen, Italikern, Geraanen, Kelten, Litauern, Slawen. vii, 289 p., ill. (Mannusbibliothek, 35) Leipzig: Curt Kabitsch, 1924.
[review]Reviewed by Julius Ruska, Isis, 1926, 8: 193–5.

15 pw

[journalArticle]CHILDE, V. Gordon. India and the West before Darius. Antiquity, 1939, 13: 5–15, 4 pl.
[journalArticle]DUSSAUD, René. Rapports entre la Créte ancienne et la Babylonie. Iraq, 1939, 6: 53–65.

15 st

[book]DIAMOND, A.S. Primitive law. x, 451 p. London: Longmans Green, 1935.
Contains accounts of the laws of the Babylonians, Sumerians, Assyrians, Hittites and Hebrews.
[review]Reviewed by M.F. Ashley-Montagu, Isis, 1936, 26: 234–7.

15 v

[book]KARST, Joseph. Origines Mediterraneae. Die vorgeschichtlichen Mittelmeervölker nach Ursprung, Schichtung und Verwandtschaft. Ethnologisch-linguistische Forschungen über Euskaldunak (Urbasken), Alarodier und Protophrygen, Pyrenaeo­Kaukasier und Atlanto-Ligurer, West- und Ostiberer, Liguro­Leleger, Etrusker und Pelasger, Tyrrhener, Lyder und Hetiter. Mit Exkursen über Atlantis, die süd- mittel-, ostasiatische und die amerikanische Völkerwelt. xxxvi, 725 p. (Schr.Elsass-Lothringischen Wiss.Ges.Strasbourg.Reihe C, vol. 3) Heidelberg: Winter, 1931.
[review]Reviewed by O.W., J.Roy.Asiatic Soc., 1931, 933;
[review]by Ferdinand Bork, Orient.Lit.Zeitung, 1933, 36: 150–1.

15 vj

[journalArticle]DAY, Edward. The early Semite. Amer.J.Semitic Lang., 1930, 46: 150–88. [CB 30/459]
[journalArticle]RICHARDSON, Hilary G. The Semites. Amer.J.Semitic Lang., 1924, 41: no. 1, 1–10. [CB 18/588]


15 Ac

[book]BACON, Edward, ed. Vanished civilizations of the ancient world. Texts by Henry Lhote and others. 360 p., ill. New York: McGraw-Hill, 1963.
Also published under the title “Vanished civilizations: forgotten peoples of the ancient world” (London: Thames and Hudson, 1963).
[review]Reviewed by Irving Rouse, Science, 1963, 142: 39–41.
[journalArticle]BREASTED, James Henry. The origins of civilization. Sci.Mon., 1919, 9: 289–316, 416–32, 561–77; 1920, 10: 87–105, 183–207, 249–68, ill. [CB 10/172]
[book]BRUNET, Pierre; MIELI, Aldo. Histoire des sciences: antiquité. 1224 p., 109 fig. (Bibliothèque Scientifique) Paris: Payot, 1935.
[review]Reviewed by George Sarton, Isis, 1936, 24: 444–7.
[journalArticle]CHILDE, V. Gordon. The oriental background of European science. Mod.Quart., 1938, 1: 105–20.
[journalArticle]CHILDE, V. Gordon. Science in preliterate societies and the ancient oriental civilisations. Centaurus, 1953, 3: 12–23.
[book]FARRINGTON, Benjamin. Science in antiquity. 257 p. (Home University Library of Modern Knowledge) London: Thornton Butterworth, 1936. [CB 48/536]
[review]Reviewed by Aubrey Diller, Isis, 1937, 27: 512–13.
[book]FORBES, R.J. Ambacht en wetenschap in het oude Nabije Oosten. [Crafts and science in the ancient Near East. (In Dutch)] 46 p. Leiden: Brill, 1947.
Inaugural lecture of a new chair at the University of Amsterdam, June 1947.
[journalArticle]FORBES, R.J. Man and matter in the ancient Near East (the background of ancient science). Arch.Int.Hiet.Sci., 1948, 1: 557–73.
[book]FORBES, R.J. Wetenschap en techniek in de oudheid. [Science and technology in antiquity, (In Dutch)] 122 p., 16 fig. Den Haag: N.V. Servire, 1945. [CB 70/228]
[bookChapter]HEIBERG, J.L. Exakte Wissenschaften. In: Gercke, A.; Norden, E.; ed. Einleitung in die Altertumswissenschaft, 3rd ed., vol. 2, part 5, p. 317–57. Leipzig: Teubner, 1922.
[book]HEIBERG, J.L. Geschichte der Mathematik und Naturwissenschaften im Altertum. viii, 121 p. (Handbuch der Altertumswissenschaft) München: C.H. Beck, 1925. [CB 18/578]
[book]MIELI, Aldo. Manuale di storia della scienza. Antichità (Storia, Antologia, Bibliografia). Con due appendici: Mario Vallauri, La scienza nell’ India antica; Giuseppe Tucci, La scienza nella Cina antica. xxxii, 576 p., ill. (Studi di Storia, del Pensiero Scientifico, 5) Roma: Leonardo da Vinci, 1925. [CB 18/578]

[Start of page 19]

[book]MÖRL, Anton von. Die grosse Weltordnung. 2 vol. 1. Die Geburt der Wissenschaft. 525 p., 26 fig. 2. Verfall der antiken Wissenschaft. 290 p., ill. Berlin: Zsolnay, 1947.
[review]Vol. 1 reviewed by O. Neugebauer, Isis, 1949, 40: 69–70.
[journalArticle]NEUGEBAUER, Otto. Exact science in antiquity. Nature, 1940, 146: 625.
Summary of a paper read at the Bicentennial Conference of the University of Pennsylvania on September 17, 1940.
[book]NEUGEBAUER, Otto. The exact sciences in antiquity. 2nd ed. xvi, 240 p., ill. Providence, R.I.: Brown University Press, 1957; New York: Harper Torchbooks, 1962.
[review]First published 1951 and reviewed by George Sarton and Francis Carmody, Isis, 1952, 43: 69–73;
[review]by E.J. Dijksterhuis, ibid., 1958, 49: 455–6; for other reviews see CB 84/333 and CB 88/576.
[bookChapter]REHM, A.; VOGEL, K. Exakte Wissenschaften. 78 p. In: Gercke, A.; Norden, E.; ed. Einleitung in die Altertumswissenschaft. 4th ed., vol. 2, part 5. Leipzig: Teubner, 1933.
[review]Reviewed by Johannes Mewaldt, Deut.Lit.Zeitung, 1933, 4: 2345–6.
[book]REY, Abel. La science dans l'antiquité. 6 vol. (L'Évolution de l'Humanité) Paris: Renaissance du livre, 1930.
[review]Vol. 1 “La science orientale avant les Grecs” reviewed by O. Neugebauer, Deut.Lit.Zeitung, 1930, 1: 2060–2.
[book]RIGGS, Arthur S. The romance of human progress. 405 p., 72 pl. New York: Bobbs-Merrill, 1938. [CB 57/266]
[book]SARTON, George. A history of science. Ancient science through the Golden Age of Greece. xxvi, 646 p., ill. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1952; London: Oxford University Press, 1953.
[review]Reviewed by I.E. Drabkin, Isis, 1953, 44: 75–8; for other reviews see CB 80/149 and CB 81/254; see also essay review by Otto Blüh, Amer.J.Phys., 1955, 23: 161–8.
[book]SARTON, George. The incubation of Western culture in the Middle East. 45 p. (George C. Keiser Foundation Lecture) Washington, D.C: Library of Congress, 1951.
[review]Reviewed by Ettore Rossi, Orient.Mod., 1951, 31: 107.
[journalArticle]SARTON, George. The unity and diversity of the Mediterranean world. Osiris, 1936, 2: 406–63.
[review]Reviewed by H.P.J. Renaud, Hespéris, 1937, 24: 347–9.
[book]SCHNEIDER, Hermann. Die Kulturleistungen der Menschheit. 1. Die Völker des Altertums. xi, 672 p. Leipzig: Weber, 1927.
[review]Reviewed by K. Sudhoff, Mitt.Gesch.Med., 1930, 29: 163–4.
[journalArticle]SEN, Samarendra Nath. Bijnaner itihas. [A history of science. (In Bengali)] 350 p., ill. Jadavpur, Calcutta: Indian Association for the Cultivation of Science, [1956]. [CB 82/193]
Deals with the technical progress achieved in prehistoric times, the state of development of the sciences in ancient Egypt, Babylonia, Vedic India and China, and the Greek Alexandrian and the Roman sciences.
[review]Reviewed by F.R. Allchin, Nature, 1956, 178: 1367.
[book]TURNER, Ralph. The great cultural traditions. 2 vol. 1. The ancient cities. xviii, 601 p. 2. The classical empires. xvi, 732 p. New York: McGraw-Hill, 1941. [CB 62/83]
[bookChapter]VOLLGRAFF, J.A. Athènes, Rome et Jérusalem. Act.VIIe Congr.Int.Hist.Sci. (Jerusalem, 1953), p. 53–61. Paris: Hermann, [1954].
[book]WHITE, Leslie A. The evolution of culture. The development of civilization to the fall of Rome. xi, 378 p., ill. New York: McGraw-Hill, 1959.
[review]Reviewed by Carleton S. Coon, Science, 1959, 129: 1128.

15 Ac-bv

[book]ROUNDS, Dorothy, ed. Articles on antiquity in Festschriften. The ancient Near East, the Old Testament, Greece, Rome, Roman law, Byzantium. An index, xx, 560 p., app. Cambridge, Mass: Harvard University Press, 1962.
[review]Reviewed by Harry Woolf, Isis, 1963, 54: 285.

15 Acc

[bookChapter]SPEISER, E.A. Some sources of intellectual and social progress in the ancient Near East. In: Studies in the history of culture, p. 51–62. Menasha, Wis: American Council of Learned Societies, 1942.
15 Afd FOR historians of ancient science see
Volume 2 under Neugebauer
See also INDEX for references to students of the different civilizations

15 Axm metrology

[book]AIRY, W. On the ancient trade weights of the East. 36 p. London: Privately printed, 1918. [CB 9/469]
[journalArticle]HEMMY, A.S. The statistical treatment of ancient weights. Ancient Egypt, 1935, 83–93, 4 fig.
[journalArticle]HEMMY, A.S. The weight-standards of ancient Greece and Persia. Iraq, 1938, 5: 65–81, 37 fig.
[journalArticle]LEHMANN-HAUPT, C.F. Historisch-metrologische Forschungen. 1. Herodot's Berechnung der persischen Tribute. 2. Die hebräischen Masse und das pheidonische System. 3. Die Mine des Königs und die Mine (des Landes). Klio, 1912, 12: 240–8; 1913, 13: 119–27; 1915, 14: 345–76.
[journalArticle]LEWY, Hildegard. Assyro-Babylonian and Israelite measures of capacity and rates of seeding. J.Amer.Orient.Soc., 1944, 64: 65–73.
[book]PETRIE, W.M. Flinders. Measures and veights. x, 22 p. London: Methuen, 1934.
[review]Reviewed by T.G. Skinner, Ancient Egypt, 1934, 123;
[review]by C.F.C., Antiquity, 1935, 9: 239.
[journalArticle]SEGRÉ, Angelo. Babylonian, Assyrian and Persian measures. J.Amer.Orient.Soc., 1944, 64: 73–81.
[book]SEGRÉ, Angelo. Metrologia e circolazione monetaria degli antichi. xiv, 546 p. Bologna: Zanichelli, 1928.
[review]Reviewed by Fritz Heichelheim, Deut.Lit.Zeitung, 1928, 5: 2414–16.
[journalArticle]STENGERS, Jean. Essai d'une méthode d'évaluation des sommes d'argent exprimées en monnaies anciennes. Rev.Belg.Philol.Hist., 1941, 20: 573–88.
[journalArticle]VETTER, Quido. See 15 BC
[book]VIEDEBANTT, Oskar. Forschungen zur Metrologie des Altertums. 184 p. (Abhandl.Sächs.Ges.Wiss.Philol.Hist.Kl., 34: no. 3) Leipzig: 1917. [CB 13/264]

15 Axm-u

[book]DAVIDSON, David. The hidden truth in myth and ritual and in the common culture pattern of ancient metrology. xiii, 70 p. London: Williams and Norgate, 1934.
[review]Reviewed by Rupert Gleadow, Nature, 1934, 134: 956–7.


for alchemy see 15 DY astrology see 15 FY folklore; superstitions see 15 MR

for popular aspects of science and the separate sciences see INDEX
[book]GASTER, Theodor H. Thespis. Ritual, myth and drama in the Ancient Near East. xv, 498 p. New York: Schuman, 1950. [CB 76/410]
[book]GEORG, Eugen. The adventure of mankind. Transl. from the German by Robert Bek-Gran. viii, 325 p. New York: Dutton, 1931. [CB 32/602]
The myths and cosmogonies of ancient and of primitive peoples.
German original entitled “Verschollene Kulturen” first published Leipzig: 1930.

[Start of page 20]

[journalArticle]HERTZ, Amelia. Le rôle de la religion dans les civilisations prégrecques. Scientia, 1935, 58: 296–307.
[book]HOOKE, Samuel Henry. The labyrinth. Further studies in the relation between myth and ritual in the ancient world. xiv. 288 p. London: Society for Promoting Christian Knowledge, 1935.
[review]Reviewed by Maurice H. Farbridge, Jew.Quart.Rev., 1937, 28:. 149–53.

15 ACce

[book]LANGDON, Stephen H., ed. Sumerian and Semitic religious and historical texts. 60 p., 45 pl. (Oxford Editions of Cuneiform Inscriptions, 1) London: Milford, 1923.
At head of title: The H. Weld-Blundell collection in the Ashmolean Museum, v. 1.

15 ACnb

[book]KOCH, Rudolf. The book of signs. Which contains all manner of symbols used from the earliest times to the Middle Ages by primitive peoples and early Christians. Collected, drawn and explained by Rudolf Koch. Transl. from the German by Vyvyan Holland. 104 p. London: First Edition Club, 1930.
[journalArticle]MOUSSON-LANAUZE, -. Le symbolisme des forces naturelles aux temps mythologiques. Bull.Soc.Franç.Hist.Méd., 1933, 27: 147–56.

15 ACvj

[book]LANGDON, Stephen H. Semitic mythology. xx, 454 p. (The Mythology of all Races, 5) New York: Archaeological Institute of America, 1931.


[book]BAUMGARTNER, Walter. Israelitische und altorientalische Weisheit. 34 p. (Sammlung gemeinverständiicher Vorträge und Schriften aus dem Gebiet der Theologie und Religions­geschichte, 166) Tübingen: Mohr, 1933.
[book]FRANKFORT, H.; et al. The intellectual adventure of ancient man: an essay on speculative thought in the ancient Near East. vii, 401 p. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1946.
[review]Reviewed by M.E.L. Mallowan, Antiquity, 1947, 21: 116–21;
[review]by Theophile J. Meek, J.Near East.Stud., 1948, 7: 123–4;
[review]by S.N. Kramer, J.Cuneiform Stud., 1948, 2: 39–70.
[journalArticle]GÖTZE, Albrecht. Persische Weisheit im griechischen Gewande. Ein Beitrag zur Geschichte der Mikrokosmos-Idee. Z.Indologie Iran., 1923, 2: 60–98, 167–77.
[book]GREIFF, Günther. Verschollenes Wissen. vi, 104 p., 16 pl. Berlin: de Gruyter, 1934. [CB 44/490 and CB 42/543]
[book]JASTROW, Morris. Hebrew and Babylonian traditions. (Haskell Lectures) xv, 376 p. London: Fisher Unwin, 1914.
[journalArticle]LÄMMLI, Franz. See 15 FU
[book]LOVEJOY, Arthur O.; et al. A documentary history of primitivism and related ideas. Vol. 1. Primitivism and related ideas in antiquity. With supplementary essays by W.F. Albright and P.E. Dumont. xv, 482 p. (Contributions to the History of Primitivism) Baltimore: Johns Hopkins Press, 1935.
[review]Reviewed by George Sarton, Isis, 1936, 25: 169–72.
[book]ONIANS, Richard Broxton. The origins of European thought about the body, the mind, the soul, the world, time, and fate. New interpretations of Greek, Roman and kindred evidence also of some basic Jewish and Christian beliefs. xvii, 547 p. Cambridge University Press, 1951. [CB 78/160]


[book]GARCIA DE BRITO, Rogerio. La pensée philosophique à travers les âges. 1. L'antiquité. 242 p. Paris: Vrin, 1931.
[bookChapter]GERCKE, A. Geschichte der Philosophie. In: Gercke, A.; Norden, E.; ed. Einleitung in die Altertumswissenschaft, 3rd ed., vol. 2, part 6, p. 358–477. Leipzig: Teubner, 1922.
[book]JEREMIAS, Alfred. Handbuch der altorientalischen Geisteskultur. 2nd rev. ed. xvii, 508 p., 260 pl. Berlin: de Gruyter, 1929.
[review]Reviewed by Joh. Hempel, Deut.Lit.Zeitung, 1930, 1: 292–5.
[book]MISCH, Georg. The dawn of philosophy. A philosophical primer. Ed. in English by R.F.C. Hull. xi, 333 p. Cambridge, Mass: Harvard University Press, 1951.
[review]Reviewed by Solomon Gandz, Isis, 1952, 43: 89.

15 AG

[book]DREWS, Arthur. Geschichte des Monismus im Altertum. xi, 429 p. (Synthesis, Sammlung Historischer Monographien, 5) Heidelberg: C. Winter, 1913.

15 AH

[journalArticle]PEASE, Arthur Stanley. Caeli enarrant. Harvard Theol.Rev., 1941, 34: 163–200. [CB 62/64]
Presidential address to the American Philological Association, Baltimore, 26 Dec., 1940. Account of ancient views of teleology.


15 Bc

[book]AABOE, Asger. Episodes from the early history of mathematics. x, 133 p., ill. (New Mathematical Library, 13) New York: L.W. Singer, 1963; Random House, 1964.
[review]Reviewed by Carl Boyer, Science, 1964, 144: 726.
[book]ALMEIDA E VASCONCELLOS, Fernando de. História das matemáticas na antiguidade. xxiv, 653 p. Lisbon: Aillaud e Bertrand, 1925. [CB 18/608]
[review]Reviewed by David Eugene Smith, Scr.Math., 1932, 1: 79–80;
[review]by K. Vogel, Mitt.Gesch.Med., 1932, 31: 194.
[journalArticle]ARCHIBALD, R.C. Mathematics before the Greeks. Science, 1930, 71: 109–21; 72: 39. [CB 28/506]
Deals with Egyptian and Babylonian mathematics.
[book]BRUINS, E.M. Fontes matheseos. xii, 168 p., 6 pl. Leiden: E.J. Brill, 1953.
[review]Reviewed by G. Bosteels, Arch.Int.Hist.Sci., 1954, 33: 354–5.
[book]BUNT, L.N.H.; et al. Van Ahmes tot Euclides. Hoofdstukken uit de Geschiedenis van de Wiskunde. [From Ahmes to Euclid. Chapters from the history of mathematics. (In Dutch)] viii, 168 p., ill. Groningen: J.B. Wolters, 1959.
[review]Reviewed by P. Bockstaele, Sci.Hist., 1960, 2: 196–7;
[review]by J. Brongers, Gewina, 1960, 8: 17–18.
[journalArticle]FRENKIAN, Aram M. Recherches de mathématiques suméro-akkadiennes, égyptiennes et grecques. Bull.Math.Soc.Sci.Math.Phye.R.P.Roumaine, 1957, new ser., 1: 17–32, 281–94; 1958, 2: 5–18.
Discussed by E.S. Kennedy, Math.Rev., 1959, 20: 320; 1960, 21: 484.
[bookChapter]GANDZ, Solomon. A few notes on Egyptian and Babylonian mathematics. Studies and Essays offered to George Sarton, p. 449–62. New York: Schuman, 1947. [CB 71/103]
[journalArticle]HEIBERG, J.L. Geschichte der Mathematik und … See 15 Ac
[book]KOLMAN, E. Istoria matematiki v drevnosti. [History of mathematics in antiquity. (In Russian)] 235 p. Moscow: Gosudarstv. Izdat. Fiz.-Mat. Lit., 1961.
[review]Reviewed by S.H. Gould, Math.Rev., 1962, 24: 24: A 3050.
[journalArticle]MARCOLONGO, Roberto. La matematica di quaranta secoli fa. Scientia, 1932, 51: 21–34.
[journalArticle]MILLER, G.A. Theorems relating to the pre-Grecian mathematics. Amer.Math.Mon., 1931, 38: 496–500.
[book]NEUGEBAUER, Otto. Über vorgriechische Mathematik. 18 p. (Hamburger Mathematische Einzelschriften, 8) Berlin: Teubner, 1929.

[Start of page 21]

[book]NEUGEBAUER, Otto. Vorlesungen über Geschichte der antiken mathematischen Wissenschaften. Vol. 1. Vorgriechische Mathematik. xii, 212 p. (Die Grundlehren der Mathematiscnen Wissenschaften in Einzeldarstellungen, 43) Berlin: Springer, 1934.
[review]Reviewed by R.C. Archibald, Isis, 1935, 24: 151–3.
[journalArticle]NEUGEBAUER, Otto. Zur vorgriechischen Mathematik. Erkermtnis, 1931, 2: 122–34.
[journalArticle]RAIK, A.E. Noviǐ rekonstruktsiǐ nekotorǐkh zadach iz drevneegipetskikh i vavilonskikh tekstov. [New reconstructions of some problems in ancient Egyptian and Babylonian texts. (In Russian)] Ist.Mat.Issled., 1958, 11: 171–82.
[review]Reviewed by E.S. Kennedy, Math.Rev., 1962, 23: 692, 692, A 3623.
[journalArticle]SLAUGHT, H.E. The lag in mathematics behind literature and art in the early centuries. Amer.Math.Mon., 1934, 41: 167–74. [CB 41/600]
[journalArticle]SMITH, David Eugene. Possible boundaries in the early history of mathematics. Amer.Math.Mon., 1938, 45: 511–15.
[journalArticle]VOGEL, Kurt. Die Mathematik in vor- und frühgeschichtlicher Zeit. Münster. Semester-Berichte zur Pflege des Zusammenhangs von Univereität und Schule im mathematischen Unterricht, 13. Semester, 1938–39, 105–28.
[journalArticle]VOGEL, Kurt. Vor- und frühgeschichtliche Mathematik. Forsch.Fortschr., 1939, 15: 95–7.
[journalArticle]VOGEL, Kurt. Vorgriechische Mathematik. 2 vol. 1. Vorgeschichte und Aegypten. 80 p., ill. 2. Die Mathematik der Babylonier. 94 p., ill. (Mathematische Studienhefte, no. 1 and 2) Hannover: Schroedel, 1958–59.
[review]Reviewed by C. Doris Hellman, Lychnos, 1959, 355–6; 1960–61, 330–2; for other reviews see CB 84/332, CB 85/408 and 581 and CB 86/477.
[journalArticle]WAERDEN, B.L. van der. Ontwakende wetenschap. [Science awakening. (In Dutch)] Euclides, 1946–47, 22: 300–9.
Chapter from the book below.
[book]WAERDEN, B.L. van der. Science awakening. Egyptian, Babylonian and Greek mathematics. English translation by Arnold Dresden, with additions by the author, ii, 306 p., ill. Groningen: P. Noordhoff, 1954; London: Oxford University Press, 1961; New York: Wiley, 1963.
Original Dutch edition “Ontwakende wetenschap” published Groningen: 1950.
For note on German translation see CB 83/217.
[review]Reviewed by George Sarton, Isis, 1955, 46: 368–9; for other reviews see CB 82/222, CB 84/297 and CB 87/562.
[book]WUSSING, Hans. Mathematik in der Antike; Mathematik in der Periode der Sklavenhaltergesellschaft. 245 p., ill., bibliogr. Leipzig: Teubner, 1962.
[book]ZEUTHEN, H.G. Forelaesning over Mathematikens Historie. Oldtiden. [Lectures on the history of mathematics. Antiquity. (In Danish)] New rev. ed. by Otto Neugebauer. 251 p. Copenhagen: Host, 1949. [CB 77/368]
First published 1893.

15 Bc-bv

[journalArticle]ROME, A. Histoire des mathématiques. Rev.Quest.Sci., 1929, 16: 258–75; 1930, 18: 317–50; 1931, 20: 279–305; 1932, 22: 261–88; 1933, 24: 279–305.
A review of the literature on ancient mathematics.
[journalArticle]THAER, C. Antike Mathematik. Bericht über das Schriftum der Jahre 1906–1930. Jahresber.Fortschr.Kl.Altertumswiss., 1943, 283: 1–144. [CB 72/103]
[journalArticle]VOGEL, Kurt. Neue Quelien und Forschungen zur Geschichte der vorgriechischen Mathematik. Z.Math.Naturwiss.Unterricht, 1931, 62: 289–95.

15 Bdae

[journalArticle]MILLER, G.A. Fanciful portraits of ancient mathematicians. Science, 1945, 101: 223–4.

15 Bdaj

[book]LIETZMANN, Walter. Aus der Mathematik der Alten. Quellen zur Arithmetik, Planimetrie, Stereometrie, und zu ihren Anwendungen. vii, 66 p., 27 fig., 2 pl., map. (Mathematisches Unterrichtswerk, Ergänzungsheft, 4) Leipzig: Teubner, 1928.

15 Bf

[journalArticle]KARPINSKI, Louis C. Recent progress in the history of ancient mathematics. Science, 1929, 70: 622–4.

15 Bkk

[journalArticle]DEHN, M. Beziehungen zwischen der Philosophie und der Grundlegung der Mathematik im Altertum. Quellen Stud.Geech.Math.Abt.B, 1937, 4: 1–28.


[journalArticle]FILON, L.N.G. The beginnings of arithmetic. Math.Gaz., 1925, 12: 401–14. [CB 18/606]
[book]SÁNCHEZ PÉREZ, José Augusto. La aritmetica en Babilonla y Egipto. 73 p. (Publicaciones del Instituto “Jorge Juan” de Matemáticas) Madrid: Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Cientificas, 1943.

15 BB

[bookChapter]DESSEFFY, M. Prognoses philosophiques sur la connaissance primitive humaine et ses origines. Act.VIIIe Congr.Int.Hist.Sci. (Florence, 1956), (3), p. 1201–16. Paris: Hermann, 1958.
On early ideas on numbers.
[book]LÖFFLER, E. Ziffern und Ziffernsysteme. Part 1. Die Zahlzeichen der alten Kulturvölker. 3rd ed. 54 p. Leipzig: Teubner, 1928. [CB 26/228]
[journalArticle]MILLER, G.A. Large numbers used before the Christian era. Science, 1929, 70: 282.
[book]NEUGEBAUER, Otto. Zur Entstehung des Sexagesimalsystems. 55 p. (Abhandl.Ges.Wiss.Göttingen Math.Phys.Kl., New Ser., 13: no. 1) Berlin: Weidmann, 1927. [CB 24/525]
[journalArticle]UNGNAD, Arthur. Das Wesen des Ursemitischen … mit einem Anhang zur Entstehung und Geschichte der Zahlbegriffe. See 15 YJ

15 BBzn

[journalArticle]DIEULAFOY, Marcel. Quarante. Compt.Rend.Acad.Inscriptions Belles Lett., 1919, 13–23.
On the importance attached in antiquity to the number 40.
[book]ROSCHER, Wilhelm Heinrich. Die Zahl 50 im Mythus, Kultur, Epos und Taktik der Hellenen und anderer Völker, besonders der Semiten. 134 p. (Abhandl.Sächs.Ges.Wiss.Philol.Hist.Kl., 33) Leipzig: Teubner, 1917.

15 BC

[book]FETTWEIS, Ewald. Wie man einstens rechnete. 56 p., ill. (Mathematisch-Physikalische Bibliothek, 49) Leipzig: Teubner, 1923. [CB 15/228]
[journalArticle]RICHARDSON, Leon J. Digital reckoning among the ancients. Amer.Math.Mon., 1916, 23: 7–13, bibliogr.
Historical discussion of the use of the fingers in representing numbers and in counting and computing.
[book]VETTER, Quido. Jak se počítalo a meřilo na úsvite kultury. [Counting and measuring at the dawn of civilization, (In Czech)] 144 p. (Lidová Universita, svazek 15) Prag: Melantrich, 1926.
[review]Reviewed by Ruth Struik, Isis, 1930, 14: 449–50.


[journalArticle]BORTOLOTTI, Ettore. La scienza algebrica degli Egizi e dei Babilonesi. Mem.Accad.Sci.Ist.Bologna Cl.Sci.Fis.Sez.Sci.Fis.Mat., 1934–35, 9th ser., 2: 27–51.

[Start of page 22]

[journalArticle]NEUGEBAUER, Otto. Studien zur Geschichte der antiken Algebra. Quellen Stud.Gesch.Math.Abt.B, 1932, 2: 1–27, 215–54; 1936, 3: 245–59, ill. [CB 37/560, CB 38/512 and CB 48/536]
[journalArticle]VOGEL, Kurt. Wann beginnt die Algebra? Münster. Semester­Berichte zur Pflege des Zusammenhangs von Universität und Schule im mathematischen Unterricht, 9. Semester, 1936–37, 107–23. [CB 51/226]

15 BFza

[journalArticle]GANDZ, Solomon. The origin and development of the quadratic equations in Babylonian, Greek, and early Arabic algebra. Osiris, 1937, 3: 405–557. [CB 54/512]
Summarized in Scientia, 1937, 62: 249–57 (see CB 53/251).


[journalArticle]FETTWEIS, Ewald. Geometrische Erkenntnisse aus der griechischen und vorgriechisch-orientalischen Wissenschaft in der praktischen Raumkunde bei Naturvölkern. Z.Ethnol., 1954, 79: 182–92.
[journalArticle]RUTTEN, Marguerite. Les emblèmes géométrique dans la civilisation ancienne du Moyen-Orient. Rev.Hist.Sci., 1949, 2: 333–9.

15 BP

[journalArticle]BORTOLOTTI, Ettore. Sul teorema di Pitagora nelle civiltà preelleniche, e sulle unità frazionarie. Period.Mat., 4th ser., 1933, 13: 150–1.
[journalArticle]BRUINS, E.M. Regular polygons in Babylonian and Greek mathematics. Janus, 1959, 48: 5–23.
[journalArticle]HEUCHAMPS, Edgard. Sur les origines lointaines du théorème de Pythagore. Étud.Cl., 1936, 5: 61–72.
[journalArticle]LIDONNICI, Alfonso. II teorema di Pitagora nelle civiltel preelleniche. Period.Mat., 4th ser., 1933, 13: 137–43.
[journalArticle]THAER, C. Die antike Lösung der Aufgabe des Rückwärtseinschneidens. Unterrichtsbl.Math.Naturwiss., 1940, 46: 25.



[bookChapter]ZUBOV, V.P. Fizicheskie idei drevnosti. [Ancient ideas on physics. (In Russian)] In: Akademia Nauk SSSR. Institut istorii estvoznaniia i tekhniki. Ocherki razvitiia o snovnykh fizicheskikh ideǐ, p. 11–79. Moskva: 1959.

15 CD

[journalArticle]WALTER, Emil J. Warum gab es im Altertum keine Dynamik? Arch.Int.Hist.Sci., 1948, 365–82, 4 fig.

15 CJxk

[journalArticle]FELDHAUS, F.M. Die ältesten optischen Hilfsmittel? Sternfreund, 1936, 36: no. 1, 41–4. [CB 48/571]

15 CL

[journalArticle]FOKKER, A.D. Magnetisme in de oudheid. [Magnetism in antiquity. (In Dutch): Arch.Mus.Teyler, 1939, 9: 47–50.

15 CQ

[journalArticle]PRZYLUSKI, Jean. La théorie des éléments et les origines de la science. Scientia, 1933, 54: 1–9. [CB 39/434]


for chemical technologies see 15 VP

[bookChapter]PARTINGTON, J.R. Chemistry in the ancient world. Science, Medicine and History. Essays in honour of Charles Singer, (1), p. 35–46. London: Oxford University Press, 1953. [CB 80/127]
[journalArticle]STÉPHANIDÈS, M. La naissance de la chimie. Scientia, 1922, 31: 189–96. [CB 12/606]

15 Dxb

[journalArticle]LEVEY, Martin. Chemical furnaces of ancient Mesopotamia and Palestine. J.Chem.Educ., 1955, 32: 356–9, ill.

15 DS

[journalArticle]SCHROETER, J. Der Schwefel in der Antike. Ciba Z., 1945, 9: 3490–5, ill.

15 DT

[journalArticle]CALEY, Earle R. Mercury and its compounds in ancient times. J.Chem.Educ., 1928, 5: 419–24.

15 DY

[journalArticle]FORBES, R.J. On the origin of alchemy. Chymia, 1953, 4: 1–11.


[journalArticle]ANDRISSI, G.L. Su alcuni punti controversi dell' astronomia antica. Scientia, 1942, 72: 1–13.
[book]BÖKER, Robert. Berechnungen zur vorgriechischen Astronomie. 4 parts. 24 p. 1. Der ägyptische Kalender der Epoche — 3100. 2. Babylonisch-assyrische Tempelorientation. 3. Die Sterne der thebanischen Sternstundentafeln. 4. Azimutpendelungen der Fixsterne und die Überlieferung. Leipzig: The author, 1948–49. [CB 73/151]
[review]Parts 1–3 reviewed by H. Chatley, Observatory, 1948, 69: 34–35; part 4 by Robert Eisler, Arch.Int.Hist.Sci., 1949, 28: 1184–9, 3 pl.
[book]BOLL, Franz. Kleine Schriften zur Sternkunde des Altertums. Ed. by V. Stegemann. xxviii, 450 p., ill. Leipzig: Koehler und Amelang, 1950.
[review]Reviewed by Martin P. Nilsson, Lychnos, 1952, 393–5.
[book]COLLINDER, Per. Statistical notes on the astronomers of antiquity. 13 p., 3 fig. (Medd.Lunds Astron.Observ., Historical Notes and Papers, 6) Lund: Lund Observatory, 1937.
[journalArticle]NEUGEBAUER, Otto. The history of ancient astronomy: problems and methods. Publ.Astron.Soc.Pac., 1946, 58: 17–43, 104–42. [CB 70/255]
General account originally published in J.Near East.Stud., 1945, 1–38, with additions. [CB 69/208]
[bookChapter]NEUGEBAUER, Otto. Some fundamental concepts in ancient astronomy. In: Studies in the history of science, p. 13–29, 4 fig. Philadelphia: Pennsylvania University, 1941.
[journalArticle]PETRIE, W.M. Flinders. Primitive astronomy. Ancient Egypt, 1933, 111–12.
[journalArticle]SCHIAPARELLI, Giovanni Virginio. Scritti sulla storia dell' astronomia antica. 3 vol. 1. and 2. Scritte editi; 3. Scritti inediti. Bologna: Nicola Zanichelli, 1925–27. [CB 21/544 and CB 24/487]
[review]Vol. 1 reviewed by L. Guinet, Isis, 1926, 8: 503–6.
[journalArticle]SCHIFFER, S. L'astronomie Chaldéo-Hittite et la fondation de la science grecque. Thalès, 1936, 3: 90–103.

15 Ftd

[journalArticle]SARTON, George. The astral religion of antiquity and the “Thinking machines” of today. Vistas Astron., 1955, 1: 51–60.

15 Fxg

[bookChapter]DOMBART, Th. Die Darstellung oder Andeutung der Himmelswölbung durch ein halbes Sechs-Eck. Studia Indo-Iranica Ehrengabe für Wilhelm Geiger, p. 319–23, 5 fig. Leipzig: 1931.

15 FyB

[journalArticle]NEUGEBAUER, Otto. Mathematical methods in ancient astronomy. Bull.Amer.Math.Soc., 1948, 54: 1013–41, 11 fig. [CB 75/89]
[journalArticle]WAERDEN, B.L. van der. Answer to Query no. 161 — Approximate theories in early research (Isis, 1960, 51: 207). Isis, 1960, 51: 567–8.
Approximate theories were used in ancient astronomy.

[Start of page 23]

15 FD

[book]TUCKERMAN, Bryant. Planetary, lunar, and solar positions 601 B.C. to A.D. 1 at five-day and ten-day intervals. 333 p. (Mem.Amer.Phil.Soc., 56) Philadelphia: American Philosophical Society, 1962. [CB 88/576]
[bookChapter]VAISIÈRE, M.L. De la détermination des longitudes par les observations astronomiques dans l'antiquité. IIIe Congr.Nat.Sci. (Brussels, 1950), p. 19–20. [Liége: 1951]

15 FE

[journalArticle]FRIEDRICH, Johannes. Himmelszeichen in ägyptischen und hethitischen Kriegsberichten. Orient.Lit.Zeitung, 1936, 39: 135–9.

15 FF

[journalArticle]WAERDEN, B.L. van der. Babylonische Planetenrechnung in Ägypten und Indien. Bibl.Orient., 1956, 13: 108–10.

15 FJ

[journalArticle]DUBS, Homer H. A canon of visible penumbral lunar eclipses for the Near East and Egypt from -1400 to -1000. J.Near East.Stud., 1947, 6: 124–5.
[journalArticle]FOTHERINGHAM, John Knight. Note on the secular accelerations of the Sun and Moon as determined from the ancient lunar and solar eclipses, occultations, and equinox observations. Mon.Not.Roy.Astron.Soc., 1919–20, 80: 578–81.
[journalArticle]FOTHERINGHAM, John Knight. A solution of ancient eclipses of the sun. Mon.Not.Roy.Astron.Soc., 1920–21, 81: 104–26.
[journalArticle]HILLER, R.; NEUGEBAUER, Paul Victor. Spezieller Kanon der Mondfinsternisse für Vorderasien und Aegypten, von 3450 bis 1 vor Chr. Astron.Abhandl.Ergänzungshefte Astron.Nachr., 1934, 9: no. 2, 1–46.
[review]Reviewed by D. Sidersky, Rev.Assyriologie, 1936, 33: 63.
[journalArticle]NEUGEBAUER, Paul Victor. Spezieller Kanon der Sonnenfinsternisse für Vorderasien und Aegypten für die Zeit von 900 v. Chr. bis 4200 v. Chr. Astron.Abhandl.Ergänzungshefte Astron.Nachr., 1931, 8: 8: D1–D32, maps..
[review]Reviewed by E.O. Forrer, Amer.J.Semitic Lang., 1933, 49: 340.

15 FK

[book]BOLL, Franz. Die Sonne im Glauben und in der Weltanschauung der alten Völker. 24 p., ill. (Astronomische Schriften des Bundes der Sternfreunde, 3) Stuttgart: Franckh, 1922.

15 FL

[journalArticle]LUNDMARK, Knut. Two early conceptions concerning the earth's hanging free in space. Lunds Univ.Årsskr.Avd. 2, new ser., 1937, 33: 8 p.
Comparison of the independent views of Anaximandros and of Job (26: 7).

15 FP

[bookChapter]LUNDMARK, Knut. Three astronomical phenomena seen in extremely ancient times. Act.VIe Congr.Int.Hist.Sci. (Amsterdam, 1950), p. 429–42. Paris: Hermann, 1951–53.

15 FQ

[bookChapter]BÖKER, Robert. Prokyon. “Kleiner Hund”, Einzelstern und Sternbild am Äquator, südlich der Zwillinge und des Krebses, ostwärts der Milchstrasse. In: Paulys Realenzyclopädie der klassischen Altertumswissenschaft, vol. 23, col. 613–30. Stuttgart: Alfred Druckenmüller, 1957. [CB 83/197]


[book]GORDON, Pierre. L'image du monde dans l'antiquité. 212 p. Paris: Presses Universitaires de France, 1949.
[book]LÄMMLI, Franz. Vom Chaos zum Kosmos. Zur Geschichte einer Idee. 2 vol. (Schweizerische Beiträge zur Altertumswissenschaft, 10) Basel: Friedrich Reinhardt, 1962.
[review]Reviewed by Friedrich Solmsen, Isis, 1963, 54: 297–9;
[review]by Ingemar Düring, Lychnos, 1962, 267.
[book]MENON, C.P.S. Early astronomy and cosmology: a reconstruction of the earliest cosmic system. 192 p. (History of Science Library) London: Allen & Unwin, 1932. [CB 39/453]
[review]Reviewed by E.G.R. Taylor, Geogr.J., 1932, 80: 546.


see also 15 hh

[journalArticle]JOHNSON, Jotham. Observation of the equinox at Petra. J.Amer.Orient.Soc., 1935, 55: 464–5.
The chronology of the neo-Babylonians, Hebrews and other Semitic groups.
[journalArticle]KENNEY-HERBERT, A. The Elephantine Aramaic papyri. Isis, 1938, 29: 393–7.
Its chronology discussed by O. Neugebauer, Isis, 1942, 33: 575–8, 2 fig.
[journalArticle]NEUGEBAUER, Otto. The chronology of the Aramaic papyri from Elephantine. (Remarks about a new chronology proposed by A. Kenney-Herbert) Isis, 1942, 33: 575–8, 2 fig.
[journalArticle]See above.
[journalArticle]RÖCK, Fritz. Die kulturhistorische Bedeutung von Ortungsreihen und Ortungsbildern. Ein Beitrag zur vergleichenden Chronologie. Anthropos, 1930, 25: 255–302.
[journalArticle]SIDERSKY, D. Le commencement de l'année chez les peuples de l'antiquité. J.Asiatique, 1915, 5: 380–2. [CB 9/469]

15 FVcg

[book]BAEHR, U. Tafeln zur Behandlung chronologischer Probleme. 76 p. (Veröffentlichungen des Astronomischen Rechen-Instituts zu Heidelberg, 3) Karlsruhe: G. Braun, 1955.
[review]Reviewed by Richard A. Parker, J.Near East.Stud., 1958, 17: 95–6.
[journalArticle]MAYR, Joachim. Umrechnungstafeln für Wandeljahre. Astron Nachr., Nov. 1932, 247: 17–48.
Brief note in Astron.Jahresber., 1932, 34: 35.

15 FVnh

[journalArticle]ALBRIGHT, W.F. The words for “year” in Egyptian and Sumerian. Amer.J.Semitic Lang., 1935, 51: 126–7.

15 FW

[journalArticle]CAVAIGNAC, E. A propos des Pléiades. Calendrier babylonien et calendrier grec. J.Asiatique, 1959, 247: 396–8.
[book]KUBITSCHEK, Wilhelm. Die Kalenderbücher von Florenz, Rom und Leyden. 119 p. (Denkschr.Akad.Wiss.Wien Phil.Hist.Kl., 57: no. 3) Wien: 1915. [CB 12/623]
A comparison between the Roman, Egyptian and Hellenic calendars.

15 FWcg

[journalArticle]WAERDEN, B.L. van der. Tables for the Egyptian and Alexandrian calendar. Isis, 1956, 47: 387–90.


[journalArticle]GREGORY, Joshua C. Ancient astrology. Nature, 1944, 153: 512–15.
[journalArticle]GUNDEL, Wilhelm. Individualschicksal, Menschentypen und Berufe in der antiken Astrologie. Jahrb.Charakterologie, 1927, 4: 133–93.
[review]Reviewed by K. Sudhoff, Mitt.Gesch.Med., 1927, 26: 138.
[journalArticle]NILSSON, Martin P: n. Astrologien i antiken. [Astrology in antiquity. (In Swedish, with English summary)] Lychnos, 1943, 21–32. [CB 67/359]


15 GC

[book]PEAKE, Harold. The flood: new light on an old story. x, 124 p., 11 fig. London: Kegan Paul, 1930.
[review]Reviewed by G. Contenau, Antiquity, 1931, 5: 270.

[Start of page 24]

15 GS

[journalArticle]BISSING, F.W. von. On the occurrence of tin in Asia Minor and in the neighbourhood of Egypt. J.Hellen.Stud., 1932, 52: 119.
[journalArticle]CRAWFORD, O.G.S. Tin-deposits in the Near East. Antiquity, 1938, 12: 79–81.
[journalArticle]SAGUI, Cornelio L. Economic geology and allied sciences in ancient times. Econ.Geol., 1930, 25: 65–86; 1933, 28: 20–40.

15 GU

[journalArticle]GETTENS, Rutherford J. Lapis lazuli and ultramarine in ancient times. Alumni, 1950, 19: 342–57. [CB 77/377]

15 GX

[journalArticle]CLARK, Grahame. Water in antiquity. Antiquity, 1944, 18: 1–15.
[book]NINCK, Martin. Die Bedeutung des Wassers im Kult und Lehen der Alten. Eine symbolgeschichtliche Untersuchung. vii, 190 p. Leipzig: Dieterich, 1921.

15 GYvj

[book]WENSINCK, A.-J. The ocean in the literature of the Western Semites. xii, 66 p. (Vevhandel.Akad.Wetensch.Afd.Lett., 19) Amsterdam: 1918. [CB 11/433]

15 GYzt

[journalArticle]ALMAGIÀ, Roberto. La conoscenza del fenomeno delle maree nell’antichità. Arch.Int.Hist.Sci., 1949, 28: 887–99.


[book]BUNBURY, E.H. A history of ancient geography. 2nd ed. 2 vol. New York: Dover Publications, 1959.
[review]Reviewed by Emile Janssens, Antiquité Cl., 1960, 29: 563–4;
[review]by Albert Lejeune, Rev.Quest.Sci., 1961, 22: 419–20;
[review]by P. G. Hall, Brit.J.Phil.Sci., 1962, 12: 342–4.
[book]COLUMBA, Gaetano Mario. Ricerche storiche. 1. Geografia e geografi del mondo antico. viii, 358 p. Palermo: Trimarchi, 1935.
[journalArticle]HENNIG, Richard. Zum Verständnis des Begriffs “Säulen” in der antiken Geographie. Petermanns Mitt., 1927, 73: 80–7. [CB 26/200]
Suggests that prior to the fifth century B.C. the pillars of Hercules signified the Peak of Teneriffe.
[journalArticle]LUTZ, H.F. Geographical studies among Babylonians and Egyptians. Amer.Anthropol., 1924, 26: 160–74.
Summarized in Geogr.Rev., 1925, 15: 152–3.
[journalArticle]THOMSON, J.O. Stages and problems of ancient geography. Scientia, 1951, 86: 32–6.
[book]TOZER, H.F. A history of ancient geography. 2nd ed., with additional notes by M. Cary. xxii, 388 p. Cambridge University Press, 1935. Reprinted New York: Biblo and Tannen, 1964.
[review]Reviewed by G.R. Crone, Geogr.J., 1935, 86: 478.

15 Hsc

[journalArticle]DENUCÉ, J. De l'élément géographique dans le développement des civilisations anciennes. Bull.Inst.Sociol.Solvay, 1914, no. 31, 372–81. [CB 6/462]


[journalArticle]HOMOLLE, Théophile. Ressemblance de l'omphalos delphique avec quelques représentations égyptiennes. Rev.Étud.Grec., 1919, 32: 338–58, 12 fig.
[book]KAHLO, Gerhard. Die Kenntnis der Erde im Altertum. 32 p. (Tusculum-Schriften, 19) München: Heimeran, 1934.
[journalArticle]MONDOLFO, Rodolfo. Su una presunta affermazione antica della sfericità terrestre e degli antipodi. Archeion, 1936, 18: 7–17.
[book]PRELL, Heinrich. Die Vorstellungen des Altertums von der Erdumfangslänge. 94 p., bibliogr. (Abhandl.Sächs.Akad.Wiss.Mat.Natur.Kl., 46: no. 1) Berlin: Akademie-Verlag, 1959. [CB 85/412]
[review]Reviewed by P. Collinder, Lychnos, 1960–61, 318–19.
[book]ROSCHER, Wilhelm Heinrich. Omphalos. Eine philologisch­archäologisch-volkskundliche Abhandlung über die Vorstellungen der Griechen und anderer Völker vom Nabel der Erde. iv, 140 p., ill. (Abhandl.Sächs Ges.Wiss.Philol.Hist.Kl., 29: no. 9) Leipzig: Teubner, 1913.
[book]ROSCHER, Wilhelm Heinrich. Der Omphalosgedanke bei verschiedenen Völkern, besonders den semitischen. Ein Beitrag zur vergleichenden Religionswissenschaft, Volkskunde und Archäologie. 115 p. Ber.Verhandl.Sächs.Ges.Wiss.Leipzig Philol.Hist.Kl., 70) Leipzig: 1918. [CB 11/451]
[book]ROSCHER, Wilhelm Heinrich. Neue Omphalosstudien. 90 p., 7 pl. (Abhandl.Sächs Ges.Wiss.Philol.Hist.Kl., 31) Leipzig: Teubner, 1915. [CB 11/428]
[journalArticle]SCHOY, Carl. Längenbestimmung und Zentralmeridian bei den älteren Völkern. Mitt.Geogr.Ges.Wien, 1915, 58: 27–62. [CB 9/483]
[journalArticle]VAISIÈRE, M.L. See 15 FD

15 HBsg

[journalArticle]KOOPMANS, W. Kadasters in de oudheid. [Cadasters in antiquity. (In Dutch)] Orgaan Ver.Tech.Arrbtenaren Kadaster, 1950, 8: 42–54, 86–102, 126–43, ill.


[book]CEBRIAN, Konstantin. Geschichte der Kartographie. I. Altertum. 1. Von den ersten Versuchen der Länderabbildung bis auf Marinos und Ptolemaios (zur Alexandrinischen Schule). Mit einem Anhang “Ptolemaios als Kartograph” von Joseph Fischer, S.J. 120 p., 1 pl., 6 fig. (Geographische Bausteine, 10) Gotha: Justus Perthes, 1923. [CB 16/299]
[journalArticle]UNGER, Eckhard. From the cosmos picture to the world map. Imago Mundi, 1937, 2: 1–7. [CB 54/537]


[book]CARY, M.; WARMINGTON, E. The ancient explorers. ix, 270 p., maps. London: Methuen, 1929; New York: Dodd, Mead & Co., 1929.
For French translation by A. and H.C. Delavaud (Paris: Payot, 1932) see CB 39/414.
[journalArticle]SAA, Mario. Erridânia. A geografia mais antiga do Ocidente, o mundo atlantídico, o mundo argonáutico, o mundo erridânico. 302 p., maps.. Lisboa: Sociedade “Astória”, [1936]. [CB 69/211]
The author's discussion is based on Hanno's “Periplus” and on the “Ora marítima” of Avienus, our only source for Himilco's voyage.

15 HJce

[book]KAEPPEL, C. Off the beaten track in the classics. 148 p. Melbourne: University of Melbourne Press, 1936.
Essays on Hanno, the “Periplus”, Pytheas, etc.
[review]Reviewed by T.C.W., Geography, 1937, 22: 234.

15 HJsg

[journalArticle]HARRIS, Rendel. Apollo at the back of the north wind. J.Hellen.Stud., 1925, 45: 229–42.
On prehistoric and ancient routes relative to the amber trade.

15 HKE

[journalArticle]HENNIG, Richard. Die Kunde von Britannien im Altertum. Geogr.Z., 1928, 34: 22–32, 88–108. [CB 26/201]

[Start of page 25]

15 HKJ

[journalArticle]HENNIG, Richard. Die Frage der Phäakeninsel im Lichte der Verkehrsgeographie. Geogr.Z., 1925, 31: 293–6.
Identifies the land of the Phaeacians with the region of Tartessus in southwestern Spain.

15 HKP

[book]ROSE, John Holland. The Mediterranean in the ancient world. xi, 184 p. Cambridge University Press, 1933.
[journalArticle]SAYCE, A.H. The early geography of south-eastern Asia Minor. J.Hellen.Stud., 1923, 43: 44–9.
[book]SEMPLE, Ellen Churchill. The geography of the Mediterranean region: its relation to ancient history. ix, 737 p., ill. New York: Holt, 1931.
[review]Reviewed by Derwent Whittlesey, Geogr.Rev., 1932, 22: 336–7.

15 HKPnh

[bookChapter]HERRMANN, Albert. Irrtümliche Namensversetzungen: die Herkunft der Namen Rotes Meer, Ägypten und Phönizien aus dem tritonischen Kulturkreis. In: Mžik, Hans, ed. Beiträge zur historischen Geographie, Kulturgeographie, Ethnographie und Kartographie, vornehmlich des Orients, p. 112–43, 2 maps. Leipzig: Deuticke, 1929. [CB 29/262]

15 HKQ

[book]BLÁZQUEZ, Antonio. Las costas de Marruecos en la antigüedad. 51 p., ill. Madrid: Real Academia de la Historia, 1921.
On the coast of Morocco as described by ancient geographers and historians.

15 HKQdaj

[book]CIRENAICA. Ufficio Studi. I testi geografici antichi relative alla Cirenaica. Tradotti. 52 p., 4 maps. (Rapporti e Monografie Coloniali. Ser. 1, no. 5) Bengazi: 1924.
Italian translations of those parts of the writings of Greek, Latin, and Arabic authors which relate to Cyrenaica, with diagrammatic maps.

15 HKV

[journalArticle]EERDE, J.C. van. De oudste berichten omtrent den indischen archipel. [The earliest reports of the archipelago of the Indies. (In Dutch)] Tijdschr.Ned.Aardrijksk.Genoot., 1928, 45: 577–90.

15 HKX

[book]BERTHELOT, André. L'Afrique saharienne et soudanaise, ce qu’en ont connu les anciens. 431 p., 4 maps. (Bibliothèque Documentaire) Paris: Les Arts et le Livre, 1927.
[journalArticle]STECHOW, E. Kannte das Altertum die Insel Madagaskar? Petermann's Geogr.Mitt., 1944, 90: 84–5.

15 HO

[book]CASSON, Lionel. The ancient mariners; seafarers and sea fighters of the Mediterranean in ancient times. xx, 286 p., ill., bibliogr., gloss. New York: Macmillan, 1959.
[review]Reviewed by Chester G. Starr, Isis, 1959, 50: 495–6; for other reviews see CB 85/412.
[review]French translation (Paris: Hachette, 1961) reviewed by M. Walbrecq, Etudes Cl., 1962, 30: 137.
[journalArticle]HORNELL, James. Sea-trade in early times. Antiquity, 1941, 15: 233–56, 5 fig., 1 pl.
[book]KÖSTER, August. Schiffahrt und Handelsverkehr des östlichen Mittelmeeres in 3. und 2. Jahrtausend v. Chr. 38 p., 4 pl. Leipzig: Hinrichs, 1924.
[book]KÖSTER, August. Studien zur Geschichte des antiken Seewesens. iv, 155 p., 1 pl., 16 fig. (Klio, 32) Leipzig: Dieterich, 1934.
[book]ORMEROD, Henry Arderne. Piracy in the ancient world, an essay in Mediterranean history. 286 p., 2 maps. Liverpool: Liverpool University Press, 1924.


15 Jc-bu

[journalArticle]COONEN, L.P. Books, battles and biology. Sci.Mon., 1952, 74: 211–17.
A chapter of a projected history of biology, devoted to the biological knowledge of the earliest civilizations.

15 JHu

[journalArticle]MAY, Walther. Die biogenetischen Mythen der alten Kulturvölker. Zool.Ann., 1916, 7: 99–125.


for medical botany see 15 RP plant cultivation see under 15 SA

[journalArticle]PEASE, Arthur Stanley. A sketch of the development of ancient botany. Phoenix, 1952, 6: 44–51.

15 KY

[book]MOGHADAM, Sadegh. Les marines de Perse. Avec diverses notes sur l'histoire de la médecine en Orient et une étude critique sur l'origine de la manne des Hébreux. Paris: Librairie Universelle, 1930.
[review]Reviewed by J.M. Faddegon, J.Asiatique, 1931, 219: 188.


for animal husbandry see 15 SP

15 Lnb

[journalArticle]KING, L. The origin of animal symbolism in Babylonia, Assyria, Persia. Proc.Soc.Biblical Archaeol., 1912, 34: 276–8.

15 LRbz

[book]FRIEDERICHS, H.F. Zur Kenntnis der frühgeschichtlichen Tierwelt Südwestasiens unter besonderer Berücksichtigung der neuen Funde von Mohenjo-Daro, Ur, Tell Halaf und Maikop. 45 p., 8 pl. (Der Alte Orient, 33) Leipzig: Harrassowitz, 1933.

15 LXud

[journalArticle]CASTIGLIONI, Arturo. The serpent as healing god in antiquity. Ciba Symp. (Summit, N.J.), 1942, 3: 1158–67.

15 LZ

[journalArticle]EPSTEIN, H. Le dromadaire dans l'Ancien Orient. Rev.Hist.Sci., 1954, 7: 247–68, ill.
[journalArticle]MONTAGU, M.F. Ashley. Knowledge of the ape in antiquity. Isis, 1940, 32: 87–102, 1 fig.
Revised version in Bull.Hist.Med., 1941, 10: 525–43.

15 LZu

[journalArticle]HUTTON, J.H. Unicorns. Antiquity, 1946, 20: 44.
[journalArticle]RIDDELL, W.H. Concerning unicorns. Antiquity, 1945, 19: 194–202.
For comments see Hutton, J.H., above.
[journalArticle]RIDDELL, W.H. Further note on the unicorn. Antiquity, 1946, 20: 100–3.


for human biology see 15 0

15 MD

[journalArticle]COONEN, L.P. Protogenetics from Adam to Athens. Sci.Mon., 1956, 83: no. 2, 57–65, 7 fig. [CB 82/209–10]
[book]LESKY, Erna. Die Zeugungs- und Vererbungslehren der Antike und ihr Nachwirken. 201 p. (Abhandl.Akad.Wiss.Lit.Mainz Geistes.Sozialwiss.Kl., 19) Mainz: Verlag der Akademie der Wissenschaften und der Literatur, 1950.
[review]Reviewed by Ernest Wickersheimer, Emile Janssens, Arch.Int.Hist.Sci., 1951, 30: 1033–5;
[review]by Walter Pagel, Bull.Hist.Med., 1952, 26: 389–90.

[Start of page 26]

15 MO

[book]DINGWALL, E.J. Ghosts and spirits in the Ancient World. 124 p. (Psyche Miniatures: General Series, 28) London: Kegan Paul, 1930.

15 MR

[book]PATON, Levis Bayles. Spiritism and the cult of the dead in antiquity. 325 p. New York: Macmillan, 1921. [CB 12/605]

15 MRht

[book]STEMPLINGER, Eduard. Antiker Aberglaube in seinen modernen Ausstrahlungen. 128 p. (Das Erbe der Alten, 2: no. 7) Leipzig: Dieterich, 1922.

15 MU

[book]BEER, Max. Social struggles in antiquity. Transl. by H.J. Stenning and rev. by the author. 222 p. London: L. Parsons, 1922.
German edition published Berlin: 1924.
[book]MORET, Alexandre; DAVY, G. From tribe to empire; social organization among primitives and in the ancient East. xxx, 371 p., ill., maps (The History of Civilization Series) Transl. by V. Gordon Childe. London: Kegan Paul, 1926.

15 MV

[book]MENDELSOHN, Isaac. Slavery in the ancient Near East. A comparative study of slavery in Babylonia, Assyria, Syria, and Palestine from the middle of the third millennium to the end of the first millennium. v, 162 p. New York: Oxford University Press, 1949. [CB 75/76]


15 Nc general history

[book]DAWSON, Warren R. The beginnings: Egypt and Assyria. ix, 86 p. (Clio Medica, 1) New York: Hoeber, 1930. [CB 30/436]
[book]DIAZ GONZÁLEZ, Joaquin. Historia de la medicina en la antgüedad. 2nd ed. 363 p. Barcelona: Barna, 1950.
[review]Reviewed by A. Corsini, Riv.Stor.Sci., 1951, 42: 106.
[review]First published Caracas: 1944 and reviewed by A. Corsini, Riv.Stor.Sci., 1947, 38: 64.
[book]DIEPGEN, Paul. Geschichte der Medizin. 1. Altertum. 116 p. Leipzig: Göschen, 1913.
[book]GORDON, Benjamin Lee. Medicine throughout antiquity. xviii, 818 p., 157 ill. Philadelphia: F.A. Davis Co., 1949.
[review]Reviewed by W. Artelt, Centaurus, 1951, 1: 281–2.
[journalArticle]MOGHADAM, Sadegh. See 15 KY
[journalArticle]MOORAD, Philip J. A comparative study of medicine among the ancient races of the East: Egypt, Babylonia, and Assyria. Ann.Med.Hist., 1937, 9: 155–67.
[book]SAUNDERS, J.B. de C.M. The transitions from ancient Egyptian to Greek medicine. 40 p. (Logan Clendening Lectures on the History and Philosophy of Medicine, 10th ser.) Lawrence: University of Kansas Press, 1963.
[book]SIGERIST, Henry E. A history of medicine. 1. Primitive and archaic medicine. xxi, 564 p., ill. 2. Early Greek, Hindu and Persian medicine. xvi, 352 p., ill. New York: Oxford University Press, 1951/1961.
[review]Vol. 1 reviewed by J.B. de C.M. Saunders, Isis, 1951, 42: 278–81; vol. 2 by Walter Pagel, Ibid., 1963, 54: 499–501; for other reviews of vol. 1 see CB 77/385 and CB 79/193; of vol. 2 see CB 87/575, CB 88/578 and CB 89/526.
[journalArticle]TEMKIN, Owsei. Beiträge zur archaischen Medizin. Kyklos, 1930, 3: 90–135.
[journalArticle]TEMKIN, Owsei. Geschichte des Hippokratismus im ausgehenden Altertum. Kyklos, 1932, 4: 1–80. [CB 39/424]
[journalArticle]TERRACINA, Sergio. Introduzione allo studio della medicina medio-orientale dall’anno 2000 all’anno 1000 a.C. Pagine Stor.Med., 1958, 2: no. 3, 51–6.
[journalArticle]THOMPSON, Ethel E. Doctors, doctrines, and drugs in ancient times. Bull.Med.Libr.Ass., 1962, 50: 236–42.
[book]THORWALD, Jurgen. Science and secrets of early medicine: Egypt, Mesopotamia, India, China, Mexico, Peru. Transl. from the German by Richard and Clara Winston. 331 p., ill. London: Thames & Hudson; New York: Harcourt, Brace, 1963.
[review]Reviewed by Calvin Wells, Antiquity, 1964, 38: 144–5.
[review]Translation of “Macht und Geheimnis der frühen Ärzte” (Munich/Zurich: Knaur, 1962) reviewed by Heinz Degen, Naturwiss.Rundsch., 1963, 16: 120.
[book]ÜNVER, A. Süheyl. Tib tarihi (Tarihten evvelki zamandan Islâm tababetine kadar). [History of medicine: chronicles of medical science from the beginning up to the period of Islam. (In Turkish)] 101 p., 52 fig. (Istanbul Üniversitesi Yayinlarindan, Adet, 64) Istanbul: Matbaai Ebüzziya, 1938.
Ancient history of medicine in Turkish with many illustrations.
[journalArticle]VIDAL, Edmond. Les idées des Assyriens et des Egyptiens sur la vie et la mort, la santé et la maladie 3,000 ans avant Jésus-Christ. Bull.Soc.Géogr.Alger, 1912, 17: 569–96.

15 Nc-bv

[journalArticle]TEMKIN, Owsei. Recent publications on Egyptian and Babylonian medicine. Bull.Inst.Hist.Med., 1936, 4: 247–56, 341–47. 15 Nce/v special aspects

15 Nce

[book]CHOULANT, Ludwig. Handbuch der Bücherkunde für die ältere Medizin. 434 p. Graz: Akademische Druck und Verlaganstalt, 1956.
First published Leipzig: L. Voss, 1828.
[review]Reviewed by José M. López Piñero, Arch.Iberoamer.Hist.Med., 1959, 11: 340–1.

15 Nce-by

[journalArticle]WHITEBREAD, Charles. The magic, psychic, Ancient Egyptian, Greek and Roman medical collections of the division of medicine in the United States National Museum. Proc.U.S.Nat.Mus., 1924, 65: no. 15, 1–44. [CB 17/595]

15 Nf

[journalArticle]ENGLERT, Ludwig. Die gegenwärtige Situation der Forschung zur Geschichte der antiken Medizin. Arch.Gesch.Med., 1928, 20: 307–26.

15 NmzCQ

[book]KIRFEL, Willibald. Die fünf Elemente insbesondere Wasser und Feuer. Ihre Bedeutung für den Ursprung altindischer und altmediterraner Heilkunde. Eine medizingeschichtliche Studie. 48 p. (Beiträge zur Sprach- und Kulturgeschichte des Orients, 4) Walldorf-Hessen: Verlag für Orientkunde Dr. H. Vorndran, 1951.
[review]Reviewed by F.S. Bodenheimer, Arch.Int.Hist.Sci., 1951, 4: 1038;
[review]by Herbert S. Klickstein, J.Hist.Med., 1953, 8: 96–7.

15 NmzCQkt

[journalArticle]HORNE, R.A. Atomism in ancient medical history. Med.Hist., 1963, 7: 317–29.

15 Nnb

[journalArticle]LAFONT, Julio Bergeret. La mano: su simbolismo en la medicina antigua. Rev.Argent.Hist.Med., 1942, 1: no. 2, 75–9.

15 Npw

[bookChapter]LAIGNEL-LAVASTINE, M. Influence de l'esprit libéral de Darius Iᵉʳ dans les relations médicales indo-helleniques avant Alexandre. Act.VIIᵉ Congr.Int.Hist.Sci. (Jerusalem, 1953), p. 426–30. Paris: Hermann, [n.d.]

15 Nrj

[journalArticle]PAZZINI, Adalberto. Metamorfosis. Saggio critico sull'evoluzione dell'etica medica. Dal Codice di Hammurabi al De Christiana ac tuto medendi ratione. Riv.Stor.Sci., 1931, 22; 64–88, 117–53.

[Start of page 27]

15 Nrw

[journalArticle]HURD-MEAD, Kate Campbell. An introduction to the history of women in medicine. 1. Medical women before Christianity. Ann.Med.Hist., 1933, 5: 1–27, 171–96, 281–305.

15 Ntq

[journalArticle]REGNAULT, Félix. Les ex-voto polysplanchniques de l'antiquité. Bull.Soc.Franç.Hist.Méd., 1926, 20: 135–50.

15 Nud

[book]JAYNE, Walter Addison. The healing gods of ancient civilizations. xxxix, 569 p., ill. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1925. Reprinted New York: University Books, 1962.
[review]Reviewed by F.H. Garrison, Ann.Med.Hist., 1962 8: 93;
[review]by S. Muntner, Koroth, 1962, 3: 100–1 (in Hebrew);
[review]by K.D. Keele, Med.Hist., 1963, 7: 293.

15 Nvp

[journalArticle]BENVENISTE, Emile. La doctrine médicale des Indo-Européens. Rev.Hist.Relig., 1945, 130: 5–12.

15 Nwo

[journalArticle]DOBROVICI, A.; METIANU, C. Esquisse d'une histoire de la médecine roumaine: les origines. (A) La médecine des Daco­Gétes; (B) La médecine grecque; (C) L'époque romaine. Bull.Sci.Roumain, 1956–57, 4–5: 7–20.


[bookChapter]THOMPSON, C.J.S. Hygiene and public health in the early civilizations. Ve Congr.Int.Hist.Méd. (Geneva, 1925), p. 81–92. Geneva: 1926.

15 NFs

[book]SMITH, Grafton Elliot. The migrations of early culture. A study of the signification of the geographical distribution of the practice of mummification as evidence of the migrations of peoples and the spread of certain customs and beliefs. viii, 143 p. Manchester: Manchester University Press, 1915. 15 NFxf-VX
[book]REUTTER, Louis. De l'embaumement avant et après Jésus­Christ, avec analyse de matières résineuses ayant servi à la conservation des corps chez les anciens Egyptiens et chez les Carthaginois. xli, 184 p. Paris: 1912.
[journalArticle]REUTTER, Louis. Résines et plantes ayant pu être utilisées dans l 'antiquité pour les embaumements et la préparation des aromates. Bull.Soc.Franç.Hist.Méd., 1913, 12: 443–58.

15 NM

[journalArticle]BAGLIONI, Silvestro. L'alimentazione degli antichi. Arch.Stor.Sci., 1927, 8: 9–16.

15 NT

[book]BOLKESTEIN, Hendrik. Wohltätigkeit und Armenpflege im vorchristlichen Altertum. xvi, 492 p. Utrecht: Oosthoek, 1939.
[review]Reviewed by Arthur Stanley Pease, Amer.J.Philol., 1942, 63: 378–9.

15 OB

[journalArticle]HOMMEL, Eberhard. Zur Geschichte der Anatomie im alten Orient. Arah.Gesch.Med., 1919, 11: 177–82.

15 OBcm

[book]SUDHOFF, Karl. Anatomische Illustrationen aus dem Altertum in der mittelalterlichen Tradition des Morgenlands und Abendlands. Proc.17th Int.Congr.Med. (London, 1913), Sect. 23, p. 135. London: Oxford University Press; Hodder and Stoughton, 1914.

15 OJ

[journalArticle]BAUDOUIN, Marcel. La polyarthrite alvéolaire depuis le quaternaire jusqu'à l'époque romaine. Arch.Prov.Chir., 1912, 21: 738–49; also in Gaz.Méd,, 1913, 394–400, ill.

15 OM

[book]BAUMANN, E.D. Psyche's lijden. Studien over de ziekten der ziel in de oudheid. [Psyche's sufferings: studies on the diseases of the soul in antiquity. (In Dutch)] 241 p. Rotterdam: Nijgh en van Ditmar, 1927.
[review]Reviewed by M.A. van Andel, Bijdr.Gesch.Geneesk., 1927, 7: 705–6.
[book]JONG, H.W.M. de. Demonische ziekten in Babylon en Bijbel. [Demoniacal illnesses in Babylon and the Bible, (In Dutch)] (Diss., University of Amsterdam) xvi, 132 p. Leiden: E.J. Brill, 1959.
[review]Reviewed by J.J. Versluys, Janus, 1959, 48: 279–81.

15 OMth

[book]O'BRIEN-MOORE, Ainsworth. Madness in ancient literature. 228 p. Weimar: Wagner, 1924.
[review]Reviewed by Otto Weinreich, Deut.Lit.Zeitung, 1927, 2297–9.

15 OP

[journalArticle]GERLACH, Hans. Die Kenntnisse der alten Kulturvölker von den gesunden und kranken Sinnesorganen auf Grund ihrer Anschauungen von der Heilkunde. Sudhoffs Arch., 1936, 29: 271–88.

15 OQxk

[journalArticle]MEYER-STEINEG, Theodor. Augenärztliche Instrumente der Alten. Arch.Ophthalmol., 1913, 84: 68–78, 2 tables.

15 OR

[bookChapter]LESKY, Erna. Blindheit. In: Reallexikon für Antike und Christentum, Sachwörterbuch zur Auseinandersetzung des Christentums mit der antiken Welt, vol. 2, p. 434–46. Stuttgart: Hiersemann, 1952.
[journalArticle]MEYERHOF, Max. Au sujet des hydatides palpébrales des anciens. Ann.Oculist., 1928, 165: 248–51.
[journalArticle]MEYERHOF, Max. Ueber die Lidkrankheit Hydatis der Griechen, Schirnâq der Araber. Arch.Gesch.Med., 1914, 8: 45–52.

15 ORzs

[journalArticle]BRUCE, Gordon M. The ancient origins of artificial eyes. Ann.Med.Hist., 1940, 3rd ser., 2: 10–14, 8 fig.
[journalArticle]TAYLOR, H.L. The origin and development of lenses in ancient times. Brit.J.Physiol.Opt., 1929, 97–103, ill.

15 OY

[book]ALBERT, Georg. Die Anschauungen des Altertums über die Lehre von der Verdauung. 26 p. (Diss.) Würzburg: 1912.
[book]HOFMANN, Willy. Die Kenntnisse und Anschauungen der Alten über den Bau und die Funktion der Leber. (Diss., Würzburg) 47 p., ill. Frankfurt: 1913.
[journalArticle]FOR nutrition see 15 NM

15 PA

[book]GOTFREDSEN, Edv. Oldtidens laere om hjerte, kar og puis. En medicinsk-historisk studie. [Ancient views on the heart, bloodvessels and pulse, (In Danish, with German summary)] ix, 332 p. (Acta Historica Scientiarum Naturalium et Medicinalium, 1) Copenhagen: Munksgaard, 1942. [CB 70/266]

15 PK

[bookChapter]WICKERSHEIMER, Ernest. Ignis Sacer, Ignis Acer, Ignis Ager. Act.VIIIe Congr.Int.Hist.Sci. (Florence, 1956), (2), p. 642–50. Paris: Hermann, 1958.

[Start of page 28]


for gynaecological surgery see 15 RCT

[book]DIEPGEN, Paul. Die Frauenheilkunde der alten Welt. 348 p., ill. (Handbuch der Gynäkologie, 12: no. 1) München: Bergmann, 1937.
[review]Reviewed by Aubrey Diller, Isis, 1938, 28: 123–6.

15 PS

[journalArticle]BAYON, H.P. Ancient pregnancy tests in the light of contemporary knowledge. Proc.Roy.Soc.Med., 1939, 32: 32: Hist. Sect., 1527–38.
[journalArticle]DALLY, P. Les tests de grossesse dans l'antiquité. Mém.Soc.Franç.Hist.Méd., 1945, 1: 64–8.

15 PStq

[journalArticle]WEINDLER, Fritz. Mythische Geburtszenen in der antiken Kunst; eine medizin-geschichtliche Studie. Janus, 1926, 30: 271–95, ill.

15 PSza

[journalArticle]HÄHNEL, Ruth. Der künstliche Abortus im Altertum. Arch.Gesah.Med., 1936, 29: 224–55.

15 PU

[bookChapter]LESKY, Erna; WASZINK, J.H. Embryologie. In: Reallexikon für Antike und Christentum, Sachwörterbuch zur Auseinandersetzung des Christentums mit der antiken Welt, vol. 4, p. 1228–44. Stuttgart: Hiersemann, 1957.


for diseases affecting special parts of the body see INDEX

[journalArticle]MILLER, Joseph L. Some diseases of ancient man. Ann.Med.Hist., 1929, 1: 394–402.

15 QA

[book]STEUER, Robert O.; SAUNDERS, J.B. de C.M. Ancient Egyptian and Cnidian medicine. The relationship of their aetiological concepts of disease. xiv, 90 p., bibliogr. Berkeley: University of California Press; London: Cambridge University Press, 1959.
[review]Reviewed by M.D. Grmek, Isis, 1961, 52: 428; for other reviews see CB 85/408, CB 86/477 and CB 87/581.

15 QKth

[book]HARNACK, Erich. Das Gift in der dramatischen Dichtung und in der antiken Literatur. Ein Beitrag zur Geschichte der Gift kunde. 78 p. Leipzig: Vogel, 1908.

15 QPzl

[book]BLOOM, A. La lèpre dans l'ancienne Égypte et chez les anciens Hébreux. La lèpre dans la Bible. xvi, 66 p. Congr.Int.Lèpre (Cairo, 1938). [CB 54/511]

15 QPzpl

[book]HAGEN, Benno von. Die Pest im Altertum. 26 p. Jena: Fischer, 1939.

15 QS

[journalArticle]MOULÉ, Léon. La parasitologic dans la littérature antique. 1. L'oistros des Grecs. 2. Les parasites du tube digestif. 3. Parasites de la peau et des tissus sous-jacents. Arch.Parasitol., 1908, 13: 251–95; 1911, 14: 353–83; 15: 543–95.

15 QSyOZ

[journalArticle]NICLOT, Vincent. Les vers intestinaux dans la littérature médicale antique. Paris Méd., 2 April, 1927, i–ix.


15 RBzp

[journalArticle]MANNA, Arturo. La chirurgia plastica del naso nella remota antichità. Chir.Ital., 1950, 4: 381–4.

15 RCS

[journalArticle]SCHAPIRO, D. La péritomie; étude générale et particuliére. Janus, 1923, 27: 241–54, 259–85; 1924, 28: 120–42, 192–8; 1925, 29: 71–97, 113–39.

15 RCT

[journalArticle]FISCHER, Isidor. Zur Frühgeschichte der gynäkologischen Operationen. Arch.Gynäkol., 1923, 120: 288–94.
[journalArticle]FISCHER, Isidor. Zur Geschichte der operativen Gynäkologie in Altertum. Ber.Gesamte Gynäkol.Geburtsh., 1923, 2: no. 5, 177–82.

15 RE

[journalArticle]ARTELT, Walter. Geschichte der Anatomie der Kiefer und der Zähne bis zum Ausgang der Antike. Janus, 1929, 33: 199–212, 310–36. [CB 29/261]
[journalArticle]WEINBERGER, Bernhard Wolf. Further evidence that dentistry was practised in ancient Egypt, Phoenicia and Greece. Bull.Hist.Med., 1946, 20: 188–95, 7 fig.

15 RH

[journalArticle]GOLDSCHMIDT, Felix. Ein Vorläufer der modernen Quarzlampen im Altertum. Chem.Zeitung, 1931, 55: 19.

15 RK

[book]PFAFFENBERG, R. Beitrag zur Geschichte der Psychotherapie bis zum Ausgang der Antike. (Diss., Freiburg) 40 p. Freiburg i. Br: 1930.
[journalArticle]ROGERS, Spencer L. Early psychotherapy. Ciba Symp. (Summit, N.Y.), 1947, 9: 602–32, ill. [CB 71/130]

15 RL

[book]DUSTMANN, Maria. Geschichte der Ernährungstherapie im Altertum. (Diss., Institut für Geschichte der Medizin an der Medizinischen Akademie, Düsseldorf) 52 p. Düsseldorf: 1935.
[review]Reviewed by W. Haberling, Sudhoffs Arch., 1936, 35: 186.


for toxicology see 15 QK

[journalArticle]MOULÉ, Léon. Les fraudes pharmaceutiques dans l'antiquité. Bull.Soc.Franç.Hist.Méd., 1920, 14: 199–226.
[journalArticle]URDANG, George. Pharmacy in ancient Babylon-Assyria, Palestine and Egypt. Amer.J.Pharm.Educ., 1943, 7: 50–60.

15 RMnb

[journalArticle]MAHDIHASSAN, S. Dualistic symbolism in a medieval work on pharmacy. Janus, 1964, 51: 49–61.
A discussion of ancient symbolism in pharmacy, as used in Joannes Hornungus “Epistolae Classicorum Germaniae Medicorum Familiareas” (1629).

15 RN

[book]SCHMIDT, Alfred. Drogen und Drogenhandel im Altertum. viii, 136 p. Leipzig: Barth, 1924. [CB 16/252]
[review]Reviewed by Julius Ruska, Isis, 1926, 8: 192.

15 RP

[journalArticle]DELATTE, Armand. Herbarius. See 15 SCu
[journalArticle]REUTTER, Louis. Résines et plantes ayant pu être utilisées dans l'antiquité pour les embaumements et la préparation des aromates. Bull.Soc.Franç.Hist.Méd., 1913, 12: 443–58.

15 RQ

[journalArticle]FOUCAUD, A. Sur l'ellebore des anciens. Rev.Hist.Pharm., 1960, 48: 328–30.

15 RQu

[journalArticle]MARZELL, Heinrich. Das Wegerich-Amulett in der antiken und in der deutschen Volksmedizin. Sudhoffs Arch., 1953, 37: 307–11.

[Start of page 29]

15 RQzm

[journalArticle]ANDEL, M.A. van. De mandragora, een verdoovingsmiddel der oudheid. [The mandragora, a narcotic of antiquity, (In Dutch)] Bijdr.Gesch.Geneesk., 1926, 6: 105–12.

15 RR

[journalArticle]MOULÉ, Léon. Les insectes dans la thérapeutique de l'antiquité. Bull.Soc.Franç.Hist.Méd., 1922, 16: 381–90.
[journalArticle]PETERS, Hermann. Das giftige Stierblut des Altertums. Ber.Deut.Pharm.Ges., 1913, 23: 501–3.
[journalArticle]WAAL, M. de. Dieren in de volksgeneeskunst. [Animals in popular medicine. (In Flemish)] 122 p., ill. Antwerp: De Vlijt, [1952].
[review]Reviewed by Frans Jonckheere, Arch.Int.Hist.Sci., 1953, 6: 338–40.

15 RU

[journalArticle]HARLESS, J.C.F. Über das Nitrum der Alten, seine Varietäten, und seine Gewinnungsweise. Ein Beitrag zur Geschichte der Materia medica im Alterthume. Henschel's Janus, 1846, 1: 455–84; reprinted Leipzig: Alfred Lorentz, 1931.
See also Thierfelder, J.G., below.
[bookChapter]PIQUE, Rene. Le vin et la médecine dans l'antiquité. Compt.Rend.IVe Congr.Chim.Ind. (Paris, 1925), p. 552–6. Paris: Société de Chimie Industrielle, 1925. [CB 51/222]
[journalArticle]THIERFELDER, J.G. Über das Nitrum der Alten. Mit besonderer Berücksichtigung des gleichnamigen Aufsatzes von Dr. Harless. Henschel's Janus, 1848, 3: 29–53; reprinted Leipzig: Alfred Lorentz, 1931.
For the paper by J.C.F. Harless, see above.


[book]BELITZ, Wilhelm. Wiederkäuer und ihre Krankheiten im Altertum. 128 p. (Abhandl.Gesch.Veterinärmed., 12) Leipzig: Richter, 1927.
[book]FROEHNER, Reinhard. Kulturgeschichte der Tierheilkunde. Ein Handbuch für Tierärzte und Studierende. Bd. 1. Tierkrankheiten, Heilbestrebungen, Tierärzte im Altertum. 187 p., ill. Konstanz: Terra-Verlag, 1952.
[review]Reviewed by Walter Artelt, Sudhoffs Arch., 1954, 38: 190;
[review]by H. Fischer, Gesnerus, 1954, 11: 47–9.


for drainage and irrigation see 15 TL

15 SAc

[journalArticle]PEAKE, Harold J.E. The beginnings and the early spread of agriculture. Nature, 1927, 119: 894–6.
[book]SAVOY, Emile. Agriculture à travers les âges. Histoire des faits, des institutions, de la pensèe et des doctrines économique et sociales. Vol. 2. Première période: de Hammourabi à la fin de l'Empire romain. xvi, 478 p. Paris: De Boccard, 1935. [CB 77/375]
[review]Reviewed by Pierre Brunet, Archeion, 1936, 18: 291–2.

15 SCu

[book]DELATTE, Annand. Herbarius. Recherches sur le cérémonial usité chez les anciens pour la cueillette des simples et des plantes magiques. 2nd ed. 177 p. (Bibliothèque de la Faculté de Philosophie et Lettres de l'Université de Liége, fasc. 81) Liége: 1938.
[review]First published 1936 (reprinted from Bull.Acad.Roy.Belg.Cl.Lett., 1936, 22: 227–348) and reviewed by Conway Zirkle, Isis, 1937, 27: 531–2.

15 SCxb

[journalArticle]BISHOP, Carl Whiting. Origin and early diffusion of the traction-plough. Antiquity, 1936, 10: 261–81, ill. [CB 49/181]
[journalArticle]HROZNỴ, Bedřich. La charrue en Sumer-Akkad, en Egypte et en Chine. Arch.Orient., 1938, 10: 437–40, ill.

15 SCxd

[journalArticle]PEASE, Arthur Stanley. Notes on ancient grafting. Trans.Amer.Philol.Ass., 1933, 64: 66–76. [CB 44/497]

15 SF

[journalArticle]PERCIVAL, John. Cereals of ancient Egypt and Mesopotamia. Nature, 1936, 138: 270–3, ill.

15 SM

[journalArticle]ANDREWS, Alfred C. Acclimatization of citrus fruits in the Mediterranean area. Agr.Hist., 1961, 35: 35–46.
[journalArticle]NEWBERRY, Percy Edward. On some African species of the genus Olea and the original home of the cultivated olive-tree. [With discussion] Proc.Linnaean Soc.Lond., 1937–38, 150: 3–16, pl.
[review]Reviewed by J. Capart, Chron.Égypte, 1940, 15: 237.
[journalArticle]POPENOE, Paul. The date-palm in antiquity. Sci.Mon., 1924, 19: 313–25.

15 SMxd

[journalArticle]GANDZ, Solomon. Artificial fertilization of date-palms in Palestine and Arabia. Isis, 1935, 23: 245–50. [CB 45/287]
With reference to Sarton's article, see 17 SMxd


15 SPbz

[journalArticle]HILZHEIMER, Max. Austausch an Haustieren zwischen Asien und Afrika vor dem 2. Jahrtausend v. Chr. Z.Völkerpsychol.Soziol., 1930, 6: 415–27.
[journalArticle]REED, Charles A. Animal domestication in the prehistoric Near East. Science, 1959, 130: 1629–39.

15 SPu

[journalArticle]ISAAC, Erich. Myths, cults and livestock breeding. Diogenes, 1963, 41: 70–93.
Importance of religious forces in bringing cattle to Europe.

15 SPC

[book]BELITZ, Wilhelm. Wiederkäuer und ihre Krankheiten im Altertum. 128 p. (Abhandl.Gesch.Veterinärmed., 12) Leipzig: Richter, 1927.

15 SPP

[journalArticle]PHILBY, H.St.J. Note on Kilwa, Transjordan. Geogr.J., 1943, 102: 274–7. [CB 68/45]
A review of the evidence of early domestication of the camel in the Near East.

15 SQ

[journalArticle]CLARK, John Grahame. Bees in antiquity. Antiquity, 1942, 16: 208–15, 1 fig.
[book]FRASER, H. Malcolm. Beekeeping in antiquity. xi, 157 p., ill. London: University Press, 1931.

15 SS

[book]GRUVEL, Abel. La pêche dans la préhistoire, dans l'antiquité et chez les peuples primitifs. 232 p., ill. Paris: Société d'Éditions géographiques, maritimes et coloniales, 1928.

15 SSsg

[journalArticle]FADDEGON, J.M. Notice sur les cauris. Tijdschr.Ned.Genoot.Munt- Penningk., 1905, 13: 45–63. [CB 37/603]

15 SU

[journalArticle]EPSTEIN, Hans J. The origin and earliest history of falconry. Isis, 1943, 34: 497–509.

[Start of page 30]

15 SUtq

[journalArticle]WOLFF, Max; OPITZ, Dietrich. Jagd zu Pferde in der altorientalischen und klassischen Kunst. Arch.Orientforsch., 1936, 10: 317–59, 21 fig.


15 SWza

[book]HUBER, E. Die Völker unter babylonischem Kultureinfluss. Auftreten des gehopften Bieres. [Bound with] HAHN, Eduard. Auftreten des Hopfens bei der Bierbereitung und seine Verbreitung in der Frühgeschichte der Völker. 102 p., ill. (Bier und Bierbereitung bei den Völkern der Urzeit, 2) Berlin: Gesellschaft für die Geschichte und Bibliographie des Brauwesens, 1927.
[book]HUBER, E.; PHILIPPE, Max. Bier und Bierbereitung bei den Völkern der Urzeit. 1. Babylonien und Ägypten. 60 p., ill. Berlin: Gesellschaft für die Geschichte und Bibliographie des Brauvesens, 1926.
[review]Reviewed by R. Zaunick, Mitt.Gesch.Med., 1927, 26: 121.
[book]SELTMAN, Charles. Wine in the ancient world. xvi, 196 p. London: Routledge and Kegan Paul, 1957.
[review]Reviewed by John F. Healy, Gnomon, 1960, 2: 164–6.
[journalArticle]FOR the use of alcohol in medicine see 15 RU

15 SXzf-xb

[book]DRACHMANN, Aage Gerhardt. Ancient oil mills and presses. 181 p., ill., facs. (Archaeol.Kunsthist.Medd.Danske Vidensk.Selsk., 1: part 1) Copenhagen: Levin & Munksgaard, 1932. [CB 49/149]
[review]Reviewed by E.J. Kenny, Antiquity, 1933, 7: 249–50.

15 SXzs

[bookChapter]FORBES, R.J. The salts of preclassical antiquity. Act.VIIe Congr.Int.Hist.Sci. (Jerusalem, 1953), p. 302–7. Paris: Hermann, [n.d.].


15 Tc

[journalArticle]FORBES, R.J. Studies in ancient technology. 9 vol., ill. Leiden: E.J. Brill, 1955–64. [2nd ed. 1964–72]
[review]Vol. 1, 2, 3 and 6 reviewed by Lynn White, Isis, 1957, 48: 77 and 1960, 51: 227–8; vol. 4 and 5 by P. Huard and M. Wong, Arch.Int.Hist.Sci., 1959, 12: 211–15 (see also CB 83/219); vol. 8 and 9 by H.H. Coghlan, Antiquity, 1964, 38: 230–1, 314–15.
[journalArticle]HORWITZ, Hugo Th. Neue Forschungen zur Technik des Altertums. Beitr.Gesch.Tech.Ind., 1932, 21: 163. [CB 36/559]
[journalArticle]MAGET, Marcel. L'enquête ethnographique sur les techniques pré-industrielles. Tech.Civilisations, 1951, 2: 21–7, ill.
[book]NEUBURGER, Albert. The technical arts and sciences of the ancients. Transl. by Henry L. Brose. xxxii, 518 p. London: Methuen, 1930.
[review]2nd German edition (Leipzig: Voigtländer, 1921) reviewed by Graf Carl von Klinckowstroem, Isis, 1924, 6: 129–31; and briefly by G. Sarton, ibid., 1922, 4: 423.