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ISIS Cumulative Bibliography


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ISIS Cumulative Bibliography
1966–1975
A Bibliography of the Hisotry of Science
formed from ISIS Critical Bibliographies 91–100
indexing literature published from 1965 through 1974

Edited by JOHN NEU

Volume 2
SUBJECTS, PERIODS and CIVILIZATIONS

MANSELL PUBLISHING LIMITED
in conjunction with the History of Science Society
1985


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First published 1985 by Mansell Publishing Limited
(A subsidiary of The H. W. Wilson Company)

6 All Saints Street, London N1 9RL, England

950 University Avenue, Bronx, New York 10452, U.S.A.

© History of Science Society and Mansell Publishing Limited, 1985

All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced or transmitted in
any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopy, recording
or any information storage or retrieval system, without permission in writing from the
publishers or their appointed agents.

British Library Cataloguing in Publication Data

ISIS cumulative bibliography 1966–1975: a
bibliography of the history of science formed
from ISIS critical bibliographies 91–100 indexing
literature published from 1965 through 1974.

Vol. 2: Subjects, periods and civilizations

1. Science — History — Bibliography

I. Neu, John III. History of Science Society

016.509

Z7405.H6

ISBN 0-7201-1516-7

Library of Congress Cataloging in Publication Data

(Rev. for vol. 2)
Main entry under title:

ISIS cumulative bibliography 1966–1975.

Supplement to Isis cumulative bibliography … 1913–
1965.

Vol. 2 has imprint: London; Bronx, N. Y., U.S.A.:
Mansell in conjunction with the History of Science
Society.

Contents. v. 1. Personalities and institutions—
v. 2. Subjects, periods, and civilizations.

Includes index.

1. Science—History—Bibliography—Collected works.

I. Neu, John. II. Isis. III. History of Science Society.

Z7405.H6 Suppl.[0125] 016.509 80-509416

ISBN 0-7201-1515-9 (v. 1)

ISBN 0-7201-1516-7 (v. 2)

Printed in Great Britain at
The Camelot Press Ltd, Southampton


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Contents


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INTRODUCTION
PART 1: Subjects (not including entries dealing with a specific period or civilization)
Science 1
general history 1
bibliographies; literature surveys 3
biography 3
history and philosophy of science as a study 6
teaching history of science 8
historiography of the history of science 8
psychological aspects 13
philosophy and methodology of science 14
fundamental concepts in science 24
relation of science with other subject fields 25
communication in science 26
study and teaching of science 27
organization of science 27
institutions; societies 30
the profession of science 30
science and society 32
science and the humanities 37
science in different countries 42
scientific instruments 50
measurement; metrology 51
museology; museums 51
Natural magic; Pseudo-sciences 52
Philosopy 53
Logic 54
Mathematics 55
Physical sciences 63
Physics 63
Chemistry 77
Astronomy 84
Earth sciences 91
Meteorology 91
Geology 93
Geography 99
Palaeontology 105
Natural history 106
Biology 107
Botany 118
Zoology 121
Sciences of man 123
Anthrology 123
Psychology 125
Social sciences 129
Medicine 133
general history 133
bibliographies; literature surveys 134
collective biography 135
history of medicine as a study 135
teaching history of medicine 136
historiography of the history of medicine 136
psychological aspects 137
philosophy and methodology of medicine 137
communication in medicine 137
study and teaching of medicine 137
organizational aspects 137
the profession of medicine 137
medicine and society 138
medicine in different countries 138
techniques and instruments 143
museology; museums 143
Public health; Social medicine 143
Anatomy 145
Physiology 145
Systems of the body; Specialities of medicine 147
Pathology and clinical medicine 153
Therapeutic arts and practices 157
Pharmacy; Materia Medicia; Pharmacotherapy 159
Veterinary medicine 167
Agriculture 167
Food technology 170
Technology 171
Civil engineering 179
Transport engineering 180
Mechanical engineering 183
Prime movers; Energy conversion 184
Electrical engineering 185
Materials and processes 185
Mining technology 185
Metallurgy 186
Fuel technology 187
Chemical industry 188
Town and country planning 189
Special mechanical technologies; Instrument technology 190
Special crafts 191
Communications 191
Miltary technology 193
Ancillary disciplines 195
Archaeology 195
Education 196
PART 2: Periods and Civilizations
1 Prehistory and primitive societies in general (including Europe) 197
15 Ancient Near and Middle East: Egypt, Sumer, Babylon, Assyria, Mesopotamia, Anatolia, Palestine (indlucing ancient Syria, Judea, Israel), Persia, and Mediterranean antiquity in general 200
25 Greek amd Roman civilizations 207
37 Central Asia: India, Afghanistan, Tibet 236
39 Far East: China, Japan, Korea 242
43 Southeast Asia 253
45 Australia and New Zeland (including New Guinea, Oceania, Hawaii): prehistory and primitive societies 254
47 America: pre-Columbian civilizations and primitive societies (Mayas, Aztecs, Incas, Amerindians) 255
5 Middle Ages in general (including ancient and medieval periods combined): Latin Europe 257
52 Byzantium 287
53 Armenia 288
54 Islam 289
55 Medieval Jewish culture 300
6 Renaissance (15th and 16th centuries)
Science 302
Mathematics 307
Physical sciences 309
Eath sciences 316
Natural history 319
Biology 319
Sciences of man 320
Medicine 321
Agriculture 330
Technology 331
7 Seventeenth century (including references that cover the Renaissance and the 17th century)
Science 335
Mathematics 345
Physical sciences 349
Earth Sciences 362
Natural history 365
Biology 366
Sciences of man 368
Medicine 371
Agriculture 379
Technology 379
Ancillary disciplines 381
8 Eighteenth century (including references that cover the 17th and the 18th centuries)
Science 382
Mathematics 391
Physical sciences 393
Earth sciences 403
Natural history 409
Biology 410
Sciences of man 415
Medicine 418
Agriculture 433
Technology 434
Ancillary disciplines 439
9 Nineteenth century (including references that cover the 18th and the 19th centuries)
Science 440
Mathematics 454
Physical sciences 456
Earth sciences 476
Natural history 485
Biology 487
Sciences of man 501
Medicine 510
Agriculture 537
Technology 539
Ancillary disciplines 552
01 Twentieth century (including references that cover the 19th and the 20th centuries)
Science 554
Mathematics 559
Physical sciences 561
Earth sciences 575
Matural history 576
Biology 576
Sciences of man 580
Medicine 586
Agriculture 596
Technology 597
Ancillary disciplines 604
BOOK REVIEWS 605
CLASSIFICATION SCHEME 657
Period classification 657
Scientific subject fields 658
Form and aspect subdivisions 663
SUBJECT INDEX 665

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Introduction

This second volume of the 1966–1975 ISIS Cumulative Bibliography consists of four parts: (1) general subjects, including all references not restricted to particular time periods or civilizations; (2) civilizations and periods, including all references to science in particular civilizations (‘A history of Arabic astronomy’) or time periods (‘A history of chemical education in thet nineteenth century’); (3) an alphabetical list of references to book reviews; and (4) an index to parts one and two. Referecnes from the first volume (Personalities and Institutions) have been reproduced here if they are not simply biographical but pertain to specific subjects. For example, Frank Manuel, A portrait of Isaac Newton, or Isaac Newton, The correspondence, Ed. by A. Rupert Hall, are not reproduced, but Roger Stuewer, ‘A critical analysis of Newton's work on diffraction,’ is reproduced is the secion on seventeenth-century optics.

The classification scheme devised devised by Magda Whitrow for the ISIS Cumulative Bibliography, 1913–1965, has been followed for this supplement, but with a few minor changes to prevent too much fragmentation of a considerably smaller number of references. These changes, for the most part, involved combining certain classes; for example ‘Classical antiquity’, which in the larger cumulation is divided as (25) ‘Classical antiquity: Greece and Rome combined’, (26) ‘Greece’, (28) ‘Rome’, is here all classed in 25; ‘Magnetism’ (CL) and ‘Electricity’ (CM) are combined as ‘Electricity and magnetism’ (CM). One major change is the addition of a division for twentieth-century science (91), references to which, in the earlier cumulation, were included in the general subjects section.

The Book Review section contains a cumulation of all the references in the annual ISIS bibliographies. Unfortunately, for the years 1969, 1970, and 1971, book reviews were not included in those bibliogrpahies, and it has proved not possible to retrieve these citations.

The list of abbreviations of journals and serials cited in this volume is printed is volume one of the present work (pp. xi–xxix) and has not been reprinted here. Users wishing a discussion of the classification scheme are referred to volume one (pp. 621–631) of the original cumulation (ISIS Cumulative Bibliography, 1913–1965, edited by Magda Whitrow) to which these two volumes serve as a supplement. Also informative is Magda Whitrow's ‘Interrelationships in the history of science: Bibliography as a guide to subjects for research’, ISIS, 1983, 74: 81–85.

Once again I would like to express my gratitude to Magda Whitrow for her help and patience in guiding me in the use of the classification system. Errors in judgment concerning classification are, of course, entirely my own. Also to be thanked are the graduate students in the University of Wisconsin History of Science Department who helped me with the cumulation: William Ashworth, John Benson, Gary Hatfield, Elaine Condouris Stroud, John Greenberg, and Susan Schnitzer.

JOHN NEU

University of Wisconsin Memorial Library
Madison, Wisconsin

November, 1984


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Part 1: Subjects

A SCIENCE

Ab general history

[book]ASIMOV, ISAAC. Adding a dimension: Seventeen essays on the history of science. xi + 202 pp. Garden City, N.Y.: Doubleday, 1964; London: Dobson, 1966. $3.95.
[book]BABINI, JOSÉ. Ciencia y tecnología; breve historia. 68 pp., illus., port. Buenos Aires: Editorial Columbia, 1967.
[book]BASFORD, LESLIE; MICHAEL GABB. The beginnings of science: Foundations of scientific history. 128 pp., illus., ports. London: Low, Marston; Boston: Ginn, 1966.
[book]BERNAL, JOHN D. Science in history. Third edition. xxvii + 1039 pp., maps, illus. London: Watts, 1965. 84s.
[book]BERNSTEIN, JEREMY. A comprehensible world: On modern science and its origins. xi + 271 pp. New York: Random House, 1967.
Articles from The New Yorker magazine.
[book]BETTEX, ALBERT W. Die Entdeckung der Natur: Ein Bildband. 380 pp., illus., ports. Munich: Knaur, 1965.
[book]BETTEX, ALBERT W. The discovery of nature. 380 pp., illus. New York: Simon & Schuster, 1965.
[book]BIBLER, V. S.; B. S. GRIAZNOV; S. R. MIKULINSKII (eds.) Ocherki istorii i teorii razvitiia nauki. (Essays on the history and theory of the development of science.) 423 pp. Moscow: Nauka. 1969
[book]BOCHNER, SOLOMON. Eclosion and synthesis: Perspectives on the history of knowledge. 264 pp., bibl. New York: Benjamin, 1969.
A large part of this work deals with knowledge in science and mathematics.
[book]BÖTTCHER, HELMUTH M. Geschichte der Naturwissenschaft. Bd. 1: Vom Mythos zur Wissenschaft. Bd. 2: Auf der Suche nach dem Plan des Lebendigen. 288 pp., 286 pp., illus., bibl. Berlin: Dt. Buch­Gemeinschaft, 1968.
[book]BRONOWSKI, JACOB. The ascent of man. 448 pp., illus., bibl. Boston: Little, Brown; London: British Broadcasting Corp., 1974.
[book]CANGUILHEM, GEORGES. Études d'histoire et de philosophie des sciences. 395 pp. Paris: Vrin, 1968. F 30.
[book]CHAMPEIX, ROBERT: Savants méconnus, inventions oubliées. Préface de Maurice Ponte. xii + 320 pp., illus., bibls. Paris: Dunod, 1966.
[journalArticle]CONGRÈS INTERNATIONAL D'HISTOIRE DES SCIENCES, 11th, Warsaw, 1965. Actes. 6 vols., illus., plts. Warsaw: Ossolineum, 1968.
The papers of this Congress are indexed separately in this bibliography.
[journalArticle]CONGRÈS INTERNATIONAL D'HISTOIRE DES SCIENCES, 12th, Paris, 1968. Actes [1a]: Colloques: Textes des rapports. 1b: Discours et conférences, colloques, discussion des rapports. 2: Problèmes généraux d'histoire des sciences épistémologie. 3a: Science et philosophie: Antiquité, Moyen Âge, Renaissance. 3b: Science et philosophie: XVIIe et XVIIIe siècles. 4: Histoire des mathématiques et de la mécanique. 5: Histoire de la physique, y compris l'astronomie, XIXe et XXe siècle. 7: Histoire des sciences de la terre et de l'océanographie. 8: Histoire des sciences naturelles et de la biologie. 9: Histoire des sciences de l'homme. 10a: Histoire des instruments scientifiques. 10b: Histoire des techniques. 11:Sciences et sociétés: Relations, influences, écoles. 12: Monographies de savants. 12 vols., illus., plts., bibls. Paris: Blanchard, 19701971.
The papers of this congress have been listed separately in the present CB. Volume [1a]: Colloques: Textes des rapports, was published as a special issue of Revue de Synthèse, 1968, volume 89, and the papers are listed in CB 94.
[book]CONGRÈS INTERNATIONAL D'HISTOIRE DES SCIENCES, 13th, Moscow, 1971. Actes. 12 vols. Moscow: Nauka, 1974.
[book]CROWTHER, JAMES G. A short history of science. [8] + 230 pp., illus., index. London: Methuen, 1969. 32s.
[book]DAMPIER, SIR WILLIAM CECIL. A history of science and its relations with philosophy and religion. 4th ed., reprinted with a postscript by I. Bernard Cohen. xxvii + 544 pp., illus., tables, diagrs., bibl. London: Cambridge Univ. Press, 1966. 19s 6d.
[book]DE ROPP, ROBERT S. The new prometheans: Creative and destructive forces in modern science. xiii + 288 pp., illus., bibl., index. New York: Delacorte, 1972. $7.95.
A history of modern science, from Pasteur to the present.
[book]DE SANTILLANA, GIORGIO. Reflections on men and ideas. xiii + 381 pp., index. Cambridge: M.I.T. Pr., 1968.
A collection of previously published papers. Contents: Leonardo, “man without letters.” Newton, the enigma. Paolo Toscanelli and his friends. Alessandro Volta. Galileo today. Necessity, contingency, and natural law. Prologue to Parmenides. Galileo and Oppenheimer. The role of art in the scientific Renaissance. The Italian novel today. The 17th century legacy. Philolaos in Limbo. Paralipomena of the future. Vico and Descartes. Eudoxus and Plato. “Scientific rationalism.” Einstein. Les grandes doctrines cosmologiques. De Bruno à Leibniz. Postface à Galilée. La storia da riscrivere. Riflessioni sul fato. Salvemini. Il rovescio della medaglia.
[book]EIS, GERHARD. Forschungen zur Fachprosa: Ausgewählte Beiträge. 439 pp., bibl., index. Bern: Francke, 1971. DM 108.
Collected essays of Eis, many on the history of science and medicine.
[book]ÉTUDES d'histoire de la science et de la technique. (Monografie z dziejów nauki i techniki, 50.) 284 pp. Warsaw: Ossolińskich, 1968.
A collection of essays by various authors, mostly Polish, grouped in four parts: Histoire des méthodes scientifiques et problèmes généraux d'histoire des sciences; histoire des sciences biologiques; histoire des sciences mathématiques et physiques; histoire des techniques. All of the papers are in French or English.
[book]FYRTH, HUBERT J.; MAURICE GOLDSMITH. Science, history, and technology. Book 1: A.D. 800 to the 1840s. 260 pp. Book 2, part 1: The age of confidence, the 1840s to 1880s. 89 pp. Part 2: The age of uncertainty, the 1880s to the 1940s. 138 pp. Part 3: The age of choice, the 1940s to the 1960s. 107 pp. London: Cassell, 1965–1969.
[book]GAGNEBIN, SAMUEL. A la recherche d'un ordre naturel. 443 pp., illus., bibl. Neuchatel: La Baconnière; Paris: Payot, 1971.
[book]GARCÍA FONT, JUAN. Historia de la ciencia. Prólogo de Rafael Masclans Girvés. 2. ed. 576 pp., illus., ports. Barcelona: Ediciones Danae, 1966.
[book]GARIN, EUGENIO. Dal Rinascimento all'Illuminismo: Studi e ricerche. (Saggi di varia umanita, 11.) 294 pp., index. Pisa: Nistri-Lichi, 1970.
[book]GAUROY, PIERRE. Grandes aventures de la science. 256 pp., illus., plts. Paris: Bonne, 1966. F 10.50.
[book]GRAUBARD, MARK A. Motivations, tools and theories of pre-modern science. iv + 289 pp., illus., bibl. Minneapolis: Burgess, 1967.
[journalArticle]HACKEL, EMANUEL; DENNIS W. STRAWBRIDGE (eds.) The search for explanation: Studies in natural science. 3 vols., illus., index. Ann Arbor: Michigan State Univ. Pr., 19671969.
A textbook with historical sections.
[book]HARTNER, WILLY. Oriens, Occidens. Ausgewählte Schriften zur Wissenschafts- und Kulturgeschichte. Festschrift zum 60. Geburtstag. (Collectanea, 3.) xx + 536 pp. Hildesheim: Olms, 1968. DM 59.80.
[book]HEITLER, WALTER. Der Mensch und die naturwissenschaftliche Erkenntnis. 4., überarb. und erw. Auflage. (Die Wissenschaft, Bd. 116.) 96 pp. Braunschweig: Vieweg, 1966.
Contents: Newton contra Kepler. Goethe contra Newton. Das Atom. Die Wissenschaft vom Lebendigen. Der Kosmos. Ethik der Naturwissenschaft. Schlussbetrachtung.
[book]HERRMANN, CONSTANTIN. Die Naturwissenschaft als notwendiges Bildungsmittel. Ein Düberlick und Einblick. 113 pp., bibl. Ratingen b. Düsseldorf: Henn, 1969. DM 10.20.

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[book]HOLTON, GERALD. Thematic origins of scientific thought: Kepler to Einstein. 495 pp., bibls., index. Cambridge: Harvard Univ. Pr., 1973. $10; $3.95 (paper).
Contents: The thematic imagination in science. Johannes Kepler's universe: Its physics and metaphysics. Thematic and stylistic interdependence. The roots of complementarity. On the origins of the special theory of relativity. Poincaré and relativity. Influences on Einstein's early work. Mach, Einstein, and the search for reality. Einstein, Michelson, the “crucial” experiment. On trying to understand scientific genius. The duality and growth of physical science. Models for understanding the growth of research. The changing allegory of motion. Modern science and the intellectual tradition. Physics and culture: Criteria for curriculum design.
Also published as a supplement to volume 9 of the Graduate Journal (Univ. of Texas), with the additional essay
“Conveying science by visual presentation”, (Graduate Journal (Univ. Texas), 1973, 9(Supplement):1–533).
[book]HOOYKAAS, REIJER. Geschiedenis der natuurwetenschappen: Van Babel tot Bohr. 289 pp., illus., bibl. Utrecht: Oosthoek, 1971. Fl 27.50.
[journalArticle]HOYT, EDWIN PALMER. A short history of science. 2 vols., illus. New York: John Day, 19651966.
[book]KOYRÉ, ALEXANDRE. Études d'histoire de la pensée scientifique. viii + 372 pp. Paris: Presses Universitaires de France, 1966. F 30.
[book]LAÍN ENTRALGO, PEDRO. Panorama historique de la science moderne. Traduit de l'Espagnol par Paul Werrie … (Bibliothèque européenne. Section historique.) xvi + 437 pp., plates, bibl. Paris: Desclée De Brouwer, 1967. 66 F.
[book]MEDAWAR, P.B. The art of the soluble. 160 pp. London: Methuen, 1967. 25s.
Contents: D'Arcy Thompson and Growth and Forum. Herbert Spencer and the law of general evolution. Darwin's illness. The phenomenon of man. The act of creation. A biological retrospect. Two conceptions of science. Hypothesis and imagination.
[book]MÉLANGES Alexandre Koyré, publiés à l'occasion de son soixante-dixième anniversaire. Vol. 1: L'aventure de la science. Intro. by I. Bernard Cohen. Vol. 2: L'aventure de l'esprit. Intro. by Fernand Braudel. (Histoire de la pensée, 12–13.) 661 pp.; 618 pp. Paris: Hermann, 1964.
Individual articles from these volumes are entered separately under appropriate headings.
[book]MIDDLETON, W.E. KNOWLES. The scientific revolution. vii + 88 pp. Cambridge, Mass: Schenkman, , 1967. $2.95, $1.25 (paper).
A slightly revised version of a course of six lectures delivered over the Trans-Canada Network of the Canadian Broadcasting Corp. in which a concise account was given of the development of man's view of the physical world from the earliest times to about 1700.
[book]MOSCOVICI, SERGE. Essai sur l'histoire humaine de la nature. 605 pp. Paris: Flammarion, 1968. F 38.
[book]PLEDGE, HUMPHREY THOMAS. Science since 1500: A short history of mathematics, physics, chemistry, biology. 2nd edition. 357 pp., plts., maps. London: H.M.S.O., 1966.
[book]PYKE, MAGNUS. The science century. x + 183 pp., plates, index. London: Murray; New York: Walker, 1967.
A popular survey of science from about 1850.
[book]RAVETZ, JEROME R. The roots of present-day science: An essay. Ed. for the Science Foundation Course Team of the Open University by Steven Rose. 31 pp., bibl. Bletchley: Open Univ. Pr., 1971. £0.60.
[book]ROLLER, DUANE H. D. (ed.) Perspectives in the history of science and technology. x + 307 pp., illus. Norman: Univ. Oklahoma Pr., 1971.
Papers presented at a symposium at the University of Oklahoma, April 8–12, 1969. The papers are entered separately in the present CB.
[book]RONAN, COLIN A. The ages of science. 271 pp., illus., plts., maps. London: Harrap, 1966. 30s.
[book]ROUSSEAU, PIERRE. Histoire de la science. 829 pp., bibl. Paris: Fayard, 1965. F 25.
[book]SCHARNOWELL, VIKTOR. Von Newton zu Goethe: Beiträge zur Entwicklungsgeschichte der Naturerkenntnis. 83 pp., illus. Basel: Verlag Die Pforte, 1973.
[book]SCHEIBE, ERHARD; GEORG SÜSSMANN (eds.) Einheit und Vielheit: Festschrift für Carl Friedrich v. Weizsäcker zum 60. Geburtstag. 304 pp., port. Göttingen: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht, 1973.
Partial contents: Richard Walzer: From a journey to Persia. Klaus Michael Meyer-Abich: Eikos Logos: Platons Theorie der Naturwissenschaft. Klaus Oehler: Der höchste Punkt der antiken Philosophie. Günther Patzig: Bemerkungen zu den Kategorien des Aristoteles. Wolfgang Wieland: Kontinuum und Engelzeit bei Thomas von Aquino. Rainer Specht: Über den Zugang zu Theodizeen. Erhard Scheibe: Die Erklärung der Keplerschen Gesetze durch Newtons Gravitationsgesetz. Petr Mittelstaedt: Objektivierbarkeit, Quantenlogik und Wahrscheinlichkeit. Werner Heisenberg: Die Richtigkeits-kriterien der abgeschlossenen Theorien in der Physik. Edward Teller: Die grundsätzliche Antwort. Schriften Carl Friedrich von Weizsäckers.
[book]SERMONTI, GIUSEPPE. La mela di Aamo e la mela di Newton. 141 pp. Milan: Rusconi, 1974.
[book]TATON, RENÉ, ed. La science antique et médiévale (des origines à 1450)…Deuxième ed. rév. et mis à jour. (Histoire générale des sciences, tome 1.) viii + 724 pp., plates, bibl., index. Paris: Presses Universitaires de France, 1966. 60F.
“La seconde édition de ce tome a été l'object d'une révision et d'une mise à jour attentive de la part des différents auteurs. Par ailleurs, plusieurs chapitres ont été considérablement remaniés et étendus; tel est le cas en particulier de ceux qui traitent de la science hellène, de la science arabe et de la science dans l'Occident médiéval chrétien. Enfin un chapitre complémentaire étudie la science chez les Slaves du Moyen Age. Nous avons bénéficié pour cette révision du concours de plusieurs auteurs nouveaux que nous remercions de leur précieuse collaboration. Nous avons également profité de l'expérience acquise dans la réalisation des autres tomes et aussi des avis, souvent très utiles, d'auteurs de comptes rendus ou de lecteurs attentifs. Les bibligraphies ont été mises à jour, augmentées et reclassés d'une façon plus systematique. Enfin, les index ont été élargis, les noms de personnages mentionés étant complétés par l'indication, au moins approximative, de leurs dates de naissance et de décès.”
R. TATON.
[book]TATON, RENÉ (ed.) Histoire générale des sciences, tome II: La science moderne (de 1450 a 1800). [2e ed.] viii + 873 pp., illus., plts., index. Paris: Presses Universitaires de France, 1969.
[book]TAYLOR, JAMES. The scientific community. viii + 79 pp., bibl., index. London: Oxford Univ. Pr., 1973. £1.05.
A brief survey of the history of science.
[book]TEICH, MIKULÁŠ; ROBERT YOUNG (eds.) Changing perspectives in the history of science: Essays in honour of Joseph Needham. xxi + 490 pp., port., bibls., index. London: Heinemann, 1973. £6.50.
The essays in this volume are indexed separately in the present CB.
U ISTOKOV klassicheskoi nauki. Sbornik statei. (At the sources of the classical sciences. Collected articles.) 352 pp., illus., bibl., index. Moskow: Nauka, 1968.

Abe encyclopedias; dictionaries; systematic compendia

[book]BABINI, JOSÉ. Enciclopedia de historia de la ciencia. 11 vols. Buenos Aires: Centro Editor de America Latina S. A., 1967.
[book]BALLENTYNE, DENIS W. G.; D. R. LOVETT. A dictionary of named effects and laws in chemistry, physics and mathematics. 3rd edition. 335 pp., illus. London: Chapman & Hall, 1970.
[journalArticle]FORTI, UMBERTO. Storia della scienza nei suoi rapporti con la filosofia, le religioni, la società. 6 vols., illus., plts., index. Milan: dall'Oglio, 19681969. L 1500 per volume (paper).
[book]GALIANA, THOMAS DE. Dictionnaire des découvertes scientifiques. 256 pp., illus. Paris: Larousse, 1968. F 9.55.
[journalArticle]GEYMONAT, LUDOVICO. Storia del pensiero filosofico e scientifico. 6 vols., illus., bibl., index. Milan: Garzanti, 19701972. L 84000.
[journalArticle]LEXIKON des Geschichte der Naturwissenschaften. Mit einer Einführung “Die Zeitalter der Naturforschung” und einer Übersichtstabelle von Josef Mayerhöfer … Vienna: Hollinek, 1965
This formidable attempt at a dictionary of the history of science was announced and begun in 1959, to be issued in parts. With part 5 it has reached Daniel of Morley. The majority of entries are biographical, and are notable for bibliographies both of works by and on the subject. There are also numerous subject matter entries, in some of which one would be hard put to find as much information elsewhere as is provided here. For example we here find successive entries on chloroform, chlorophyll, cholera, chrom, chromatographie, chromosomen, and chronology. There are also entries for cities, where we find references to educational institutions, celebrated native scientists, and bibliographical references.
R.P. MULTHAUF.
[book]QUINTYN, J.B. Atlas geschiedenis wetenschap en techniek. 24 charts. St. Amandsberg, Bel: The author (Koersplein 34), 1967.
24 charts in folder, illustrating the development of the sciences.
[book]SHEPHERD, WALTER. Outline history of science. 142 pp., bibl., index. New York: Philosophical Library, 1968.
Chronology of important events in the history of science.

Abr history-of-science periodicals

[journalArticle]ARCHIVES INTERNATIONALES d'Histoire des Sciences. Tables analytique, 1947–1967. Archs Int. Hist. Sci., 1967, 20:337–539.
An author and subject index to the first 20 years of the Archives.
[journalArticle]DELORME, SUZANNE. La naissance d'Isis. Premiers rapports entre Henri Berr et George Sarton. Actes XIe Cong. Int. Hist. Sci., 1965 (pub. 1968), 2:223–232.
[journalArticle]OPAŁEK, KAZIMIERZ. Jedenaście roczników Kwartalnika historii nauki i techniki. (Quarterly journal of the history of science and technology in the years 1956–1966.) Kwart. Hist Nauki Tech., 1968, 13:622–636.

Abu history-of-science documentation

[journalArticle]COHEN, I. BERNARD. A Cumulative Critical Bibliography of the History of Science: A report to the History of Science Society. Isis, 1972, 63: 388–392.
[journalArticle]KAMINER, L. V. Razvitie i sovremennoe sostoianie bibliografii po istorii estestvoznaniia v SSSR. (Development and current state of bibliography concerning history of science in the USSR.) Actes XIe Cong. Int. Hist. Sci., 1965 (pub. 1968), 2: 95–99.
[journalArticle]NEU, JOHN. The history of science. Library Trends, 1967, 15:776–792.
A survey of bibliographies indexing current publications in the history of science.
[book]TAYLOR, ARCHER. General subject-indexes since 1548. 336 pp. Philadelphia: Univ. Pennsylvania Press, 1966.
Contains discussions of many subject-indexes of interest to historians of science.
[journalArticle]THIKIAN, ALEXANDRE. Le rôle de la bibliographie dans l'étude de l'histoire des sciences. Actes XIe Cong. Int. Hist. Sci., 1965 (pub. 1968), 2: 87–88.
[journalArticle]TONELLI, GIORGIO. A contribution to the bibliography of general subject indexes. Studi Int. Fil., 1973, 5:211–214.
[journalArticle]WHITROW, MAGDA. The “Isis” bibliography project: Some problems of classification and cataloguing. Actes XIe Cong. Int. Hist. Sci., 1965 (pub. 1968), 2: 89–94.

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[journalArticle]WHITROW, MAGDA. The Isis Cumulative Bibliography. Actes XIIe Cong. Int. Hist. Sci., 1968 (pub. 1970), 2:109–112.

Abv bibliographies; literature surveys

[book]CALCOEN, ROGER. Notes bibliographiques. Répertoire cumulatif, series 1 à 71, 1946–1968. 207 pp., index. Brussels: Culture et Civilisation, 1970.
A bibliography of secondary materials on the history of science and technology in Belgium.
[journalArticle]GUERLAC, HENRY. The landmarks of the literature. Times Lit. Suppl., 1974 (Apr. 26):449–450.
A brief survey of the work of major historians of science up to Koyré.
[book]ISIS CUMULATIVE BIBLIOGRAPHY: A bibliography of the history of science formed from Isis Critical Bibliographies 1–90, 1913–65. Vol. l, part 1: Personalities, A-J. Vol. 2: Personalities, K-Z; part 2: Institutions. Ed. by Magda Whitrow. 2 vols.; lxviii + 664 pp.; 789 pp. London: Mansell, 1971.
Additional volumes to follow.
[book]ISTORIIA ESTESTVOZNANIIA: Literature, opublikovannaia v SSSR, 1957–1961. Bibliografiia sostavlena: L. V. Kaminer, L. IA. Pavlovoi, P. V. Pil’shchikovoi. 222 pp., index. Moscow: Nauka, 1972.
Important classified bibliography of work in Russian on the history of science. The first bibliography in this series, covering the years 1917–47, was published in 1949.
[book]RIDER, K. J. History of science and technology: A select bibliography for students. Second edition. 75 pp., index. London: The Library Association, 1970. 15s (paper).
[book]TURLEY, RAYMOND V. The literature of science and technology approached historically: A brief guide for reference. (University of Southampton Library, occassional papers, 4.) 24 pp., illus. Southampton: University of Southampton, 1973. £0.50.

Acb libraries

[book]BUSSE, GISELA VON; HORST ERNESTUS. Libraries in the Federal Republic of Germany. Revised and enlarged English edition. 308 pp., illus., map. Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz, 1972.
[book]CHANDLER, GEORGE. Libraries, documentation and bibliography in the USSR, 1917–1971: Survey and critical analysis of Soviet studies, 1967–1971. (International bibliographical and library series, 2.) 183 pp. New York: Seminar Pr., 1972. $7.25.
[journalArticle]FRIEDLANDER, GORDON D. The Burndy Library: Window on the history of science. IEEE Spectrum, 1970, 7(3):54–64.
Illustrated description of the library founded by Bern Dibner for the history of science and technology.
[book]HOUGHTON, BERNARD. Out of the dinosaurs: The evolution of the National Lending Library for Science and Technology. (Management of change: Studies in the evolution of library systems, 1.) 127 pp., illus. Hamden, Conn: Linnet, 1972.
[book]NEWMAN, LINDSAY MARY. Libraries in Paris: A student's guide. (Conder library and information studies, 1.) x + 175 pp. Scorton: Conder Research, 1971. £1.90.
[book]SHACKLETON, ROBERT. The library, the scientist, and the humanist. An oration delivered at Birkbeck College, London, 26th October 1971 … 16 pp. London: Birkbeck College, 1971.
[book]WELSCH, ERWIN K. Libraries and archives in France: A handbook. ii + 78 pp. Pittsburgh: Council for European Studies, 1973.

Acd archives and manuscripts

[journalArticle]ANDRADE, E. N. DA C. The preservation of scientists' names and records. Notes Rec. R. Soc. Lond., 1966, 21:102–107.
An APPEAL for preservation of archival materials. Isis, 1970, 61:108–110.
An appeal made by a group of mathematicians.
[journalArticle]BELL, WHITFIELD J., JR. Preserving the archives. Penn. Hosp. Gaz., 1965, 21(4):1–6.
[journalArticle]BELL, WHITFIELD J., JR. Rattlesnakes and hummingbirds: Philadelphia's resources for the history of science. Pap. Bibliogr. Soc. Am., 1970, 64:13–27.
Describes history-of-science collections in colleges, hospitals, libraries, and learned societies in the Philadelphia area.
[book]BRICHFORD, MAYNARD J. Scientific and technological documentation. Archival evaluation and processing of university records relating to science and technology. 35 pp. Urbana: University of Illinois, 1969. $1.
A guide to what and what not to save of scientific archival materials.
[book]BROOKS, PHILIP C. Research in archives: The use of unpublished primary sources, xi + 127 pp., bibl. Chicago: Univ. Chicago Pr., 1969.
[journalArticle]BRUBAKER, ROBERT L. Archival principles and the curator of manuscripts. Am. Archivist, 1966, 29:505–515.
[journalArticle]ELLIOTT, CLARK A. Experimental data as a source for the history of science. Am. Archivist, 1974, 37:27–35.
[journalArticle]HARTLEY, SIR HAROLD. Britain's heritage of scientific and technological records and manuscripts and of historic scientific instruments. Notes Rec. R. Soc. Lond., 1967, 22:37–39.
Describes the arrangements that have been made for the preparation of a guide to collections of papers of outstanding figures in the history of science and technology. Also describes the progress toward a world inventory of historic scientific instruments.
[book]IREDALE, DAVID. Enjoying archives: What they are, where to find them, how to use them. 264 pp., bibl., index. Newton Abbot: David & Charles, 1973.
[journalArticle]KENT, GEORGE O. Center for the Coordination of Foreign Manuscript Copying. Q. J. Libr. Congress, 1967, 24:175–185.
A report on the activities of the Center.
[journalArticle]MC ALLISTER, D. THEODORE. Collecting archives for the history of science. Am. Archivist, 1969, 32:327–332.
Discussion of the collection of information on an important scientist with specific examples from the author's own problems with regard to Albert A. Michelson. Also short historical sketch of Michelson Museum, Naval Weapons Center, China Lake, California.
[journalArticle]REINGOLD, NATHAN; ROBERT I. WATSON. The organization and preservation of personal papers. Am. Psychol., 1966, 21:971–973.

Acd-bv archives and manuscripts: guides to particular collections

[book]AMERICAN PHILOSOPHICAL SOCIETY. Guide to the archives and manuscript collections of the American Philosophical Society. Compiled by Whitfield J. Bell, Jr. and Murphy D. Smith. (Memoirs of the American Philosophical Society, 66.) vii + 182 pp. Philadelphia: American Philosophical Society, 1966.
[journalArticle]BELL, WHITFIELD J., JR. Papers for the history of science. Q. J. Libr. Congress, 1967, 24:163–170.
Filmed collections of MSS in the American Philosophical Society.
[book]BRUSSELS, BIBLIOTHÈQUE ROYALE DE BELGIQUE. Inventaire des manuscrits scientifiques de la Bibliothèque Royale de Belgique. Par Roger Calcoen. 2 vols.; 119 pp.; 95 pp., plts. Brussels: Bibliothèque Royale; Brussels: Centre National d'Histoire des Sciences, 1965–1971.
[journalArticle]CHURCHILL, FREDERICK B. Berlin: The Darmstaedter Collection. Mendel Newsletter, 1969, 3:1–2.
Discusses principally the collection of letters of important scientists which the chemist Ludwig Darmstaedter (1846–1927) brought together at the Königliche Bibliothek in Berlin and which he described in the catalog Verzeichnis der Autographensammlung (Berlin, 1909).
[journalArticle]ELLIOTT, CLARK A. Sources for the history of science in the Harvard University Archives. Harv. Libr. Bull., 1974, 22:49–71.
[journalArticle]GOWING, MARGARET. The Contemporary Scientific Archives Centre. Archives, 1973, 11:73–75.
[journalArticle]HROCHOVÁ, M.; M. MAUEROVÁ. Stav zbierok a fotokópií a mikrofilmov z dejín vied a techniky v HÚ SAV. (A registry of the collection of photocopies and microfilms concerning the history of science and technology in the Historical Institute of the Slovak Academy of Sciences.) Z Dejín Vied Tech. Slov., 1962, 1:296–303; 1963, 2:284–286; 1964, 3:361–365.
Includes Latin, German, and Hungarian manuscripts, books, and dissertations from the 17th to the 19th Centuries.
[journalArticle]SCHMITT, CHARLES B. A survey of some of the manuscripts of the Biblioteca Lancisiana in Rome. Med. Hist., 1970, 14:289–294.
The library's MS holdings are mainly from the 16th-18th centuries and include some correspondence between William Harvey and Marco Aurelio Severino, as well as materials by Marcello Malpighi and Herman Boerhaave.
[book]SMITHSONIAN INSTITUTION ARCHIVES. Preliminary guide to the Smithsonian Archives. (Archives and special collections of the Smithsonian Institution, 1.) 72 pp. Washington: Smithsonian Institution Pr., 1971.
[book]STUTTGART, LANDESBIBLIOTHEK. Die Handschriften der Württembergischen Landesbibliothek Stuttgart. Zweite Reihe: Die Handschriften der ehemaligen Hofbibliothek Stuttgart. Vierten Band, Zweiter Teil: Codices physici, medici, mathematici, etc.; Poetae;Poetae germanici; Vitae sanctorum. Beschrieben von Marie Sophia Buhl und Lotte Kurras. xii + 148 pp. Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz, 1969. DM 44.
[book]VIENNA. NATIONALBIBLIOTHEK. Die datierten Handschriften der Österreichischen Nationalbibliothek biz zum Jahre 1400. Von Franz Unterkircher. (Katalog der datierten Handschriften in lateinischer Schrift in Österreich, 1.) 2 vols.; 104 pp., 268 pp., plts., index. Vienna: Böhlaus, 1969.

Ace primary literature

[bookChapter]DIBNER, BERN. Of martyrs, books and science. Pp. 163–182 in Homage to a bookman. Essays … for H.P. Kraus. Berlin: G. Mann, 1967.
[book]KNIGHT, DAVID M. Natural science books in English, 1600–1900. x + 262 pp., illus., plts., bibl., index. London: Batsford; New York: Praeger, 1972. £6.50.
[book]THORNTON, JOHN L.; ROBERT I. J. TULLY. Scientific books, libraries and collectors: A study of bibliography and the book trade in relation to science. 3rd edition, ix + 508 pp., 17 plts., bibl., index. London: Library Association, 1971. £7.

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Ace-bv primary literature: bibliographies, catalogues

[book]AMERICAN PHILOSOPHICAL SOCIETY LIBRARY. Catalog of books [and manuscripts] in the American Philosophical Society Library. Intro. by Whitfield J. Bell, Jr. 38 vols. Westport, Conn: Greenwood, 1970. $3850.
The extensive holdings in the history of science of this great library are widely known. This catalog will be a great aid to historians.
[book]AMERICAN PHILOSOPHICAL SOCIETY LIBRARY. Science and medicine to 1870: Pamphlets in the American Philosophical Society Library. Comp, by Simeon J. Crowther and Marion Fawcett. (Library publication, 1.) viii + 164 pp., index. Philadelphia: American Philosophical Society, 1968. $2.
[book]ASH, LEE; DENIS LORENZ. Subject collections. A guide to special book collections and subject emphasis as reported by university, college, public, and special libraries in the U.S. and Canada. Third edition, rev. and enl. ix + 1221 pp. New York: Bowker, 1967.
A valuable guide for locating research materials in libraries, both specific (i.e., Joseph Priestley) and general (i.e., Physics­history).
[book]BIBLIOTECA MEDICEA LAURENZIANA. Museo di Fisica e Storia Naturale di Firenze. Catalogo della Biblioteca Mediceo-Lorenese. A cura di Giuseppe Di Pietro, Maria Luisa Righini Bonelli. (Istituto e Museo di Storia della Scienza, Biblioteca, 8.) 578 pp., index. Florence: Olschki, 1970.
A bibliographically detailed catalog of 1768 books published between 1475 and 1859. Contains details on many works in the physical sciences difficult to find in other bibliographies. Arranged chronologically, with author index.
[book]BUFFALO MUSEUM OF SCIENCE. Milestones of science: Epochal books in the history of science as represented in the library of the Buffalo Society of Natural Sciences. Catalog comp. by Ruth A. Sparrow. (Buffalo Museum of Science collection catalog, 1.) xiv + 307 pp. Buffalo, N.Y: Buffalo Society of Natural Sciences, 1972.
[book]GARCÍA CASTELLANOS, TELASCO (ed.) Catalogo colectivo de obras fundamentales de las ciencias exactas y naturales y de historia de estas ciencias: Biblioteca de la Academia Nacional de Ciencias, Córdoba; Biblioteca Mayor, Universidad Nacional de Córdoba; Biblioteca de la Universidad Católica de Córdoba. Preparado por Telasco García Castellanos, con la colaboración de Graciela Olmos. 175 pp., index. Córdoba: Academia Nacional de Ciencias, 1972.
[book]GENOVA, BIBLIOTECA CIVICA. Catalogo del Fondo Demetrio Canevari della Biblioteca Civica Berio di Genova. A cura di Rodolfo Savelli. (Pubblicazioni del Centro di Studi del Pensiero Filosofico del Cinquecento e del Seicento in Relazione ai Problemi della Scienza, del Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche, Serie II: Strumenti bibliografici, 1.) lv + 476 pp., indexes. Florence: La Nuova Italia, 1974. L 5000.
This catalog of 15th-, 16th-, and 17th-century scientific books is arranged chronologically, with indexes to authors, translators, editors, and printers.
[book]GIRAUD, JEANNE. Manuel de bibliographic littéraire pour les XVIᵉ, XVIIᵉ et XVIIIᵉ siècles français, 1946–1955. xiv + 493 pp., index. Paris: Nizet, 1970.
Contains many references of interest to historians of science.
[journalArticle]ISTITUTO E MUSEO DI STORIA DELLA SCIENZA, Florence. Il catalogo dell'antica Biblioteca del Reale Museo di Fisica e Storia Naturale (continuation). Physis, 1968, 10:123–172, 347–389.
Previous parts of this catalog were published in Physis, 1966, 8:392–453 and 1967, 9:425–478.
[book]JOHN CRERAR LIBRARY. Author-title catalog. 35 vols. Boston: G.K. Hall, 1967. $2270.
The printed catalogue of the vast Crerar collections, invaluable to the historian of science.
[book]JOHN CRERAR LIBRARY. Classified subject catalog. 42 vols. Boston: G.K. Hall, 1967. $2820.
The indispensable subject guide to the historically rich collection of the Crerar Library.
[book]OKLAHOMA UNIVERSITY LIBRARY. Short-title catalog of the history of science collections. 631 pp. Norman: Univ. Oklahoma Library, 1969.
[book]UNION COLLEGE, SCHAFFER LIBRARY. Early scientific books in Schaffer Library, Union College. A checklist by Wayne Somers, with an introductory essay by Brooke Hindle. 70 pp., index. Schenectady, N. Y: Union College, 1971.
“This group of books consists of two quite different elements. One portion of it comprises fine examples of the textbooks and general syntheses which describe very clearly the science instruction in the early college [1795]. The second part contains a good selection of epochal works in the development of science to 1800…”
U.S. LIBRARY OF CONGRESS. The National Union Catalog: A cumulative author list representing Library of Congress printed cards and titles reported by other American libraries; comp. and ed. with the cooperation of the Library of Congress and the National Union Catalog Subcommittee of the Resources Committee of the Resources and Technical Services Division, American Library Association. London: Mansell, 1968.
The first 100 volumes of this great bibliographical project (which will eventually comprise some 600 volumes) are now available. An alphabetically-arranged author catalog, it will enable the scholar to locate printed materials in approximately 700 North American libraries.

Ace-by book collecting

[journalArticle]MICHAELIS, ANTHONY R. Collecting scientific books. New Scient., 1970, 48:550–552.
Offers practical advice on what scientific books one might collect, and how one can find them.
[journalArticle]ZEITLIN, JACOB I. Herbert M. Evans, pioneer collector of books in the history of science. Isis, 1971, 62:507–509.

Acf encyclopedias

[journalArticle]BUSCHBECK, K.-CHR.; W. LIPPERT; E. ÜHLEIN. Das systematische Handbuch in der naturwissenschaftlichen Literatur. Naturwissenschaften, 1968, 55(8):379–384.
Historical perspective. Includes modern developments and “the future of the handbook.”
[journalArticle]BUTTERFIELD, HERBERT. The history of encyclopedias. Times Lit. Suppl., 1974 (May 17):531–533.
[journalArticle]ENCYCLOPÉDIES et civilisations. Cah. Hist. Mond., 1966, 9:459–851.
Special issue. Contents: Pierre Grimal: Encyclopédies antiques. Maurice de Gandillac: Encyclopédies prémédiévales et médiévales. Jacques Fontaine: Isidore de Séville et la mutation de l'encyclopédisme antique. Jean Châtillon: Le Didascalicon de Hughes de Saint-Victor. Johannes Gründel: L'oeuvre encyclopédique de Raoul Ardent: Le Speculum Universale. Michel Lemoine: L'oeuvre encyclopédique de Vincent de Beauvais. Pierre Michaud-Quantin: Les petites encyclopédies du XIIIe siècle. Paul Lemerle: L'Encyclopédisme à Byzance à l'apogée de l'Empire, et particulièrement sous Constantin VII Porphyrogénète. Donald Robertson: The 16th-century Mexican encyclopedia of Fray Bernardino de Sahagún. Charles Pellat: Les encyclopédies dans le mond arabe. Jean Filloizat: Les encyclopédies de l'Inde. Wolfgang Bauer: The encyclopaedia in China. Jean Thomas: Un moment de développement culturel de l'humanité: L'Encyclopédie. Louis Trendard: Le rayonne ment de l'Encyclopédie (1751–1789). Robert Collison: Samuel Taylor Coleridge and the Encyclopaedia Metropolitana. Sheila McDonough: Sense and sensibility: A survey of Western attitudes to Hinduism, Buddhism, and Islam as expressed in various editions of the Encyclopaedia Britannica. Harvey Einbinder: The 11th edition of the Britannica: A monument of British scholarship. Warren E. Preece: The organization of knowledge and the planning of encyclopaedias: The case of the Encyclopaedia Britannica. Jacques Robichez: L'Encyclopédie francaise. Émile Delavenay: Quelques aspects pratiques de l'internationalisation d'une encyclopédie. Allen Kent: Information storage and retrieval and encyclopaedias. Robert Collison: A chronology of encyclopaedias till 1900.

Acf-bx

[book]WELLS, JAMES M. The circle of knowledge: Encyclopaedias past and present. An exhibition to commemorate the 200th anniversary of the Encyclopedia Britannica, on view at The Newberry Library April 9–May 31, 1968. Comp, with an introductory essay by James M. Wells. 56 pp., facsims. Chicago: Newberry Library, 1968.

Acj science periodicals

[book]COUPERUS, MARIANNE (ed.) L'étude des périodiques anciens: Colloque d'Utrecht. 223 pp. Paris: Nizet, 1972. F 29.96.
Contents: M. Duchet: Le dépouillement des périodigues. G. van Wesemael: Les bibliothèques de Hollande. J. Vercruysse: Pour un inventaire des périodiques français de Hollande. J. Sgard: D. F. Camusat et l'Histoire des journaux. M. Couperus: La terminologie appliqueé aux périodiques et aux journalistes. M. Couperus: Les conditions matérielles de publication du Glaneur. M. R. de Labriolle: Conditions matérielles de publication du Journal étranger. M. Gilot: Quelques lettres de lecteurs. J. Marx: La Bibliothue impartiale, étude de contenu. G. van Wesemael: Adresses des bibliothèques hollandaises. Quelques instruments de travail. P. J. Buijnsters: Bibliographie des périodiques hollandais rédigés selon le modèle des “Spectateurs”. C. M. Geerars: Périodiques satiriques hollandais. J.-D. Candaux: Les gazettes helvétiques inventaire provisoire. J. Sgard: Table chronologique des périodiques de langue française publiés avant la Révolution.
[journalArticle]GARFIELD, EUGENE. Citation analysis as a tool in journal evaluation. Science, 1972, 178:471–479.
[book]GEUS, ARMIN (ed.) Indices naturwissenschaftlichmedizinischer Periodica bis 1850. Band I: Der Naturforscher, 1774–1804. 182 pp. Stuttgart: Hiersemann, 1971. DM 69.
The first volume in a new series of indexes to older scientific and medical journals not previously indexed. These author­subject indexes, presented in a very readable format, will be of great assistance to historians of science.
[book]WILSON, EDWIN BIDWELL. History of the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 1914–1963. Supplemented by an author index to volumes 1–50. vii + 296 pp. Washington, D.C: National Academy of Sciences, 1966.

Acm scientific illustration

[journalArticle]RONAN, COLIN A. Illustrating the history of science. Proc. R. Instn Gt. Br., 1967, 41:681–689.
“The need to provide illustrations in the history of science is becommg ever more pressing as the fashion grows for illustrated books, yet the author and publisher often face grave difficulties.”

Acm-bx

[journalArticle]ARTELT, WALTER. Die Kunst abzubilden — Abbildung als Kunst. Einleitende Worte zur Eröffnungeines Austellung von illustrierten Büchern des Naturwissenschaften und der Medizin aus den Beständen der Senckenbergischen Bibliothek am 27. Juni 1967 in Frankfurt a.M. Medizinhist. J., 1967, 2:317–322.
[book]FORSCHUNG und Technik in der Kunst. Ludwigshafen am Rhein: Badische Anilin und Soda-Fabrik, 1965.
“Pour commémorer le centenaire de sa fondation la B.A.S.F. à organisé une exposition aux mois d'avril et mai 1965, à Ludwigshafen; le catalogue édité avec un très grand soin constitue une source originale de documents iconographiques sur l'histoire des sciences et des techniques.” Quoted from review by Maurice Daumas in Revue Hist. Sci. Applic., 1965, 18:336.
[book]NOTTINGHAM FESTIVAL, 1974. It's like this … 500 years of pictures for science. Organised for Nottingham Festival with the aid of an additional grant from the Arts Council. 87 pp., illus., bibl. Nottingham: 1974.
Catalog of an exhibition held at Nottingham Castle. June 15th to Sept. 15th, 1974.

[Start of page 5]

Acs coins; medals

[journalArticle]MICHAELIS, ANTHONY R. The medals of science. Proc. R. Instn. Gt. Br., 1966, 41:189–197.
Medals and coins, commemorating the achievements of scientists from Euclid to Einstein, examined as a valuable source of information for historians of science.

Ad biography

[journalArticle]SALIE, HANS. Poggendorff and Poggendorff. Trans, by Ralph E. Oesper. Isis, 1966, 57:389–392.
History and present status of the celebrated biographical­literary dictionary.

Ada collective biography

[book]ACADÉMIE DES SCIENCES, Paris. Index biographique des membres et correspondants de l'Académie des Sciences du 22 décembre 1666 au 15 décembre 1967. xiv + 575 pp., bibl. Paris: Gauthier-Villars, 1968. F 20.
[book]ANDREW, WARREN. One world of science; personal visits to men of research in many lands. (American lecture series, publication No. 650. American lectures in the history of medicine and science.) x + 271 pp., illus., ports. Springfield, Ill: C.C. Thomas, 1966.
[book]ASIMOV, ISAAC. Asimov's biographical encyclopedia of science and technology: The lives and achievements of 1195 great scientists from ancient times to the present, chronologically arranged. New revised edition. xxviii + 805 pp. Garden City, N. Y: Doubleday, 1972. $12.95.
[book]BARR, ERNEST SCOTT. An index to biographical fragments in unspecialized scientific journals. vii + 294 pp. University, Alabama: Univ. Alabama Pr., 1973. $12.50.
References to 7700 scientists. Based on an examination of the principal English language journals in the general sciences from 1798 to 1920.
[book]COURRIER, ROBERT. Vies laborieuses, vies fécondes. Tome I: Notices sur la vie et les travaux de quelques savants. 241 pp., ports. Paris: Gauthier-Villars, 1968.
Biographies of Eugène Bataillon, Gabriel Bertrand, Pol Bouin, Lucien Cuenot, Alfred Lacroix, René Leriche, René Maire, Thomas Hunt Morgan, Paul Portier, Serge Winogradsky.
[book]DEBUS, ALLEN G. (ed.) World who's who in science: A biographical dictionary of notable scientists from antiquity to the present. Assoc. eds.: Ronald S. Calinger, Edward J. Collins. Managing ed.: Stephen J. Kennedy, xvi + 1855 pp., bibl. Chicago: Marquis­Who's Who, 1968. $60.
[book]DICTIONARY OF SCIENTIFIC BIOGRAPHY. Charles Coulston Gillispie, editor in chief. 14 vols. New York: Scribner, 1970–1976.
An index volume is still to be published.
[book]GERLACH, WALTHER (ed.) Der Natur die Zunge lösen: Leben und Leistung grosser Forscher. 349 pp., illus., ports., bibl. Munich: Ehrenwirth, 1967.
[book]KAHANE, ERNEST; JEAN SALVINIEN. Les détectives de la science, à la conquête du présent. 229 pp., plts. Paris: Éditions Rationalistes, 1968. F 22.50.
[book]KRAFFT, FRITZ; ADOLF MEYER-ABICH (eds.) Grosse Naturwissenschaftler: Biographisches Lexikon. 399 pp., bibl. Frankfurt am Main: Fischer, 1970. DM 6.80 (paper).
[book]ROYAL SOCIETY, LONDON. Biographical memoirs of Fellows of the Royal Society. Volume 11. 219 pp. London: Royal Society, 1965.
Contents: Edward Battersby Bailey, by James Stubblefield. Leonard Bairstow, by G. Temple. David Brunt, by Graham Sutton. James Franck, by H. G. Kuhn. Jacques Hadamard, by Mary L. Cartwright. John Hammond, by William Slater and J. Edwards. Reginald William James, by Lawrence Bragg. James McFadyen McNeill, by Andrew McCance. Werner Wolfgang Rogosinski, by W. K. Hayman. Robert Beresford Sewell, by C. F. A. Pantin. George Clarke Simpson, by E. Gold. David Thoday, by W. Stiles. Harold Albert Wilson, by George Thomson. Donald Devereux Woods, by E. F. Gale and Paul Fildes.
[book]ROYAL SOCIETY, LONDON. Biographical memoirs of Fellows of the Royal Society. Volume 12. 564 pp., ports., bibl. London: Royal Society, 1966.
Contents: Edward V. Appleton, by J. A. Ratcliffe. Thomas G. Brown, by Lord Adrian. Winston L. S. Churchill, by R. V. Jones. Leslie R. Cox, by A. Rothstein (et al.). Neil H. Fairley, by John Boyd. John S. Foster, by R. E. Bell. Alexander T. Glenny, by C. L. Oakley. Herbert J. Gough, by S. F. Dorcy. Louis H. Gray, by J. F. Loutit and Oliver Scott. John B. S. Haldane, by N. W. Pirie. Ronald G. Hatton, by Edward Salisbury. Thomas P. Hilditch, by R. A. Morton. Arthur Holmes, by K. C. Dunham. Gordon M. Holmes, by Francis Walshe. Robert G. S. Hudson, by James Stubblefield. Theodore von Karman, by S. Goldstein. William D. Lang, by E. I. White. William R. Morris, First Viscount Nuffield, by D. W. Holder. Hans Pettersson, by G. E. R. Deacon. Francis J. Richards, by Helen K. Porter. Albert C. D. Rivett, by H. R. Marston. Edward J. Russell, by Gerard Thornton. Wilson Smith, by D. G. Evans. William A. Stanier, by Harold Hartley. Thomas Wallace, by William Slater and H. G. H. Kearns. George N. Watson, by J. M. Whittaker. Walter F. Whittard, by O. M. B. Bulman. Arthur Wormall, by W. T. J. Morgan and G. E. Francis.
[book]ROYAL SOCIETY, LONDON. Biographical memoirs of Fellows of the Royal Society. Volume 13. 385 pp., ports., bibl. London: Royal Society, 1967.
Contents: Saul Adler, by H. E. Shortt. Homi Jehangir Bhabha, by Lord Penney. John H. Gaddum, by W. Feldberg. Janies de Graaff-Hunter, by G. Bomford. Joseph A. Gray, by W. B. Lewis. Dalziel L. Haminick, by E. J. Bowen. George de Hevesy, by John Cockcroft. Jaroslav Heyrovsky, by J. A. V. Butler and P. Zuman. Maurice N. Hill, by Edward Bullard. Alick Isaacs, by Christopher Andrewes. Owen T. Jones, by William Pugh. Kariamanikkam Srinivasa Krishnan, by Kathleen Lonsdale and H J. Bhabha. Panchanan Maheshwari, by F. C. Steward. Hedley R. Marston, by R. L. M. Synge. Felix A. V. Meinesz, by G. J. Bruins and J. G. J. Scholte. Reginald C. Pimnett, by F. A. E. Crew. Alfred N. Richards, by C. F. Schmidt. Walter Stiles, by W. O. James. Laurence R. Wager, by W. A. Deer. William Wilson, by G. Temple and H. T. Flint. Frits Zernike, by S. Tolansky.
[book]ROYAL SOCIETY OF LONDON. Biographical memoirs of Fellows of the Royal Society. Volume 14. 467 pp., ports., bibls. London: Royal Society, 1968.
Obituaries of Alexander Craig Aitken, Clement Richard Attlee, Vernon Herbert Blackman, Walter Russel Brain, Gordon Roy Cameron, Thomas MacFarland Cherry, John Douglas Cockroft, Arthur Thomas Doodson, Harold Munro Fox, Kenneth James Franklin, John William Heslop Harrison, Albert Edward Ingham, Rupert Edward Cecil Lee Guinness, Reginald Patrick Linstead, Hermann Joseph Muller, J. Robert Oppenheimer, Carl Frederick Abel Pantin, Richard Julius Pumphrey, James Haward Taylor, Eustace Ebenezer Turner.
[book]ROYAL SOCIETY OF LONDON. Biographical memoirs of Fellows of the Royal Society. Volume 15. 266 pp., ports., bibls. London: Royal Society, 1969.
Obituaries of Frank Philip Bowden, Luitzen Egbertus Jan Brouwer, Edward Joseph Conway, William George Fearnsides, John Edward Harris, William Hume-Rothery, Lev Davydovitch Landau, Elmer Verner McCollum, Frederick Robert Miller, James Ernest Richey, Edmund Clifton Stoner, Harold Haydon Storey, and Petrus Johann du Toit.
[book]ROYAL SOCIETY OF LONDON. Biographical memoirs of Fellows of the Royal Society. Volume 16. [vi] + 562 pp., ports., bibl. London: Royal Society, 1970.
Contents: Frederic C. Bartlett, by D. E. Broadbent. Samuel P. Bedson, by A. W. Downie. Edward Ettingdean Brides, baron Bridges, by John Winnifrith. Stanley Melbourne Bruce, viscount Bruce of Melbourne, by Robert Menzies. William E. Curtis, by G. D. Rochester. Henry H. Dale, by W. S. Feldberg. Peter J. W. Debye, by Mansel Davies. Charles A. L. Evans, by I. de Burgh Daly and R. A. Gregory. Herbert J. Fleure, by Alice Garnett. Otto Hahn, by R. Spence. Herbert L. Hawkins, by P. Allen. David W. W. Henderson, by W. T. J. Morgan and L. H. Kent. Arthur St. George J. Mc. Huggett, by F. W. R. Brambell. Vincent C. Illing, by N. L. Falcon. Robert T. Leiper, by P. C. C. Garnham. Lise Meitner, by O. R. Frisch. Thomas R. Merton, by Harold Hartley and D. Gabor. Stanley Peat, by Edmund Hirst and J. R. Turvey. Alfred J. S. Pippard, by A. W. Skempton. Herbert H. Read, by J. Sutton. George R. S. Snow, by A. R. Clapham. Ernest B. Verney, by I. de Burgh Daly and L. Mary Pickford. Darashaw N. Wadia, by James Stubblefield.
[book]ROYAL SOCIETY, LONDON. Biographical memoirs of Fellows of the Royal Society. Volume 17. 756 pp., ports., bibls. London: Royal Society, 1971.
Contents: Abrams Samoilovitch Besicovitch, by J. C. Burkill. Max Born, by N. Kemmer and R. Schlapp. Sydney Chapman, by T. G. Cowling. Leonard Colebrook, by C. L. Oakley. Edward Foyle Collingwood, by Mary L. Cartwright and W. K. Hayman. Harold Davenport, by C. A. Rogers, D. A. Burgress, H. Halberstam and B. J. Birch. Charles Rundle Davidson, by Richard Woolley. William Henry Eccles, by J. A. Ratcliffe. William Scott Farren, by George Thomson and Arnol Hall. Alexander Fleck, baron Fleck of Saltcoats, by Ronald Holroyd. Howard Walter Florey, baron Florey of Adelaide and Marston, by E. P. Abraham. Edward Armand Guggenheim, by F. C. Tompkins and Charles Goodeve. Thomas Henry Havelock, by A. M. Binnie and P. H. Roberts. Willis Jackson, baron Jackson of Burnley, by D. Gabor and J. Brown. William Ogilvy Kermack, by J. N. Davidson, with appendices by F. Yates and W. H. McCrea. Alfred Alexander Peter Kleczkowski, by Frederick Bawden. Heinz London, by D. Shoenberg. Ernest Marsden, by C. A. Fleming. David Forbes Martyn, by Harrie Massey. William Harold Pearsall, by A. R. Clapham. Cecil Frank Powell, by F. C. Frank and D. H. Perkins, with an appendix by A. M. Tyndall. Chandrasekhara Venkata Raman, by S. Bhagavantam. Ernest Frederick Relf, by A. R. Collar. Alexander Robertson, by R. D. Haworth and W. B. Whalley. Francis Peyton Rous, by Christopher Andrewes. William Kershaw Slater, by H. D. Kay. Thomas Smith, by K. J. Habell. William Bertram Turrill, by C. E. Hubbard. Boris Petrovitch Uvarov, by Vincent Wigglesworth. Richard Whiddington, by N. Feather.
[book]ROYAL SOCIETY, LONDON. Biographical memoirs of Fellows of the Royal Society. Volume 18. 699 pp., ports., bibls. London: Royal Society, 1972.
Contents: Edward Neville da Costa Andrade, by Sir Alan Cottrell Horace Newton Barber, by C. D. Darlington. John Barker, by T. A. Bennet-Clark. John Boyd Orr, by H. D. Kay. Herbert McLean Evans, by E. C. Amoroso and G. W. Corner. Emmanuel Fauré-Fremiet, by E. N. Willmer. George Ingle Finch, by M. Blackman. Sydney John Folley, by Sir Alan Parkes. Charles Robert Harington, by Sir Harold Himsworth and Rosalind Pitt-Rivers. Geoffrey Wingfield Harris, by Marthe L. Vogt. Hildebrand Wolfe Harvey, by L. H. N. Cooper. Christopher Kelk Ingold, by C. W. Shoppee. Hans Kronberger, by L. Rotherham. Leslie William Mapson, by Robert Hill. Ronald Sydney Nyholm, by D. P. Craig. Leonard Bessemer Pfeil, by N. P. Allen. Harold Raistrick, by J. H. Birkinshaw. David Alymer Scott, by C. H. Best and A. M. Fisher. Frank Edward Smith, by Sir Charles Goodeve. Richard Vynne Southwell, by Sir Derman Christopherson. Arthur Stoll, by L. Ruzicka. The Svedberg, by S. Claesson and K. O. Pedersen. Otto Heinrich Warburg, by Sir Hans Krebs.
[book]ROYAL SOCIETY, LONDON. Biographical memoirs of Fellows of the Royal Society. Volume 19. 694 pp., ports., bibls. London: Royal Society, 1973.
Contents: Norman Percy Allen, by Sir Charles Sykes. Frederick Charles Bawden, by N. W. Pirie. Gavin Rylands De Beer, by E. J. W. Barrington. Samuel Francis Boys, by C. A. Coulson. Albert James Bradley, by H. Lipson. Francis William R. Brambell, by C. L. Oakley. Carl Hamilton Browning, by C. L. Oakley. Wilfrid E. Le Gros Clark, by Lord Zuckerman. James Bertrand Collip, by M. L. Barr and R. J. Rossiter. Hayne Constant, by Sir William Hawthorne (et al.) James Norman Davidson, by A. Neuberger, Stanley Fabes Dorey, by D. M. Smith. Paul Gordon Fildes, by G. P. Gladstone (et al.) Harold Brewer Hartley, by A. G. Ogston. Cyril Norman Hinshelwood, by Sir Harold Thompson. Solomon Lefschetz, by Sir William Hodge. Prasantha Chandra Mahalanobis, by C. R. Rao. Louis Joel Mordell, by J. W. S. Cassels. Lionel Sharpies Penrose, by Harry Harris. Francis J. W. Roughton, by Q. H. Gibson. Bertrand Russell, by G. Kreisel. Robert Arthur J. Gascoyne-Cecil, by Lord Todd. Basil F. J. Shonland, by T. E. Allibone. William Robin Thompson, by W. H. Thorpe. Stephen Prokfievitch Timoshenko, by E. H. Mansfield and D. H. Young.
[book]SCHREIBER, HERMANN. Vom Experiment zum Erfolg. Die Grossen der Naturwissenschaft und Technik von Leonardo da Vinci bis Otto Hahn. 407 pp., illus. Würzburg: Arena, 1969. DM 22.
[book]SIEDEL, FRANK; JAMES SIEDEL. Pioneers in science. Intro, by Leonard Carmichael. 160 pp., ports., bibl. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1968. $5.
U.S. NATIONAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCE. Biographical memoirs, vol. 40. 354 pp., ports., bibl. New York: Columbia Univ. Pr., 1969.
Contents: Eugene Thomas Allen, by Charles A. Anderson. Walter Hermann Bucher, by W. H. Bradley, Hugh Latimer Dry den, by Jerome C. Hunsaker and Robert C. Seamans, Jr. Luther Pfahler Eisenhart, by Solomon Lefschetz. Hermann Otto L. Fischer, by W. M. Stanley and W. Z. Hassid. Alexander Forbes, by Wallace O. Fenn. Walter Pearson Kelley, by Homer D. Chapman. Karl Landsteiner, by Michael Heidelberger. Clark Blanchard Millikan, by E. E. Sechler. Eger Vaughan Murphee, by Edwin R. Gilliland. John Spangler Nicholas, by Jane M. Oppenheimer. Carl Niemann, by John D. Roberts. Philip Anderson Schaffer, by Edward A. Doisy. Leo Szilard, by Eugene P. Wigner.
U.S. NATIONAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCE. Biographical memoirs, vol. 41. vi + 409 pp., ports., bibl. New York: Columbia University Pr., 1970.
Obituaries of Arnold Kent Balls, Percy Williams Bridgman, Dirk Brouwer, Rollin Thomas Chamberlin, Joseph Erlanger, Moses Gomberg, Edwin Powell Hubble, Albert Wallace Hull, Adolph Knopf, Ernest Orlando Lawrence Duncan Arthur MacInnes, William Frederick Meggers, Forest Ray Moulton, and George Braxton Pegram.

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U. S. NATIONAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES. Biographical memoirs. Volume 42. vi + 355 pp., ports., bibls. New York: Columbia Univ. Pr., 1971.
Contents: Milislav Demerec, by Bentley Glass. Alphonse Raymond Dochez, by Michael Heidelberger, Yale Kneeland, Jr., and Katherine Mills Price. William Francis Gibbs, by Walter C. Bachman. Melville Jean Herskovits, by Joseph H. Greenberg. Robert Harrington Kent, by Leslie E. Simon, Frank E. Grubbs, and Serge J. Zaroodny. Charles August Kraus, by Raymond M. Fuoss. Kenneth Fuller Maxcy, by W. Barry Wood, Jr., and Mary Lee Wood. Charles Edward Kenneth Mees, by Hans T. Clarke. Seth Barnes Nicholson, by Paul Herget. Gregory Goodwin Pincus, by Dwight J. Ingle. Alfred Newton Richards, by Carl F. Schmidt. Oswald Hope Robertson by L. T. Coggeshall John Harry Williams, by Alfred O. C. Nier.
U.S. NATIONAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES. Biographical memoirs. Vol. 43. vi + 353 pp., ports., bibls. New York: Columbia Univ. Pr., 1973.
Contents: George William Bartelmez, by David Bodian. Victor Hugo Benioff, by Frank Press. Edwin Garrigues Boring, by S. S. Stevens. Charles Judson Herrick, by George W. Bartelmez. Harry Hammond Hess, by Harold L. James. George Elbert Kimball, by Philip M. Morse. Walter Davis Lambert, by Charles A. Whitten. Howard Johnson Lucas, by William G. Young, Saul Winstein. Alden Holmes Miller, by Ernst Mayr. Otto Stern, by Emilio Segrè. Thomas Gordon Thompson, by Alfred C. Redfield, et. al. David Wright Wilson, by Eric G. Ball, John M. Buchanan. Edwin Bidwell Wilson, by Jerome Hunsaker, Saunders Mac Lane. Saul Winstein, by William G. Young, Donald J. Cram.
U.S. NATIONAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES. Biographical memoirs. Vol. 44. vii + 370 pp., ports., bibls. Washington, D.C.: National Academy of Sciences, 1974.
Contents: Charles Haskell Danforth, by Benjamin H. Willier. Thomas Francis, Jr., by John R. Paul. Donnel Foster Hewett, by James Gilluly. William Vermillion Houston, by Kenneth S. Pitzer, Harold E. Rorschach, Jr. Howard Bishop Lewis, by William C. Rose, Minor J. Coon. Robert Harry Lowie, by Julian H. Steward. Winthrop J. Vanleuven Osterhout, by L. R. Blinks. Theodore William Richards, by James Bryant Conant. Rodolf Ruedemann, by John Rodgers. Edward Arthur Steinhaus, by E. F. Knipling. Chester Hamlin Werkman, by Russell W. Brown.
U.S. NATIONAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES. Biographical memoirs. Vol. 45. vii + 465 pp., ports., bibls. Washington, DC.: National Academy of Sciences, 1974.
Contents: Harold Delos Babcock, by Ira S. Bowen. Irving Widmer Bailey, by Ralph H. Wetmore. Edward Wilber Berry, by Ernst Cloos. Marston Taylor Bogert, by Louis P. Hammett. Paul Sophus Epstein, by Jesse W. M. Dumond. Herbert McLean Evans, by George W. Corner. Victor Kuhn LaMer, by Louis P. Hammett Irving Langmuir, by C. Guy Suits, Miles J. Martin. Joseph Hoover Mackin, by Harold L. James. Elmer Verner McCollum, by Harry G. Day. George Richards Minot, by W. B. Castle. Carl Richard Moore, by Dorothy Price. James Flack Norris, by John D. Roberts. Oscar Riddle, by George W. Corner.
[book]WILLIAMS, TREVOR I. A biographical dictionary of scientists. Assistant ed. Sonia Withers, xi + 592 pp. London: Black; New York: Wiley-Interscience, 1969. £5.
[book]WILSON, MITCHELL. Passion to know: The world's scientists, xiii + 409 pp., index. Garden City, N. Y: Doubleday, 1972. £10.
An account, by a physicist turned novelist, of the extent to which the shape of our society is determined by developments in science and technology. The book is in a sense a personal document describing the author's contacts with scientists, generally physicists, throughout the world.
C. BOYER.

Adae portraits

[journalArticle]BARR, E. SCOTT. Nature's “Scientific worthies”. Isis, 1965, 56:354–356.
List of portraits of “Scientific worthies” which were published in Nature between 1873 and 1938.
[journalArticle]SHERWOOD, MARTIN. Caricatures of science. New Scient., 1970, 47:382–384.
Brief history of caricaturing and cartooning of scientists. Includes several illustrations.

Adaj source books; collection of texts

[book]HASKINS, CARYL. P., ed. The search for understanding. Selected writings of scientists of the Carnegie Institution, published on the sixty-fifth anniversary of the Institution's founding, xxiv + 330 pp. Washington: Carnegie Institution, 1967. $ 6.00
[book]SHAPLEY, HARLOW; SAMUEL RAPPORT; HELEN WRIGHT (eds.) The new treasury of science. Revised edition, xv + 762 pp. New York: Harper & Row, 1965. $8.95.
[book]WESTFALL, RICHARDS.; VICTOR E.THOREN (eds.) Steps in the scientific tradition; readings in the history of science, xii + 544 pp., illus. New York: Wiley, 1968. $8.95; $4.95 (paper).

Af history and philosophy of science as a study

[journalArticle]COURTIN, MADELEINE. Histoire des sciences: Recherche et enseignement. Actes XIe Cong. Int. Hist. Sci., 1965 (pub. 1968), 2:109–113.
[journalArticle]CZARTORYSKI, PAWEL. Some remarks on national history of science. Organon (Warsaw), 1966, 3:173–180.
[journalArticle]FICHANT, MICHEL. Wissenschaftsgeschichte und Wissenschaftstheorie. Studia Leib., 1971, 3:252–271.
[bookChapter]FOX, ROBERT. The history of science.H. J. Perkin (ed.) History: An introduction for the intending student. London: Routledge and K. Paul, 1970.
[book]INTRODUCTION à l'histoire des sciences, I: Éléments et instruments. Textes choisis par S. Bachelard, J. C. Cadieux, G. Canguilhem, Y. Conry, O. Ducrot, J. Guillerme, P. G. Hamamdjian, R. Rashed, C. Salomon-Bayet, J. Sebestik. viii + 296 pp., bibl. 2: Objet, méthode, exemples. Textes choisis par S. Bachelard, G. Canguilhem, Y. Conry, J. Guillerme, P. G. Hamamdjian, R. Rashed, C. Salomon-Bayet, J. Sebestik. 272 pp., bibl. Paris: Hachette, 1971.
[journalArticle]KEDROV, BONIFATII MIKHAILOVICH. Lessons the history of science teaches. Impact Sci. Soc., 1966, 16: 11–13.
[journalArticle]KEDROV, BONIFATII MIKHAILOVICH. Predmet i zadachi istorii estestvoznaniia i tekhniki. (The subject and goals of the history of natural science and technology.) Vop. Istor. Estest. Tekh., 1967, 21:5–18.
[journalArticle]KOTARBIŃSKI, TADEUSZ. L'histoire de la science—source de généralisations méthodologiques. Organon (Warsaw), 1966, 3:3–8.
[journalArticle]MIKULINSKY, S.R. History of science and some problems of modern science. Organon (Warsaw), 1966, 3:31–45.
[journalArticle]NORDSTRÖM, JOHAN. Om idé- och lärdomshistoria. Installationsföreläsning den 4 Mars 1933. (On the history of ideas and science. Inaugural lecture.) Lychnos, 1967–68:21–29.
Prof. Nordström's lecture on the occasion of his occupation of the chair of the history of ideas and science at the University of Uppsala is printed here for the first time.
[journalArticle]OLSZEWSKI, EUGENIUSZ. The social significance of the history of science and the history of technology. Organon (Warsaw), 1968, 5:105–111.
Discusses the importance of the history of science and technology for the science of science and the science of technology, and education in general.
[book]PÉCHEUX, MICHEL; MICHEL FICHANT. Sur l'histoire des sciences. (Cours de philosophic pour scientifiques, 3.) 172 pp. Paris: Maspero, 1969.
[journalArticle]RAVETZ, JEROME R. The evolution of science and of its history. Acta Hist. Rerum Nat. Tech., 1967, 3:51–64.
[journalArticle]ROSSI, PAOLO. Considerazioni sulla storia delle scienze. Riv. Crit. Stor. Fil., 1967, 22:319–330.
[journalArticle]RUSSO, FRANÇOIS. L'histoire des sciences et son avenir. Études, 1967, 327:609–623.
[journalArticle]RYBICKI, PAWEŁ. L'histoire des sciences et la sociologie de la science. Organon (Warsaw), 1969, 6:69–76.
[SARTON, GEORGE] On discipline building: The paradoxes of George Sarton. By Arnold Thackray and Robert K. Merton. Isis, 1972, 63:473–495.
“The limits of George Saxton's influence on the history of science reveal by default how the cognitive identity of a discipline is a matter of theoretical orientation and world view as well as tools and techniques … The history of science is now a firmly institutionalized field of learning in America and elsewhere. At first glance it shows little trace of Sarton's influence. Yet he not only created and assembled the necessary building materials through heroic feats of labor, he also saw himself as — and he was — the first deliberate architect of the history of science as an independent and organized discipline.”
[journalArticle]SEN, S.N. Changing patterns of the history of science. Sci. Cult., 1965, 31:214–219.
[journalArticle]SMITH, JOHN E. History of science and the ideal of scientific objectivity. Revue Int. Phil., 1972, 26:172–186.
“The history of science should lead us to focus on science in the making and not only on the logical structure of science as a completed body of theory; it should direct the attention of philosophers especially to the vicissitudes of scientific research and to a new sense of just how difficult an enterprise it is; and finally, close study of what actually happens in the development of both experimental investigation and theory construction should result in a new understanding of the role played by the individual scientist and the environment in which his work is carried on … I do not see, however, that the subjectivistic interpretation frequently associated with the historical approach need be regarded as belonging to it essentially.”
[journalArticle]SUCHODOLSKI, BOGDAN. Les facteurs du développement de l'histoire des sciences. Revue Synth., 1968, 89:27–38.
[journalArticle]SZABADVÁRY, FERENC. Reflections on the present and future of the history of science. J. Chem. Educ., 1971, 48:282–284.
The 1970 Dexter Award Address in the History of Chemistry. Science and technology are the determinant factors influencing die future, and the future development of science and technology cannot be judged or predicted without consideration of their history. A brief history of Hungarian chemistry is given from early metallurgical advances in the Middle Ages through the emigration of scientists to more prosperous countries (the “brain drain”). The contributions of a number of Hungarian chemists are briefly discussed.
G. B. KAUFFMAN
[journalArticle]TATON, RENÉ. L'histoire des sciences et la science actuelle. Organon (Warsaw), 1965, 2:213–225.
[book]TIMM, ALBRECHT. Einführung in die Wissenschaftsgeschichte. 149 pp., bibl. Munich: Fink, 1973.
[journalArticle]ZNACHKO-IAVORSKII, IGOR L. O wspóldzialaniu róznych nauk w badaniach nad historia nauki, teckniki i kultury materialnej. (Concerning the cooperation of the various sciences in research on the history of science, technology, and material culture.) Kwart. Hist. Nauki Tech., 1970, 15:249–265.

Af-a the study of the history of science in different countries (including national history-of-science research institutes and societies)

[journalArticle]VERDOORN, FRANS. History-of-science institutions and their universities. Janus, 1971, 58:278–288.

Af-ab North America

[journalArticle]DEXTER, RALPH W. Concern for the history of science at meetings of the Ohio Academy of Science, 1891–1966, with an analysis of the papers. Ohio J. Sci., 1967, 67:372–378.
[book]HISTORY OF SCIENCE SOCIETY. Directory of members, 2nd edition. Comp, by Rosemary Regan, ii + 120 pp., index. Washington, D.C.: History of Science Society, 1971.

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[book]HOLLAND, HAROLD E. Academic libraries and the history of science. (Univ. Illinois Graduate School of Library Science, occasional papers, 91.) 32 pp. Urbana: Univ. Illinois Grad. School of Library Science, 1968.
A survey of library facilities in the United States supporting academic work in the history of science.
[journalArticle]LENZEN, VICTOR F. The University of California history of science dinner club. Isis, 1971, 62:509–511.
On the occasion of the death of Herbert M. Evans.
[journalArticle]REINGOLD, NATHAN. Confessions of a reformed archivist. Am. Arch., 1968, 31:371–377.
Concerning the launching of a history of science program in the Science and Technology Division of the Library of Congress.

Af-ac Latin America

[journalArticle]SOMOLINOS D'ARDOIS, GERMAN. Historia de la ciencia. Historia Mex., 19651966, 15(2–3):269–290.
A discussion of Mexican scholarship in the history of science, with an introductory bibliography.

Af-ae British Isles

[journalArticle]DEMISE of a Department. Nature, 1969, 221:995.
Discusses the probable closing of the History and Philosophy of Science Department at University College London.
[journalArticle]DINGLE, HERBERT. The University College affair. New Scient., 1969, 41(642):675–676.
“Discussions are now in progress with a view to closing the history and philosophy of science department at University College, London. Here a distinguished former head of the department discusses the importance of ‘the understanding of science’ arid explains why the closure of the department would be ‘a cause of external reproach and internal shame’.”

Af-ag Germany

[journalArticle]FORBES, ERIC G. History of science in the Federal Republic of Germany. Hist. Sci., 1974, 12:147–151.
[journalArticle]STICKER, BERNHARD. The Institute for the History of Science at the University of Hamburg: The first ten years, 1960–1970. Isis, 1972, 63:393–394.

Af-ah Czechoslovakia, Poland

[book]ČESKOSLOVENSKÁ SPOLEČNOST PRO DĚJINY VĚD A TECHNIKY, při Československě Akademii Věd. Zprávy. (Reports of the Czechoslovak Society for the History of Science and Technology [associated with] the Czechoslovak Academy of Sciences.) No. 1, 80 pp.; no. 2, 80 pp.; no. 3, 88 pp.; nos. 4–5, 132 pp. Prague: Českoslovenká společnost pro dějiny věd a techniky při Českoslovenká společnost pro dějiny věd a techniky při ČSAV, 1965–1966.
A news bulletin of the Society. Continues the earlier Zprávy Komise pro dějiny přírodních, lékařských a technických věd.
[journalArticle]KOWALEWSKI. ZDZISŁOW. Historia nauki a naukoznawstwo: Zarys kierunków rozwoju i zmian organizacyjnych zakladu historii nauki i techniki. (The history of science and the study of the progress of human knowledge: An outline of developmental trends and organisational changes in the Polish Academy of Science's Institute for the History of Science and Technology.) Kwart. Hist. Nauki Tech., 1970, 15:471–485.
[journalArticle]NOVÝ, LUBOŠ. L'histoire de la science et de la technique en Tchécoslovaquie. Acta Hist. Rerum Nat. Tech., 1965. 1:171–192.
[journalArticle]OLSZEWSKI. EUGEN1USZ. Perspektywy roswoju historii nauki i historii techniki w Polsce. (Prospects of the development of the history of science and technology in Poland.) Kwart. Hist. Nauki Tech., 1967. 12:241–251.
[journalArticle]TIBENSKY. JAN. The history of science and technology in Slovakia. Technology Cult., 1967, 8:480–484.
An account of the status and research of the Department of the History of Science and Technology of the Historical Institute of the Slovak Academy.

Af-ai Italy

[book]BULFERETTI, LUIGI. Gli studi italiani di storia della scienza e della tecnica nell'età contemporanea. 129 pp. Milan: Marzorati, 1967. L 2200.
See also vol. 1, part 2:
Istituto e Museo di Storia delle Scienza, Florence

Af-an Russia

[journalArticle]BLAKELEY, THOMAS J. Soviet philosophic method: The case of B.M. Kedrov. Stud. Soviet Thought, 1966, 6:1–24.
Prof. Bonifatii Mikailovic Kedrov, Soviet philosopher and historian of science, and his relations with the Party.
[journalArticle]HVOSTOV, V. L'activité scientifique de l'Institut d'histoire de l'Académie des sciences d'USSR. Revue Hist., 1966, 236:130–134.
[journalArticle]ISTORIIA estestvoznaniia i tekhniki v Sovetskom Soiuze. (The history of science and technology in the Soviet Union.) Vop. Istor. Estest. Tekh., 1971, 36–37:8–106.
Special issue. Contents in English, papers in Russian with English summaries. I. G. Bashmakova, E. P. Ozhigova: Studies on the history of mathematics. A. N. Bogolyubov: Works of Soviet historians of mechanics. P.S. Kudryavtzev: The development of Soviet history of physics. A. A. Makarenya: The contribution of Soviet scientists to the history of chemistry. D. I. Gordeyev: Studies on the history of geology. I. E. Amlinski: Some features of the development of the history of biology in the USSR. Vs. I. Ostolski, A. A. Parkhomenko: Studies on the history of technology. S. V. Shukhardin, A. A. Kuzin: The study of the problems of modern scientific and technical revolutions. E. M. Mirski: The science of science in the USSR (history, problems, prospects). N. I. Rodnyi: Scientific biographies as a genre in the historiography of science.
[journalArticle]PETROSSIAN, G. B. The achievements of the history of natural sciences and engineering in Soviet Armenia. (In Armenian.) Iz Istor. Estest. Tekh., 1962, 2:5–20.
A review of research done in the last 40 years.
[journalArticle]PLOTK1N, S. Ia. The main developmental trends of the historical studies on science and technology in the Soviet Union. Organon (Warsaw), 1969, 6:297–312.
[journalArticle]PLOTKIN, S. IA. Organizatsiia v SSSR issledovanii po istorii estestvoznaniia i tekhniki. (Organization of research in the history of science and technology in the USSR.) Vop. Istor. Estest. Tekh., 1967, 23:3–9.
The lead article in a special issue devoted to the study of the history of science in Russia. Contents: B.A. Rozenfel'd: Istoriia matematiki. I.B. Pogrebysskii: Istoriia mckhaniki. V.G. Selikhanovich, P.G. Kilikovskii: Istoriia astronomii i geodezii. Ia.G. Dorfman: O zadachakh i putiakh izucheniia istorii nauki. (On tasks and methods in the study of the history of science.) Ia.G. Dorfman, O.A. Lezhneva: Istoriia fizikii. G.V. Bykov: Istoriia khimii. A.I. Ravikovich: Istoriia geologischeskikh nauk. V.A. Esakov: Istoriia fizicheskoi geografii. L.Ia. Bliakher: Istoriia biologicheskikh nauk. I.I. Artobolevskii: Istoriia tekhniki. A.T. Grigor’ian, A.P. Youschkevitch: Mezhdunarodyne nauchnye sviazi sovetskikh istorikov estestvoznaniia i tekhniki. (International scientific contacts of Soviet historians of science and technology.)

Af-at Japan

[journalArticle]ŌYA, SHIN-ICHI. History of science in Japan. (In Japanese.) Kagakusi Kenkyu, 1970, 9:129–138.

Afd biography of historians of science

[journalArticle]PRICE, DEREK J. DE SOLLA. Who's who in the history of science: A survey of a profession. Tech. Soc., 1969, 5(2):52–55.
“The present paper represents, I believe, a first and very preliminary attempt to bring together data on the demography of our professions and to use this quantitative data to throw light on our organization problems.”
[book]STICKER, BERNHARD; FRIEDRICH KLEMM (eds.) Wege zur Wissenschaftsgeschichte. Lebenserinnerungen von Franz Hammer, Joseph E. Hofmann, Adolf Meyer-Abich, Martin Plessner, Hans Schimank, Johannes Steudel und Kurt Vogel. (Beiträge zur Geschichte der Wissenschaften und Technik, 10.) 153 pp., ports. Wiesbaden: Steiner, 1969.
Contents: Franz Hammer: Ein Leben im Dienst der Keplerforschung. Joseph E. Hofmann: Vier Jahrzehnte im Ringen um mathematikgeschichtliche Zusammenhänge. Adolf Meyer-Abich: Atlantische Existenz. Martin Plessner: Von der Islamwissenschaft zur Geschichte der Wissenschaften. Hans Schimank: Reise in die Vergangenheit. Randbemerkungen zum Lebenslauf eines Phtsikhistorikers. Johannes Steudel: Erinnerungen an das Karl-Sudhoff-Institut der Medizin und der Naturwissenschaften an der Universität Leipzig. Kurt Vogel: Rückschau auf vierzig Jahre Mathematikgeschichtsforschung.
[journalArticle]FOR biographies and bibliographies of individual historians of science see volume 1 under: Ameisenowa, Zofia; Auger, Léon; Baron, Walter, Bauer, Edmond; Bernal, John D.; Birkenmajer, Aleksandre; Bologa, Valeriu L.; Bonacker, Wilhelm; Butterfield, Herbert; Cassina, Ugo; Collet, Georges; Corsano, Antonio; Crowther, James G.; Culotta, Charles A.; Czwalina, Arthur; De Beer, Gavin R.; Diels, Hermann; Dijksterhuis, Eduard J.; Duhem, Jules; Dunn, Leslie C.; Enriques, Federigo; Farber, Eduard; Fisch, Max; Frankenberger, Zdenek; Fueter, Eduard; Garin, Eugenio; Gloden, Albert; Gowing, Margaret; Grigor’ian, Ashot T.; Guelfond, Alexandre O.; Gunther, Robert T.; Harig, Gerhard; Hartley, Harold; Heller, Siegfried; Hofmann, Joseph E.; Hornberger, Theodore; Koyré, Alexandre; Krylov, Aleksei N.; Kuznetsov, Boris G.; Lacoin, Maurice; Laissus, Joseph; McKie, Douglas; Maier, Anneliese; Mansion, Paul; Mendel, Leo; Michel, Paul-Henri; Morgenthaler, Otto; Needham, Joseph; Nemec, Bohumil; Nissen, Claus; Nordström, Johan Oka, Kunio; O'Malley, Charles D.; Pagel, Walter; Partington, James R.; Petit, Georges; Plumb, John H.; Raikov, Boris E.; Raven, Charles E,; Reidemeister, Kurt; Rey Pastor, Julio; Rochot, Bernard; Sarton, George; Shullian, Dorothy; Singer, Dorothea W.; Skelton, Raleigh A.; Stahl, William H.; Staszewski, Josef; Struve, Vasilii V.; Taylor, Eva G.R.; Teske, Arinin; Thorndike, Lynn, Torlais, Jean; Verdoorn, Frans; Vlastos, Gregory; Vogel, Kurt; Walzer, Richard; Whyte, Lancelot L.; Wierzbicki, Witold; Wohlwill, Emil; Youschkevitch, Adolf P.; Zinner, Ernst; Zubov, Vasilii P.

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Afqx international congresses for the history of science

for proceedings of the congresses see Ab

[journalArticle]KAMINER, L. V.; S. IA. PLOTKIN. K istorii Mezhdunarodnykh Kongressov po Istorii Nauki. (On the history of the International Congress of the History of Science.) Vop. Istor. Estest. Tekh., 1971, 36–37:146–157.
[journalArticle]OSIŃSKA, WANDA. Z dziejów miedzynarodowej organizacji historyków nauki. (From the history of the international organization of the historians of science.) Kwart. Hist. Nauki Tech., 1965, 10:313–323.
Knglish summary
[journalArticle]POULLE, EMMANUEL. Le congrès d'histoire des sciences de Varsovie-Cracovie. Bibltque Hum. Renaiss., 1966, 28:163–167.

Afqx-an

[journalArticle]GRIGOR’IAN, ASHOT TIGRANOVICH; A.P. YOUSCHKEVITCH. Die internationalen wissenschaftlichen Beziehungen der sowjetischen Historiker der Naturwissenschaft und Technik in 50 Jahren der Sowjetmacht. NTM, 1968, 5(11):1–10.

Ag teaching history of science

[journalArticle]AGASSI, JOSEPH. Can we learn from history? Actes XIIe Cong. Int. Hist. Sci., 1968 (pub. 1970), 2:5–8.
“I contend that it will be much easier and much more challenging to science students to have in their texts false hypotheses and false rationales, and erroneous deductions stated and corrected. This historians of science can help to bring about.”
[journalArticle]AGIN, MICHAEL L. The feasibility of teaching science via a socio-historical approach. Diss. Abs. Int., 1971, 31:6428–A.
Dissertation at Univ. Wisconsin, 1970. Supervisor: Milton O. Pella. Univ. Microfilms order no 71–280. 641 pp. $4 film; $10 xerox.
[journalArticle]BELLONI, LUIGI. La répétition des expériences anciennes et son utilité pour l'histoire des sciences. Actes XIIe Cong. Int. Hist. Sci., 1968 (pub. 1970), 2:13–16.
[journalArticle]BLÜH, OTTO. A ratiocination on the history of science. J. Tenn. Acad. Sci. 1964, 39(3): 107–108.
[journalArticle]BOLDT, WALTER B. Application of Thomas S. Kuhn's view of science to science teaching: An exploratory study. Diss. Abs. Int., 1970, 30:2897–A.
Dissertation at the Univ. of Illinois, 1969. Univ. Microfilms order no. 70–797. 433 pp. $5.55.
[book]BRIERLEY, JOHN (ed.) Science in its context. A symposium with special references to sixth-form studies, vii + 327 pp. London: Heinemann, 1964. £1.10s.
Includes discussion of the value of teaching science via the history of science.
[journalArticle]BRUSH, STEPHEN G. Should the history of science be rated X? Science, 1974, 183:1164–1172.
The author raises the point that the way scientists behave (according to historians) might not be a good model for students, since contemporary history of science is basically subversive of the conventional description of scientific behavior, e.g., it shows that scientists rarely depend upon “the scientific method”. He concludes, however, that while the “new history” will not serve “the teacher who wants to indoctrinate his students in the traditional role of the scientists as a neutral fact finder”, it will surely inspire “those teachers who want to counteract the dogmatism of the textbooks and convey some understanding of science as an activity that cannot be divorced from metaphysical or esthetic considerations.”
G. B. KAUFFMAN
[journalArticle]CROWE, MICHAEL J. Black boxes and white cans: An effective experiment for use in college science courses, and elsewhere. J. Gen. Educ., 1968, 19: 263–268.
The author describes a simple but effective experimental device which he has used in his history of science courses in order to raise questions concerning the nature of scientific discovery.
[journalArticle]EASLEA, BRIAN. An introduction to the history and social studies of science: A seminar course for first-year science students. Sci. Stud. (London), 1973, 3:185–209.
[journalArticle]EDGE, D. O. Career choices by Science Studies students. Nature, 1970, 225:506–507.
“The Faculty of Science in the University of Edinburgh initiated in October 1967 a one-year course in Science Studies as an option in the curriculum of science students. It is an introduction to some of the social and intellectual implications of the rise of modern science and technology; the material is selected from studies in history, philosophy, sociology and political science, and the topics are related so as to explore the social nature of science (the course is described in the Science Studies Unit's First Report, 1966–69).” It has been found that graduates who took Science Studies at Edinburgh are more likely to choose careers in industry and commerce than are specialist science students.
[journalArticle]IHDE, AARON J. The place of history in science teaching. Newsletter Wise. Soc. Sci. Teachers, 1967, 8(4):6–7; 1967, 9(1):8–9.
[journalArticle]JEWSIEWICKI, WLADYSŁAW. Problema obucheniia i vospitaniia nauchnykh rabotnikov v oblasti istorii nauki. (The problem of training and education of scientists in the history of science.) Actes XIe Cong. Int. Hist. Sci., 1965 (pub. 1968). 2:119–125.
[journalArticle]KAHANE, ERNEST. Paul Langevin et la méthode historique dans l'enseignement des sciences. Organon (Warsaw), 1966, 3:161–167.
[journalArticle]KAUFFMAN, GEORGE B. Teaching the history of science: A biographical approach. J. Coll. Sci. Teach., 1971, 1(2):26–28.
Because both the biographical approach to history and the requirement of some sort of term paper are established practices in many courses in the history of science, the author proposes that these two practices be combined. With specific examples from the history of chemistry, the advantages and limitations of such an approach are discussed, and practical suggestions for incorporating biographical term papers into the history of science course are given. Author's abstract.
[journalArticle]KLOPFER, LEOPOLD E. The teaching of science and the history of science. J. Res. Sci. Teach., 1969, 6:87–95.
Uses an account of Humphry Davy's visit to France as an example of how the history of science can be used in teaching science.
[journalArticle]RUSSELL, THOMAS L. Logical and chronological evidence from the history of science. J. Coll. Sci. Teach., 1973, 2(4):23–24.
Differentiates logical evidence from chronological evidence and points out the weakness of teaching the history of science as a simple chronology of events. Uses Harvey's discovery as a case study.
[journalArticle]SCHUFLE, J. A. The use of case histories in the teaching of history of science. Texas J. Sci., 1969, 21:101–108.
A paper presented at the Symposium on Teaching the History of Chemistry at the 155th National Meeting of the American Chemical Society, San Francisco, Calif., April, 1968. The use of the “case history” approach is advocated for teaching the history of chemistry, with the phlogiston theory and Tobern Bergman's use of it discussed as an example.
G. B. KAUFFMAN
[journalArticle]SMOLICZ, J.J. History and philosophy of science and the education of scientists. Aust. Univ., 1967, 5:227–261.
[book]STEELE, DAVID (ed.) The history of scientific ideas: A teacher's guide. 279 pp., illus., map, bibl., index. London: Hutchinson Educational, 1970. 35s.
[journalArticle]SUCHODOLSKI, BOGDAN. L'histoire des sciences et l'éducation de l'homme moderne. Organon (Warsaw), 1966, 3:127–147.
[journalArticle]VOISÉ, WALDEMAR. Considérations sur les cours d'histoire des sciences. Organon (Warsaw), 1966, 3:169–172.
[journalArticle]VOISÉ, WALDEMAR. Considérations sur l'enseignement de l'histoire des sciences. Actes XIe Cong. Int. Hist. Sci., 1965 (pub. 1968), 2:115–117.

Ag-ab North America

[journalArticle]CAENGEM, R. VAN. Universitair onderwijs in de Geschiedenis der Wetenschappen in de Verenigde Staten. (University instruction in the history of science in the United States.) Scientiarum Hist., 1965, 7:202–212.
[journalArticle]FRENCH, RICHARD; MICHAEL GROSS. A survey of North American graduate students in the history of science, 1970–71. Sci. Stud. (London), 1973, 3:161–179.
[journalArticle]PRICE, DEREK J. DE SOLLA. A guide to graduate study and research in the history of science and medicine. Isis, 1967, 58:385–395.
List of faculties in the history of science in U.S. and Canadian universities (arranged by university). Includes enrollment figures for 1966–67.

Ag-ae British Isles

[book]BLACK, SANDRA, RON B. THOMSON. History and philosophy of science: A guide to study and research at Oxford University. Second (revised) edition. 40 pp. Oxford: University of Oxford, 1973.

Ag-ag Germany

[journalArticle]HERMANN, ARMIN. History of science and technology at the University of Stuttgart. Isis, 1972, 63:394–395.

Ag-ah Poland

[book]OSIŃSKA, WANDA (ed.) O nauezaniu historii nauki: Praca zbiorowa. (Monografie z dziejów nauki i techniki, 96.) 332 pp. Wroclaw: Ossolineum, 1974.

Ag-an Russia

[journalArticle]SERGEYEV, YEVGENI. The history of sciences at Moscow State University. Tech. Soc., 1967, 4(1):46–48.

Ag-at Japan

[journalArticle]WATANABE, MASAO. Teaching history of science in Japan. Jap. Stud. Hist. Sci., 1971, 10:25–26.

Ah historiography of the history of science

[journalArticle]BUTTERFIELD, HERBERT. History as the organization of man's memory. Nature, 1965, 208:1036–1039.
This is the substance of a lecture delivered in Washington, D.C., on the bicentennial celebration of the birth of James Smithson, benefactor of the Smithsonian Institution. Butterfield gives some historical answers, as well as his own, to the question “What is history”.
P. PAV.
[bookChapter]BUTTERFIELD, HERBERT. The history of historiography and the history of science. Pp. 57–68 in Mélanges Alexandre Koyré. Vol. 2. Paris: Hermann, 1964.
[book]CANTOR, NORMAN F. Perspectives on the European past: Conversations with historians, xix + 359 + 362 pp. New York: Macmillan, 1971. $11.95.
Includes a conversation with A. R. Hall on the Scientific Revolution (pp. 344–359) and Frank E. Manuel on the Enlightenment and the history of ideas (pp. 27–40).
[bookChapter]CLARK, JOSEPH T. The science of history and the history of science.Duane H. D. Roller (ed.) Perspectives in the history of science and technology. Norman: Univ. Oklahoma Pr., 1971.

[Start of page 9]

[book]GILBERT, FELIX; STEPHEN R. GRAUBARD (eds.) Historical studies today. xx + 469 pp., index. New York: Norton, 1972. $12: $3.95 (paper).
First published in Daedalus, winter-spring 1971. Contents: E. J. Hobsbawm: From social history to the history of society. John Habakkuk: Economic history and economic theory. François Furet: Quantitative history. Emmanuel Le Roy Ladurie: Paul Dumont: Quantitative and cartographical exploitation of French military archives, 1819–1826. Lawrence Stone: Prosopography. Felix Gilbert: Intellectual history: Its aims and methods. thomas S. Kuhn: The relations between history and history of science. John E. Talbott: Education in intellectual and social history. Frank E. Manuel: The use and abuse of psychology in history. Robert Darnton: Reading, writing, and publishing in 18th-century France: A case study in the sociology of literature. M. I. Finley: Archaeology and history. Pierre Goubert: Local history. Lawrence Stone: English and United States local history. Stephan Thernstrom: Reflections on the new urban history. Jacques Le Goff: Is politics still the backbone of history? Gordon A. Craig: Political and diplomatic history. Peter Paret: The history of war. Arthur Schlesinger, Jr.: The historian as participant. Jan Vansina: Once upon a time: Oral traditions as history in Africa. Benjamin I. Schwartz: A brief defense of political and intellectual history … with particular reference to nonwestern countries.
[book]GUINSBURG, THOMAS N. (ed.) The dimensions of history: Readings on the nature of history and the problems of historical interpretation. ix + 157 pp., index. Chicago: Rand McNally, 1971. $2.95 (paper).
[book]MANUEL, FRANK E. Freedom from history and other untimely essays. x + 301 pp., bibl., index. New York: New York Univ. Pr., 1971. $8.95.
Contents: Freedom from history. The use and abuse of psychology in history. In defense of philosophical history. The golden age: A mythic prehistory for Western Utopia. Pansophia, a 17th-century dream of science. Toward a psychological history of Utopias. Newton as autocrat of science. The intellectual in politics: Locke, Newton, and the Establishment. Henri Saint-Simon on the role of the scientist. From equality to organicism. Two styles of philosophical history. Thoughts on great societies.
[journalArticle]MC GILL, WILLIAM J. Herbert Butterfield and the idea of liberty. S. Atlan. Q., 1971, 70:1–12.
On Butterfield's ideas on historiography.
[journalArticle]WHITE, HAYDEN V. The tasks of intellectual history. Monist, 1969, 53:606–630.

Ahc historical techniques

[journalArticle]ACLS CONFERENCE on Computer Technology in the Humanities. ACLS Newsletter, 1969, 20(6):8–12.
Report on a conference held in September, 1969, at the University of Kansas.
[book]ANALIZ tendentsii i prognozirovanie nauchnotekhnicheskogo progressa. Primenenie matematicheskikh metodov i EVM v issledovaniiakh po istorii nauki i tekhniki. (Analysis of tendencies and prognosis of scientific and technical progress. Application of mathematical methods and EVM in doing research on the history of science and technology.) 344 pp. Kiev: Naukova Dumka, 1967.
[journalArticle]DOBROV, GENNADY M. The use of mathematical methods and computers for analyzing tendencies of development of science and engineering. Organon (Warsaw), 1967, 4:253–265.
As applied to research in the history of science.
[journalArticle]DOBROV, GENNADY M.; VALERY KLIMENTINKA; SEMEN SHUKHARDIN. Thesaurus of scientific events. Organon (Warsaw), 1967, 4:267–269.
Punch-card technique for recording scientific events.
[journalArticle]GARFIELD, E. Citation indexing for studying science. Nature, 1970, 227:669–671.
“Basically, then, the SCI [Science Citation Index] does two things. First, it tells what has been published … Second, because a citation indicates a relationship between a part of the whole of a cited paper and a part or the whole of the citing paper, the SCI tells how each brick in the edifice of science is linked to all the others. Because it performs these two fundamental functions so well, important applications for the SCI have been found in three major areas: library and information science, history of science, and the sociology of science.”
[journalArticle]GARFIELD, EUGENE. Primordial concepts, citation indexing, and historio-bibliography. J. Libr. Hist., 1967, 2:235–249.
[journalArticle]KENNEDY, E.S. The digital computer and the history of the exact sciences. Centaurus, 1967, 12:107–113.
[book]SHORTER, EDWARD. The historian and the computer: A practical guide. x + 149 pp., index. Englewood Cliffs, N. J: Prentice-Hall, 1971. $6.95.
[journalArticle]SVANKMAJER, MILAN. K otázkám strojních rešersí v historiografii. (Problems of machine literature searching in historiography.) Česk. Čas. Hist., 1965, 13:49–64.
[journalArticle]TOMITA, TETSUO; KAZUTOSHI HATTORI. Compilation of a thesaurus and total index for Nihon kagaku-gijutsu-shi taikei (History of science and technology of Japan) by means of a computer. Jap. Stud. Hist. Sci., 1972, 11:41–65.
[book]USTINOV, VALENTIN ALEKSEEVICH. Primenenie vychislitel'nykh mashin v istoricheskoi nauke dlia analiza massovykh istoricheskikh istochnikov. (The application of computers in the science of history for analyzing a multitude of historical sources.) 230 pp., illus., facsims., bibl. Moscow: Mysl, 1964.

Ahd historical methods

[book]BARON, WALTER, ed. Beiträge zur Methodik der Wissenschaftsgeschichte. (Beiträge zur Geschichte der Wissenschaft und der Technik, Heft 9.) 80 pp. Wiesbaden: Franz Steiner, 1967. DM 5.80.
Contents: Walter Baron, Die Entwicklung der Biologie im 19. Jahrhundert und ihre geistesgeschichtlichen Voraussetzungen. Fritz Krafft, Die Anfänge einer theoretischen Mechanik und die Wandlung ihrer Stellung zur Wissenschaft von der Natur. Adolf Meyer-Abich, Geschichte der Naturwissenschaften oder Geschichte der Naturwissenschaft? Hans Schimank, Otto von Guericke als forschertyp des 17. Jahrhunderts. Christoph J. Scriba. Uber Aufgaben und Probleme mathematikhistorischer Forschung.
[journalArticle]CAPPELLETTI, VINCENZO. Attualità della storiografia scientifica. Physis, 1972, 14:394–406.
[journalArticle]CAPPELLETTI, VINCENZO. Considerazioni sulla storiografia della scienza, rileggendo Federigo Enriques. Physis, 1971, 13:307–323.
[book]CONVEGNO SUI PROBLEMI METODOLOGICI DI STORIA DELLA SCIENZA, Torino, 1967. Atti. (Domus Galilaeana, Pisa. Pubblicazioni di storia della scienza. Sezione V: Atti di convegni, vol. 2.) 187 pp., illus. Florence: g. Barbèra, 1967.
Contents: Gianni Micheli, Storia della scienza e storia della filosofia: Problemi di metodo. Evandro Agazzi, La storia della scienza come punto di incontro fra riflessione filosofica e ricerca scientifica. Vincenzo Cappelletti, Veri e falsi dilemmi nella storia del pensiero scientifico. Mario Vegetti, Rapporti fra filosofia e sapere scientifico in una prospettiva storiografica sul pensiero greco. Carlo Maccagni, Filologia e storiografia della scienza: il ricupero delle fonti scientifiche classiche all'origine della scienza moderna. Clelia Pighetti, Aspetti della metodologia storica americana in una recente interpretazione dell'opera di Boyle. Felice Grondona, La riproduzione degli esperimenti e delle osservazioni quale metodo per la storiografia della scienza. Pascal Dupont and Franz Brunetti, Un tentativo concreto di collaborazione fra le due culture.
[journalArticle]DEBUS, ALLEN G. The relationship of science­history to the history of science. J. Chem. Educ., 1971, 48:804–805.
Discusses the differences between the “scientific-history” tradition and the more recent “history of science”.
[journalArticle]DREYFUS, GINETTE. La méthode structurale et le Spinoza de Martial Gueroult. Age Science (Paris), 1969:240–275.
An essay review of several works by Gueroult.
[journalArticle]FRENKEL, VIKTOR IA. Wissenschaftliche Biographien. Ideen Exak. Wissens, 1971:85–92.
[journalArticle]GILBERT, FELIX. From art history to the history of civilization: Gombrich's biography of Aby Warburg. Rev. Mod. Hist., 1972, 44:381–391.
Essay review of E. H. Gombrich, Aby Warburg: An intellectual biography (London, 1970).
[journalArticle]GRATTAN-GUINNESS, IVOR. Notes on some methodological problems in the history of science. Rete, 1971, 1:1–14.
[bookChapter]GREENE, JOHN C. The history of science and the history of linguistics.Dell Hymes (ed.) Studies in the history of linguistics: Traditions and paradigms. Bloomington: Indiana Univ. Pr., 1974.
[journalArticle]HALL, ALFRED RUPERT. Can the history of science be history? Br. J. Hist. Sci., 1969, 4:207–220.
[journalArticle]HALL, A. RUPERT. Microscopic analyses and the general picture. Times Lit. Suppl., 1974 (Apr. 26):437–438.
A discussion of how the many recent limited, technical studies in the history of science must influence the general historian of science.
[journalArticle]HARIG, GERHARD. Aspekte der Geschichte der Naturwissenschaft. NTM, 1966, 3(7):32–46.
The lead article in a special section devoted to the Vorträge und Berichte der Arbeitstagung der Historiker der Naturwissenschaft und Technik in den sozialistischen Ländern über Aufgaben und Ziele der Geschichte der Naturwissenschaft in Leipzig vom 3. bis 5. Februar 1965. The other articles are: Bogdan Suchodolski, Probleme der modernen Geschichte der Wissenschaft. B.M. Kedrov, Ziele und Aufgaben der Geschichte der Naturwissenschaft und Technik. L. Novy and J. Smolka, Zu einigen methodologischen Problemen der Geschichte der Naturwissenschaft. A. Teske, Die Geschichte der Wissenschaft im Studium der naturwissenschaftlichen Fächer. V.V. Bykov, Die Geschichte der Naturwissenschaft und einige methodologische Probleme der Wissenschaft. M. Dittrich, Zur Universitas­Idee. L. Mendel, Probleme der Medizingeschichte. Gerhard Harig, Stand und Perspektive der Geschichte der Naturwissenschaften in der Deutschen Demokratischen Republik. J. Stasiewicz, Einige Bemerkungen zur Situation der Geschichte der Wissenschaft in der Volksrepublik Polen.
[journalArticle]HOOYKAAS, R. L'histoire des sciences, ses problèmes, sa méthode, son but. Revista Fac. Cien. Univ. Coimbra, 1963, 32:5–35.
[journalArticle]HOOYKAAS, R. Historiography of science, its aims and methods. Organon (Warsaw), 1970, 7:37–49.
[journalArticle]KAHANE, ERNEST. De Laplace à Biot et de Biot à Pasteur: L'anecdote en histoire des sciences. Jeune Scientifique, 1969, 7:104–107.
[journalArticle]KROPP, GERHARD. Wissenschaftsgeschichte als Aufgabe und Problem. Philosophia Nat., 1968, 10:316–332.
[journalArticle]KUHN, THOMAS S. The relations between history and history of science. Daedalus (Boston), 1971, 100:271–304.
[journalArticle]LAVERS, ANNETTE. For a “committed” history of science. Hist. Sci. 1970, 9:101–105.
An essay review of Georges Canguilhem, Études d'histoire et de philosophie des sciences (Paris, 1968).
[journalArticle]NAKAYAMA, SHIGERU. Externalist approach of Japanese historians of science. Jap. Stud. Hist. Sci., 1972, 11:1–10.
[journalArticle]OSIŃSKA, WANDA. Z problematyki warsztatu badawczego historykow nauki. (Some problems concerning the methods and techniques of research faced by historians of science.) Studia Mater. Dziej. Nauki Pol., Ser. E, 1970, 4:97–151.
[journalArticle]RAND, WALTER. Eulerian and Lagrangian analogy applied to the history of science and technology. Actes XIIIe Cong. Int. Hist. Sci., 1971 (pub. 1974), 1:176–182.
[book]RASHEVSKY, NICOLAS. Looking at history through mathematics. xiii + 199 pp. Cambridge: M.I.T. Pr., 1968. $10.
An attempt to use sociology and mathematics for purposes of “postdiction” in a manner akin to that in which science and mathematics are used for prediction.
C. BOYER
[journalArticle]RONCHI, VASCO. How the history of science should be approached. Atti Fond. Giorgio Ronchi, 1974, 29:47–72.
Essentially a reply to the review by D. C. Lindberg (Isis, 1971, 62:522–524) of Ronchi's book The nature of light (1970).

[Start of page 10]

[book]SCIENCE at the cross roads: Papers presented to the International Congress of the History of Science and Technology held in London from June 29th to July 3rd, 1931, by the delegates of the U.S.S.R. With a new foreword by Joseph Needham and a new intro. by P. G. Werskey. xxix + 235 pp. London: Cass, 1971.
Reprint of the 1931 edition.
[journalArticle]ZNACHKO-IAVORSKII, IGOR LEONIDOVICH. Eksperimental'nye metody v issledovaniiakh po istorii nauki i tekhniki. (Experimental methods in research on the history of science and technology.) Actes XIe Cong. Int. Hist. Sci., 1965 (pub. 1968), 6:29–33.

Ahe psycho-history

[book]BARZUN, JACQUES. Clio and the doctors: Psycho-history, quanto-history, and history. xi + 173 pp., bibl., index. Chicago: Univ. Chicago Pr., 1974. $7.95.
[journalArticle]BERGMANN, MARTIN S. Limitations of method in psychoanalytic biography: A historical inquiry. J. Am. Psychoanal. Ass., 1973, 21:833–850.
“It seemed useful to look upon this development [of psychoanalytic biography] as exemplifying general rules of scientific growth in terms of Kuhn's paradigm.”
[journalArticle]BESANÇON, ALAIN. Vers une histoire psychanalytique. annls Econ. Soc. Civ., 1969, 24:594–616, 1011–1033.
[journalArticle]COLES, ROBERT. Shrinking history. New York Rev. Books, 1973, 20(2):15–21, 20(3):25–29.
Essay review of psychoanalytic biographies of Leonardo and others.
[book]CREMERIUS, JOHANNES (ed.) Neurose und Genialität: Psychoanalytische Biographien. 292 pp., bibl. Frankfurt am Main: Fischer, 1971. DM 18.
[journalArticle]DOWLING, JOSEPH A. Psychoanalysis and history: Problems and applications. Psychoanal. Rev., 1972, 59:433–450.
[journalArticle]ERIKSON, ERIK H. On the nature of psychohistorical evidence: In search of Gandhi. Int. J. Psychiat., 1969, 8:451–476.
This discussion of the psychoanalytic approach to historical studies by a leader in the field is followed by evaluations by Robert Coles, Robert S. Liebert and Frederick Wyatt (pp. 476–492).
[journalArticle]HOFFS, JOSHUA. Comments on psychoanalytic biography with special reference to Freud's interest in Woodrow Wilson. Psychoanal. Rev., 1969, 56:402–414.
[journalArticle]LITTLE, LESTER K. Psychology in recent American historical thought. J. Hist. Behavl Sci., 1969, 5:152–172.
A discussion of the emergence of psychology as a historical tool.
[journalArticle]MACK, JOHN E. Psychoanalysis and historical biography. J. Am. Psychoanal. Ass., 1971, 19:143–179.
Considers the history of psychoanalytic approaches to biography, methodological problems in psychoanalytical biography, the biographical study of public figures, and the current status of psychoanalytic biography.
[journalArticle]VERNANT, JEAN-PIERRE. Histoire et psychologie. Revue Synth., 1965, 86:85–101.
With remarks by Jean Bourdon, Edgar Wolff, Felix Michaud.
[journalArticle]WEINSTEIN, FRED; GERALD M. PLATT. History and theory: The question of psychoanalysis. J. Interdis. Hist., 1972, 11:419–434.

Ahf philosophical aspects of historiography

[journalArticle]ABRASHEV, M. M. Znachenie leninskikh idei o estestvenno-istoricheskom materializme dlia osveshchniia istorii estestvoznaniia. (The significance of Lenin's ideas on scientific materialism for the history of science.) Vop. Istor. Estest. Tekh., 1966, 20:14–20.
[journalArticle]AMIOT, MICHEL. Le relativisme culturaliste de Michel Foucault. Temps Modernes, 1967, 22:1271–1298.
[journalArticle]AMSTUTZ, G. C. Fragen der Naturwissenschaften an eine moderne Wissenschaftsgeschichte. Heidelberger Jahrb., 1969, 13:76–79.
“Zusammenfassend möchte ich sagen, dass eine philosophischpsychologisch orientierte und deshalb moderne Wissenschaftsgeschichte ruhig mit der Philosophie den Ausspruch teilen kann, den Ortega y Gasset der Letzeren zuschreibt, nämlich die Wissenschaft der Wissenschaften zu sein.”
[journalArticle]BACHELARD, SUZANNE. Epistémologie et histoire des sciences. Revue Synth., 1968, 89:39–51.
[journalArticle]BUCHDAHL, GERD. A revolution in historiography of science. Hist. Sci., 1965, 4:55–69.
The discussion centers around ideas in Thomas S. Kuhn, The structure of scientific revolutions, and Joseph Agassi, Towards an historiography of science.
[journalArticle]CANGUILHEM, GEORGES. Mort de l'homme ou épuisement du cogito? Critique, 1967, 24:599–618.
An essay review of M. Foucault, Les mots et les choses (Paris, 1966).
[journalArticle]CANNON, WALTER F. “P.S. If I find out what truth is, I'll drop you a line.” Smithson. J. Hist., 1967, 2(2):1–24.
Reflections on the “two cultures” and the history of science.
[journalArticle]CLARK, JOSEPH T. The history of science and the enterprise of philosophy: A prelude to partnership. Proc. Am. Cath. Phil. Ass., 1964, 38:23–35.
[book]DELEUZE, GILLES. Un nouvel archiviste. Illus. d'Ipoustéguy. (Scholies, 3.) 52 pp., illus. Montpellier: Fata Morgana, 1972. F 15.
Concerning Michel Foucault.
[journalArticle]DELEUZE, GILLES. Un nouvel archiviste. Critique, 1970:195–209.
Essay review of Michel foucault, L'archéologie du savoir (Paris, 1969).
[journalArticle]DENNIS, F. H. Historical materialism and the historiography of science. Actes XIIIe Cong. Int. Hist. Sci., 1971 (pub. 1974), 1:284–289.
[journalArticle]EL KORDI, MOHAMED. L'archéologie de la pensée classique selon Michel Foucault. Revue Hist. Écon. Soc., 1973, 51:309–335.
[bookChapter]FEIGL, HERBERT. Beyond peaceful coexistence.Roger H. Stuewer (ed.) Historical and philosophical perspectives of science. Minneapolis: Univ. Minnesota Pr., 1970.
“The author attempts (1) to draw some clear lines of demarcation between historical and philosophical studies of science; (2) to show the indispensability of logicomethodological analyses for—at least—the ‘internal’ history of science; and (3) to point out the urgent need for closer collaboration of both types of specialists. An episode from the recent (early 20th-century) history of chemistry is suggested as one interesting example in which historians and logicians of science might fruitfully join forces in research that might lead to a better understanding of the positivistic (anti-atomistic) and the realistic (atomistic) tendencies in scientific theorizing.” From the summary.
[journalArticle]FERRAZ, ANTONIO. L'histoire de la science et l'épistémologie. Actes XIIe Cong. Int. Hist. Sci., 1968 (pub. 1970), 2:41–44.
[book]FINOCCHIARO, MAURICE A. History of science as explanation. 286 pp., bibl., index. Detroit: Wayne State Univ. Pr., 1973. $15.95.
[journalArticle]FINOCCHIARO, MAURICE A. The problem of explanation in historiography of science. Diss. Abs. Int., 1970, 30:4489–A.
Dissertation at the Univ. of California, Berkeley, 1969. Univ. Microfilms order no. 70–6099. 498 pp. $6.35. “The problem of explanation in historiography of science relates to the question of the nature and adequacy of history of science explanation, and it derives from the fact that the concept of history of science explanation is anomalous and the practice of history of science explanation is unsatisfactory.”
[journalArticle]FINOCCHIARO, MAURICE A. Toward a Crocean history of science: Criticism of Agassi's critics. Riv. Stud. Crociani, 1974, 11:142–161.
[book]FOUCAULT, MICHEL. L'archéologie du savoir. 285 pp. Paris: Gallimard, 1969. F 22.
[book]FOUCAULT, MICHEL. The archaeology of knowledge. Trans. from the French by A. M. Sheridan Smith. [v] + 218 pp., index. London: Tavistock, 1972. £3.
[book]FOUCAULT, MICHEL. Les mots et les choses; une archéologie des sciences humaines. 400 pp., illus. Paris: Gallimard, 1966.
[book]FOUCAULT, MICHEL. The order of things: An archaeology of the human sciences. Trans. from the French. xxiv + 387 pp., plt., illus. London: Tavistock, 1970. 75s.
Translation of Les mots et les choses (Paris, 1966).
[journalArticle]GHITǍ, SIMION. L' “universel” et le “national” dans le développement de la science. Organon (Warsaw), 1969, 6:37–47.
“En anticipant l'idée principal de cet article, nous sommes d'avis que l'histoire universelle de la science, non seulement n’exclue point les différentes histoires nationales, mais encore elle s'y réfère; l'histoire de la science d'un certain pays fait partie intégrante, tant de l'histoire universelle que d'histoire nationale des différents peuples.”
[journalArticle]GIERE, RONALD N. History and philosophy of science: Intimate relationship or marriage of convenience? Br. J. Phil. Sci., 1973, 24:282–297.
Essay review of Roger H. Stuewer (ed.), Historical and philosophical perspectives of science (Minneapolis, 1970).
[journalArticle]GRAUBARD, MARK A. The rational and irrational in the history of science. Indian J. Hist. Sci., 1968, 3:61–79.
“The study of belief patterns in science here sketched leaves this matter in quite an unsettled condition, except to plead for caution in designating the terms reason, rational and irrational as absolute, well-defined concepts.”
[journalArticle]GREENE, JOHN C. Les mots et les choses. Social Science Info., 1967, 6(4):132–138.
An essay review of Michel Foucault's Les mots et les choses (Paris, 1966)
[journalArticle]GRMEK, MIRKO DRAŽEN. Objectivité et progrès en histoire des sciences. Anns Écon. Soc. Civ., 1970, 25:616–619.
Essay review of XIIe Congrès International d'Histoire des Sciences, Colloques, Texte des rapports (Paris, 1968).
[book]GUÉDEZ, ANNIE. Foucault. 119 pp., illus. Paris: Psychothèque, 1972.
[book]GUMPPENBERG. RUDOLF. Freiheit und Wissenschaftsgeschichte: Analysen zur Philosophie der praktischen und historischen Vernunft. 172 pp., index. Freiburg: Rombach, 1974.
[journalArticle]HAHN, ROGER. Reflections on the history of science. J. Hist. Phil., 1965, 3:235–242.
A critique of Joseph Agassi, Towards an historiography of science (on this work see also Isis. 1964. 55:97–486)
[journalArticle]HANSON, NORWOOD RUSSELL. The genetic fallacy revisited. Am. Phil. Q., 1967, 4:101–113.
Discusses the argument over the relevance of the history of science for the philosophy of science. Those who claim it is irrelevant in that context say that philosophical reliance on historical facts constitutes a “genetic fallacy.”
[bookChapter]HESSE, MARY. Reasons and evaluation in the history of science.Mikulás Teich, Robert Young (eds.) Changing perspectives in the history of science: Essays in honour of Joseph Needham. London: Heinemann, 1973.
[journalArticle]HOLLINGER, DAVID A. T. S. Kuhn's theory of science and its implications for history. Am. Hist. Rev., 1973, 78:370–393.
“First, To what extent can Kuhn's description of the behavior of scientific communities function heuristically, as a methodological postulate, in the study of communities organized for purposes other than that of doing science? Second, What are the normative implications of Kuhn's philosophy of science — his sense of validity — for the attempt to improve the quality of the ‘knowledge’ historians produce? Third, What stake, if any, do historians in general have in the controversy between Kuhn and many philosophers over the nature of science?
[journalArticle]HOOYKAAS, R. Nature and history. Organon (Warsaw), 1965, 2:5–16.
“From the purely formal point of view, ‘historiography’ of nature and of manking meet each other in the methodological principle of actualism …”
[journalArticle]HUPPERT, GEORGE. Divinatio et eruditio: Thoughts on Foucault. Hist. Theory, 1974, 13:1972–207.
Discusses Foucault's cataclysmic theory of history.

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[journalArticle]KEDROV, BONIFATII MIKHAILOVICH. W. I. Lenin über die Bedeutung der Wissenschaftsgeschichte. NTM, 1970, 7(2):1–14.
[journalArticle]KRÄMER, HANS. Zur Ortsbestimmung der historichen Wissenschaften. Z. Allg. Wissenschaftstheorie, 1974, 5:74–93.
[book]KREMER-MARIETTI, ANGÈLE. Foucault et l'archéologie du savoir. Présentation, choix de textes, bibliographie. 243 pp., bibl. Paris: Seghers, 1974.
[journalArticle]LACHARITÉ, NORMAND. Archéologie du savoir et structures du langage scientifique. Dialogue, 1970, 9:35–53.
Concerning M. Foucault's Les mots et les choses.
[journalArticle]LE BON, SYLVIE. Un positiviste désespéré: Michel Foucault. Temps Modernes, 1967, 22:1299–1319.
[journalArticle]LECOURT, DOMINIQUE. Sur l'archéologie et le savoir (A propos de Michel Foucault). Pensée, 1970, 152:69–87.
Essay review of L'archéologie du savoir (Paris, 1969).
[book]MANUEL, FRANK E. Shapes of philosophical history. i + 166 pp., index. Stanford. Calif: Stanford Univ. Pr., 1965. $4.75.
[journalArticle]MARGOLIN, JEAN CLAUDE. Tribut d'un antihumaniste aux études d'humanisme et renaissance: Note sur l'œuvre de Michel Foucault. Bibltque Hum. Renaiss., 1967, 29:701–711.
An essay review of several of Foucault's works.
[journalArticle]MC CULLAGH, C. BEHAN. [An essay review of] William Todd, History as applied science (Detroit, 1972). Hist. Theory. 1973, 12:435–452.
[bookChapter]MC MULLIN, ERNAN. The history and philosophy of science: A taxonomy.Roger H. Stuewer (ed.) Historical and philosophical perspectives of science. Minneapolis: Univ. Minnesota Pr., 1970.
“This paper explores the various ways in which HS and PS may be related, and argues that for certain sorts of problem in PS only an approach which relies heavily on HS for its evidence is likely to succeed. It is pointed out that the temporal dimension of science has been largely ignored by 20th-century philosophers of science largely because of the dominance of formal-logical techniques in the analysis of scientific method. In the last decade, however, this has begun to change; philosophers of science are now beginning to take HS very seriously.” From the summary.
[bookChapter]MEYER-ABICH, ADOLF. Geschichte der Naturwissenschaften order Geschichte der Naturwissenschaft?Walter Baron, Beiträge zur Methodik der Wissenschaftsgeschichte. Wiesbaden: F. Steiner, 1967.
[journalArticle]MICHELI, GIANNI. Storia della scienza a storia della filosofia: Problemi di metodo. Rev. Crit. Stor. Fil., 1967, 22:303–318.
[journalArticle]MIEL, JAN. Ideas or epistemes: [Paul] Hazzard versus [mIchel] Foucault. Yale french Stud., 1973, 49:231–245.
[journalArticle]MITTELSTRASS, JÜRGEN. Fünf Thesen zuer Theorie der Wissenschaftsgeschichte. Akten II. Int. Leibniz-Kong., 1972 (pub. 1974), 2:293–309.
[book]NATURWISSENSCHAFT als geschichtliches Phänomen. (Weltgespräch, 8.) 76 pp. Vienna: Herder, 1969.
Contents: Elisabeth Ströker: Anfänge naturwissenschaftlichen Denkens bei den Griechen. Adolf Portmann: Die entscheidende Wendung im Evolutions-denken der Biologie. Heimo Dolch: Orthodoxie und Entwicklung, der Bilderstreit im Osten und im Westen. Wolfgang Wieser: Kybernetik und Molekularbiologie: Die Entwicklung eines neuen Denk stils in den Naturwissenschaften. Walter Strolz: Zusammenfassung der Diskussionsbeiträge. Zur Verhältnisbestimmung von Theorie und Praxis. Die naturwissenschaftliche Fragestellung und das Unbegründbare. Der aristotelische Denkansatz.
[journalArticle]PAVLOV, TODOR. On the problem of the history and theory of scientific thought. Soviet Stud. Phil., 1973, 11:139–147.
[journalArticle]PETRISOR, MARCEL. Corelate structurale in gindirea lui Michel Foucault. (Corrélatifs strucurels dans le pensée de M. Foucault.) Revista Filoz., 1969, 16:247–259.
[journalArticle]PROUST, JACQUES (ed.) Entretiens sur Michel Foucault. Pensée, 1968. 137:3–37.
Conversations on his Les mots et les choses. A letter from Foucault concerning this article appears in Pensée, 1968, 139:114–119.
[bookChapter]RAVETZ, JEROME R. Tragedy in the history of science.Mikulás Teich, Robert Young (eds.) Changing perspectives in the history of science: Essays in honour of Joseph Needham. London: Heinemann, 1973.
[journalArticle]REVAULT D'ALLONNES, OLIVIER. Michel Foucault: Les mots contre les choses. Raison Présente, 1967, 2:29–41.
[journalArticle]SKINNER, QUENTIN. Meaning and understanding in the history of ideas. Hist. Theory, 1969, 8:3–53.
“To demand from the history of thought a solution to our own immediate problems is thus to commit not merely a methodological fallacy, but something like a moral error. But to learn from the past-and we cannot otherwise learn it at all-the distinction between what is necessary and what is the product merely of our own contingent arrangements, is to learn the key to self-awareness itself.”
[journalArticle]SLOTERDIJK, PETER. Michel Foucault's strukturale Theorie der Geschichte. Philosophisches Jahrb., 1972, 79:161–184.
[book]STOCKING, GEORGE W., JR. Some comments on history as a moral discipline: “Transcending ‘textbook’ chronicles and apologetics”. Pp 511–519 in Dell Hymes (ed.) Studies in the history of linguistics: Traditions and paradigms. Bloomington: Indiana Univ. Pr., 1974.
[bookChapter]THACKRAY, ARNOLD W. Science: Has its present past a future?Roger H. Stuewer (ed.) Historical and philosophical perspectives of science. Minneapolis: Univ. Minnesota Pr., 1970.
“In this paper a first analysis is made of the historical, sociological, and intellectual roots of those historiographic assumptions that have characterized Western history of science for a generation. Thackray argues that this analysis enables us to understand why idealist history now commands an unhealthy hegemony over the field. The latter part of the paper explores some possible alternative modes of the history of science. These modes would allow both a greater interaction with other areas of history and a greater sensitivity to the complex social issues that now invite critical thought from the historian of science.” From the summary.
[journalArticle]UKLEJSKA, MARIA. Les traités historiques de la science dépendent-ils des opinions philosophiques de leurs auteurs? Actes XIe Cong. Int. Hist. Sci., 1965 (pub. 1968), 2:100–103.
[journalArticle]WHITE, HAYDEN V. Foucault decoded: Notes from the underground. Hist. Theory. 1973, 12:23–54.
[journalArticle]WIGHTMAN, WILLIAM P. D. Presidential address: The tyranny of abstractions. Br. J. Hist. Sci., 1973, 6:233–246.
On the relationship between history of science and philosophy of science, and between internal and external history.

Ahf-bv

[book]WITSCHI-BERNZ, ASTRID. Bibliography of works in the philosophy of history, 1500–1800. (History and theory: Studies in the philosophy of history, Beiheft 12.) 90 pp. Middletown, Conn: Wesleyan Univ. Pr., 1972.

Ahg development of science: evolution; revolution; progress; change

[journalArticle]AGASSI, JOSEPH. Continuity and discontinuity in the history of science. J. Hist. Ideas. 1973, 34:609–626.
[journalArticle]AGASSI, JOSEPH. Revolutions in science, occasional or permanent? Organon (Warsaw), 1966, 3:47–61.
[journalArticle]AMSTERDAMSKI, STEFAN. Spór o koncepcje postepu w rozwoju nauki. (Controversy concerning the concept of progress in the development of science.) Kwart. Hist. Nauki Tech., 1970, 15:487–506.
Concerning the controversy between Thomas Kuhn and Imre Lakatos on this subject.
[journalArticle]AUSTIN, WILLIAM H. Paradigms, rationality, and partial communication. Z. Allg. Wissenschaftstheorie, 1972, 3:203–218.
Discusses the critics who charge Thomas Kuhn with subjectivism and irrationalism.
[journalArticle]BEN-DAVID, JOSEPH. Scientific growth: A sociological view. Minerva, 1964, 2:455–476.
[journalArticle]BERRY, JOHN M., JR. Great men, paradigms, and scientific revolutions. Am. Biol. Teacher, 1971, 33:345–347, 354.
Considers the influences of Aristotle, Darwin, Mendel, Linnaeus, and Pasteur in the light of the ideas of Thomas Kuhn and Thomas Carlyle on scientific revolutions.
[journalArticle]BLACHOWICZ, JAMES A. Systems theory and evolutionary models of the development of science. Philosophy Sci., 1971, 38:178–199.
“Philosophers of science [e.g. Kuhn and Popper] have used various formulations of the ‘random mutation-natural selection’ scheme to explain the development of scientific knowledge. But the uncritical acceptance of this evolutionary model has led to substantive problems concerning the relation between fact and theory … Systems theory constitutes a general criticism of this model insofar as it demonstrates the necessity of supplementing this mechanism with the non-random influences exercised by the internal organization of a system on its own development.” From the summary.
[journalArticle]BLACKWELL, RICHARD J. The adaptation theory of science. Int. Phil. Q., 1973, 13:319–334.
Applies Piaget's evolutionary psychology to scientific activity.
[journalArticle]BLAKE, A.G.E. Hazzard and scientific advance. Systematics, 1968, 6:119–140.
[journalArticle]BLOOR, DAVID. Two paradigms for scientific knowledge? Sci. Stud. (London), 1971, 1:101–115.
Essay review of I. Lakatos and A. Musgrave (eds.) Criticism and the growth of knowledge (Cambridge, 1970).
[journalArticle]BOHLER, DIETRICH. Paradigmawechsel in analytischer Wissenschaftstheorie? Z. Allg. Wissenschaftstheorie, 1972, 3:219–242.
An analysis of Kuhn's interpretation of science.
[journalArticle]CARLSON, ELLIOTT R. Concept shifts in science and Thomas S. Kuhn's The structure of scientific revolutions. Diss. Abs. Int., 1972, 33:1777–A.
Dissertation at Boston Univ. Graduate School, 1972. Major professor: Milic Capek. Univ. Microfilms order no. 72–25253. 242 pp.
[journalArticle]CARROLL, MICHAEL P. Striking success and paradigm acceptance: A study in the sociology of science. Diss. Abstr. Int., 1972, 33:2509–A.
Dissertation at Stanford Univ., 1972. Univ. Microfilms order no. 72–30604. 205 pp.
[journalArticle]CARTWRIGHT, DORWIN. Determinants of scientific progress: The case of research on the Risky Shift. Am. Psychol., 1973, 28:222–231.
“The primary objective here was to attain a better understanding of the factors affecting the formation and growth of a field of investigation and of the ways in which the intellectual and social environment of research influences its couse of development.”
[journalArticle]CHALOIAN, V.K. Problema preemstvennosti v istorii razvitiia nauki i kul'tury. (The problem of continuit in the history of the development of science and culture.) Actes XIe Cong. Int. Hist. Sci., 1965 (pub. 1968), 2:15–18.
[journalArticle]COHEN, L. JONATHAN. Is the progress of science evolutionary? Br. J. Phil. Sci., 1973, 24:41–61. Essay review of S. Toulmin, Human understanding (Oxford 1972).
[journalArticle]COLE, JONATHAN R.; STEPHEN COLE. The Ortega hypothesis. Science, 1972, 178:368–375.
In The revolt of the masses, José Ortega y Gasset stated that “experimental science has progressed thanks in great part to the work of men astoundingly mediocre, and even less than mediocre.” and historians and philosophers of science have attributed much of the growth of science to the work of the average scientist, who has paved the way with his “small” discoveries for the men of genius. The authors examine the work of several groups of physicists and analyse what work these men used in making their discoveries. Their citation analysis suggests that “the Ortega hypothesis” is incorrect and that only a few scientists contribute to scientific progress. The authors discuss possible criticims of their position and defend their conclusion.
G. B. KAUFFMAN

[Start of page 12]

[journalArticle]DAGOGNET, FRANÇOIS. Remarques sur une loi présumée de développement. Revue Synth., 1968, 89:411–417.
[journalArticle]DIAMBRINI PALAZZI, GIORDANO. Modello epistemologico e formale dello sviluppo scientifico. Physis, 1972, 14:375–393.
Draws examples from 18th- and 19th-century science.
[journalArticle]DRAUGHTON, WELLS E. Kuhn, Feyerabend and the development of scientific knowledge. Diss. Abs. Int., 1972, 32:5836–A.
Dissertation at New York Univ., 1971. Advisor: William Ruddick. Univ. Microfilms order no. 72–13349. 330 pp. $4 film; $10 xerox.
[journalArticle]DUBAL, GEORGES. Le cheminement vers la pensée scientifique. Actes XIIe Cong. Int. Hist. Sci., 1968 (pub. 1970), 2:29–32.
[journalArticle]ELIAS, NORBERT. Theory of science and history of science: Comments on a recent discussion. Econ. Soc., 1972, 1:117–133.
Concerning the positions of Imre Lakatos and Thomas Kuhn.
[journalArticle]FINE, ARTHUR I. Consistency, derivability, and scientific change. J. Phil., 1967, 64:231–240.
Extension of the views of Feyerabend and Kuhn.
[journalArticle]FINOCCHIARO, MAURICE A. [Essay review of] I. Lakatos, A. Musgrave, Criticism and the growth of knowledge (Cambridge, 1970). Stud. Hist. Phil. Sci., 1973, 3:357–372.
[journalArticle]GEORGE, PULIVELIL M. Some master models within the historical perspectives. Organon (Warsaw), 1968, 5:73–83.
On the general development of scientific models as they were needed for the organization of the existing data and the generation of new questions.
[journalArticle]GILLISPIE, CHARLES COULSTON. Remarks on social selection as a factor in the progressivism of science. Am. Scient., 1968, 56:439–450.
Also published in Revue Synth., 1968, 89:53–63.
[journalArticle]GLASS, BENTLEY. An analysis of scientific growth. Q. Rev. Biol., 1972, 47:437–439.
An essay review of Henry W. Menard, Science: Growth and change (Cambridge, Mass., 1971).
[journalArticle]GRIFFITH, BELVER C.; NICHOLAS C. MULLINS. Coherent social groups in scientific change. Science, 1972, 177:958–964.
“Our data … suggest that a single set of social mechanisms evolves in response to the challenge posed by new and major scientific problems. When challenged, some members of a scientific speciality become organized to work toward certain objectives, voluntarily and self-consciously, as a coherent and activist group. This article examines findings from surveys, individual interviews, and biographical essays and discusses the similarities among contemporary groups that developed into small, coherent, activist groups and that subsequently had major impacts on their ‘home’ disciplines.”
[journalArticle]GUTTING, GARRY. Conceptual structures and scientific change. Stud. Hist. Phil. Sci., 1973, 4:209–230.
[journalArticle]HANSON, NORWOOD RUSSELL. An anatomy of discovery. J. Phil., 1967, 64:321–352.
On scientific discovery.
[journalArticle]HARIG, GERHARD. Die beiden Aspekte der wissenschafftlichen Revolution des 17. Jahrhunderts und die Gegenwart. NTM, 1966, 3(8):1–10.
A discussion of Kuhn's Structure of Scientific Revolutions, using illustrative material from the seventeenth century.
[journalArticle]HEELAN, PATRICK A. Towards a hermeneutic of natural science. JBSP, 1972, 3:252–260.
Replys and rebuttals by Wolfe Mays, D. Caradog Jones, R. B. Blair, and Heelan follow on pp. 261–285. Much of the disagreement concerns the nature of “normal” and “revolutionary” science.
[journalArticle]HEISENBERG, WERNER. Änderungen der Denkstruktur im Fortschritt der Wissenschaft. Studium Generale, 1970, 23:808–816.
[book]INTERNATIONAL COLLOQUIUM IN THE PHILOSOPHY OF SCIENCE, London, 1965. Proceedings. Vol. 4: Criticism and the growth of knowledge. Ed. by Imre Lakatos and Alan Musgrave. viii + 282 pp., bibls., index. Cambridge: Cambridge Univ. Pr., 1970. $3.95 (paper).
Contents: T. S. Kuh: Logic of discovery or psychology of research? J. W. N. Watkins: Against ‘normal science’. S. E. Toulmin: Does the distinction between normal and revolutionary science hold water? L. Pearce Williams: Normal science, scientific revolutions and the history of science. K. R. Popper: Normal science and its dangers. Margaret Masterman: The nature of a paradigm. I. Lakatos: Falsification and the methodology of scientific research programmes. P. K. Feyerabend: Consolations for the specialist. T. S. Kuhn: Reflections on my critics.
[journalArticle]KARPOV, M.M. Zakon chskorennogo razvitiia estestvennykh nauk. Uskorenie tempov razvitiia nauki. (Law of the accelerated development of natural science. Acceleration of the rate of development of science.) Actes XIe Cong. Int. Hist. Sci., 1965 (pub. 1968), 2:5–9.
[book]KEDROV, BONIFATII MIKHAILOVICH (ed.) Protivorechiia v razvitii estestvoznaniia. (Contradictions in the development of science.) 351 pp., illus. Moscow: Nauka, 1965.
[journalArticle]KEDROV, BONIFATI MIKHAILOVICH. Zakonomernosti razvitiia nauki. (Les régularités de développement de la science.) Organon (Warsaw), 1965, 2:179–192.
[journalArticle]KING, MICHAEL D. Reason, tradition, and the progressiveness of science. Hist. Theory, 1971, 10:1–32.
“The purpose of this paper is threefold. First I trace what might be called the ‘behavioral’ or ‘functional’ approach to the sociology of science back to its roots in R. K. Merton's efforts to weld together an anti-rationalistic sociology and a rationalistic view of science … My second aim is to show that [Thomas] Kuhn's analysis of scientific development raises doubts concerning the validity of this account of the relationship of scientific practice and scientific ideas… Finally, I try to indicate what kind of sociology of science might be developed from Kuhn's conception of research traditions.”
[journalArticle]KLEINER, SCOTT A. Erotetic logic and the strucure of scientific revolution. Br. J. Phil. Sci., 1970, 21:149–165.
“Recent critics [T. S. Kuhn, N. R. Hanson, and S. Toulmin] of the programme of logical empiricism have made the important and doubtless true claim that rigorous formalization of existing scientific theories is insufficient for an adequate philosophical account of the scientific enterprise. However, some of these critics have also condemned clarifying the content of a theory by axiomatising the theory as being either impossible or unenlightening. In what follows I hope to show by example that conceptual clarification by axiomatisation is possible and that its achivement can be enlightening insofar as it can contribute to the solution of several important problems left open by these critics.”
[journalArticle]KNEALE, WILLIAM. Scientific revolution forever? Br. J. Phil. Sci., 1968, 19:27–42.
Examines the thesis that science is inevitably unstable.
[journalArticle]KONFEDERATOV, IVAN I. Exponential or logistical law of scientific development. Actes XIIe Cong. Int. Hist. Sci., 1968 (pub. 1970), 2:64–66.
[book]KORDIG, CARL R. The justification of scientific change. xiv + 119 pp., bibl. Dordrecht: Reidel, 1971. Fl 34.35.
[journalArticle]KRÖBER, GÜNTER. Zur Einheit von Logischem und Historischem bei Erforschung der Wissenschaftsentwicklung. NTM, 1974, 11(1):56–62.
[book]KUHN, THOMAS S. The structure of scientific revolutions. Second edition enlarged. (International encylopedia of unified science. Foundations of the unity of science, II, 2.) xii + 210 pp. Chicago: Univ. Chicago Pr., 1970. $6.; $1.50 (paper).
[journalArticle]LASHCHYK, EUGENE M. Scientific revolutions: A philosophical critique of the theories of science of Thomas Kuhn and Paul Feyerabend. Diss. Abs. Int., 1970, 30:5029–A.
Dissertation at Univ. of Pennsylvania, 1969. Supervisor: Murry Murphy. Univ. Microfilms order no. 70–7819. 166 pp. $3.
[journalArticle]LASZLO, ERVIN. A general systems model of the evolution of science. Scientia, 1972, 107:379–395.
“Contemporary philosophy of science contests the predictability of the future course of scientific development and subscribes to classical Darwinian models to explain its history. In contrast to such models, a general systems model of science as a complex open system can account for the manifest course of scientific development and extrapolate to future trends.” From the summary.
[journalArticle]LINDBORG, ROLF. Ventenskapens revolutioner. (Scientific revolutions.) Lychnos, 1965–1966:346–351.
[journalArticle]MAIZEL’, I.A.; S.IA. PLOTKIN. Problemy kompleksnogo izucheniia razvittia nauki. (Problems of the complex study of the development of science.) Vop. Istor. Estest: Tekh., 1967, 21:69–77.
Summary of Soviet-Polish symposium on the development of science. held in Lvov. 5–11 June. 1966.
[journalArticle]MEADOWS, ARTHUR J.; J. G. O'CONNOR. Bibliographical statistics as a guide to growth points in science. Sci. Stud. (London), 1971, 1:95–99.
Discusses the question: “Is it possible, purely from a statistical analysis of scientific research papers, to identify the appearance of a new growth area and, if so, how soon after its first appearance can such an area be identified?”
[book]MENARD, HENRY W. Science: Growth and change. xii + 215 pp., index. Cambridge: Harvard Univ. Pr., 1971. £10.
Contents: Measuring the gowth of literature. Growth of sciences. Population and other factors affecting growth. Papers and citations and scientific fame. Scientific literature. Education. A department of science. Scientists in society.
[journalArticle]METZGER, ROBERT S. The problem of comparing succeeding paradigms. Actes XIIIe Cong. Int. Hist. Sci., 1971 (pub. 1974), 1:13–18.
[journalArticle]MICHALOS, ALEX C. Theory appraisal and the growth of scientific knowledge. Stud. Hist. Phil. Sci., 1970, 1:353–361.
Discusses the work of Imre Lakatos.
[book]MUGA, DAVID. The Ortega hypothesis reconsidered. (Sociologiska Institutionen vid Göteborgs Universitet. Forskningsrapport, 28.) [48] pp. Göteborg: Sociologiska Institutionen vid Göteborgs Universitet, 1973.
[journalArticle]MUSGRAVE, ALAN E. Kuhn's second thoughts. Br. J. Phil. Sci., 1971, 22:287–297.
Essays review of Thomas S. Kuhn, The structure of scientific revolutions 2nd edition (Chicago, 1970).
[journalArticle]NEGODAEV, I.I. Evolutsionnyi i revolutsionnyi periody v razvitii nauki. (Evolutionary and revolutionary periods in the development of science.) Actes XIe Cong. Int. Hist. Sci., 1965 (pub. 1968), 2:10–14.
[journalArticle]NIEBYL, KARL H. The historical and material base for revolutionary change in scientific methodology. NTM, 1972, 9(1):81–92.
[journalArticle]OLSZEWSKI, EUGENIUSZ. Les sciences et les techniques dans la priode de la révolution scientifico-technique. Organon (Warsaw), 1971, 8:41–53.
A consideration of scientific revolutions in general.
[journalArticle]PATERNOSTER, BRUCE. Modeling and the relation of normal science to a paradigm theory. Diss. Abs. Int., 1973, 34:3470–A.
Dissertation at Yale Univ., 1973. Univ. Microfilms order no. 73–29234. 193 pp. $5 film; $11 xerox.
[journalArticle]RODNYI, N.I. K voprosu o roli protivorechii v razvitii estestvoznaniia. (On the question of the role of contradiction in the development of natural science.) Organon (Warsaw), 1966, 3:19–30.
[journalArticle]RODNY, N.I. Protivorechie v razvitii nauki. (Contradictions in the development of science.) Vop. Istor. Estest. Tekh., 1967, 21:19–27.
[journalArticle]ROTHSCHUH, KARL E. Zur Theorie geschichtlicher Wandlungen. Sudhoffs Arch., 1973, 57:329–332.
Concerning the work of Rainer Specht and Thomas Kuhn.

[Start of page 13]

[journalArticle]RUSSO, FRANÇOIS. Typologie du progrès des connaissances scientifiques: Contributions à la méthodologie de l'histoire des sciences. Rev. Quest. Sci., 1974, 145:345–363, 479–502.
[journalArticle]SKOLIMOWSKI, HENRYK. The scientific world view and the illustions of progress. Social Res., 1974, 41:52–82.
[journalArticle]SMART, J. J. C. Science, history and methodology. Br. J. Phil. Sci., 1972, 23:266–274.
Essay review of Imre Lakatos and Alan Musgrave (eds.) Criticism and the growth of knowledge (London, 1970).
[journalArticle]STICKER, BERNHARD. Mythos und Logos des Fortschritts in der Geschicte der Wissenschaft. Rete., 1973, 2:25–44.
[journalArticle]SZUMILEWICZ, IRENA. A historical tendency as a fundamental scientific idea. Actes XIe Cong. Int. Hist. Sci., 1965 (pub. 1968), 2:56–59.
[journalArticle]SZUMILEWICZ, IRENA. Tendencja rozwojowa jako podstawowa kategoria historyzmu. (Evolutional tendency as the fundamental category of cognition in historicism.) Kwart. Hist. Nauki Tech., 1967, 12:3–25.
A polemic on Karl Popper's The poverty of historicism. With as English summary.
[journalArticle]TOULMIN, STEPHEN. Conceptual revolutions in science. Synthese, 1967, 17:75–91.
Collingwood and Kuhn are compared in this historiological analysis, and conceptual evolution is investigated. A comment by Louis O. Mink follows, pp. 92–99.
[journalArticle]TOULMIN, STEPHEN. The evolutionary development of natural science. Am. Scient., 1967, 55:456–471.
[journalArticle]TOULMIN, STEPHEN. Scientific strategies and historical change. Boston Stud. Phil. Sci., 1974, 11:401–414.
Followed by a commentary by Ernan McmULLIN, pp. 415–430.
[journalArticle]TRIBE, KEITH. On the production and structuring of scientific knowledges. Econ. Soc., 1973, 2:465–478.
A critique of Kuhn's The structure of scientific revolutions.
[journalArticle]WATANABLE, SATOSI. Rational elements in the progress of science: Some critical remarks on Kuhn's theory of scientific revolution. Actres XIIIe Cong. Int. Hist. Sci., 1971 (pub. 1974), 1:25–30.
[bookChapter]WELLEK, ALBERT. Gibt es einen Fortschritt der Wissenschaft ausserhalo der Naturwissenschaft? Zur Frage der wissenschaftlichen Moden.Horst Reimann, Ernst W. Müller (eds.) Entwicklung und Fortschritt. Tübingen: Mohr. 1969.
[journalArticle]WINTERSTEINER, GAIL S. Can science progress? A critique of Sir Karl Popper's philosophy. Diss. Abs. Int., 1973, 33:6975–A.
Dissertation at Boston Univ. Graduate School, 1973. Major Professor: Abner Shimony. Univ. Microfilm order no. 73–14191. 161 pp. $4 film: $10 xerox.
[journalArticle]WUSSING, HANS L. Zur Entwicklungsgeschichte naturwissenschaftlicher Begriffe. Gewidmet dem 100. Geburtstag von W. I. Lenin. NTM, 1970, 7(2):15–29.

Ahm ideas in science

[journalArticle]BLUMENBERG, HANS. Neugierde und Wissenstrieb. Supplemente zu curiositas. Arch. Begriffsgesch., 1970, 14:7–40.
[journalArticle]BLUMENBERG, HANS. On a lineage of the idea of progress. Social Res., 1974, 41:5–27.
[book]HAMMOND, ALBERT L. Ideas about substance. (Seminars in the history of ideas.) xiv + 146 pp. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins Pr., 1969.
[book]KUNTZ, PAUL G. (ed.) The concept of order. xxxix + 479 pp., index. Seattle: Univ. Washington Pr. for Grinnell College, , 1968, $12.50.
Contains the following: Erman McMullin: Cosmic order in Plato and Aristotle. Richard S. Westfall: Newton and order. John C. Greene: The concep of order in Darwinism. Peter Caws: Order and value in the sciences. Richards Cole: The logical order and the causal order. Cecil J. Schneer: Science and history.
[book]LENOBLE, ROBERT. Esquisse d'une histoire de l'idée de nature. (L'evolution de l'humanité. 10.) 446 pp., bibl., index. Paris: Michel, 1969. F 9.
[journalArticle]NEJEDLÝ, RUDOLF. Der Begriff “Risiko” in der Wissenschaft. Organon (Warsaw), 1973, 9:61–81.
[book]SKLAIR, LESLIE. The sociology of progress. xvi + 272 pp., bibl., index. London: Routledge & Kegan Paul, 1970. £3.25.
Pp. 1–108 contain a history of the idea of progress.
[book]TSANOF, RADOSLAV A. Civilization and progress. vii + 376 pp., index. Lexington: Univ. Kentucky Pr., 1971. $12.50.
A history of the idea of progress.
[book]VAN DOREN, CHARLES. The idea of progress. xvii + 497 pp., bibl., index. New York: Praeger, 1967.
[book]WAGAR, W. WARREN. Good tidings: The belief in progress from Darwin to Marcuse. xi + 398 pp., bibl., index. Bloomington: Indiana Univ. Pr., 1971. $11.50.
[journalArticle]WAGAR, W. WARREN. Modern views of the origins of the idea of progress. J. Hist. Ideas, 1967, 28:55–70.

Aj psychological aspects

[book]HARTMANN, HERMANN. Die Bedeutung des Vorurteils für den Fortgang der Naturwissenschaftlichen Erkenntnis. (Sitzungsberichte der Wissen. Gesell. Goethe-Univ. Frankfurt, Bd. 4, nr. 4.) 15 pp. Wiesbaden: F. Steiner, , 1967, DM 2.
[journalArticle]LUMPKIN, MARTIN. Walden I and II: A plea for renewed balance in the psychological pursuit of science. Am. Psychol., 1970, 25:1087–1090.
[journalArticle]PIETER, JÓZEF. Quelques problèmes urgents de la psychologie de la science. Organon (Warsaw), 1970, 7:61–85.

Ajd personality of the scientist; genius

[journalArticle]ARTIGIANI, PHILIP A. The functional self: A study of the philosophy and practice of science on the scientists' self-image during the 19th and 20th centuries. Diss. Abs. Int., 1970, 31:1716–A.
Dissertation at American Univ., 1969. Chairman: Jean T. Joughin. Univ. Microfilms order no. 70–15692. 375 pp. $4.80 film.
[journalArticle]ATKINS, HEDLEY. The attributes of genius from Newton to Darwin. Ann. R. Coll. Surg., 1971, 48:193–218.
The author attempts an analysis of genius as exemplified in the sciences from the middle of the 17th to the middle of the 19th century. Pays particular attention to John Hunter.
[journalArticle]FLORKIN, MARCEL. Personnalité et découverte. Bull. Acad. R. Belg. Cl. Sci., 1967, 53:1417–1428.
[journalArticle]FLORKIN, MARCEL. Recherche scientifique et personnalité. Actes XIIe Cong. Int. Hist. Sci., 1968 (pub. 1971), Ib:25–42.
English version published in Organon (Warsaw), 1969, 6:3–20.
Deals mainly with Theodor Schwann. See CB 95, no. 1826.
[book]GAFFRON, HANS. Resistance to knowledge. (Salk Institute occasional papers, 2.) 61 pp., index. San Diego: Salk Institute for Biological Studies, 1970.
“In contrast to what a scientist is usually trying to establish by his writings, this article does not offer new insight nor esults based on objective original research, only views on how socially important prejudices, including mine, have changed during the last half-century under the influence of what is usualy called the scientific view point.”
[journalArticle]GUSTIN, BERNARD H. Charisma, recognition, and the motivation of scientists. Am. J. Soc., 1972, 78:1119–1134.
[journalArticle]HOLTON, GERALD. On trying to understand scientific genius. Am. Schol., 19711972, 41:95–110.
Deals specifically with Einstein.
[book]HOSKIN, MICHAEL A. The mind of the scientist. 104 pp., plts., illus. London: British Broadcasting Corp., 1971. £1.50.
Imaginary conversations with Galileo, Newton, Herschel, Darwin, and Pasteur, broadcast as BBC television programs.
[journalArticle]KIRCHNER, JOHN H. Psychology of the scientist, XXIX: Consider this: A psycholiterary study of Walden Two. Psychol. Rep., 1970, 26:403–412.
“This study was designed to explore the humanistic aspects of B. F. Skinner mainly through his literary efforts. It is the major contention of this paper that Walden Two represents two facets of Skinner's personality and was intended as such. Parallels between the novel and Skinner's other works are drawn.”
[journalArticle]MERTON, ROBERT K. Behavior patterns of scientists. Am. Schol., 1969, 38:197–225.
Also published in Am. Scient., 1969, 57:1–23. James Watsons' best-seller The double helix has engendered a belief that science today is competitive to a degree unknown before. The author argues that concern with publishing quickly and establishing priority is not confined to contemporary science. He cites as cases in point Galileo, Newton, Leibniz, Laplace, Darwin, and others. He decries the uneasiness among scientists about acknowledging the drive for priority in science, proposes some reasons for this ambivalent attitutde, and suggests a thorough study of the problem.
G. B. KAUFFMAN
[book]PICKERING, GEORGE. Creative malady: Illness in the lives and minds of Charles Darwin, Florence Nightingale, Mary Baker Eddy, Sigmund Freud, Marcel Proust, Elizabeth Barrett Browning. 327 pp., plts., index. London: Allen & Unwin, 1974. £5.25.
[journalArticle]POLANYI, MICHAEL. Genius in science. Archs Phil., 1971, 34: 593–607.
[journalArticle]SAMBURSKY, SCHMUEL. Von Kepler bis Einstein: Das Genie in der Naturwissenschaft. Eranos-Jahrb., 1970 (pub. 1973), 40:201–238.
Also discusses Newton.
[journalArticle]SEEGER, RAYMOND J. Scientists are people. Physics Teacher, 1968, 6:454–465.
[journalArticle]ZVORIKIN, ANATOLI A. Science, société et personnalité. Cah. Hist. Mond., 1970, 12:353–412.

Ajg psychology of discovery; creativity

for logic of discovery see Akk

[journalArticle]BENNETT, ANDRÉ M. Science: The antithesis of creativity. Perspect. Biol. Med., 1968, 11:233–246.
A historical review of the conservation of scientists when faced with new ideas.
[journalArticle]BENNETT, JOHN F. An appeal for the history of scientific inspiration. Actes XIIe Cong. Int. Hist. Sci., 1968 (pub. 1970), 2:17–20.
[journalArticle]BLACKWELL, RICHARD. A pproaches to the explanation of discovery in science. Proc. Am. Cath. Phil. Assoc., 1966, 40:181–190.
[book]BRIL, JACQUES. L'invention comme phénomène anthropologique. Préf. de Charles Crussard. 192 pp., bibl. Paris: Klincksieck, 1973.

[Start of page 14]

[journalArticle]CAWS, PETER J. The structure of discovery. Science, 1969, 166:1375–1380.
The author gives a model for discovery, considers the growth of hypotheses and of science itself to be evolutionary processes, and shows the relation of psychology and structuralism to logic. Scietific discovery is no less logical than deduction. In the creative process, as in the process os demonstration, science has no special logic but shares the structure of human thought in general, and thought proceeds, in creation as in demonstration, according to perfectly intelligible principles.
G. B. KAUFFMAN.
[journalArticle]COLTRERA, JOSEPH T. On the creation of beauty and thought: The unique as vicissitude. J. Am. Psychoanal. Ass., 1965, 13:634–703.
An esay review of K.R. Eissler's Leonardo da Vinci: Psychoanalytic notes on the enigma (New York, 1961), Eissler's Goethe: A psychoanalytic study, 1775–1786 (Detroit, 1963), Phyllis Greenacre's The quest for the father: A study of the Darwin-Butler controversy (New York, 1963), and Arthur Koestler's The act of creation (New York, 1964).
[journalArticle]DATTA, LOIS-ELLIN. Family religious background and early scientific creativity. Am. Soc. Rev., 1967, 32:626–635.
“This paper examines the association between potential scientific creativity and family religious background in a sample of adolescent scientists. Comparisons were based on three hypotheses derived from studies of the rise of science and of outstanding scientists: the “Protestant ethic” interpretation of Weber and of Merton, the fundamentalistic-liberal interpretation of Lehman and Witty, and Feuer's discussion of the hedonist-libertarian ethic. To the extent that conclusions are based on the same kinds of evidence, namely, religious background distributions, the relation between early scientific attainment and religious background is better predicted by Feuer's hypothesis than by Merton's.”
[journalArticle]DE BEER, GAVIN. Other men's shoulders. Ann. Sci. 1964, (pub. 1965), 20:303–322.
“What is at issue here is the mystery of the creative processes in the mind and of the origin of an idea”.
[journalArticle]GHISELIN, BREWSTER. Creativity in the arts and sciences: The basic parallels. Michigan Q. Rev., 1974, 13:93–98.
[journalArticle]GOOD, JOHN IRVING. The function of speculation in science exemplified by the subassembly theory of mind. Theoria Theory, 1966, 1:28–43.
[journalArticle]HEISENBERG, WERNER. Tradition in science. Bull. Atom. Scient., 1973, 29(10):4–10.
[book]KAGAN, JEROME (ed.) Creativity and learning. Ed. with an intro. by Jerome Kagan. (Daedalus library, 8.) xi + 289 pp. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1967.
Partial contents: Loren Eiseley: Darwin, Coleridge, and the theory of unconscous creation. E. P. Torrance: Scientific views of creativity and factors affecting its growth. J. B. Wiesner: Education for creativity in the sciences. D. Hawkins: The informed vision; an essay on science education. L. S. Kubie: Unsolved problems of scientific education. F. Williams: The mystique of unconscious creation. P. H. Abelson: Relation of group activity to creativity in science. C. P. Haskins: The changing environments of science. G. B. Kistiakowsky: On Federal support of basic research.
[journalArticle]KARPOV, M. M.; E. Z. MISKAIA. Motivy nauchnogo tvorchestva. (Stimuli of scientific creativity.) Vop. Istor. Estest. Tekh., 1969, 27:9–13.
[journalArticle]KEDROV, BONIFATII MIKHAILOVICH. On the question of the psychology of scientific creativity. (On the occasion of the discovery by D.I. Mendeleev of the periodic law.) Soviet Rev., 1967, 8(2):26–45.
[journalArticle]KEDROV, BONFIATII MIKHAILOVICH. Sur la psychologie de la création scientifique. Organon (Warsaw), 1969, 6:49–68.
“On peut énoncer la conclusion suivante: au cours de la réalisation de la découverte scientifique, son aspect psychologique et son aspect logique, formant un tout unique et indivisible, son liés entre eux en tant que particulier (spécifique, individuel) et général (universel, commun). L'individuel trouve son reflect dans l'aspect psychologique, le commun dans l'aspect psychologique et dans l'aspect logique.”
[book]MIKULINSKII, S. R.; MIKHAIL G. IAROSHEVSKII (eds.) Nauchnoe tvorchestvo. (Scientific creativity.) 445 pp. Moscow: Nauka, 1969.
[journalArticle]MIKULINSKII, S. R.; MIKHAIL G. IAROSHEVSKII. Psychologie des wissenschaftlichen Schaffens und Wissenschaftslehre. Z. Allg. Wissenschaftstheorie, 1970, 1:82–103.
Author's abstract: Die Wissenschaftspsychologie wird als ein Gebiet interdisziplinarer Forschungen an der Grenze zwischen Psychologie und allgemeiner Theorie und Geschichte der Wissenschaft erörtert und ihr Verhältnis zu den anderen Richtungen der Wissenschaftsforschung, insbesondere zur Logik der Wissenschaftsentwicklung und zur Wissenschaftssoziologie dargestellt. Dabei heben die Autoren hervor, daβ die Ausarbeitung jeder dieser Disziplinen eine Umgestatlung ihrer Ausgangsbegriffe und methoden voraussetzt, was der Natur der Wissenschaft als spezifischen Systems und als besonderer sich historisch entwickelnder Tatigkeitsform entspricht. Als Grundprobleme wereden u.a. behandelt: Kreativität, Motivation und Schaffensdynamik des Wissenschaftlers, das Verhältnis von Persönlichkeit und Kollektiv in der modernen Wissenschaft und das Funktionieren “kleiner Gruppen”.
[book]ROSNER, STANLEY; LAWRENCE E. ABT. The creative experience. xii + 399 pp., ports., bibl. New York: Grossman, 1970. $13.95.
Pp. 3–153 are devoted to “The scientists” and present interviews with Froelich G. Rainey, Harlow Shapley, H. Bentley Glass, David Krech, Noam Chomsky, Morris Kline, Wilder Penfield, Paul Saltman, and Arthur Koestler.
[journalArticle]SILVERMAN, S. M. Social factors in creativeness. J. Coll. Sci. Teach., 1974, 3:268–270.
[journalArticle]SZAFER, WŁADYSŁAW. Creativity in a scientist's life: An attempt of analysis from the standpoint of the science of science. Organon (Warsaw), 1968, 5:3–39.
A study of the scientific productivity of a group of 70 botanists in relation to the four periods of aman's life: youth, flourishing creativity, maturity and old age.
[book]TAYLOR, A. M. Imagination and the growth of science. 110 pp., biog. notes, index. New York: Schocken, 1967. $3.95.
[book]YUKAWA, HIDEKI. Creativity and intuition: A physicist looks at East and West. Trans by John Bester. 206 pp. Tokyo: Kodansha International [Distributed in the U.S. by Harper & Row, New York], , 1973, $8.95
[journalArticle]ZVORIKIN, ANATOLI A. The results of a sociopsychological study of creative activity in science and technology. Actes XIIe Cong. Int. Hist. Sci., 1968 (pub. 1970), 2:113–118.

Ak philosophy and methodology of science

[book]ACKERMANN, ROBERT J. Philosophy of sience, an introduction. xi + 166 pp., bibl., index. New York: Pegasus, 1970. $6.95.
[journalArticle]AGASSI, JOSEPH. Duhem's instrumentalism and autonomism. Ratio, 1970, 12:148–150.
[journalArticle]AGASSI, JOSEPH. The novelty of Popper's philosophy of science. Int. Phil. Q., 1968, 8:442–463.
[journalArticle]AGASSI, JOSEPH. Privileged access. Inquiry, 1969, 12:420–426.
“That everyone has some privileged access to some information is trivially true. The doctrine of privileged access is that I am the authority on all of my own experiences. Possibly this thesis was attacked by Wittgenstein (the thesis on the non-existence of private languages). The thesis was refuted by Freud (I know your dreams better than you), Duhem (I know your methods of scientific discovery better than you), Malinowski (I know your customs and habits better than you), and perception theorists (I can make you see things which are not there and describe your perceptions better than you can). The significance of this rejected thesis is that it is the basis of sensationalism and thus of all indusctivist and some conventionalist philosophy.” From the summary.
[journalArticle]AGASSI, JOSEPH. Sociologism in philosophy of science. Metaphilosophy, 1972, 3:103–122.
[journalArticle]ALBRECHT, ERHARD. The relations between logic. epistemology, and methodology. Organon (Warsaw), 1969, 6:77–85.
[journalArticle]ALDERMAN, HAROLD G. Heidegger's critique of science. Personalist, 1969, 50:549–558.
[journalArticle]AMSTERDAMSKI, STEFAN. Science as object of philosophical reflection. Organon (Warsaw), 1973, 9:35–60.
[book]AVALIANI, SERGEI S. Ocherki filosofii estestvoznaniia. (Essays on the philosophy of science.) 311 pp. Tbilisn: Metsniereba, 1968.
[book]BACHELARD, GASTON. The philosophy of no: A philosophy of the new scientific mind. Trans. from the French by G.C. Waterston. xii + 123 pp. New York: Orion, 1968.
[journalArticle]BENNETT, H. STANLEY. The scope and limitation of science. Zygon, 1968, 3:343–353.
[book]BERTHOLET, EDMOND. La philosophie des sciences de Ferdinand Gonseth. 329 pp., bibl. Lausanne: Éd. l'Age d'Homme, 1968.
[book]BETH, EVERT WILLEM. Science a road to wisdom. Collected philosophical studies. Trans. from the Dutch by Peter Wesley. xiii + 127 pp., bibl. Dordrecth: Reidel. 1968. Fl 26.90.
[journalArticle]BLACKBURN, THOMAS R. Sensuous-intellectual complementarity in science. Science, 1971, 172:1003–1007.
“It is conceivable, then, that the notion of complementarity offers a method of including both sensuous and intellectual knowledge of nature in a common frame of reference. The result, far more than a mere compromise or amalgamation of the two viewpoints, could be a richer science, in which esthetic and quantitative valuations, each retaining its own integrity, would contribute equally to the description of nature that science long ago took for its province. Further, it may produce a scientific ethic that is less destructive toward nature.”
[book]BLOCH, WALTER. Polarität, ihre Bedeutung für die Philosophie der modemen Physik, Biologie und Psychologie. (Erfahrung und Denken, 37.) 282 pp., bibl. Berlin: Duncker & Humblot, 1972.
[book]BOSTON COLLOQUIUM FOR THE PHILOSOPHY OF SCIENCE. Proceedings of the Boston Colloquium for the Philosophy of Science, 1966–1968. Ed. by Robert S. Cohen and Marx W. Wartofsky. (Boston studies in the philosophy of science, 5.) viii + 482 pp. New York: Humanities Pr., 1969.
Contents: Adolf Grünbaum: Reply to Hilary Putnam's ‘An examination of Grünbaum's philosophy of geometry.’ Peter Havas: Causality requirements and the theory of relativity. David Finkelstein: Matter, space and logic. Hilary Putnam: Is logic empirical? Aage Petersen: On the philosophical significance of the correspondence argument. Bernard R. Grunstra: On distinguishing types of measurment. I. Bernard Cohen: Hypotheses in Newton's philosophy. R. Fürth: The role of models in theoretical physics. Mihailo Markovi: The problem of truth. P. Roman: Symmetry in physics. Wolfgang Yourgrau: Verification or proof-an undecided issue? Milic Capek: Ernst Mach's biological theory of knowledge. June Goodfield: Theoreis and hypotheses in biology: Theoretical entities and functional explanation. (With comments by Ernst Mayr and Joseph Agassi.) Carl Friedrich von Weizsäcker: The unity of physics.
[book]BOSTON STUDIES in the philosophy of science. Volume III. In memory of Norwood Russell Hanson. Proceedings of the Boston Colloquium for the Philosophy of Science 1964/1966. Ed. by Robert S. Cohen and Marx W. Wartofsky. xlix + 489 pp. New York: Humanities; Dordrecht: Reidel, 1968.
Contents: Homage to Norwood Russell Hanson. Norwood Russell Hanson: Publications. Benjamin Nelson: The early modern revolution in science and philosophy. David Hawkins: Taxonomy and information. Mendel Sachs: On the elementarity of measurement in general relativity: Toward a general theory. Noam Chomsky: Recent contributions to the theory of innate ideas. Hilary Putnam: The “innateness hypothesis” and explanatory models in linguistics. Nelson Goodman: The epistemological argument. George Schlesinger: Natural kinds. Marx W. Wartofsky: Metaphysics as heuristic for science. C. Lanczos: Rationalism and the physical world. Hilda Geiringer: On the foundations of probability theory. William A. Wallace: Elementarity and reality in particle physics (with an exchange of letters between E.K. Gora and W. Heisenberg). Gerd Buchdahl: Semantic sources of the concept of law. Joseph Agassi: Science in flux: Footnotes to Popper. Stephen Toulmin: Conceptual revolutions in science. Asher Moore: The center of the world. Paul K. Feyerabend: On the improvement of the sciences and arts, and the possible identity of the two. Jean Van Heijendoort: Logic as calculus and logic as language. Zdzislaw Augustynek: Three studies in the philosoph of space and time. Norwood Russell Hanson: What I don't believe.

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[book]BRODY, BORUCH A. (ed.) Readings in the philosophy of science. xviii + 637 pp. Englewood Cliffs, N. J: Prentice-Hall, 1970.
[bookChapter]BRONK, DETLEV W. The nature of science and its humane values. Pp. 21–40 in The shape of likelihood: Relevance and the university. The Franklin Lectures in the sciences and humanities. University, Alabama: Univ. Alabama Pr., 1971.
[book]BRONOWSKI, JACOB. Nature and knowledge: The philosophy of contemporary science. (Condon lecturers, 1969.) 95 pp., bibl. Eugene: Oregon State System of Higher Education, 1969. $1.25.
[journalArticle]BUNGE, MARIO. Is scientific metaphysics possible? J. Phil., 1971, 68:507–520.
“We have exhibited three theories … that satisfy the conditions defining scientific metaphysics. We have thereby proved that scientitic metaphysics is not only possible but actual. It is particularly alive in engineering schools, although it is doubtful that engineers will be flattered by this association.”
[journalArticle]BUNGE, MARIO. On method in the philosophy of science. Archs Phil., 1971, 34:551–574.
[book]CALDER, RITCHIE. Man and cosmos: The nature of science today. 219 pp., index. New York: Praeger, , 1968, $5.50.
[journalArticle]CAWS, PETER J. Aspects of Hempel's philosophy of science. Rev. Metaphys., 1967, 20:690–710.
[book]CAWS, PETER. The philosophy of science. vii + 354 pp. Princeton: Van Nostrand, 1965. $6.75.
[journalArticle]CHALUS, PAUL. Limites imprécises de l'expérience et attitude scientifique: Histoire, mythes, psychoanalyse. Revue Synth., 1965, 86:355–373.
“… la plus grande conquëte du XXe siecle: la reconnaissance aux limites (au-delà des limites, presque) de la perception et d l'expérimentation, au-delà des limites de la conscience, de domaines nouveaux de la Nature que la quiétude du XIXe siècle ignorait.”
[book]COHEN, ROBERT S.; MARX W. WARTOFSKY (eds.) Methodological and historical essays in the natural and social sciences. (Boston studies in the philosophy of science, 14.) viii + 405 pp., bibls. Dordrecht, Holland: Reidel, 1974.
Contents: Herbert Feigl: Empiricism at bay?: Revisions and a new defense. Erman McMullin: Empiricism at sea. Philip I. Quinn: What Duhem really meant. Michael Polanyi: Genius in science. W. A. Suchting: Regularity and law. Ernst Mayr: Teleological and teleonomic, a new analysis. J. E. McGuire: Forces, powers, aethers, and fields, Dudley Shapere: Natural science and the future of metaphysics. Stanisa Novakovic: Is the transition from an old theory to a new one of a sudden and unexpected character? William Berkson: Some practical issues in the recent controversy on the nature of scientific revolutions. A. Polikarov: The divergent-convergent method: A heuristic approach to problem-solving. Fred Sommers: The logical and the extra-logical. Ernest Sosa: What is a logical constant? Gottlob Frege: On the law of inertia. Yehuda Elkana: Scientific and metaphysical problems: Euler and Kant. W. W. Bartley, III: Theory of language and philosophy of science as instruments of educational reform: Wittgenstein and Popper as Austrian schoolteachers. Richard Popkin: Bible criticism and social science. Jindrich Zeleny: Kant. Marx and modern rationality. Quentin Lauer: The Marxist conception of science. Wladyslaw Krajewski: The idea of statistical law in 19th-century science.
[book]COLODNY, ROBERT F. (ed.) Beyond the edge of certainty: Essays in contemporary science and philosophy. (University of Pittsburgh series in the philosophy of science, 2.) ix + 287 pp., index. Englewood Cliffs, N.J: Prentice-Hall, 1965. $9.95.
Contents: Norwood Russell Hanson: Newton's first law: A philosopher's door into natural philosophy. Brain Ellis: The origin and nature of Newton's laws of motion. N. R. Hanson: A response to Ellis's conception of Newton's first law. Hilary Putnam: A philosopher looks at quantum mechanics. David Hawkins: The thermodynamics of purpose. Philip Morrison: The physics of the large. Paul K. Feyerabend: Problems of empiricism. Nicholas Rescher: The ethical dimension of scientific research.
[book]COLODNY, ROBERT G. (ed.) Mind and cosmos: Essays in contemporary science and philosophy. (University of Pittsburgh series in the philosophy of science, 3.) xviii + 362 pp., index. Pittsburgh: Univ. Pittsburgh Pr., 1966. $8.
Contents: Herbert A. Simon: Thinking by computers. Herbert A. Simon: Scientific discovery and the psychology of problem solving. Dudley Shapere: Meaning and scientific change. Sylvain Bromberger: Why questions. Carl. G. Hempel: Recent problems of induction. Wesley C. Salmon: The foundations of scientific inference. Joseph T. Clark: The physiognomy of physics. Joseph T. Clark: Science and some other comonents of intellectual culture. Thomas Gold: Cosmic processes and the nature of time. Henry Margenau: The philosophical legacy of the quantum theory.
Contents: Huston Smith. The revolution in Western thought. J. L. Greenstein and G. Leach. The study of immensity. W. R. Cozart. Modern literature and the search for cosmic order. J. Bonner. The next new biology. G. Brown. The aesthetics of physics. R. D. Owen. The science and technology of life.
[book]COZART, WILLIAM R. ed. Dialogue on science. (The dialogue series, 6.) 101 pp. Indianapolis: Bobbs-Merrill, 1967. $1.25 (paper).
[book]DEUTSCHER KONGRESS FÜR PHILOSOPHIE, 9th, Düsseldorf, 1969. Philosophie und Wissenschaft. Hrsg. von Ludwig Landgrebe. [x] + 644 pp. Meisenheim am Glan: Hain, 1972. DM 120.
Partial contents: Ludwig Landgrebe: Die Philosophie und die Verantwortung der Wissenschaften. Paul Lorenzen: Das Problem des Scientismus. K. Marc-Wogau: Über Kausalerklärung in der Geschichte. R. M. Hare: Wissenschaft und praktische Philosophie. Jurger: Haberma Einige Bemerkungen zum Problem der Begründung von Werturteilen. Wilh. E. Essler: Naturwissenschaftliche und geisteswissenschaftliche Erklärung. Kah Kyung Cho: Anschuung und Abstraktion im Lichte der modernen Wissenschaftstheorie. Elisabeth Ströker: Die Einheit der Naturwissenschaften-Bemerkungen zu einer fragwürdigen Idee. Hans Sachsse: Das Problem äquivalenter Theorien in der Naturwissenschaft. Gerard Radnitzky: Zur Rolle der Fachsprachen in der Produktion von wissenschaftlichen Wissen. K. Lorenz: Der zweifach missverstandene Wittgenstein in der analytischen Philosophie. Lothar Eley: Sprache als Bedingung der Möglichkeit von Kunstsprache und Ideologiekritik. H. Schnelle: Die strukturalistische Interpretation der Sprache. Helmut Gipper: Die genetische Interpretation der Sprache. I. Mittelstrass: Die Galileische Wende. Kurt Hübner: Duhems historistische Wissenschaftstheorie und ihre Weiterentwicklung. E. Borden: Gewinnung und Eigenart des Gegenstandes geschichtlicher Erkenntnis. Karl Püllen: Wissenschaftstheorie und Mathematik als Gegenstand von Unterricht. Hans Fiebig: Hobbes' operative Theorie der Wissenschaft. H. Kohlenberger: Zum Problemkreis: Ethik und Wissenschaft. Norbert Henrichs: Projekt und Realisierung einer philosophisch-bibliographischen Datenbank.
[book]DEUTSCHER KONGRESS FÜR PHILOSOPHIE, 10th, Kiel, 1972. Natur und Geschichte: X. Deutscher Kongress für Philosophie, Kiel 8.-12. Oktober 1972. Hrsg. von Kurt Hübner und Albert Menne. viii + 482 pp. Hamburg: Meiner, 1973. DM 120.
Contains papers on the following themes: Naturphilosophie, Geschichtsphilosophie, Philosophie der Naturwissenschaften, Philosophie der Geschichtswissenschaft, Philosphie der Technik, Unterricht in Philosphie der Natur- und Geschichtswissenschaften an den Schulen, Philosophie und Lehrerbildung. Papers dealing with individuals or particular time periods are indexed separately in the present bibliography.
[book]DIÉGUEZ, MANUEL DE. Science et nescience. 548 pp., index. Paris: Gallimard, 1970. F 46–50.
[book]DIEMER, ALWIN (ed.) Der Wissenschafsbegriff: Historische und systematische Untersuchungen. Vorträge und Diskussionen im April 1968 in Düsseldorf und im Oktober 1968 in Fulda. (Studien zur Wissenschaftstheorie, 4.) viii + 277 pp., index. Meisenhaim am Glan: Hain, 1970
Contents: Alwin Diemer: Der Wissenschaftsbergriff in historischem und systematischem Zusammenhang. Heinrich Schipperges: Zum Wissenschaftsbegriff im arabischen Mittelalter. Norbert Henrichs: Scientia Magica. Heribert M. Nobis: Die wissenschaftstheoretische Bedeutung der peripatetischen ‘questione mechanicae’. Bemerkungen zum Verhältnis von ‘ars’ und ‘scientia’ im 16. und 17. Jahrhundert. Waltraud Bumann: Der Begriff der Wissenschaft im deutschen Sprach- und Denkraum. Lutz Geldsetzer: ‘Science’ in französischen Sprach- und Denkraum. Wilhelm Risse: Der Wissenschaftsbegriff in England im 17. und 18. Jahrhundert. Alois von der Stein: System als Wissenschaftskriterium. Gert König: Der Wissenschaftsberiff der ‘philosophy of science’. Gert König: Mathematik als Wissenschaft. Adolf Mayer-Abich: Die Erkenntnisideale der Biologie. Lutz Geldsetzer: Begriffe und Ideale wissenschaftlicher Philosophie. Theo Herrmann: Der Wissenschaftsbegriff der Psychologie. Rudolf Heinz: Zum Begriff der philosophischen Kunstwissenschaft im Jahrhundert. Rudolf Wohlgenannt: Über eine Untersuchung des Begriffs der Wissenschaft.
[journalArticle]DIEMER, ALWIN. Zur Grundlegung eines allgemeinen Wissenschaftsbegriffes. Z. Allg. Wissenschaftstheorie, 1970, 1:209–227.
[book]DÜRR, KARL. Metaphysik und wissenschaftliche Philosophie. (Erfahrung und Denken, 24.) 48 pp., bibl. Berlin: Duncker & Humblot, 1967. DM 7.80.
[journalArticle]DUMITRIU, A. La structure axiomatique de la science moderne. Scientia, 1970, 105:737–756.
[book]DURBIN, PAUL R. Philosophy of science, an introduction. xxix + 271 pp. New York: McGraw-Hill, 1968.
[book]EISELEY, LOREN C. The unexpected universe. 239 pp. New York: Harcourt, Brace & World, , 1969, $5.75.
[journalArticle]FEIBLEMAN, JAMES K. Types of empirical discoveries. Systematics, 1967, 5: 37–56.
[book]FEYERABEND, PAUL K.; GROVER MAXWELL (eds.) Mind, matter, and method: Essays in philosophy and science in honor of Herbert Feigl. 524 pp., figs., bibl., index. Minneapolis: Univ. Minnesota Pr., 1966. $9.75.
[book]FOUCAULT, MICHEL. L'ordre du discours. Leçon inaugurale au Collège de France. 82 pp. Paris: Gallimard, 1971. F 5.
[book]FOURASTIÉ, JEAN. Les conditions de l'esprit scientifique. 256 pp. Paris: Gallimard, 1966. F 3.
[book]FRONTIERS of modern scientific philosophy and humanism: The Athens Meeting, 1964. ix + 91 pp. Amsterdam: Elsevier, 1966.
Partial contents: Lord Adrian, The search for the mind. J. H. Finlay, Jr., The classics. W. Heisenberg. Natural law and the structure of matter. A Tiselius. Balance and unbalance in scientific progress. H. Yukawa, Intuition and abstraction in scientific thinking. I. Theodorakopoulos, Greece and the world.
[book]GORAN, MORRIS H. Science and anti-science. xi + 128 pp. Ann Arbor: Ann Arbor Science, 1974.
[book]GUNTAU, MARTIN; HELGE WENDT (eds.) Naturforschung und Weltbild. Eine Einführung in philosophische Probleme der modernen Naturwissenschaften. 2. umgearbeitete und erweiterte Aufl. 372 pp. Berlin: Deutscher Verlag der Wissenschaften, 1967. DM 8.
[journalArticle]HADOT, PIERRE. L'aport du néoplatonisme à la philosophie de la nature en Occident. Eranos Jahrb., 1968 (pub. 1970), 37:91–132.
“Il m’a semblé que, pour cela, la meilleure méthode consisterait à degager les schèmes fondamentaux et fondateurs de la philosophie de la nature au moment le plus privilégiè de son histoire, je veux dire à l'époque de Goethe et de Schelling, à montrer ensuite la permanence et l'evolution de ces schèmes depuis le dèbut du XIXᵉ siècle jusqu'à l'époque contemporaine, puis à les replacer dans une perspective plus vaste, celle de la tradition néoplatonicienne, considérée en son fondateur, Plotin. Ainsi la continuitéde la tradition appratrait d'une manière plus forte.”
[book]HANSON, NORWOOD RUSSELL. Observation and explanation: A guide to philosophy of science. Pref. by Stephen Toulmin. xi + 84 pp. New York: Harper, 1971. $5; $1.50 (paper).

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[book]HANSON, NORWOOD RUSSELL. What I do not believe, and other essays. Ed. by Stephen Toulmin and Harry Woolf. xii + 390 pp., bibls. Dordrecht, Holland: Reidel, 1971.
Contents: A picture theory of theory-meaning. On elementary particle theory. Some philosophical aspects of conemporary cosmologies. Stability proofs and consistency proofs: A loose analogy. Leverrier: The zenith and nadir of Newtonian mechanics. The contributions of other disciplines to 19th-century physics. On being in two places at once. Copenrnicus' role in Kant's revolution. It's actual, so it's possible. On having the same visual experiences. Mental events yet again: Retrospect on some old arguments. Imagining the impossible. On the impossibility of any future metaphysics. Good inductive reasons. A budget of cross-type inferences. The irrelevance of history of science to philosophy of science. The idea of a logic of discovery. The agnostic's dilemma. What I don't believe. The discovery of air. The shape of an idea. The idea of a shape.
[book]HARRÊ, ROMANO. The philosophies of science: An introductory survey. viii + 191 pp., illus., bibl., index. London: Oxford Univ. Pr., 1972. £1.30; £0.60 (paper).
[journalArticle]HASKELL, EDWARD. Unified science: The public philosophy of the space age. Connecticut Rev., 1969, 2(2):84–91.
[book]HEITLER, WALTER. Naturphilosophische Streifzüge. Vortrage und Aufsätze. 128 pp., illus. Braunschweig: Vieweg, 1970. DM 19.80.
[journalArticle]HELM, ERICH. Ganzheit als naturphilosophisches Phänomen. Versuch einer kritischen Analyse als Grundlegung einer dynamischen Ganzheitslehre. Philosophia Nat., 1970, 12:297–344.
[book]HÖRZ, HERBERT; ROLF LÖTHER; SIEGFRIED WOLLGAST (eds.) Naturphilosophie-von der Spekulation zur Wissenschaft. 474 pp., bibl., index. Berlin: Akadeie-Verlag, , 1969, DM 22.
[book]INTERNATIONAL COLLOQUIUM IN THE PHILOSOPHY OF SCIENCE, London, 1965. Proceedings. Vol. 3: Problems in the philosophy of science. Ed. by Imre Lakatos and Alan Musgrave. (Studies in logic and the foundations of mathematics.) x + 448 pp. Amsterdam: North-Holland, 1968.
Contents: Richards H. Popkin: Scepticism, theology and the scientific revolution in the seventeenth century. W. W. Bartley, III: Theories of demarcation between science and metaphysics. Mario Bunge: The maturation of science. Grover Maxwell: Scientific methodology and the causal theory of perception. Wolfgang Yourgrau: A budget of paradoxes in physics. Roman Suszko: Formal logic ane the development of knowledge. L. Pearce Williams: Epistemology and experiment: The case of Michael Faraday. P. G. Bergmann: The general theory of relativity: Case study in the unfolding of new physical concepts. Béla Juhos: The influence of epistemological analysis on scientific research: “Length” and “time” in the special theory of relativity. Patrick Suppes: Information processing and choice behavior. John C. Harsanyi: Individiualistic and functionalistic explanations in the light of game theory: The example of social status. R. A. H. Robson: The present state of theory in sociology. Ernest Gellner: The new idealism: Cause and meaning in the social sciences. J.O. Wisdom: Anti-dualist outlook and social enquiry.
[bookChapter]INTERNATIONAL CONGRESS OF PHILOSOPHY, 14th, Vienna, 1968. Proceedings. Vol. IV, 7: The philosophy of nature. Pp. 295–438. Vienna: Herder, 1969.
Contents: Ernan McMullin: Is there a philosophy of nature? Ivor Leclerc: A new theory of the physical existent as a compound actuality. Filippo Selvaggi: Nécessité et contingence dans la nature. Michael V. Mostepanenko: Physical picture of the wold and its role in the contruction of physical theories. Michael Vajda: Gibt es eine marxistische Naturphilosophie? Tibor Elek: Über platonische Interpretationen moderner physikalischer Konzeptionen. Hubertus Mynarek: Zur Philosophie der Evolution. Kurt Hübner: Von der Bedeutung der Geistesgeschichte für rundlegungen der Physik. G. A. Svechnikov: Conception of causality in physics. Wadim M. Swiridenko: Die Veränderung einer kategorialen Form der Erklarung beim Übergang zur Quantenphysik. R. A. Aronov: On the correlation between phenomenological and dynamical theories in elementary particles physics. Carlo Giacon: Les principaux problèmes de l'actuelle philosophie de la nature. Henry Mehlberg: The problem of time. Wolfgang Strobl: Die naturphilosophische Bedeutung einer einheitlichen Feldtheorie der Elementarteilchen. J. T. Fraser: Time and the paradox of unexpected truth. Alexandr Mostepanenko: On the problem of universality of space-time description. Bernhard Philberth: Die Zeit in der relativistischen Physik. Azaria Polikarov: Klassifizierungstypen der Wissenschaften. Victor Kremiansky: On the concept of hyperstructure. William E. Carlo: Biological emergence and the plurality of sciences: An alternative to Mach. Anton-Franz Kremmeter: Elemente zu einer umfassenden biologischen Theorie.
[book]INTERNATIONAL CONGRESS FOR LOGIC METHODOLOGY AND PHILOSOPHY OF SCIENCE, 3rd, Amsterdam, 1967. Logic, methodology and philosophy of science. Proceedings of the Third International Congress for Logic, Methodology and Philosophy of Science. Ed. by B. van Rootsellaar and J. F. Staal. xii + 553 pp., illus. Amsterdam: Norh Holland Pub., 1968. Fl 80.
[journalArticle]KATĚTOV, MIROSLAV; IRENA SEIDLEROVÁ. Některé otǎzky současné vědy a historická zkušenost. (Some problems of contemporary science and historical experience.) Sb. Dějiny Přir. Věd Tech., 1967, 11:5–23.
A theoretical anlaysis. Three main questions are discussed: the so called “bind alleys” in science; the absolutism of notions and conceptual systems; the relation between microscopic and macroscopic levels of properties of objects and phenomena. M. RECHCIGL. JR.
[journalArticle]KESSEL, FRANKS S. The philosphy of science as proclaimed and science as praciced: “Identity” or “dualism”? Am. Psychol., 1969, 24:999–1005.
[book]KIEFER, HOWARD E.; MILTON K. MUNITZ (eds.) Mind, science and history. xii + 321 pp. Albany State Univ. of New York Pr., 1970.
Partial contents: Ernest Nagel: Issues in the logic of reductive explanations. Mario Bunge: Theory meets experience. Peter Caws: Models for scientific practice (A response). Richard Schlegel: Do we know the world through science? Ernest Nagel: On some alleged limitations of scientific knowledge. Bentley Glass: A practitioner's view of the biological sciences.
[journalArticle]KIRSCHENMANN, PETER. Objective symmetries, subjectivist interpretations and other relfections. Stud. Hist. Phil. Sci., 1973, 4:193–207.
Essay review of E. P. Wigner, Symmetries and reflections: Scientific essays (Cambridge, Mass., 1970.)
[book]KOCKELMANS, JOSEPH J. The world in science and philosophy. xx + 184 pp., bibl. Milwaukee: Bruce, 1969.
[book]KUZNETSOV, BORIS GRIGOR’EVICH. Filosofiia optimizma. (Philosophy of optimism.) 359 pp. Moscow: Nauka, 1972.
[book]KYBURG, HENRY E., JR. Philosophy of science; a formal approach. xii + 332 pp., illus. New York: Macmillan, 1968.
[book]LASZLO, ERVIN (ed.) The relevance of general systems theory: Papers presented to Ludwig von Bertalanffy on his 70th birthday. viii + 213 pp., bibl. New York: Braziller, 1972. $6.95.
Contents: E. Laszlo: The origins of general systems theory in the work of von Bertalanffy. A. Rapoport: The search for simplicity. H. H. Pattee: The evolution of self-simplifying systems. R. Rosen: Some systems theoretical problems in biology. E. Zerbst: The impact of von Bertalanffy on physiology. K. E. Boulding: Economics and general systems. L. Thayer: Communication systems. W. Gray: Bertalanffian principles as a basis for humanistic psychiatry. N. D. Rizzo: the significance of von Bertalanffy for psychology. L. J. Livesey, Jr., Noetic planning: the need to know, but what? J. W. Clark: The general ecology of knowledge in curriculums of the future. L. von Bertalanffy: Response.
[book]LASZLO, ERVIN. The systems view of the world: The natural philosophy of the new developments in the sciences. ix + 131 pp., bibl., index. New York: Braziller, , 1972, $5.95.
[journalArticle]LASZLO, ERVIN; HENRY MARGENAU. The emergence of integrative concepts in contemporary science. Philosophy Sci., 1972, 39:252–259.
[journalArticle]LE CLERC, IVOR. Über die Notwendigkeit, zur Philosophie der Natur zurückzukehren. Studia Leib., 1974, 6:93–106.
[book]LENK, HANS (ed.) Neue Aspekte der Wissenschaftstheorie: Beiträge zur wissenschaftlichen Tagung des Engeren Kreises der Allgemeinen Gesellschaft für Philosophie in Deutschland, Karlsruhe 1970. (Wissenschaftstheorie, Wissenschaft und Philosophie, 8.) 249 pp. Braunschweig: Vieweg, 1971.
Contents: W. Stegmuller: Das Problem der Induktion: Humes Herausforderung und modere Antworten. I. Lakatos: Popper zum Abgrenzungs- und Induktions­problem. H. Albert: Kritizismus und Naturalismus. Die Überwindung des klassischen Rationalitätsmodells und das Überbrückungsproblem. K. Acham: Zum wissenschaftlichen Status und zur Pragmatik der Geschichtswissenschaft. Einige Bemerkungen aus der Sicht der analytischen Geschichtsphilosophie. S. Moser: Technologie und Technokratie. Zur Wissenschaftstheorei der Technik. F. Rapp: Die Technik in wissenschaftstheoretischer Sicht. B. Juhos: Triadische Erkenntnisanalyse. W. K. Essler: Über synthetisch-apriorische Urteile. A. Kamlah: Kepler im Licht der modernen Wissenschaftstheorie. P. Krausser: Eine Rahmentheorie für kritische System- und Prozessanalysen von wissenschaftlichen Forschungsprozessen. E. v. Savigny: Recht und Gerechtigkeit als wissenschaftstheoretisches Problem der Rechtswissenschaft.
[book]LEY, HERMANN; ROLF LÖTHER, eds. Mikrokosmos-Makrokosmos. Philosophishtheoretische Problem der Naturwissenschaft, Technik und Medizin. 2 vols. 520 pp; 574 pp., illus. Berlin: Akademie Verlag, 1966–1967.
[book]LUYTEN, NORBERT A. Schriften zur Naturphilosophie. Écrits sur la philosophie de la nature. (Arbeiten zur Psychologie, Pädagogik und Heilpädagogik, 25.) 217 pp., bibl. Frieburg: Universitätsverlag, , 1969, Sir. 15.
Contents: Le problème de la philosophie de la nature. Cosmologie et philosophie “scientifique”. Das Verhältnis zwischen Wissenschaftskritik und Naturphilosophie. Réflexions sur la notion de matière. Philosophisches zum Materiebegriff. Matter as potency. Die Materie in naturphilosophischer Sicht. Der Raum als Problem der Philosophie. Philosophical implications of evolution. Teilhard de Chardin: Eine neue Synthese des Wissens? Réflexions sur la méthode de Teilhard de Chardin. Materie, Bewusstsein, Geist in der Sicht Teilhards de Chardin.
[journalArticle]MACKAY, ALAN L. Towards a model of the body scientific. Tech. Soc., 1968, 4(3):34–38.
[journalArticle]MacKINNON, EDWARD M. Analysis and the philosophy of science. Int. Phil. Q., 1967, 7:213–250.
[journalArticle]MARWICK, MAX. Is science a form witchcraft? New Scient., 1974, 63:578–581.
[book]MC CONNELL, JAMES V.; MARLYS SCHUTJER (eds.) Science, sex, and sacred cows: Spoofs on science from the Worm runner's digest. viii + 183 pp., illus. New York: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich, 1971. $5.95.
[journalArticle]MC MULLIN, ERNAN. Philosophies of nature. New Scholast., 1969, 43:29–74.
“Is there an authentic area of philosophical discussion about nature which is distinguishable from empirical science on the one hand and philosophy of science on the other?”
[book]MEYER, THOMAS. Zwischen Spekulation und Erfahrung: Einige Bemerkungen zur Wissenschaftstheorie von Jürgen Habermas. 71 pp. Frankfurt am Main: Makol, 1972.
[book]MICHALOS, ALEX C. (ed.) Philosophical problems of science and technology. xii + 623 pp., illus., bibls., index. Boston: Allyn & Bacon, 1974. $12.95.
[book]MITTELSTRASS, JÜRGEN. Die Möglichkeit von Wissenschaft. 267 pp., bibl., index. Frankfurt am Main: Suhrkamp, 1974.
[book]MOHR, HANS. Wissenchaft und menshliche Existenz. Vorlesungen über Struktur und Bedeutung der Wissenchaft. 107pp. Freiburg: Rombach, 1967.
[book]MOLODTSOV, VASILII SERGEEVICH; ANATOLII MIKHAILOVICH KORHUNOV. Filosofskie problemy estestvoznaiia; kurs lektsii. (Philosophical problems of the natural sciences; a lecture course.) 290 pp. Moscow: Izd-vo Moskovsogo Universiteta, 1967.
[book]MORGENBESSER, SIDNEY, ed. Philosophy of science today, xvi + 208 pp., index. New York: Selected Books, 1967.
Selected readings.
[book]MORGENBESSER, SIDNEY; PATRICK SUPPES; MORTON G. WHITE (eds.) Philosophy, science, and method. Essays in honour of Ernest Nagel. ix + 613 pp. New York: St. Martin's Pr., 1969.
The essays relating to the history of science more specifically than the philosophy of science have been indexed separately in this bibliography.

[Start of page 17]

[book]NÆSS, ANRE. The pluralist and possibilist aspect of the scientific enterprise. 147 pp., bibl. Oslo: Universitetsforlaget, 1972. Skr 68.
[journalArticle]NELL, EDWARD J. Review essay: Aspects of scientific explanation and other essays in the philosophy of science, by Carl G. Hempel. Hist. Theory, 1968, 7:224–239.
[journalArticle]NEUMANN, HARRY. Believing science and unbelieving sciene: Reflections on the basic conflict of ancient and modern philsophy of science. Zygon, 1967, 2:398–417.
[book]NIDDITCH, PETER H. (ed.) The philosophy of science. 184 pp., bibl., index. London: Oxford Univ. Pr., 1968. 10s (paper).
A book of readings.
[bookChapter]NUTINI, HUGO G. Lévi-Strauss' conception of science.Jean Pouillon and Pierre Maranda (eds.) Échanges et communications: Mélanges offerts à Claude Lévi-Strauss. The Hague: Mouton, 1970.
[journalArticle]OBJECTIVITÉ et historicité de la pensée scientifique. Raison Présente, 1968, 8:24–54.
A debate between Yves Galifret, Georges Canguilhem, Ernest Kahane, Noël Mouloud, Jacques Roger, Evry Schatzman, and Jean-Pierre Vigier.
[book]PANTIN, CARL F.A. The relations between the sciences. Ed. and with an intro. and note by A.M. Pantin and W.H. Thorpe. x + 206 pp., illus., bibl. London: Cambridge Univ. Pr., 1968. 45s.
Based upon the Tarner lectures of Trinity College, 1959.
[book]PHILOSOPHY OF SCIENCE ASSOCIATION. PSA 1970: In memory of Rudolf Carnap. Proceedings of the 1970 biennial meeting, Philosophy of Science Association. Ed. by Roger C. Buck and Robert S. Cohen. (Boston studies in the philosophy of science, 8.) ixvi + 615 pp., port., bibls. Dordrecht, Holland: Reidel; New York: Humanities Pr., 1971.
One of the symposia published here is devoted to “History of science and its rational reconstruction”: Contents: Imre Lakatos: History of science and its rational reconstructions. Thomas S. Kuhn: Notes on Lakatos. Hebert Feigl: Research programmes and induction. Richard J. Hall: Can we use the history of science to decide between competing methodologies? Noretta Koertge: Inter-theoretic criticism and the growth of science. Imre Lakatos: Replies to critics.
Other articles include a homage to Carnap by several philosophers of science, and the following: J. O. Wisdom: Observations as the building blocks of science in 20th-century scientific thought. Gen-Ichiro Nagasaka: The Einstein-Podolsky-Rosen paradox reexamined. Milic Capek: The significance of Piaget's researches on the psychogenesis of atomism. Andrew McLaughlin: Method and factual agreement in science. Carl R. Kordig: Objectivity, scientific change, and self-reference. Warren D. Siemens: A logical empiricist theory of scientific change? Ronald N. Giere: The structure, growth and application of scientific knowledge. Reflections on relevance and the future of philosophy of science. Stephen Toulmin: From logical systems to conceptual populations. Carlo Giannoni: Einstein and the Lorentz-Poincaré theorv of relativity.
[book]PINTO, ALVARO VIEIRA. Ciencia e existéncia: Problemas filosoficos da pesquisa cientifica. (Rumos da cultura moderna, 20.) 537 pp. Rio de Janeiro: Paz e Terra, 1969.
[journalArticle]PODOLSKY, BORIS. What is science? Physics Teacher, 1965, 3:71–73.
[book]POLANYI, MICHAEL. Knowing and being. Ed. by Marjorie Grene. xvii + 246 pp., index. London: Routledge & Kegan Paul, , 1969, £2. 5s.
Part 2, “The nature of science”, contains the following essays: The republic of science. The growth of science in society. The potential theory of adsorption. My time with x-rays and crystals. The unaccountable element in science.
[bookChapter]POPPER, KARL R. The aim of science.Raymond Klibansky (ed.) Contemporary philosophy. Vol. III. Florence: La Nuova Italia, 1969.
[book]RADNITZKY, GERARD. Contemporary schools of metascience. Vol. I: Anglo-Saxon schools of metascience. Vol. 2: Continental schools of metascience. (Studies in the theory of science, 2, 3.) Göteborg: Gumpert, 1968.
[journalArticle]RADNITZKY, GERARD. Contemporary schools of metascience, 2nd revised and enlarged edtion. 2 vols. in 1, bibl. New York: Humanities Pr., 1970. $13.50.
[book]RESCHER, NICHOLAS (ed.) Studies in the philosophy of science. (American Philosphical Quarterly monograph series, 3.) 208 pp., index. Oxford: Blackwell, 1969.
Partial contents: Lawrence Sklar: The conventionality of geometry. Mario Bunge: What are physical theories about? Joseph Agassi: Popper on learning from experience. D. H. Mellor: Physics and furniture. Michael Anthony Slote: Religion, science, and the extraordinary.
[journalArticle]RICHARDSON, WILLIAM J. Heidegger's critique of science. New Scholast., 1968, 42:511–536.
[book]ROUSSEAU, PIERRE. The limits of science. Translation ed. by John P.H. Newell. viii + 186 pp., index. London: Phoenix House, 1967.
[journalArticle]RUDOLPH, GERARD. “De incertitudine et vanitate scientiarum”: Tradition und Wandlung der wissenschaftlichen Skepsis von Agrippa von Nettesheim bis zum Ausgang des 18. Jahrhunderts. Gesnerus, 1966, 23::247–265.
[bookChapter]RUDOLPH, G. De incertitudine et vanitate scientiarum. Das Urteil über die Zuverlässigkeit der Wissenschaften von Agrippa von Nettesheim bis zum Ausgang des 18. Jahrhunderts. Pp. 573–580 in Proc. XIXIth int. Congr. Hist. Medicine. Basel: S. Karger, 1966.
[journalArticle]RUSSO, FRANÇOIS. La science comme action et artifice. Organon (Warsaw), 1970, 7:87–95.
[journalArticle]SADOVSKY, VADIM N. General systems theory: Evolution of ideas. Actes XIIe Cong. Int. Hist. Sci., 1968 (pub 1970), 2:97–100.
[journalArticle]SAMBURSKY, SAMUEL. Antithetische Elemente in Natur und Naturerkenntnis. Eranos-Jahrb., 1967 (pub. 1968), 36:229–267.
[book]SCHLEGEL, RICHARD. Completeness in science. A study of how completely science may describe the universe. xi + 280 pp. New York: Appleton-Century-Crofts, 1967. $7.50.
[book]SCHLEGEL, RICHARD. Inquiry into science: Its domain and limites. Illus. by Al Nagy. x + 108 pp., illus., index. Garden City, N. Y: Doubleday, 1972. $4.95.
[book]SCIENTIFIC THOUGHT: Some underlying concepts, methods and procedures. (New Babylon: Studies in the social sciences, 9.) xii + 252 pp. The Hague: Mouton, 1972. Fl 39
[journalArticle]SECOND USSR conference on philosophical problems of natural science (Voprosy filosofii, 1971, no. 3). Soviet Stud. Phil., 1971–72, 10:203–294.
Contents: V. A. Ambartsumian: Materialist dialectics—the methodology and logic of development of contemporary natural science. P. V. Kopnin: Contemporary science and the Marxist-Leninist theory of knowledge. B. M. Kedrov: V. I. Lenn on the dialectics of the development of natural science. M. E. Omel'ianovskii: V. I. Lenin and problems of dialectics in contemporary physics. V. A. Fok: Quantum physics and philosophical problems. A. D. Aleksandrov: Space and time in contemporary physics in the light of Lenin's philosophical ideas. V. S. Barashenkov: The Leninist concept of the inexhaustibility of matter in contemporary physics. P. K. Anokhin: Philosophical aspects of the theory of a functional system.
[journalArticle]SHEA, WILLIAM R. Beyond logical empiricism. Dialogue, 1971, 10:223–242.
“In the present paper, I propose to show why logical positivism failed to do justice to the basic empirical and logical problems of philosophy of science. I also wish to consider why the drastic reation, typified by Thomas Kuhn and Paul Feyerabend, fails to provide a suitable alternative, and to suggest that the radical approaches of recent writers such as Mary Hesse and Dudley Shapere hold out genuine promise of dealing effectively with the central tasks that face the philosopher of science today.”
[book]SIMON, HERBERT A. The sciences of the artificial. (Karl Taylor Compton lectures, 1968.) xii + 123 pp., illus., bibl. Cambridge: M.I.T. Pr., , 1969, $5.95.
[book]SIMPOSIO DE LÓGICA Y FILOSOFIA DE LA CIENCIA, Valencia, 1971. Filosofía y ciencia en al pensamiento español contemporaneo (1960–1970). 324 pp. Madrid: Editorial Tecnos, 1973.
[journalArticle]SINHA, A. K. Telic foundation of nature and human organization. Systematics, 1970, 8:130–146.
Argues that teleological concerns are common to all scientific systems that study nature.
[journalArticle]SKLAR, LAWRENCE. The evolution of the problem of the unity of science. Boston Stud. Phil. Sci., 1974, 11:535–545.
[book]SMART, JOHN J. C. Between science and philosophy. An intro, to the philosophy of science, xiv + 363 pp., bibl., index. New York: Random House, 1968.
[book]SPIEGEL-RÖSING, INA-SUSANNE. Wissenschaftsentwicklung und Wissenschaftssteuerung: Einführung und Material zur Wissenschaftsforschung. 309 pp., bibl., index. Frankfurt: Athenäum, 1973.
[journalArticle]SPINNER, HELMUT F. Science without reduction: A criticism of reductionism with special reference to Hummell and Opp's “Sociology without sociology”. Inquiry, 1973, 16:16–94.
[book]STACE, W.T. Man against darkness, and other essays. ix + 265 pp. index. Pittsburgh: Univ. Pittsburgh Press. 1967. $5.95.
A section on philosophy and sciece (pp. 187–257) contains the essays “Science and the physical world,” “Science and explanation,” and “Science and ethics.”
[book]STEENBECK, MAX. Wissen und Verantwortung; Reden und Aufsätze, 1959–1967. 271 pp. Berlin: Aufbau-Verlag, 1967.
Partial conents: Bekenntnis. Die Bedeutung der Grundlangenforschung. Die Verantwortung des zukünftgen Naturwissensschaftlers in der Deutschen Demokratischen Republik. Bemerkungen zu dem Vortrag von C.F. von Weizsäcker “Bedingungen des Friedens.” Essay eines Naturwissenschaftlers über Philosophie und Einzelwissenschaften. Zur Entdeckung der Uranspaltung im Jahre 1938. Perspektiven der wissenschaftlichtechnischen Entwicklung in der Deutschen Demokratischen Republik und Forderungen an den Nachwuchs. Wozu treiben wir Wissenshaft? Was fordert die wissenschaftlichtechnische Revolution vom Menschen? Die Einheit der Wissenschaft als gesellschaftliche Notwendingkeit.
[book]STEGMÜLLER, WOLFGANG. Metaphysik, Skepsis, Wissenschaft. Zweite, verbesserte Aufl. xii + 460 pp., index. Berlin: Springer, 1969.
[book]STEGÜLLER, WOLFGANG. Probleme und Resultate der Wissenschaftstheorie und analytischen Philosophie. 4 vols in 6, bibls., index. Berlin: Springer, 1969–1973.
[journalArticle]STEPHENSON, WILLIAM. Applications of communication theory, I: The substructure of science: II: Interpretations of Keats' “Ode on a Grecian um”. Psychol. Rec., 1972, 22:17–36, 177–192.
[journalArticle]STICKER, BERNHARD. Scienza antica e moderna: Possibilità e limiti della conoscenza della natura. Physis, 1969 11:552–563.
[book]STUEWER, ROGER H. (ed.) Historical and philosophical perspectives of science. (Minnesota studies in the philosophy of science, 5.) xix + 384 pp., index. Minneapolis: Univ. Minnesota Pr., 1970. $11.50.
The papers in this volume are listed separately in the present CB.
[book]THEOBALD, DAVID W. An introduction of the philosophy of science. xiii + 145 pp., bibl., index. London: Methuen, 1968. 30s.
[journalArticle]THYSSEN-RUTTEN, NICOLE. Le concept de simplicité dans la philosophie des sciences de K. Popper. Logique Anal., 1969, 12:179–188.
[journalArticle]TOULMIN, STEPHEN. New directions in the philosophy of science. Encounter, 1971, 36(1):53–64.
Essay review of W. Whewell, Philosophy of the inductive sciences (1967); G. Buchdahl, Metaphysics and the philosophy of science (1969); R. Harré, Principles of scientific thinking (1970); T. S. Kuhn, Structure of scientific revolutions, 2nd ed. (1970); I. Lakatos, A. Musgrave, Criticism and the growth of knowledge (1970).

[Start of page 18]

[book]ULLMO, JEAN. La pensée scientifique moderne. Préfac de Louis Armand. 317 pp. Paris: Flammarion, 1969. F 7.50.
[book]WAGNER, FRIEDRICH. Weg und Abweg der Naturwissenschaft: Denk- und Strukturformen, Fortschrittsglaube und Wissenschaftsreligion. 256 pp., bibl. Munich: Beck, 1970. DM 12.50.
[book]WARTOFSKY, MARX W. Conceptual foundations of scietific thought: An introduction to the philosophy of science. xii + 560 pp., illus., bibl., index. New York: Macmillan; London: Collier-Macmillan, 1968. 84s.
[book]WEAVER, WARREN. Science and imagination. Selectedpapers of Warren Weaver. Foreword by George W. Beadle. xvi + 295 pp., index. New York: Basic Books, 1967. $ 5.95.
[book]WEIL, SIMONE. On science, necessity, and the love of God. Essays collected, trans., and ed. by Richard Rees. ix + 201 pp., index. London: Oxford Univ. Pr., 1968. 42s.
The essays on science include: Classical science and after. Meditation on Greek science. Refletions on quantum theory. Scientism, a review. The teaching of mathemaics. Wave mechanics. The paradox of inertia. Foundation of a new science.
[book]WEIZSÄCKER, CARL FRIEDRICH VON. Voraussetzungen des naturwissenschaftlichen Denkens. 141 pp. Freiburg: Herder, , 1972, DM 3.90.
[book]WEYL, HERMANN. Philosophie der Mathematik und Naturwissenschaft. 3., wesentlich erweiterte Auflage. 406 pp., bibl. Munich: Oldenbourg, 1966.
[book]WIESENTHAL, LISELOTTE. Zur Wissenschaftstheorie Walter Benjamins. vi + 211 pp., bibl. Frankfurt am Main: Athenäum, 1973. DM 32.
[book]WIGNER, EUGENE P. Symmetries and reflections. Scientific essays. Ed. by Walter J. Moore and Micael Scriven. viii + 280 pp., port. Bloomington: Indiana Univ. Press, 1967. $7.50.
[journalArticle]WILLIAMS, RAYMOND. Ideas of nature. Times Lit. Suppl., 1970(Dec. 4):1419–1421.
[journalArticle]WISDOM, J. O. Four contemporary interpretations of the nature of science. Found. Physics, 1971, 1:269–384.
“Instrumentalism is an approach to science that treats a theory as a tool and only as a tool for computation; it dispenses with the concept of truth. Coventionalism treats atheory as true by convention if it forms a pattern of observations from which correct predictions can be made. Operationalism denies meaning to the concepts of a theory unless they can be defined operationally. It is argued in this paper that truth-value is indispendsable to science because a theory can be rejected only if an empirical consequence is false and if falsity of a conclusion entails falsity of a premise. This undermines the above positions. The fourth interpretation is unduction. Induction, by contrast, uses the notion of truth-value. What is focused on here is its reliance on the ultimacy of observation The pesent thesis is that instrumentalism, conventionalism, and induction are different attempts to handle observations. The common problem is the gap between data and theory. All these interpretations share a philosophy of observationalism. The aim of this paper is to show that the several orthodox interpretations of science all fail to solve the problem of data-theory gap, and to show that they all presuppose a philosophy of observation.” From the summary.
Die WISSENSCHAFT VON DER WISSENSCHAFT: Philosophische Probleme der Wissenschaftstheorie. Gemeinschaftsarbeit eines Kollektivs am Institut für Philosophie der Karl-Marx-Universität Leipzig. 338 pp. Berlin: Dietz, 1968.
[book]WOHLGENANNAT, RUDOLF. Was ist Wissenschaft? (Wissenschaftstheorie, Wissenschaft und Philosophie, 2.) 204 pp. Braunschweig: Vieweg, 1969.
[journalArticle]YILDIRIM, CEMAL. Towards an understanding of science. Z. Allg. Wissenschaftstheorie, 1970, 1:104–118.
Author's abstract: In the attempt to understand science, difinition is not much of a help. Due to the ever growing complexity of science, no unique and universally valid set of defining criteria is available. Hence, certain distinctions are resorted to: science is both a body of tested knowledge and a method of inquiry. The latter, in turn, consists of two phases: discovery and confirmation. The writer argues that it is mainly in respect of its method that science can best be characterized and distinguished from other types of inquiry.

Ak-b history of philosophy of science

[bookChapter]FEYERABEND, PAUL K. Philosophy of science: A subject with a great past.Roger H. Stuewer (ed.) Historical and philosophical perspectives of science. Minneapolis: Univ. Minnesota Pr., 1970.
“This paper, without going into too much detail, tries to indicate that contemporary philosophy of science deals in a highly sophisticated and precise manner with problems which have nothing to do with science at all, while the philosophy of Galileo, or Descartes, or Newton advanced the sciences and led to many useful discoveries. A brief account of Mach's philosophy is also given, and it is argued that most of his 20th-century followers misrepresent him.” From the Summary:
[journalArticle]JOJA, CRIZANTEMA. Pour une histoire de la philosophie des sciences. Actes XIIe Cong. Int. Hist. Sci., 1968 (pub. 1970), 2:55–61.
[book]LOSEE, JOHN P. A historical introduction to the philosophy of science. [vi] + 218 pp., illus., bibl., index. London: Oxford Univ. Pr., 1972. £2.

Ak-bv bibliographies; literature surveys

[journalArticle]CARMELLA, SANTINO. La filosofia della scienza in Italia nel decennio 1956–1965. Cultura Scuola, 1966, 5(17):118–125.
[book]HARRÉ, ROMANO. A selective bibliography of philosophy of science. (University of Oxford Subfaculty of Philosophy study aids, 2.) vii + 60 pp. Oxford: Univ. Oxford Sub-faculty of Philosoph, 1974.
[journalArticle]HINTIKKA, JAAKKO. Philosopy of science (Wissenschaftstheorie) in Finland. Z. Allg. Wissenschaftstheorie, 1970, 1:119–132.
Author's abstract: A survey of recent work in the philosophy of science in Finland, with a bibliography. The main sources of influence emphasized are Eino Kaila (1890–1958) and G. H. von Wright (b 1916). The main topics covered are: induction and probability; information and explanation; the acceptance and application of theories; the role of auxiliary (theoretical) terms; measurement; general methodology of social and behavioral sciences; finalistic explanation; methodology of sociology and history.
[journalArticle]NAGAI, HIROSHI. Recent trends in Japanese research on the philosophy of science. Z. Allg. Wissenschaftstheorie, 1971, 2:101–114.
[book]ROBERT, JEAN D. Philosophie et science. Éléments de bibliographie. (Bibliothèque des Archives de philosophie, n.s. 8.) 384 pp. Paris: Beauchesne, 1968. F 42.
A bibliographical guide to works on the p hilosophy of science.
[journalArticle]ROBERT, JEAN-DOMINIQUE. Philosophie et science. Philosophie des sciences. Eléments de bibliographie. Archs Phil., 1970, 33:111–127, 295–324.
A supplement to Robert's bibliography published by Beauchesne in 1968. (See CB 94, no. 157).
[book]ZEMAN, VLADIMIR. The philosophy of science in eastern Europe: A concise survey. Z. Allg. Wissenschaftsthoerie, 1970, I: 133–141.
Author's abstract: An introductory article, giving first a short historical exposition of philosophical thinking in Russia and Czechoslovakia. Second, basic trends in the philosophy of science in Russia and Poland are dealt with, followed by a briefer consideration of similar trends in other East European countries. A special article on Czechoslovakia will be published later. Some original philosophical contributions, especially of Polish philosophers, are mentioned.Supplemented with selected bibliography.

Ak-d biography of philosophers of science

[journalArticle]ZECHA, GERHARD. Veröffentlichungen Österrreichischer Wissenschaftstheoretiker. Z. Allg. Wissenschaftstheorie, 1970, I: 311–321.
Bibliographies of the following philosophers of science: Karl Acham, Curt Christian, Rudof Freundlich, Gerhard Frey, Rudolf Haller, Béla Juhos, Reinhard Kamitz, Bernulf Kanitscheider, Victor Kraft, Hermann Kramer, Johann Mokre, Edgar Morscher, Otto Muck, Vladimir Richter, Ernst Topitsch, Beda Thum, paul Weingartner, Rudolf Wohlgenannt, and Heinz Zemanek.
[journalArticle]FOR biographies and bibliographies of individual pilosophers of science see volume 1 under: Bachelard, Gaston; Beth, Evert W.; Carnap, Rudolf; Hanson, Norwood R.; Popper, Karl R.

Ak-daj source books

[book]KOCKELMANS, JOSEPH J. (ed.) Philosophy of science: The historical background. xiii + 496 pp., index. New York: Free Pr.: London: Collier­Macmillan, 1968. $8.95.
A book of readings from Kant to Pency Williams Bridgman, with historical introductions and bibliographies.

Akd hypotheses and theories; explanation

[book]ACADÉMIE INTERNATIONALE DE PHILOSOPHIE DES SCIENCES. L'explication dans les sciences. Colloque de l'Académie internationale de philosophie des sciences, avec le concours du Centre international d'épistémologie génétique (Genève 25–29 septembre 1970). 233 pp. Paris: Flammarion, 1973.
[book]ACHINSTEIN, PETER. Law and explanation: An essay in the philosophy of science. xii + 168 pp., illus., index. London: Oxford Univ. Pr., 1971. £2.75.
[journalArticle]AGASSI, JOSEPH. What is a natural law? Studium Generale, 1971, 24:1051–1056.
[book]BRAITHWAITE, RICHARD B. Scientific explaation: A study of the function of theory, probability and law in science. Based upon the Tamer lectures, 1946. xi + 375 pp., illus. Cambridge: Cambridge Univ. Pr., 1968. 15s.
[journalArticle]CHINN, EWING Y. A critical appraisal of the prevalent model of scientific explanation. Diss. Abs., 1967, 27:3900–A.
“This study investigates the question of the consistency and philosophical tenability of the well-known, influential deductive-nomological model of scientific explanation, as expounded by Carl G. Hempel and other philosophers of the Logical Empiricistic tradition.”
[journalArticle]COFFA, JOSÉ ALBERTO. Feyerabend on explanation and reduction. J. Phil. 1967, 64:500–508.
[journalArticle]COLODNY, ROBERT G. (ed.) The nature and function of scientific theories: Essays in contemporary science and philosophy. (University of Pittsburgh series in the philosophy of science, 4.) xv + 361 pp., illus., bibl., index. Pittsburgh: Univ. Pittsburgh Pr., 1970 $12.95.
Contents: Grover Maxwell: Theories, perception, and structural realims. Mary Hesse: Is there an independent observation language? Abner Shimony: Scientific inference. Wesley C. Salmon: Statistical explanation. Norwood Russell Hanson: A picture theory of theory maning. Paul K. Feyerabend: Problems of empiricism, part 2.
[journalArticle]GORSKI, DIMITRI P. On the means of generalizing scientific theory. Soviet Stud. Phil., 1967, 5(4):29–38.
[book]GRANDY, RICHARD E. (ed.) Theories and observations in science. viii + 184 pp., bibl. Englewood Cliffs, N.J: Prentice-Hall, 1973.
[book]HEMPEL, CARL G. Aspects of scientific explanation, and other essays in the philosophy of science. ix + 505 pp. New York: Free Press, 1965. $12.50.
[journalArticle]HOUGH, RONALD F. The cognitive status of scientific theories. Diss. Abs. Int., 1971, 31:3596–A.
Dissertation at Ohio State Univ., 1970. Adviser. Virgil Hindshaw, Jr. Univ. Microfilms order no. 70–26305. 361 pp. $4 film; $10 xerox.
Deals with theories of Ernest Nagel and Herbert Feigl.
[book]HUMPHREYS, WILLARD C., JR. Anomalies and scientific theories. 318 pp. San Francisco: Freeman, Cooper, 1968. $5.

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[journalArticle]HUMPHREYS, WILLARD C., JR. Anomalies and scientific theories. Diss. Abs., 1967, 27:2557–A.
“Anomalies - facts or events which require explanation - are the starting point of most scientific investigation. The main aim of the present study is to provide a logical and philosophical analysis of the roles they play in shaping the growth of scientific knowledge.”
[book]KÖRNER, STEPHAN. Experience and theory; an essay in the philosophy of science. (International library of philosophy and scientific method.) xiii + 250 pp. New York: Humanities, 1966.
[journalArticle]KOORDIG, CARL R. The comparability of scientific theories. Philosophy Sci., 1971, 38:467–485.
Feyerabend, Hanson, Kuhn, Toulmin “would hold that transistions from one scientific tradition to another force radical changes in what is observed, in the meaning of the terms employed, and in the metastandards involved. They would claim that ‘incommensurable’ replacement is what does, and should occur during scientific ‘revolutions’. Such writers, however, have trouble in comparing different scientific theories. My account permits different theories to be compared in various ways.” From the summary.
[journalArticle]KORDIG, CARL. R. The theory-ladenness of observation. Rev. Metaphys., 1971, 24:448–484.
“Revolutionary new views concerning science have recently been advanced by Feyerabend, Hanson, Kuhn, Toulmin, and others. The claim that there are pervasive presuppositions fundamental to scientific investigations seems to be essential to the views of these men. Each would further hold that transitions from one scientific tradition to another force radical changes in what is observed within each tradition. I wish here to discuss and evaluate these views.”
[journalArticle]LASZLO, ERVIN. The rise of general theories in contemporary science. Z. Allg. Wissenschaftstheorie, 1973, 4:335–344.
[book]LEINFELLNER, WERNER. Struktur und Aufbau wissenschaftlicher Theorien. Eine wissenschaftstheoretisch-philosophische Untersuchung. 307 pp., bibl., indexes. Vienna: Physica, 1965.
[book]LENZEN, WOLFGANG. Theorien der Bestätigung wissenschaftlicher Hypothesen. (Problemata, 17.) 217 pp., bibl. Stuttgart-Bad Cannstatt: Frommann-Holzboog, 1974.
[journalArticle]MADDEN, EDWARD H. Scientific explanations. Rev. Metaphys., 1973, 26:723–743.
Essay review of R. Haré, The principles of scientic thinking (Chicago, 1970); R. Harré, The philosophies of science (London, 1972); and William A. Wallace, Causality and scientific explanation (Ann Arbor, 1972).
[journalArticle]MELLOR, D.H. Models and analogies in science: Duhem versus Campbell? Isis, 1968, 59:282–290.
The author attempts to show that the views of N.R. Campbell and Pierre Duhem concerning models and analogies in science “conflict hardly at all.”
[book]NAGEL, ERNEST; SYLVAIN BROMBERGER; ADOLF GRÜNBAUM. Observation and theory in science. Intro. by Stephen F. Barker. (Blaustein Thalheimer lectures, 1969.) vii + 134 pp., index. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins Pr., 1971. $6.95.
Contents: E. Nagel: Theory and observation. S. Bromberger: Science and forms of ignorance. A Grünbaum: Can we ascertain the falsity of a scientific hypothesis?
[book]OFFEREINS, R. P. Van dogma naar werkhypothese. 20 pp. Enschede: Technische Hogeschool Twente, 1969. Fl 1.90.
[journalArticle]PURTILL, RICHARD L. Toulmin on ideals of natural order. Synthese, 1971, 22:431–437.
“In this paper I criticize Toulmin's concept of ‘ideals of natural order’ and his account of the role these ‘ideals’ play in scientific explanation as given in his book, Foresight and understanding.” From the summary.
[book]RESCHER, NICHOLAS. Scientific explanation. xvii + 242 pp., bibl., index. New York: Free Pr, 1970. $6.95.
[journalArticle]SHAPERE, DUDLEY. Plausibility and justification in the development of science. J. Phil., 1966, 63:611–621.
Presented at a symposium, “Plausibility and justification in science”, 27 Dec. 1966. Comments on Shapere: Thomas A. Goudge, “Plausibility of new hypotheses” (Abstract on pp. 621–624) and Stephen Toulmin. “The plausibility of theories” (Abstract on pp. 624–627).
[journalArticle]SKLAR, LAWRENCE. Types of inter-theoretic reduction. Br. J. Phil. Sci., 1967, 18:109–124.
[journalArticle]SMOKLER, HOWARD. Aspects of scientific explanation and other essays in the philosophy of science. Synthese, 1966, 16:110–122.
An essay review of the work by Carl G. Hempel (New York: Free Press, 1965)
[journalArticle]SPECTOR, MARSHALL. Models and theories. Br. J. Phil. Sci., 1965, 16:121–142.
[book]SUPPE, FREDERICK (ed.) The structure of scientific theories. xiv + 682 pp., bibls., index. Urbana: Univ. Illinois Pr., 1974. $22.50
Contents: Frederick Suppe: The search for philosophic understanding of scentific theories. Carl G. Hempel: Formulation and formalization of scientific theories: A summary-abstract. Patrick Suppes: The structure of theories and the analysis of data. I. Bernard Cohen: History and the philosopher of sience. Peter Achinstein: History and philosophy of science: A reply to Cohen. David Bohm: Science as perception-communication. Robert I. Causey: Professor Bohm's view of the structure and development of theories. Bas C. van Fraassen: [Hilary] Putnam on the corroboration of theories. Thomas S. Kuhn: Second thoughts on paradigms. Frderick Suppe: Exemplars, theories, and disciplinary matrixes. Dudley Shappere: Scientific theories and their domains. Thomas Nickles: Heuristics and justification in scientific research: Comments on Shapere. Stephen Toulmin: The structure of scientific theories. Rew A. Godow, Jr.: Bibliography.
[journalArticle]SUPPES, PATRICK. The desirability of formalization in science. J. Phil., 1968, 65:651–664.
[bookChapter]TOULMIN, STEPHEN. Reasons and causes.Robert Borger and Franck Cioffi (eds.) Explanation in the behavioural sciences. Cambridge: Cambridge Univ. Pr., 1970.
[journalArticle]TUOELA, RAIMO H. Auxiliary concepts within first-order scientific theories. Diss. Abs. Int., 1970, 30:5489–A.
Dissertation at Stanford Univ., 1969. Univ Microfilmas order no. 70–10538. 154 pp. $3.
[journalArticle]ZAFFRON, RICHARD. Identity, subsumption, and scientific explanation. J. Phil., 1971, 68:849–860.
[journalArticle]ZAFFRON, RICHARD H. Scientific explanation: Explanation-types and explanation-levels. Diss. Abs., 1968, 29:1575–A.

Akd-b hypotheses and theories; explanation: historical studies

[journalArticle]CAWS, PETER. Scientific theory as an historical anomaly. Actes XIIIe Cong. Int. Hist. Sci., 1971 (pub. 1974), 1:65–71.
[book]KORCH, H. Die wissenschaftliche Hypothese. 431 pp., index. Berlin: VEB Deutscher Verlag, 1972.
Pp. 15–87 deal with “Das Hypothesenproblem in der Geschichte der Wissenschaft und Philosophie”.
[book]O'NEIL, WILLIAM M. Fact and theory: An aspect of the philosophy of science. xiv + 193 pp., bibl., index. Sydney: Sydney Univ. Pr., 1969. $7 Aust.
Philosophical issues in the history of ideas on the motion of the blood, the motions and spacing of the planets, the periodic table of elements, and the inheritance and gene theory.
Essay review by Gerd Buchdahl in Hist. Sci., 1970, 9:93–101.
[book]WALLACE, WILLIAM A. Causality and scientific explanation. Vol. 1: Medieval and early classical science. xi + 288 pp., bibl., index. Vol. 2: Classical and contemporary science. xi + 422 pp., bibl., index. Ann Arbor: Univ. Michigan Pr., 1972–1974.
[journalArticle]WILSON, FRED L. Explanation in Aristotle, Newton, and Toulmin. Philosophy Sci., 1969, 36:291–310, 400–428.
“The claim that scientific explanation is deductive has been attacked on both systematic and historical grounds. This paper briefly defends the claim against the systematic attack… On the basis of this discussion, the inadequacies of the attack on the deductive model on historical grounds by Toulmin come to be seen.”

Ake scientific method

[book]ACADÉMIE INTERNATIONALE DE PHILOSOPHIE DES SCIENCE. La méthode prospective. Colloque de l'Académie internationale de philosophie des sciences, 10–13 septembre 1968. Héverlée (Belgigue). (Archives de l'Institut international des sciences théoriques, 17.) 128 pp. Brussels: Office international de librarie, 1972.
[journalArticle]AGASSI, JOSEPH. Random versus unsystematic observations. Ratio, 1973, 15:111–113.
[journalArticle]AUGER, PIERRE. Models in science. Diogenes, 1965, 52:1–13.
[journalArticle]BERNAYS, PAUL. Bemerkungen zur Rolle der Methode in den Wissenschaften. Archs Phil., 1971, 34:575–580.
[book]BRONOWSK, JACOB; GERALD HOLTON. Addresses given at the official opening of the Clark Science Center, Smith College, May 6–9, 1967. 1: On being an intellectual, by Jacob Bronowski. 2: Engagement and objectivity in science, by Gerald Holton. Northampton, Mass: Smith College, 1968.
[book]BÜTHE, OTTFRIED, ed. Objekt und Objektivität in der Wissenschaft. Sieben Vortragsprotokolle zusammengefasst von Ottfried Büthe, Günter Eifler und Jochen Lindner. (Mainzer Universitätsgespräche, Wintersemester 1959/60.) 40 pp. Mainz: 1960.
[book]BUNGE, MARIO A. Method, model and matter. vi + 198 pp., bibl. Dordrecht, Holland: Reidel, 1973. Fl 45.
[book]BUNGE, MARIO A. (ed.) The methodological unity of science. (Theory and decision library, 3.) viii + 264 pp., bibls. Dordrecht, Holland: Reidel. 1973.
[journalArticle]BUNGE, MARIO. Scientific research. (Studies in the foundations, methodology, and philosophy of science, 3.) 2 vols., illus. Berlin: Springer, 1967.
Essay review by Joseph Agassi in Syntheses, 1969, 19:453–464; by Stephanie G. Edgerton in Hist. Educ. Q., 1969, 9:492–496.
[book]CHALUS, PAUL (ed.) L'expérience. Communications et échanges de vues à l'occasion de la XXIVe Semaie de Synthèse. 476 pp. Paris: Centre International de Synthèse. Editions Albin Michel, 1964. F 24.
[book]DAVIES, JOHN T. The scientific approach. 2nd edition. xi + 185 pp., illus., bibl. New York: Academic, 1973.
[journalArticle]DENBIGH, KENNETH G. Orderliness and freedom as influenced by scientific method. Diogenes, 1967, 57:16–32.
[book]DÜSSELDORF, UNIVERSITÄT, PHILOSOPHISCHES INSTITUT. Der Methoden- und Theorienpluralismus in den Wissenschaften: Vorträge und Diskussionen des 5. Wissenschafts-theoretischen Kolloquiums 1969 und des 6. Wissenschaftstheoretischen Kolloquiums 1970. Hrsg. von A. Deimer, in Zusammenarbeit mit L. Geldsetzer und F. Rotter. (Studien zur Wissenschftstheorie, 6.) 325 pp., illus. Meisenheim am Glan: Hain, 1971.
[journalArticle]FAINERMAN, I. D. Method analogii v estestvoznanii i teknike. (The method of analogy in the natural sciences and technology.) Vop. Istor. Estest. Tekh., 1966, 20:21–26.
[journalArticle]FOUREZ., G. Méthodologie scientifique et changements sociaux. Revue Quest. Scient., 1972, 143:478–492; 1973, 144:29–41.
[journalArticle]GEORGE, PULIVELIL M. Conceptualization: The central problem of science. Organon (Warsaw), 1973, 9:23–33.

[Start of page 20]

[journalArticle]HALL, RONALD L. The structure of inquiry: A study in the thought of Michael Polanyi. Diss. Abs. Int., 1974, 34:6044–A.
Dissertation at Univ. of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, 1973. Supervisor: E. M. Adams. Univ. Microfilms order no. 74–5922. 206 pp. $5 film: $11 xerox.
Also discusses Karl Popper.
[book]HANSON, NORWOOD RUSSELL. Perception and discovery: An introduction to scientific inquiry. Ed. by Willard C. Humphreys. x + 436 pp., illus., bibl., index. San Francisco: Freaman, Cooper, 1969. $9.75.
[book]HARRÉ, ROMANO. The method of science. (Wykeham science series for schools and universities, 8.) xii + 123 pp., illus., index. London: Wykeham, 1970. 25s.
[book]HARRÉ, ROMANO. The principles of scientific thinking. x + 324 pp., illus., bibl., index. London: Macmillan; Chicaog: Univ. Chicago Pr., 1970.
Essay review by David Miller in Br. J. Phil. Sci., 1972, 23: 69–78; discussion by Edward H. Madden and Mendel Sachs in Stud. Hist. Phil. Sci., 1972, 3:151–166.
[book]HARRÉ, ROMANO. The sciences: Their origin and methods. (General studies series.) 180 pp., illus., bibl. Glasgow: Blackie, 1967. 15s.
[book]HARRIS, ERROL E. Hypothesis and perception: The roots of scientific method. 395 pp., plts., index. London: Allen & Unwin; New York: Humanities, 1970. £5.
[book]HEBBELINCK, ROGER. Stratégie humaine: Essa sur la pensée scientifique et les moyens scientifiques de la décision. (Collection problèmes, 12). 223 pp., illus., bibl. Brussels: Éditions “Labor”: Paris. Nathan, 1971.
[journalArticle]HEELAN, PATRICK A. The role of subjectivity in natural science. Proc. Am. Cath. Phil. Assoc., 1969, 43:185–194.
[journalArticle]HOLTON, GERALD. Not in logic alone: Science and new styles of thought. Grad. J. (Univ. Texas), 1967, 7:399–422.
[book]KLAGES, HELMUT. Rationalität und Spontaneität: Innovationswege der modernen Grossforschung. (Wissenschaftstheorie, Wissenschaftspolitik, Wissenschaftsgeschichte, 4.) 156 pp. Gütersloh: Bertelsmann, 1967.
[book]KRAFT, VICTOR. Die Grundformen der wisenschaftlichen Methoden. 2. neubearbeitete Auflage. (Sitzungsberichte der Österreichische Akademie der Wissenschaften Philosophisch-historische Klasse, 284, Bd. 5.) 124 pp. Vienna: Verlag der Österreichischen Akademie der Wissenschaften, 1973.
[bookChapter]KUHN, THOMAS S. A function for thought experiments. Pp. 307–334 in Mélanges Alexandre Koyré. Vol. 2. Paris: Hermann, 1964.
[book]LAITKO, HUBERT; REINART BELLMANN (eds.) Wege des Erkennens: Philosophische Beiträge zur Methodologie der natuwissenschaftlichen Erkenntnis. 294 pp., illus. Berlin: Deutscher Verlag der Wissenschaften, 1969.
[book]LECLERCQ, RENÉ. Le raisonnement scientifique et sa mécanisation. 85 pp., illus., bibl. Paris: Dunod, , 1969, F 12.
[journalArticle]LEE, DONALD S. Scientific method as a stage process. Dialectica, 1968, 22: 28–44.
[journalArticle]MAXWELL, NICHOLAS. A critique of Popper's views on scientific method. Philosophy Sci., 1972, 39:131–152.
“It is argued that Popper has failed to provide us with any reason for holding that the methodological rules he advocates give us a better hope of realizing the aims of science than any other set of rules. Consequently, Popper cannot adequately explain why we should value scientific theoris more than other sorts of theories.” From the summary.
[journalArticle]MC LAUGHLIN, ANDREW. Objectivity and theoretical perspectives in science. Diss. Abs. Int., 1969, 30:2571–A.
Dissertation at the State University of New York at Buffalo, 1969, University Microfilms order no. 69–20566. 170 pp. $3. “This dissertation deals with the problem of the objective choice of theoretical perspectives. The term ‘theoretical perspectives’ refers to the guiding assumptions, the categories or concepts and the methodology used in any scientific inquiry.”
[journalArticle]MEYER, WILLI. Wissenschaftstheorie und Erfahrung: Zur Überwindung des methodologischen Dogmatismus. Z. Allg. Wissenschaftstheorie, 1972, 3:267–284.
Discusses the views of Popper and Kuhn.
[journalArticle]MSHVÉNIÉRADZE, VLADIMIR V. Objective foundations of the scientific method. Diogenes, 1968, 63:70–88.
“The metaphysical method of thought and research which dominated up until that time [mid-19th century] in the natural sciences and which was justified by history, acted as a brake on the progress of science… What science needed was the materialistic dialectic method of research and thought founded on a materialistic scientific theory.”
[book]NELSON, LEONARD. Die kritische Methode in ihrer Bedeutung für die Wissenschaft. Mit einem Vorwort von Grete Henry-Hermann. (Gesammelte Schriften, 3.) ix + 583 pp. Hamburg: Meiner, 1974.
[journalArticle]RADNITZKY, GÉRARD. Philosophie de la recherche scientifique. Archs Phil., 1974, 37:5–76.
[journalArticle]RODRIGUES, JOÄO RESINA. Science, méthodologie et philosophie chez K. Popper. Revue Phil. Louvain, 1972, 70:240–274.
[book]ROSS, STEPHEN D. The scientific process. vi + 158 pp., bibl. The Hague: Nijhoff, 1971. Fl 22.45.
[journalArticle]RUSF, MICHAEL. The value of analogical methods is cience. Dialogue, 1973, 12:246–253.
[book]SCHEFFLER, ISRAEL. Science and subjectivity. vii + 132 pp., index. Indianapolis: Bobbs-Merrill, 1967.
Essay review by Lief D. Rosenblatt in Synthesis (Cambridge), 1973. 1(3):8–15.
[book]TEN HOUTON, WARREN D.; CHARLES D. KAPLAN. Science and its mirror image: A theory of inquiry. xii + 240 pp., illus., bibl. New York: Harper & Row, 1973.
[journalArticle]TÖRNEBOHM, HÄKAN. Reflexions on scientific research. Scientia, 1971, 65:225–243.
“Scientific research is regarded as sequences of transformations of complexes composed of knowledge, problems and instruments. Empirical and theoretical work are interrelated by means of flows of problem geneating information. Residuals of knowledge which cannot be systematized at the same rate as knowledge is produced, and clashes between old and new knowledge are potential starting points of new lines of research.” From the abstract.
[book]TONDL, LADISLAV. Scientiic procedures: A contribution concerning the methodological problems of scientific concepts and scientific explanation. Trans. from the Czech by David Short. (Boston studies in the philosophy of science, 10.) xiii + 268 pp., bibl. Dordrecht: Reidel, 1973.
[journalArticle]ZONN, WŁODZIMIERZ. On planning in science: An attempt to confront the history of science with contemporaneity. Organon (Warsaw), 1969, 6:87–95.
[book]ZUCKERMAN, SOLLY. Attitudes to enquriy and understanding. (The Astor Lecture, 1968.) 18 pp., bibl. London: Middlesex Hospital Medical School, 1968.
[book]ZWICKY, FRITZ. Discovery, invention, research through the morphological approach. 276 pp., illus. New York: Macmillan, 1969.

Ake-b scientific method: historical studies

[journalArticle]AXELROD, FRANKLIN S. The principle of symmetry: A study in the history and philosophy of scientific method. Diss. Abs. Int., 1972, 33:1776–A.
Dissertation at Boston Univ. Graduate School, 1972. Major professor: Robert Cohen. Univ. Microfilms order no. 72–25240. 282 pp.
[book]BUTTS, ROBERT E.; JOHN W. DAVIS (eds.) The methodological heritage of Newton. xi + 170 pp., bibls. Toronto: Univ. Toronto Pr., 1970. $5.50.
Contents: Robert E. Butts, John W. Davis: Introduction. N. R. Hanson: Hypotheses fingo. F. E. L. Priestley: The Clarke-Leibniz controversy. John W. Davis: Berkeley, Newton, and space. Gerd Buchdahl: Gravity and intelligibility: Newton to Kant. L. L. Laudan: Thomas Reid and Newtonian turn of British methodological thought. Robert E. Butts: Whewell on Newton's rules of philosophizing. Paul K. Feyerabend: Classical empiricism.
[bookChapter]HERLITZIUS, ERWIN. Bemerkungen zur Geschichte des Experiments und zur philosophischen Begründung des Erfahrungsbegriff.Irene Strube, Hans Wussing (eds.) Beitrage zur Geschichte der Naturwissenschaften, Technik und Medizin. (NTM Beiheft, 1964). Leipzig: Teubner, 1964.
[journalArticle]IRANI, KAIKHOSROV D. Varying conditions of justification in the history of scientific discovery. Actes XIe Cong. Int. Hist. Sci., 1965 (pub. 1968), 2:19–23.
[journalArticle]MC KEON, RICHARD J. Philosophy and the development of scientific method. J. Hist. Ideas, 1966, 27:3–22.
[book]MITTELSTRASS, JÜRGEN. Die Rettung der Phänomene: Ursprung und Geschichte eines antiken Forschungsprinzips. 281 pp. Berlin: de Gruyter, 1962. DM 36.
[journalArticle]RIESE, WALTHER. Experimental philosophy (Bacon) and experimental method (Claude Bernard). Episteme, 1967, 1:167–171.
[journalArticle]SAHKOV, IU. V. The evolution of the style of thought in science. Soviet Stud. Phil., 1968–69, 7(3):30–40.
[journalArticle]VERMEERSCH, ETIENNE. Het ontstaan van de experimentele methode. (The beginnings of the experimental method.) Studia Phil. Gand., 1969, 7:7–38.
[journalArticle]WHITROW, GERALD J. An analysis of the evolution of scientific method. Age Science (Paris), 1970, 3:255–280.
“The nature of Scientific Method is a curiously elusive problem. I believe that we annot come to grips with it if we confine our attention to current science. Instead, we must try to understand how science has evolved and the way in which fundamental methodological advances have actually occurred. It is the object of the present paper to present an evolutionary conception of scientific method involving four distinct stages of development.”
Ake-b-bv
[journalArticle]LAUDAN, LAURENS. Theories of scientific method from Plato to Mach: A bibliographical review. Hist. Sci., 1968, 7:1–63.

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Akag interference; deduction and induction; probability

[bookChapter]ACHINSTEIN, PETER. Inference to scientific laws.Roger H. Stuewer (ed.) Historical and philosophical perspectives of science. Minneapolis: Univ. Minnesota Pr., 1970.
“This paper examines philosophically what is meant by inference to scientific laws, as contrasted, for example, with the hypothetico-deductive scheme in which consequences are drawn, or inferences are made, from scientific laws in order to test those laws. Hanson's (and Peirce's) retroductive mode of inference is also criticized. Finally, the meanng and force of the distinction between the context of discovery and the context of justification is discussed; Achinstein rejects the idea that there are two separate logics operative, proposing instead that one ask in which, if either, context a scientist's reasoning takes place. To illustrate his arguments, and to display their relevance to both philosophers and historians of science, Achinstein examines Gạy-Lussac's reasoning in connection with his discovery of his law of combining volumes of gases, as well as the related work of Avogadro.” From the summary.
[book]HESSE, MARY. The structure of scientific inference. vii + 309 pp., index. London: Macmillan; Berkeley; Univ. California. Pr., 1974. £5.95.
[journalArticle]HUMPHREY, CHRISTOPHER C. The deductive justification of scientific theories as refutation of known alternatives. Diss. Abs., 1968, 28: 3713–A.
“My main thesis is that scientific arguments are and must be deductive.”
[book]JEFFREYS, HAROLD. Scientific inference. Third edition. vii + 273 pp., index. London: Cambridge Univ. Pr., 1973. £5.50.
[journalArticle]KÖRNER, STEPHAN. Deductive unification and idealisation. Br. J. Phisl. Sci., 1964, 14:274–284.
[journalArticle]LEVI, ISAAC. Gambling with truth. An essay on induction and the aims of science. xiv + 246 + v pp., bibl., index. New York: knopf, 1967.
[book]MEDAWAR, PETER B. Induction and intuition in scientific thought. Jayne Lectures for 1968. (Memories of the American Philosophical Society, 75.) ix + 62 pp., index. Philadelphia: American Philosophical Society, 1969.
Essay review by Clifford A. Truesdell in Centaurus, 1972, 17:142–172.
[journalArticle]METLOV, V.I. Induktivizm i deduktivizm kak metody analiza struktury muchnogo znaniia. (Inductivism and deductivism as methods of analyzing the structure of scientific knowledge.) Vop. Filos., 1969, 10:41–53.
[journalArticle]POST, H. R. Correpondence, invariance and heuristics: In praise of conservative induction. Stud. Hist. Phil. Sci., 1971, 2:213–255.
“This paper is concerned with the better part of philosophy of science, namely heuristics. It is intended to combat two common views: (1) that it is impossible or improper to define any procedure for the constructing of new theories. (2) That the most one can say of the heuristic process is that it is a trial-and-error procedure.”
[book]SALMON, WESLEY C. The foundation of scientific inferrence. 157 pp., illus. Pittsburgh: Univ. Pittsburgh Press, 1967. $2.25 (paper).
Based upon five lectures in the philosophy of science series at the University of Pittsburgh, March 1963 - October 1965.

Akh quantification and statistical aspects

[book]BLODRINI, MARCELLO. Scientific truth and statistical method. Trans. from the Italian by Ruth Kendall. xiv + 264 pp., illus., port., bibl., index. Londo: Griffin, 1972. £5.40.
[book]EDWRADS, ANTHONY W. Likelihood: An account of the statistical concept of likelihood and its application to scientific inference. xv + 235 pp., illus., bibl. Cambridge: Cambridge Univ. Pr., 1972. £3.80.
[journalArticle]GILBERT, G. NIGEL; STEVE WOOLGAR. The quantitative study of science: An examination of the literature. Sci. Stud. (London), 1974, 4: 279–294
[journalArticle]HINSHELWOOD, CYRIL. The qualitative and the quantitative. Manchr Lit. Phil. Soc., 1966/ 67, 10918–26.
[book]LA MATHÉMATISATION DES DOCTRINES INFROMES: Colloque tenu à l'Institut d'histoire des sciences de l'Université de Paris, sous la direction de Georges Canguilhem. (Actualités scientifiques et industrielles, 1346.) 237 pp., illus., bibl. Paris: Hermann, 1972. F 46.
[book]SAGOROFF, SLAWTSCHO. Wissenschaft und Statistik: Das statistische Denken in den empirischen Wissenschaften. (Sitzungsberichte der österreichischen Akademie de Wissenschaften. Philosophisch-historische Klasse, 282, Bd 5.) 146 pp. Vienna: Verlag der österreichischen Akademie der Wissenschaften, 1973.
[book]SALMON, WESLEY C. Statistical explanation and statistical relevance. With contributions by Richard C. Jeffrey and James G. Greeno. ix + 117 pp., bibl. Pittsburgh: Univ. Pittsburgh Pr., 1971.
[journalArticle]STRUBECKER, KARL. Die Mathematisierung der Wissenschaften. Phys. Bl., 1969, 25:488–495.
[journalArticle]UTKINA, N.F. O protsesse matematizatsii nauk. (Concerning the process of mathematization of science.) Actes XIe Cong. Int. Hist. Sci., 1965 (pub. 1968), 2: 24–26.

Akk logic and foundation of science

[journalArticle]ANDERSON, PHILIP W. More is different. Sciences, 1972, 177:393–396.
Broken symmetry and the nature of the hierarchical structure of science.
[book]BÖHM, WALTER. Die Metaphysischen Grundlagen der Naturwissenschaft und Mathematik. 194 pp., bibl. Vienna: Herder, 1966. DM 17.50.
[journalArticle]BROWN, HARLOD I. Harris on the logic of sciences. Dialectica, 1972, 26:227–246.
Essay review of Errol Harris, Hypothesis and perception (London, 1970).
[journalArticle]BUCHANAN, BURCE G. Logics of scientific discovery. Diss. Abs., 1967, 28:256–A.
[book]DESTOUCHES, JEAN LOUIS (ed.) E.W. Beth memorial colloquium. Logic and foundation of science, Paris, Institut Henri Poincaré, 19–21 May 1964. viii + 137 pp., port. Dordrecht: Reidel, 1967. Fl 21.
[book]DURBIN, PAUL R. Logic and scientific inquiry. vii + 132 pp., bibl., index. Milwaukee: Bruce, 1968.
[journalArticle]DURBIN, PAUL R. A logic of scientific discovery. Proc. Am. Cath. Phil. Assoc., 1966, 40:191–202.
[book]EGIDI, ROSARIA. Studi di logica e filosofia della scienza. (Biblioteca di cultura, 20.) 245 pp., bibl. Rome: Bolzoni, 1971. L4000.
[journalArticle]EYK, B.J. VAN. Über die Begrenzung der Anwendbarkeit klassischer wissenschaftlicher Konzeptionen auf dem Gebiete der Naturwissenschaften. Philosophia Nat., 1968, 10: 442–467.
[journalArticle]FALK, ARTHUR E. Two conceptions of a logic of discovery. Proc. Am. Cath. Phil. Assoc., 1966, 40:203–208.
[journalArticle]FEYERABEND, PAUK K. Science without experience. J. Phil., 1969, 66:791–794.
“A natural science without experience is conceivable. Conceiving a science without experience is an effective way of examining the empirical hypothesis that underlies much of science.”
[book]FIEDLER, FRANK. “Tinheitswissenschaft” oder Einheit der Wissenschaft? 284 pp., index. Berlin: Dietz, 1971.
[book]FISCHER, ANTON. Die philosophischen Grundlagen der wissenschaftlichen Erkenntnis. Zweite, umgearb. Auf. vi + 226 pp., index. Vienna; New York: Springer, 1967.
[journalArticle]FREUDENTHAL, HANS. Les faits et gestes de l'âne de Buridan. Revue Synth. 1968, 89:419–431.
[book]GIBT ES GRENZEN DER NATURFORSCHUNG, Eranos-Reden. Mit einer Einführung von Walter Strolz. 176 pp. Freiburg i Br: Herder, 1966. Sfr 3.40.
Contents: E. Schrödinger: Der Geist Naturwissenschaft. G. Holton: Über die Hypothesen, welche der Naturwissenschaft zugrunde liegen. H. Kayser: Die Harmonie der Welt. L. Baeck: Individuum ineffabile.
[journalArticle]GIRILL, T. R. The logic of scientific puzzles. Z. Allg. Wissenschaftstheorie, 1973, 4:25–40.
Abstract: With the aid of erotetic logic, puzzle-posing questions are identified, their presuppositional relations to scientific theory and explanations are explored, and a new tool for history of science research (sub-puzzle analysis) is developed.
[book]GOLOVANOV, VIACHESLAV NIKOLAEVICH. Gnoseologicheskaia priroda zakonov nauki. (Gnosiological nature of the laws of science.) 94 pp. Moscow: Mysl, 1967.
[journalArticle]GRYASNOV, B. On the logical analysis of the concept “object of scientific investigation.” Organon (Warsaw), 1968, 5:49–55.
[book]HERMES, HANS. Die Rolle der Logik beim Aufbau naturwissenschaftlicher Theorien. (Arbeitsgemeinschaft für Forschung des Landes Nordhein-Westfalen. Natur-, Ingenieur- und Gesellschaftswissenschaften, Heft 168.) 32 pp., Köln: Westdeutscher Verlag, 1967. DM 4.20.
[journalArticle]IAROSHEVSKII, MIKHAIL G. On the concrete historical interpretation of the logic of science. Organon (Warsaw), 1969, 5:57–64.
[journalArticle]IRANI, KAIKHOSROW D. Conditions of justification in the history of scientific study. Organon (Warsaw), 1966, 3:63–69.
[journalArticle]KEDROV, BONIFATII MIKHAILOVICH. O dialektike nauchnykh orkrytii. (On the dialectics of scientific discovery.) Voprosy Fil., 1966, 20(12):26–37.
[journalArticle]KEDROV, BONIFATII MIKHAILOVICH. On the dialectics of scientific discovery. Soviet Stud. Phil., 1967, 6(1):16–27.
[journalArticle]LUBNICKI, NARCYZ. Science et croyance. Actes XIe Cong. Int. Hist. Sci., 1965 (pub. 1968), 2:40–45.
[journalArticle]MC MULLIN, ERNAN. Two faces of science. Rev. Metaphys., 1974, 27:655–676.
“The reaction against logicism and foundationalism has gone too far, I will argue. The objectivity and even the rationality of science (and thus of human knowledge generally) are now in need of defencse. … [The defencse] cannot rest … on the discredited assumptions of the foundationalist program.”
[journalArticle]MC PECK, JOHN E. A logic of discovery: Lessons from history and current prospects. Diss. Abs. Int., 1973, 34:1970–A.
Dissertation at Univ. Werstern Ontario, 1973. Microfilm available from National Library of Canada at Ottawa.
[book]MICHALOS, ALEX C. The Popper-Carnap controversy. 134 pp., bibl. The Hague: Nijhoff, 1971.
[book]MIKULINSKII, SEMEN R.; M. G. IAROSHEVSKI (eds.) Nauchnoe otkrytie i ego vospriiatie. (Scientific discovery and its interpretation.) 311 pp. Moscow: Nauka, 1971.
[book]MITTELSTASS, JÜRGEN. Das praktische Fundament der Wissenschaft und die Aufgabe der Philisophe. (Konstanzer Universitätsreden, 50.) 104 pp., illus. Konstanz: Universitätsverlag, 1972. DM 17.80.
[book]NEURATH, OTTO; RUDOLF CARNAP; CHARLES MORRIS (eds.) Foundations of the unity of science: Toward an international encyclopedia of unified science. 2 vols.; xv + 760 pp.; viii + 1023 pp., bibl., index. Chicago: Univ. Chicago Pr., 1971. $22.
[journalArticle]PERA, MARCELLO. La “logica” della scoperta scientifica in Karl Raimund Popper. Atti Accad. Sci Torino, Classe Sci. Mor. Stor. Filolog., 1972, 106:635–720.

[Start of page 22]

[journalArticle]POLANYI, MICHAEL. Logic and psychology. Am. Psychol., 1968, 23:27–43.
“My main task will be to survey the nonstrict rules of inference-in other words, the informal logic-on which science rests. This nonstrict logic will be seen to rest to some extent on psychological observations not hitherto accepted as the foundation of scientific inference.”
[journalArticle]PUGLIESE, ORLANDO. Die “Funktionen- und Strukturontologie” als “Hintergrund der modernen Wissenschaft”. Eine ausgebliebene Auseinandersetzung. Z. Phil. Forsch., 1971, 25:202–225.
[journalArticle]RODNYI, NAUM I. Histoire de la science, logique, logique de la science et logique du développement de la science. Revue Int. Phil., 1971, 25:456–466.
[journalArticle]RODNY, N.I. Logic and history of science. Organon (Warsaw), 1968, 5:41–48.
Examines aspects of the problem of the relations between the logical and the historical in the development of scientific knowledge
[journalArticle]RODNYI, NAUM I. La logique et l'histoire des sciences. Actes XIIe Cong. Int. Hist. Sci., 1968 (pub. 1970), 2:93–96.
“La logique de la science a pour objet les problèmes suivants; les questions de connaissances de base, l'acquisition de connaissances déductives, l'analyse de la structure de la science.”
[journalArticle]SALMON, WESLEY C. Carnap's inductive logic. J. Phil., 1967, 64:725–739.
[bookChapter]SALMON, WESLEY C. Inquiries into the foundations of science.David L. Arm (ed.) Vistas in science. Albuquerque: Univ. New Mexico Pr., 1968.
[book]SCHAPP, WILHELM. Metaphysik der Naturwissenschaft. x + 141 pp. The Hague: Nijhoff, 1965.
[journalArticle]SCHATZMAN, EVRY. La croyance en l'axiomatisation et la critique de la science. Raison Présente, 1973, 25:65–76.
[book]SEEGER, RAYMOND J.; ROBERT S. COHEN (eds.) Philosophical foundations of science. Proceedings of Section L, 1969, American Association for the Advancement of Science. (Boşton studies in the philosophy of science, 11.) ix + 545 pp., illus., bibls. Dordrecht, Holland: Reidel, 1974.
Appropriate papers from these proceedings are indexed separately in the present bibliography.
[journalArticle]STROMBACH, WERNER. Ordnungsstrukturen als Voraussetzung logische-mathematischer Naturerkenntnis. Philosophia Nat., 1967, 10:56–82.
[book]SUPPES, PATRICK. Studies in the methodology and foundations of science. Selected papers from 1951 to 1969. xii + 473 pp., bibl., index. Dordrecht: Reidel; New York: Humanities Pr., 1969.
Essay review by Harold D. Levin in J. Phil., 1974, 71:112–23.
[book]TAVANEC, P. V. (ed.) Problems of the logic of scientific knowledge. xii + 429 pp., bibls., index. Dordrecht, Holland: Reidel; New York: Humanities, 1970. $11.75.
[book]WEINGARTNER, PAUL (ed.) Grundfragen der Wissenschaften und ihre Wurzeln in der Metaphysik. (Forschungsgespräche des Internationalen Forschungszentrums für Grundfragen der Wissenschaften Salzburg 5.) 256 pp., index. Salzburg: Pustet, 1967. DM 36.
Contents: Rudolf Haller: Metaphysik und Sprache. Paul Lorenzen: Das menschliche Fundament der Mathematik. Paul Weingartner: Ontologische Fragen zur klassichen Wahrheitsdefinition. Czeslaw Lejewski: A theory of non-reflexive identity and its ontological ramifications. Gerhard Frey: Können die Naturwissenschaften ontologische Aussagen machen? Béla Juhos: Absolutbegriffe als metaphysische Voraussetzungen empirischer Theorien und ihre Relativierung. Paul K. Feyerabend: Bemerkungen zur Geschichte und Systematik des Empirismus. Arne Naess: Physics and the variety of world pictures.
[book]WEIZSÄCKER, CARL FRIEDRICH VON. Die Einheit der Natur. 491 pp. Munich: Hanser, 1971. DM 38.
[book]ZINOV’EV, A. A. Foundations of the logical theory of scientific knowledge (complex logic). Revised and enlarged English version. With an appendix by G. A. Smirnov, E. A. Sidorenko, A. M. Fedina, and L. A. Bobrova. (Boston studies in the philosophy of science, 9.) xxii + 301 pp., index. Dordrecht: Reidel, 1972.

Akm verification and falsification

[book]BROGLIE, LOUIS DE. Certitudes et incertitudes de la science. 304 pp. Paris: Michel, , 1996, 19.74 F.
[book]BUCHANAN, SCOTT M. Truth in the sciences. xxiii + 177 pp. Charlottesville: Univ. Virginia Pr., 1972. $7.50.
[journalArticle]GRÜNBAUM, ADOLF. Can we ascertain the falsity of a scientific hypothesis? Studium Generale, 1969, 22:1061–1093.
[book]HEITLER, WALTER. Wahrheit und Richtigkeit in den exakten Wissenschaften. (Akademie der Wissenschaften und der Literatur, Abhandlungen der math.-naturwissenschaftlichen Klasse, 1972, Nr. 3.) 22 pp. Mainz: Verlag der Akademie der Wissenschaften und der Literatur, 1972.
[journalArticle]HYPOTHÈSE ET CONFIRMATION. Revue Int. Phil., 1971, 25:3–197.
Contents of this special issue: Alfred J. Ayer: Le problème de la confirmation. Jacques Merleau-Ponty: Les hypothèses en cosmologie. Emile Namer: L'hypothèse et sa verification à la naissance de la physique mathematique. Jonathan Cohen: The inductive logic of progressive problem-shifts. Leo Apostel: Logique inductive, modalités épistémiques et logique de la preférence. Diderik Batens: The paradoxes of confirmation. André Robinet: Hypothèse et confirmation en histoire de la philosophie. George Lennes: Hypothèse et information expérimentale. Étude d'un problème de génétique humaine. T. Nemetz: Information theoretic concepts in testing hypotheses. Karl R. Popper: Conjectural knowledge: My solution of the problems of induction.
[journalArticle]JEWELL, ROBERT D. Validation of scientific theories. J. Am. Scientific Affil., 1968, 20:65–70.
[journalArticle]LADRIÉRE, JEAN. Vérité et praxis dans la démarche scientifique. Revue Phil. Louvain, 1974, 72:284–310.
[journalArticle]MARTIN, MICHAEL. Referential variance and scientific objectivity. Br. J. Phil. Sci., 1971, 22:17–26.
“We will agree that not only is sense invariance not necessary for the objective testing of scientific theories but that referential invariance is not necessary either. We will show, in short, that referential variance is incompatible with scientific objectivity.”
[journalArticle]NAGEL, ERNEST. What is true and false in science. Medawar and the anatomy of research. Encounter, 1967, 29(3):68–70.
Essay review of P.B. Medawar. The art of the soluble, London, Methuen, 1967.
The PROBLEM of truth. (Tulane studies in philosophy, 14.) 110 pp. New Orleans: Tulane Univ. Pr., 1965. $2.
Partial contents: Edward G. Ballard: Truth and subjectivity. Shannon DuBoise: Truth as procedure. James K. Feibleman: Falsity in practice. Donald S. Lee: Truth in empirical science. Harold N. Lee: A fitting theory of truth.
[journalArticle]ROOT, ROBERT W. The use of continuity requirements in testing scientific theories. Diss. Abs. Int., 1971, 32:1422–A.
Dissertation at New York Univ., 1971. Chairman: J. Darrell Barnard. Univ. Microfilms order no. 71–24809. 151 pp. $4 film; $10 xerox.
[bookChapter]SALMON, WESLEY C. Bayes's theorem and the history of science.Roger H. Stuewer (ed.) Historical and philosophical perspectives of science. Minneapolis: Univ. Minnesota Pr., 1970.
“Assuming that the historian is legitimately concerned to distinguish rationally well-grounded from irrational developments in the history of science, this paper defends the distinction between the context of discovery and the context of justification, and goes on to argue that an adequate understanding of the distinction demands a satisfactory account of scientific confirmation.” From the summary.
[journalArticle]STRÖKER, ELISABETH. Falsifizierbarkeit als Kennzeichen naturwissenschaftlicher Theorien. Zu Karl R. Poppers Logik der Forschung. Kant-Stud., 1968, 59:495–512.
[bookChapter]TUGENDHAT, ERNST. Zum Verhältnis von Wissenschaft und Wahrheit. Pp. 389–402 in Collegium Philosophicum: Studien Joachim Ritter zum 60. Geburtstag. Basel: Schwabe, 1965.

Akn linguistic and semantic problems

[journalArticle]BUCHDAHL, GERD. Semantic sources of the concept of law. Synthese, 1967, 17:54–74.
Exposition of the competitive interaction, guided and integrated by an underlying regulative ingredient, of three major facets of scientific laws: logical structure, methodology, and ontological significance.
[journalArticle]FARRE, GEORGE L. On the linguistic foundations of the problem of scientific discovery. J. Phil., 1968, 65:779–794.
[journalArticle]LADRIÈRE, JEAN. Langage scientifique et langage spéculatif. Revue Phil. Louvain, 1971, 69:92–132, 250–282.
[journalArticle]SCHLANGER, JUDITH E. Metaphor and invention. Diogenes, 1970, 69:12–27.
“Scientific invention does not use non-figurative concepts; it often finds its mode of expression through metaphor.”
[book]ZAWADE, WERNER. Wissenschaft, Begriff und Sprache. Die Überwindung der zur Kommunikation von wissenschaftlichen Begriffen untauglichen Sprache als unabdingbare Voraussetzung für die Inthronisierung der Philosophie als Grunddisziplin aller Wissenschaft. Eine Studie über den “wissenschaftlichen Begriff.” 50 pp. Baden-Baden: Fachverlag GMBH, 1968. DM 6.50.

Akg classification in science

[book]KAMINSKI, STANISLAW. Pojecie nauki i klasyfikacja nauk. (Notion de la science et classification des sciences.) 154 pp. Lublin, Poland: Société scientifique KUL, 1961.
[book]ROCHHAUSEN, RUDOLF (ed.) Die Klassifikation der Wissenschaften als philosophisches Problem. 158 pp., index. Berlin: Deutscher Verlag der Wissenschaften, 1968.
[journalArticle]SPEZIALI, PIERRE. Aperçu historique des principaux essais de classification des sciences. Actes XIIe Cong. Int. Hist. Sci., 1968 (pub. 1970), 2:105–108.
[journalArticle]VIRIEUX-REYMOND, ANTOINETTE. La classification des sciences et ses problèmes. Verh. Schweiz. Naturforsch. Ges., 1968:147–155.

Aks epistemology

[book]ANTISERI, DARIO. Karl R. Popper: Epistemologia e società aperta. (Filosofia e problemi d'oggi, 16.) 329 pp., bibl. Rome: Armando, 1972, L 3000.
[journalArticle]CONRADT, RÜDIGER. Grundzüge einer naturwissenschaftlichen Erkenntnistheorie. Philosophia Nat., 1970, 12:3–46.
[book]ÉPISTÉMOLOGIE ET MARXISME. 319 pp. Paris: Union générale d'éditions, 1972. F 7.40.
A collection of articles from Raison présenté. Contents: J. Monod: La science, valeur suprême de l'homme. M. Caveing: Le projet rationnel des sciences contemporaines. F. Halbwachs: Sur les problèmes de la causalité physique. J. Roger: Conditions intellectuelles de l'apparition du transformisme. G. Gohau: Méthode ou système chez Cuvier. J. Desanti: Les idéalités mathématiques. M. Caveing: La laïcisation de la parole et l'exigence rationnelle. N. Mouloud: La science du langage et les problèmes philosophiques des sens. M. Godelier: Marxisme, anthropologie et religion. C. Dan: Empirisme et réalisme de Marx à Piaget.
[book]FREY, GERHARD. Erkenntnis der Wirklichkeit: Philosophische Folgerungen der modernen Naturwissenschaften. 179 pp., illus., bibl. Stuttgart: Kohlhammer, 1965.

[Start of page 23]

[journalArticle]FREY, GERHARD. The use of the concepts “isomorphic” and “homomorphic” in epistemology and the theory of science. Ratio, 1969, 11:1–13.
[journalArticle]GORSKI, DIMITRI P. The scientific representation of reality: Its difficulties. Diogenes, 1967, 60:20–34.
[book]GRENE, MARJORIE (ed.) The anatomy of knowledtge. Papers presented to the Study Group of Foundations of Cultural Unity, Bowdoin College, 1965 and 1966. xii + 367 pp., index. London: Routledge and K. Paul, 1969. 60s.
Papers of historical interest have been indexed separately in the present CB.
[book]GRENE, MARJORIE. The knower and the known. 283 pp., bibl. London: Faber & Faber, 1966.
[book]HABERMAS, JÜRGEN. Knowledge and human interests. Trans. by Jeremy J. Shapiro. ix + 356 pp., index. London: Heinemann Educational, 1972. £3.50.
[book]HOLZKAMP, KLAUS. Wissenschaft als Handlung: Versuch einer neuen Grundlegung der Wissenschaftslehre. xi + 397 pp., bibl., index. Berlin: de Gruyter, 1968. DM 48.
[bookChapter]INTERNATIONAL CONGRESS OF PHILOSOPHY, 14th, Vienna, 1968. Proceedings. Vol. III, 2: Theory of knowledge and science. Pp. 133–390. Vienna: Herder, 1969.
Partial contents: Everett J. Nelson: The nature of scientific law. Cemal ildirim: The pattern of reasoning in scientific discovery. J. O. Wisdom: Scientific theory: Empirical content, ontology and Weltanschauung. Max Wilson: Metaphysics, fiction and scientifi enquiry. Paul Bernays: Bermerkungen zur Philosophie der Mathematik. Mario Bunge: Models in theoretical science. A. K. Sinha: Foundations of scientific theory. Juhani Pietarinen, Raimo Tuomela: On measures of the explanatory power of scientific theories. Karl R. Popper: Quantum theory, quantum logic and the calculus of probability. Alfred Landè: Quantum observation and interpretation. Boris Y. Pachomov: Quantum mechanics and the cognizability of the objective reality. Valdimir P. Bransky: The methodological problems of the general theory of relativity. Jack C. Carloye: The Platonic presuppositions of the use of analogue models in physics. Samuel Gorovitz: Philosophical analysis and physical theory. Max Rieser: On the structure of event or causal connection. Ion Tudosescu: Causalité et porbabilité. Jivko Ochavkov: Sur l'objet et la spécificité de la connaissance scientifiqeu statistique. Reuben Abel: Language and the electron. Ernest Kolman: Die Entdeckung der mathematischen Pluralität in ihrer philosophischen Tragweite. Ṿictor F. Lenzen: The role of science in the philosophy of C. S. Peirce. Narcyz Łubnicki: Science et mystique sont-elles conciliables? Le cas Teilhard de Chardin. John Losee: Non-humean aspects of [John] Herschel's philosophy of science. Donald Millholland: Michael Polany's theory of knowledge.
[book]KRÜGER, LORENZ (ed.) Erkenntnisprobleme der Natuwissenschaften. Text zur Einführung in die Philosophie der Wissenschaft. (Neue wissenschaftliche Bibliothek, 38.) 534 pp., bibl., index. Cologne: Kiepenheuer and Witsch, 1970. DM 38.
[book]LANGFORD, THOMAS A.; WILLIAM H. POTEAT (eds.) Intellect and hope: Essays in the thought of Michael Polanyi. ix + 464 pp., index. Durham, N.C: Duke Univ. Pr. for the Lilly Endowment Research Program in Christianity and Politics, 1968.
Contains a bibliography of Polanyi's social and philosophical writings.
[book]LECOMTE DU NOUY, PIERRE. Between knowing and believing. Illus. by Bazaine. Trans. from the French by Mary Lecomte du Noüy. Intro. by George N. Shuster. Foreword by Albert Delaunay. xxvi + 272 pp. Paris: Hermann, 1966.
A collection of previously published essays.
[book]LECOURT, DOMINIQUE. Pour une critique de l'épistémologie (Bachelard, Canguilhem, Foucault). 134 pp. Paris: Maspero, 1972. F 9.50.
Three essays on the theories of the history of sciences of Gaston Bachelard, Georges Canguilhem, and Michel Foucault, from a marxist standpoint.
[journalArticle]MAC KINNON, EDWARD M. Epistemological problems in the philosophy of science. Rev. Metaphys., 1968, 22:113–137, 329–358.
An essay review of recent works by Israel Scheffler, Stephan Körner, and Errol Harris.
[book]MANDELBAUM, MAURICE. Philosophy, science, and sense perception: Historical and critical studies. ix + 262 pp., bibl., index. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins Pr., 1964. $6.50.
[journalArticle]MARKWALD, W.; F. SCHEFFEL; H.J. SCHULZE. Eine Arbeitsgemeinschaft über naturwissenschaftliche Erkenntnis. Math.-Phys. Semesterber., 1968, 15:222–234.
A historical survey of philosphies of scientific knowledge from Aristotle to the present.
[journalArticle]MOULOUD, NOËL. Le développement axiomatique des sciences et les perspectives actuelles de la philosophie de la connaissance. Actes XIIe Cong. Int. Hist. Sci., 1968 (pub. 1970), 2:73–77.
[journalArticle]MOULOUD, NOEL. La méthode des sciences de structures et les problèmes de la connaissance rationnelle. Pensée, 1967, 135:3–18.
[journalArticle]O'MALLEY, JOSEPH J. Material being and scientific knowledge according to Pierre Duhem. Diss. Abs., 1968, 28:3224–3225–A.
[book]PIAGET, JEAN. Psychology and epistemology: Towards a theory of knowledge. Trans. from the French by P. A. Wells. viii + 107 pp. Harmonds-worth: Penguin, 1972. £0.80.
Pp. 45–62: “The myth of the sensory origin of scientific knowledge.” Pp. 63–84: “On the relationships between science and philosophy.”
[book]POLANYI, MICHAEL. The tacit dimension. xi + 108 pp., bibl., index. Garden City, N.Y: Doubleday, 1967.
A revision of the 1962 Terry Lectures at Yale.
[journalArticle]ROTTSCHAEFFER, WILLIAM A. Ordinary knowledge in the scientific realism of Wilfrid Sellars. Diss. Abs. Int., 1973, 33:6972–A.
Dissertation at Boston Univ. Graduate School, 1973. Major Professor: Abner Shimony. Univ. Microfilsm order no. 73–14172. 393 pp. $4 film; $10 xerox.
[journalArticle]SCHNEIDER, PETER K. Science, cybernétique et conscience: La situation épistémologique du présent. Archs. Phil., 1967, 30:323–343.
[journalArticle]SCOTT, WILLIAM T. Une nouvelle affirmation de la rationalité: I, L'épistémologie de M. Polanyi. Archs Phil., 1972, 35:7–31.
“Against the epistemological objectivism of Laplace and of the postivists, Polanyi has demosntrated the paramount importance of subsidiary awareness. Science implies tacit knowledge and commitment.” From the English summary.
[book]SIMONIS, WALTER. Der verständige Umgang mit der Welt: Differenz und Vermittlung von Theorie und Erfahrung in Erkenntnis und Wissenschaft. Propädeutische Analysen. 373 pp. Amsterdam: Rodopi, 1974.
[journalArticle]SUSZKO, ROMAN. An absstract scheme of the development of knowledge. Actes XIe Cong. Int. Hist. Sci., 1965 (pub. 1968), 2:52–55.
“The aim of this paper is to show certain links between formal logic and the history of science.”
[book]THUILLIER, PIERRE. Jeux et enjeux de la science: Essais d'épistémologie critique. 331 pp. Paris: Laffont, 1972. F 26.
[book]WILL, FREDERICK L. Induction and justification: An investigation of Cartesian procedure in the philosophy of knowledge. 371 pp., bibl. Ithaca, N. Y: Cornell Univ. Pr., 1974. $13.50.
[book]WITSCHEL, GÜNTER. Wilfrid Sellars: Erkenntnishtheoretische Fragen, untersucht auf der Grundlage von Philosophy and the scientific image of man. (Akademische Vorträge und Abhandlungen, 37.) 37 pp. Bonn: Bouvier, 1972.

Akt philosophical systems

[book]ALIOTTA, ANTONIO. La reazione idealistica contro la scienza. Ristampa integrale con presentazione id Cleto Carbonara. 573 pp., plt. Naples: Libreria Scientifica Editrice, 1970. L 5000.
[book]BACHELARD, GASTON. L'engagement rationaliste. Préface de Georges Canuilhem. 192 pp. Paris: Presses Universitaires de France, 1972.
Contents: Le surrartionalisme. Un livre d'un nommé R. Descartes. La psychologie de la raison. Le problème philosophique des méthodes scientifiques. De la nature du rationalisme. Le nouvel esprit scientifique et la création des valeurs rationnelles. Univers et réalité. La richesse d'inférence de la physique mathématique. La dialectique philosophiqeu des notions de la relativité. L'actualité de l'histoire des sciences. La vie et l'œuvre d'Edouard Le Roy (1870 - 1954). La philosophie scientifique de Léon Brunschvicg. L'œuvre de Jean Cavaillès.
[book]BARRAUD, HENRI-JEAN. La science et le matérialisme: Essai de philosophie réaliste. 240 pp., bibl., index. Paris: Rivière, 1973. F 28.
Die BEDEUTUNG des Marxismus-Leninismus für die Durchsetzung des Prinzips der Einheit der Wissenschaft. (Wissenschaftliche Beiträge der Martin-Luther-Universität Halle-Wittenberg, 1972, 6(A 13).) 267 pp. Halle: Martin-Luther Universität, 1972.
[book]BENVENUTO, EDOARDO. Materialismo e pensiero scientifico. viii + 317 pp. Milan: Tamburini, 1974.
[journalArticle]BERNSTEIN, RICHARD J. The challenge of scientific materialism. Int. Phil. Q., 1968, 8:252–275.
[book]BLANCHÉ, ROBERT. La science actuelle et le rationalisme. (Initiation philosophique, 78.) 124 pp. Paris: Presses Universitaires de France, 1967. 5 F.
[book]BLANCHÉ, ROBERT. Contemporary science and rationalism. Trans. by I.A.G. Le Bek, with a foreword by S. Körner. ix + 92 pp., bibl. Edinburgh: Oliver & BOyd, 1968. 7s 6d (paper).
[journalArticle]CANGUILHEM, GEORGES. Qu’est-ce qu’une idéologie scientifique? Organon (Warsaw), 1970, 7:3–13.
[journalArticle]CORNMAN, JAMES W. Materialism and sensations. xiv + 352 pp., bibl., index. New Haven: Yale Univ. Pr., 1971 $10.
[journalArticle]FEIBLEMAN, JAMES K. Les origines de l'empirisme scientifique. Revue Synth., 1967, 88:201–226.
Translated from English.
[bookChapter]GILLISPIE, CHARLES COUSTON. Elements of physical idealism. Pp. 206–224 in Mélanges Alexandre Koyré. Vol. 2. Paris: Hermann, 1964.
[book]GURWITSCH, ARON. Phenomenology and the theory of science. Ed. by Lester Embree. xi + 272 pp. Evanston: Northwestern Univ. Pr., 1974.
[book]HABERMAS, JÜRGEN. Technik und Wissenschaft als “Ideologie.” 169 pp. Frankfurt am Main: Suhrkamp, 1968. DM 3.
[book]HALDANE, JOHN BURDON SANDERSON. Science and life. Essays of a rationalist. Intor. by J. Maynard Smith. x + 213 pp., index. London: Pemberton, 1968. 15s.
[book]HAVEMANN, ROBERT. Dialektik ohne Dogma? Naturwissenschaft und Weltschauung. vi + 163 pp. Reinbek bei Hamburg: Rowohlt, 1964.
[book]HÖRZ, HERBERT. Neue Aspekte im Verhältnis von marxistischer Philosophie und moderner Naturwissenschaft. (Sitzungsberichte der Deutschen Akademie der Wissenschaften zu Berlin. Klasse für Philosophie …, 1968, 1.) 22 pp. Berlin: Akademie Verlag, 1968.
[book]INTERNATIONAL PHENOMENOLOGICAL CONFERENCE, 1969. The later Husserl and the idea of phenomenology: Idealism-realism, historicity and nature. Papers and debates of the International Phenomenological Conference held at the University of Waterloo, Canada, April 9–14, 1969. Ed. By Anna-Teresa Tymieniecka. (Analecta Husserliana, 2.) vii + 374 pp., bibls. Dordrecht: Reidel. 1972.
[journalArticle]KELLE, V. ZH. The Leninist conception of scientific ideology and its critics. Soviet Stud. Phil., 1970, 9:99–120.

[Start of page 24]

[book]KOCKELMANS, JOSEPH J.; THEODORE J. KISIEL (eds.) Phenomenology and the natural sciences: Essays and translations. (Northwestern University studies in phenomenology & existential philosophy.) xxi + 520 pp., binl., index. Evanston: Northwestern Univ. Pr., 1970. $15.
[book]KOSING, ALFRED. Wissenschaftheorie als Aufgabe der Marxistischen Philosophie. (Sitzungsberichte der Deut. Akad. der Wiss. zu Berlin. Klasse für Philosophie. …, 1967, no . 1.) 31 pp. Berlin: Akademie Verlag, 1967. DM 2.
[book]KUZNETSOV, BORIS GRIGOR’EVICH. Razum i bytie: Etiudy o klassicheskom ratsionalisme i neklassicheskoi nauke. 288 pp., index. Moscow: Nauka, 1972. R1.10.
[journalArticle]KUZNETSOV, BORIS GRIGORE’VICH. Le rationalisme classique et la science contemporaine. Revue Synth., 1973, 94:161–176.
[journalArticle]LEY, HERMANN. Hegels Dialektik und das Bündnis der marxistisch-leninistischen Philosophie mit den modernen Naturwissenschaften. Wiss. Z. Humboldt Univ. Math.-Natur. Reihe., 1970, 20:249–255.
[book]LIPSCHÜTZ, ALEXANDER. Seis ensayos filosóficos marxistas (1959–1968). 208 p. Santiago de Chile: Bello, 1970.
Previously published in various periodicals.
Contents: “Scire” y “scientia” en la visión de Aristóteles y Francis Bacon. Karl Marx, el materialista. El centenario de un libro de Charles Darwin. Biología darwiniana y sociología marxista. Carl Jung y la nueva psicología del siglo XX. La ciencia que nacío en la lbaor humana y su papel en la Universidad Técnica de nuestro tiempo.
[book]MACKINNON, EDWARD A. (ed.) The problem of scientific realism. viii + 301 pp. New York: Appleton-Century-Crofts, 1972. $4.95.
Contents: Aristotle: Science as a systematic explanation through causes. I. Newton: Rules and reflections on scientific reasoning. R. Carnap: Empiricism, semantics and ontology. C. Hempel: On the logic of explanation. E. Nagel: The realist view of theories. W. V. Quine: On the role of logic in explation. E. E. Harris: Method and explanation in metaphysics. A. Einstein: Remarks on Bertrand Russell's theory of knowledge. W. Sellers: The language of theories. E. MacKinnon: Atomic physics and reality. M. Bunge: Physics and reality. P. A. Heelan: Quantum mechanics and objectivity.
[book]MATERIALISTICHESKAIA dialektika i metody estestvennykh nauk. (Dialectic materialism and methods of natural science.) 608 pp., index. Moscow: Nauka, 1968.
[book]PACI, ENZO. The function of the sciences and the meaning of man. Trans, with an intro., by Paul Piccone and James E. Hansen. (Northwestern Univ. studies in phenomenology and existential philosophy.) xxxv + 475 pp., index. Evanston: Northwestern Univ. Pr., 1972. 15.
[book]RAYMOND, PIERRE. Le passage au matérialisme: Idéalimse et matérialisme dans l'histoire dela philosophie, mathématiques et matérialisme. 415 pp., bibl. Paris: Maspero, 1973. F 45.
[journalArticle]RICOEUR, PAUL. Science et idéologie. Revue Phil. Louvain, 1974, 72:328–356.
[book]SEIFFERT, HELMUT. Marxismus und bürgerliche Wissenschaft. x + 242 pp., bibl. Munich: Beck, 1971.
[journalArticle]TYMIENIECKA, ANNA-TERESA. Die phänomenologische Selsbstbesinnung, I: Der Leib und die Transzendentalität in der gegenwärtigen phänomenologischen Forschung. Anal. Husserliana, 1971, 1:1–10.
[journalArticle]TYMIENIECKA, ANNA-TERESA. Phenomenology reflects upon itself, II: The ideal of the universal science: The original project of Husserl reinterpreted with reference to the acquisistions of phenomenology and the progress of contemporary science. Anal. Husserliana, 1971, 2:3–17.

Akv causality; determinism and interdeterminism

[book]BHATTACHARYA, BIRENDRA K. Causality in science and philosophy: A historical and critical survey. 201 pp., bibl. Calcutta: Sanskrit Pustak Bhandar, 1969. Rs 18.00.
[bookChapter]DE SANTILLANA, GIORGIO. Necessity, contingency and natural law. Pp. 258–270 in Mélanges Alexandre Koyré. Vol. 2. Paris: Hermann, 1964.
Argues that if someone were to create the scientific concept of a law of nature so utterly at variance with what previously went under that name, he must assume a prescriptive link between essence and existence.
[journalArticle]EULAU, HEINZ. From utopia to probability: Liberalsism and recent science. Antioch Rev., 1966, 26:5–16.
[bookChapter]JORDAN, PASCUAL. Spontaneität im Naturgeschehen.Dieter Stolte, ed., Integritas: Geistige Wandlung und menschliche Wirklichkeit. Tübingen: Wunderlich, 1966.
[book]JORDAN, PASCUAL. Wie frei sind wir? Naturgesetz und Zufall. (Texte und Thesen, 18.) 68 pp. Osnabrück: Fromm, 1971. DM 4.
[journalArticle]MC LUHAN, MARSHALL; BARRINGTON NEVITT. The argument: Causality in the electric world. Technology Cult., 1973, 14:1–21.
Followed by the comments of Joseph Owens and Frederick D. Wilhelmsen.
[journalArticle]METZ, ANDRÉ. Esprit et causalité. Revue Synth., 1970, 91:13–68.
Contents: Liberté, fatalisme. Le sens de l'histoire. Déterminisme ou libre arbitre. Le temps d'après Kant. La durée intuitive de Bergson et le temps de l'universe. Le temps scientifique. Les quanta et le déterminisme. L'irréversibilité et le libre arbitre. La disponsibilité de l'universe. La communication des substances. Ibéalisme, matérialisme, réalisme.
This posthumously published work is preceded (pp. 5–12) by an essay concerning it by Noël Mouloud.
[book]MÜLLER, A. M. KLAUS; WOLFHART PANNENBERG. Erwägungen zu einer Theologie der Natur. 80 pp., bibl. Gütersloh: Mohn, 1970. DM 9.80.
Contents: A. M. K. Müller: Über philosophischen Umgang mit exakter forschung und seine Notwendikeit. W. Pannenberg: Kontingenz und Naturgesetz.
[journalArticle]RIESE, WALTHER. The principle of individual causality from Aristotle to Claude Bernard. Episteme, 1968, 2:111–120.
[journalArticle]ULRICH, ERICH. Über den dogmatischen und den naturwissenschaftlichen Standpunkt. Phys. Bl., 1973. 29:195–202.
Critique of ivan Supek, “Wirklichkeit und Freiheit im Lichte von Heisenbergs Revolution”, Phys. Bl., 1972, 28:344–353, 491–497.

Akw postitivism

[book]ACHINSTEIN, PETER; STEPHEN F. BARKER (eds.) The legacy of logical positivism: Studies in the philosophy of science. x + 300 pp. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins Univ. Pr., 1969. 8.50.
[book]KOLAKOWSKI, LESZEK. The alienation of reason: A history of positivist thought. Trans. by Norbert Guterman. vi + 230 pp. Garden City, N.Y: Doubleday, 1968.
[book]KOLAKOWSKI, LESZEK. Positivist philosophy from Hume to the Viena Circle. Trans. by Norbert Guterman and revised by the author for this edition. 264 pp., index. Harmondsworth: Penguin, 1972. £0.40.
[bookChapter]ULLMO, JEAN. Remarques sur l'histoire conceptuelle et le positivisme. Pp. 506–516 in Mélanges Alexandre Koyré. Vol. 2. Paris: Hermann, 1964.

Akz the future of science

[journalArticle]BROOKS, HARVEY. Can science survive in the modern age? Science, 1971, 174:21–30.
[bookChapter]CROWE, MICHAEL J. A new age in science and technology.Ronald Weber (ed.) America in change. Notre Dame, Ind: Notre Dame Univ. Pr., 1972.
This essay emaines the question of whether we are now in, or are entering into, a new in science and technology. The chief conclusion drawn is that much of the evidence put forth on behalf of an affrimative answer to this question does not withstand careful scrutiny.
Also published in Review of politics, 1972, 34(4):141–153.
[journalArticle]FEINBERG, GERALD. Post-modern science. J. Phil., 1969, 66:638–646.
“This paper is devoted to some speculations about the directions that future science may take, and their more general significance. The attitude I wish to convey about these remarks is that they are not so much predictions about what will happer as injuctions about which direction science should take if it is to deal successfully with some problems internal to itself, and with others that lie outside it, but which will require similar intellectual methods.”
[journalArticle]GLASS, BENTLEY. Science: Endless horizons or golden age? Science, 1971, 171:23–29.
“Thus one is led to try to evaluate present scientific knowledge not obnly in comparison with the past but also the future of mans' understanding of nature. The question must be faced: Are there finite limits to scientific understanding, or are there endless horizons?”
[book]GORAN, MORRIS H. The future of science. 156 pp., bibl. New York: Spartan, 1971. $8.50.
[book]KUCZYNSKI, JÜRGEN. Wissenschaft heute und morgen. Geschrieben unter dem Kreuzfeuer der Kritik von Robert Rompe und Kurt Werner. 149 pp., index. Berlin: Akademie-Verlag, 1973.
[journalArticle]RAVETZ, JEROME R. Ideological crisis in science. NewA Scient., 1971, 51:35–36.
Predicts what the progress of science will do to science.

Am fundamental concepts in science

[book]ACHINSTEIN, PETER. Concepts of science: A philosophical analysis. xiii + 266 pp., index. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins Pr., 1968. $8.95.
[book]GRÜNBAUM, ADOLF. Modern science and Zeno's paradoxes. x + 148 pp., bibl., index. Middletown, Conn: Wesleyan Univ. Press, 1967.
[book]HILLER, HORST B. Raum, Zeit, Materie, Unendlichkeit: Zur Geschichte des naturwissenschaftlichen Denkens. 2. verb. Aufl. 259 pp., bibl. Stuttgard: Hirzel, 1968. DM 18.
[book]LECLERC, IVOR. The nature of physical existence. 381 pp., index. London: Allen & Unwin; New York: Humanities Pr., 1972. £5.
“The central concern of this book is the understanding of the nature of the universe. Its field is thus that which until the 18tyh century had been known as philosophia naturalis, the philosophy of nature. The aim of the book is to elucidate and examine the fundamental concepts in terms of which the universe is understood.”
[journalArticle]LECLERC, IVOR. The problem of the physical existent. Int. Phil. Q., 1969, 940–62.
“My concern in this paper is to enquire into some fundamental presuppositions which are involved in modern thought, philosophical and scientific, about the nature of physical existence.”
[journalArticle]LECLERC, IVOR. Das Problem des physikalisch Existenten. Kant-Stud., 1969, 60:61–83.
“In die ser Abhandlung geht es mir darum, einige Grundvoraussetzungen zu untersuchen, die modernen-philosphischen und naturwissenschaftlichen-Gedanken über das Wesen der physikalischen Existenz zugrundeliegen.”

[Start of page 25]

Amc time and space

[bookChapter]BONELLI, MARIA LUISA RIGHINI. Time and motion: Reflections on the non-existence of time.Mikuláš Teich, Robert Young (eds.) Changing perspectives in the history of science: Essays in honour of Joseph Needham. London: Heinemann, 1973.
[journalArticle]ESPACE ET TEMPS selon les peuples et les philosophes. Revue Synth., 1969, 90:217–327.
Speial issue devoted to concepts of space and time in various cultures.
[journalArticle]FRASER, J. T. The interdisciplinary study of time. Archs Int. Hist. Sci., 1966, 19:201–234.
[book]FRASER, J. T. (ed.) The voices of time: A cooperative survey of man's views of time as expressed by the sciences and by the humanities. xxv + 710 pp., index. New York: Brazillier, 1966. $12.50.
[journalArticle]GAL-OR, BENJAMIN. The crisis about the origin of irrevesibility and time anisotropy. Science, 1972, 176:11–17.
[book]GONSETH, FERDINAND. Le problème du temps. Essai sur la méthodologie de la recherche. 388 pp. Neuchâtel: Griffon; Paris: Dunod, 1964. F 56.
[book]GONSETH, FERDINAND. Time and method: An essay on the methodology of research. Trans. by Eva H. Guggenheimer. (American lecture series, 838.) xiii + 453 pp. Springfield, Ill: Thomas, 1972.
[journalArticle]HABER, FRANCIS C. The Darwinian revolution in the concept of time. Studium Generale, 1971, 24:289–307.
“It is the thesis of this paper that although [the] mathematical view of time in modern history may be traced back to the ancient Greeks or earlier, it did not hold the fiels as the principle mode of understanding temporal reality in history until after Darwin's Origin of spcies in 1859.”
[bookChapter]INTERNATIONAL CONGRESS OF PHILOSOPHY, 14th, Vienna. 1968. Proceedings, Vol. II, 7: On time. Pp. 617–645. Vienna: Herder, 1968.
Contents: O. Costa de Beauregard: Le temps et les théories physiques. Mario Bunge: Physique et metaphysique du temps. Ferdinand Gonseth: Temps et syntaxe. Arthur N. Prior: The logic of tenses. G.J. Whitrow: Time and mathematics.
[book]INTERNATIONAL SOCIETY FOR THE STUDY OF TIME. The study of time: Proceedings of the first conference of the International Society for the Study of Time, Oberwolfach, West Germany. Ed. by J. T. Fraser, F. C. Haber,m G. H. Müller. viii + 550 pp., illus. Berlin: Springer, 1972. DM 64.
[book]MEERLOO, JOOST A. M. Along the fourth dimension: Man's sense of time and history. Illus. by Carl Smith. x + 278 pp., bibl., index. New York: Day, 1970.
[journalArticle]METZ, ANDRÉ. De la durée intuitive au temps scientifique. Dialogue, 1966, 5:184–204.
[bookChapter]MOMIGLIANO, ARNALDO. Time in ancient historiography. Pp. 1–23. in History and the concept of time (History and theory, Beiheft 6.) Middletown, Conn: Wesleyan Univ. Pr., 1966.
[journalArticle]SCHAEFFLER, RICHARD. Einige Stationen aus der Geschichte der philosophischen Zeitproblematik. Studium Generale, 1967, 20:53–68.
[bookChapter]STARR, CHESTER G. Historical and philosophical time. Pp. 24–35 in History and the concept of time. (History and theory. Studies in the philosophy of history, Beiheft 6). Middletown, Conn: Wesleyan Univ. Pr., 1966.
[book]TOULMIN, STEPHEN; JUNE GOODFIELD. The discovery of time, 280 p., 11 plts., index. London: Hutchinson, 1965. 35s.
[journalArticle]WHITROW, GERALD J. Reflections on the history of the concept of time. Studium Generale, 1970, 23:498–508.
“The central feature of our current mode of thougth about the physical universe and human society is the idea of time as linear advancement without cyclical repetition. We tend to regard this idea as intuitively obvious and a necessity of thought, but a general survey of the historical evidence reveals that this is not the case.” From the summary.
[book]WHITROW, GERALD J. What is time? 191 pp., illus. London: Thames & Hudson, 1972. £2.
[book]ZEMAN, JIRI (ed.) Time in science and philosophy: An international study of some current problems. 305 pp. New York: Elsevier, 1971.

Amc-ce-bv

[book]JOHNS, GERALD. Literature of time in the Ernst Zinner Collection, San Diego State College Library. vi + 25 pp., illus. San Diego: San Diego State College, Sciences and Engineering Library, 1970.
Includes works on chronology and horology in the Zinner Collection, purchased by the Library in 1967.
Amc-nb
[journalArticle]IL SIMBOLISMO DEL TEMP;: Studi di filosofia dell'arte. Archivio Filos., 1973 (no. 1):1–185.

Amf symmetry

[journalArticle]SCHMUTZER, E. Symmetrien in den physikalischen Naturgesetzen. Scientia, 1971, 65:51–65.
An English translation “Symmetries in the physical laws of nature,” follows on pp. 66–76.

Amh infinity

[journalArticle]TSOUYOPOULOS, NELLY. Der Begriff des Unendlichen von Zenon bis Galilei. Rete, 1972, 1:245–272.
Amz relation of science with other subject fields

AmzAF philosophy

[book]BARRAUD, H.J. Science et philosophie, essai. 397 pp., index. Louvain: Nauwelaerts; Paris: Béatrice-Nauwelaerts, 1968. Bfr 490.
[journalArticle]BONNET DE VILLER, A. Science et philosophie. Dialectica, 1965, 19:90–135.
[journalArticle]BOULIGAND, GEORGES. Science contemporaine et critique philosophique. Revue Synth., 1965, 86:375–404.
[journalArticle]CANTORE, ENRICO. Science and philosophy. Some reflections on man's unending quest for understanding. Dialectica, 1968, 22:132–166.
[book]CASSIRER, ERNST. Philosophie und exakte Wissenschaft. Kleine Schriften. Eingeleitet und erläutert von Wilhelm Krampf. (Quellen der Philosophie, 7.) 200 pp., index. Frankfurt am Main: Klostermann, , 1969, DM 14.50.
Contents: Die Antike und die Entstehung der exakten Wissenschaft. Mathematische Mystik und mathematische Naturwissenschaft. Descartes' Wahrheitsbegriff. Wahrheitsbegriff und Wahrheitsproblem bei Galilei. Galileo Galilei: Eine neue Wissenschaft und ein neues wissenschaftliches Bewusstsein. Newton und Leibniz. Quellennachweise.
[book]FUNKE, GERHARD. Globus intellectualis, freie Wissenschaft und Philosophie. (Schriften der Mainzer Philosophischenv Fakultätsgesellschaft, 1.) 27 pp. Wiesbaden: Steiner, 1973.
[book]GIRVETZ, HARRY; GEORGE GEIGER; HAROLD HANTZ; BERTRAM MORRIS. Science, folklore, and philosophy. xi + 547 pp. New York: Harper & Row, 1966.
Discusses four major philosophical crises revoving about: the Greece of Plato and Aristotle; scientific discoveries of the 17th-century; Darwinian biology; the contemporary social crisis.
[book]HENDRICHS, HUBERT. Modell und Erfahrung: Ein Beitrag zur Überwindung der Sprachbarriere zwischen Naturwissenschaft und Philosphie. 128 pp., bibl. Freiburg: Alber, 1973.
[bookChapter]INTERNATIONAL CONGRESS OF PHILOSOPHY, 14th, Vienna, 1968. Proceedings. Vol. I, 5: Philosophy and natural science. Pp. 513–641. Vienna: Herder, 1968.
Contents. V.A. Ambartsumyan: Contemporary natural science and philosophy. Alfred Jules Ayer: Philosophy and scientific method. Ferdinand Gonseth: La philosopohie ouverte. Emanoil Ancutza: Du rapport entre la logique et les sciences de la nature. Mario Bunge: Problems and games in the current philosophy of natural science. Ash Gobar: Abstract entities in the natural sciences. Herbert Hörz: Zum Verhältnis von Philosophie und Naturwissenschaft in marxistischer Sicht. K.D. Irani: The philosophic basis for the distinction between science and cognitive inquiries. André Metz: L'interprétation philosophique des théories scientifiques actuelles. Joseph Meurers: Das Problem der Entideologisierung der Naturwissenschaft. Frank Quelon: Matter and arithmetical exactness. Susanne Schmida: Die Komplimentarität der Erkenntnisweisen des Verstehens und des Begreifens, aufgewiesen a. h. der Problematik der modernen Physik in der Darstellung C.F. v. Weizsäckers. Paul Siwek: L'unité de l'organisme du point de vue philosophique. Wolfgang Strobl: Zur Ontolgoie der Naturgesetze.
[journalArticle]KOECHER, KAREL F. Ideology, philosophy and science. Diss. Abs. Int., 1971, 32:488–A.
Dissertation at Columbia Univ., 1970. Univ. Microfilms order no. 71–17514. 186 pp. $4 film; $10 xerox.
“The objective of the work is a systematic and comparative analysis of philosophy, science and ideology. It is contended that the three types of thought can be characterized and distinguished according to the cognitive claims they make; and that the cognitive claims, in their turn, are characterized by the different criteria of truth invoked in the substantiation of philosophic, scientific and ideological assertions:.”
[journalArticle]PÄLIKE, DIETER. Zu einigen Fragen des Verhältnisses von Naturwissenschaft und Philosophie in unserer Zeit. Wiss. Z. Martin-Luther-Univ. Halle-Wittenb. Math.-naturwissen. Reihe, 1970, 19(2):1–18.
[book]PECEGUEIRO, JOSÉ. Problemas de ciência e da filosofia contemporânea. 166 pp. Coimbra: Atlântida, 1966.
[book]PFEIFFER, ALFRED. Dialogues on fundamental questions of science and philosophy. Trans. from the German by Jutta Mendelsohn, Ursula Meadows. Foreword by Kurt Mendelsohn. (Commonwealth and international library.) xi + 128 pp. Oxford: Pergamon, 1967. 15s.
[book]DIE PHILOSOPHIE und die Wissenschaften. Simon Moser zum 65. Geburtstag. xii + 412 pp. Meisenheim am Glan: A. Hian, 1967. DM 42.50.
Contents: Zum Thema Freiheit, by Karl Raimund Popper. Uber Heterogonie der Zwecke, by Ernst Bloch. Môglichkeit und Notwendigkeit — Ein neuer Beitrag zur sogenannten Modallehre, by Johannes Erich Heyde. Das hypothetischkonstruktive Denken — Zur Methodologie der Naturwissenschaften, by Herbert Feigl. Die deutschen Naturforscher des 19. Jahrhunderts und Goethe, by Paul Günther. Mathematik und Anschauung, by Karl Strubecker. Zur Metrik von Farbmischungen, by Wolfgang Ruppel. Wissenschaft und Technik, by Hans Rumpf. Drei Thesen zur Phiolosphie der Kybernetik, by Helmar Frank. Der Versuch, nich “über unsere Verhältnisse” zu denken (L. Wittgenstein, A.I. Wittenberg, und W. Schapp), by Siegfried J. Schmidt. Denkbarkeit und Mitteilbarkeit des ineffabile — Ein Problem der Platonauslegung, by Rainer Marten. Einige vergleichen de Gedankien zum Problem der Willensfreiheit, by Ivo Kohler. Wie kommt uns Zeit zu Bewusstsein? by Ernst Oldemeyer. Die Quellen der inneren Erfahrung, by Otto Veit. Uber Möglichkeit und Wünschbarkeit eines pankritischen katholischen Dogmenglaubens, by Reinhold O. Messner. Some theological interactions: Germany, England and America, by William W. Bartley. Das Kriterium der Praxis im Streit zwischen Glaube und Wissenschaft, by Friedrich Tomberg. Theorie und Praxis — Max Weber und das Problem der Wertfreiheit und der Rationalität, by Hans Albert. Der Bürger und der Staat, by Eugen Fink. Staatstheorie oder politische Philosophie? by Martin Drath. Die didaktische Frage der Erziehungswissenschaft, by Gunther Eifler. Ein Beitrag der Wirtschaftswissenschaften zu einer Neuorientierung der Allgemeinen Bildung; by Hans R. Blohm. Grundsätzliches zur Frage der Methode in der Geschichtswissenschaft, by

[Start of page 26]

Franz Hampl. Bemerkungen zu Problem einer historischen Anthropologie, by Thomas Nipperdey. Die Beziehung zwischen Kunst und Wissenschaft als ästhetisches Problem, by Rosario Assunto. Leichte Einführung in die Wortkunde, by Rudolf Fahrner. Theater als Ideologiekritik - Bemerkungen zu Ionesco, by Paul K. Feyerabend.
[journalArticle]SELLARS, ROY WOOD. A possible integration of science and philosophy. Zygon, 1969, 4: 293–297.
[book]SELLARS, WILFRID. Science and metaphysics: Variations on Kantian themes. x + 246 pp., index. London: Ruutledge & Kegan Paul; New York: Humanities Pr., 1968. 35s.
[book]SMITH, VINCENT E. Science and philosophy. xiii + 266 pp., illus. Milwaukee: Bruce, 1965.

AmzB mathematics

[book]BOCHNER, SALOMON. The role of mathematics in the rise of science. x + 386 pp. Princeton: Princeton Univ. Pr., 1966. $9.
A collection of essays, all but one previously published, beginning in 1961, together with an introduction and a collection of biographical sketches.

AmzN medicine

[book]BÜCHNER, FRANZ. Der geistige Weg der Naturwissenschaft und der Medizin seit der griechischen Antike. Ein Beitrag zur Partnerschaft von Forschung und wissenschaftlicher Publizistik. 14 pp. Munich: Urban und Schwarzenburg, 1966.

AmzT for relations of science and technology see TmzA

An communication in science

[journalArticle]BOUTRY, G.-A. Quantity versus quality in scientific research: The paper explosion. Impact Sci. Soc., 1970, 20:195–206.
Characterizes most of the current published research as a waste of time, of resources, and of thought.
The COMMUNICATION OF SCIENCE. Times Lit. Suppl., 1970 (May 7):493–520.
A special issue. Contents: Solly Zuckerman: The reviewing of scientific books. H. C. Longuet-Higgins: The language of science. Margaret Gowing: Science and the modern historian. D. J. Urquhart: Storage and retrieval of scientific information.
There are also essay reviews of Robert M. Young, Mind, brain, and adaptation in the 19th century (Oxford, 1970), and Joseph Needham, The grand titration (London, 1969) and Clerks and craftsmen in China nd the West (Cambridge, 1970), as well as many shorter reviews of recent books in the history and philosophy of science.
[journalArticle]GARVEY, WILLIAM D.; NAN LIN; CARNOT E. NELSON. A comparison of scientific communication behaviour of social and physical scientists. Int. Soc. Sci. J., 1971, 23:256–272.
[journalArticle]GARVEY, WILLIAM D.; BELVER C. GRIFFITH. Scientific communication: Its role in the conduct of research and creation of knowledge. Am. Psychol., 1971, 26:349–362.
“The scientist knows that at some point … a research, if it is ever to have relevance to science, must become eligible for status as a scientific finding, and a scientific finding, in turn, becomes genuine only if it can contribute to the understanding of a previously unexplained phenomenon. The long judicious procedure by which this conversion is made is unique to science. To organize it for the sake of speed, or for open communication with other spheres of intellectual endeavour, would almost certainly dismantle the institution of science as we know it today.”
[journalArticle]HERSHENSON, DAVID B. “Proofreader's syndrome” and scientific method. J. Hist. Behavl Sci., 1969, 5:263–265.
“It is the aim of this paper to suggest that McLuhan's ideas may be meaningfully applied to the history of scientific inquiry in general and of psychological research in particular.